WORLD RADIO DAY
Every year on February 13th, World Radio Day celebrates radio as the mass media reaching the widest audience in the world. The day also recognizes the power of radio to promote diversity and build a more inclusive world.
Marconi vs. Tesla
Over the years, there has been much debate over who the inventor of the radio really is. The two men at the center of the debate are Guglielmo Marconi and Nikolai Tesla. Marconi is noted for his experiments with wireless telegraphy and his 1896 patent for wireless telegraphy in England. He also established Marconi Wireless Telegraph Ltd and transmitted the first signals across the Atlantic Ocean. Tesla first demonstrated a wireless radio in 1893 and obtained his patent in the United States in 1900.
Part of the reason for so much debate is that after repeated applications to the U.S. Patent Office, Marconi finally succeed in obtaining a patent in the U.S. in 1904. However, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Marconi’s patent in 1943, in favor of Tesla. Tesla never lived to hear the verdict, though. He died just a few months prior.
Signals and Broadcasting
Before 1920, radio signals were used to contact ships at sea. Following WWI, however, civilians began purchasing radios for their homes. By the end of the 1920s, over 100 million homeowners used radios in the United States. At this time, a radio cost about $150. This is equivalent to $1,927 in the year 2020! Today, a mere $20 will purchase a radio.
KDKA in Pittsburgh and the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) in England were the very first radio stations. The first radio broadcast in the U.S. took place on November 2, 1920. Broadcasters announced that Warren Harding beat James Cox in the presidential race. Besides the news, radios provided a source of entertainment. In 1947, 82 out of 100 Americans listened to the radio regularly.
Along with music and news, listeners tuned in to their favorite soap opera, a quiz show, and sporting event. Through the years, the radio has continued to entertain and inform listeners all around the world. Currently, about 44,000 radio stations exist globally. Nearly 75 percent of households in developing countries listen to the radio.
HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldRadioDay
Nowadays, more people than ever listen to music or get their news over the Internet. If it’s been a while since you’ve listened to the radio, tune in to celebrate. Other ways to participate include:
- Listen to songs about the radio, including “Spirit of the Radio” by Rush, “Turn Up the Radio” by Autograph, “On the Radio” by Donna Summer and “Country on the Radio” by Blake Shelton.
- Research the history of the radio and learn how it has shaped our culture.
- Imagine what your life would be like without the radio.
- Share your memories of listening to the radio as a child.
However you celebrate, invite someone to join you. Spread your love for the radio on social media with #WorldRadioDay.
WORLD RADIO DAY HISTORY
In September 2010, the Spanish Radio Academy in Spain requested that the UNESCO executive board include a proclamation of World Radio Day in their agenda. In 2011, the proclamation received support from the Arab States Broadcasting Union (ASBU), the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), and other broadcasting unions around the globe. During its 36th session, UNESCO proclaimed February 13th as World Radio Day.
On January 14, 2013, the United Nations General Assembly formally endorsed the proclamation. February 13th holds significance because, on this date in 1946, the UN established United Nations Radio. Currently, United Nations Radio is called UN News.
Recent themes have included:
- 2020: Radio and Diversity
- 2019: Dialogue, Tolerance, and Peace
- 2018: Radio and Sports
- 2017: Radio is You
- 2016: Radio in Times of Emergency and Disaster