NATIONAL CHOCOLATE DAY
National Chocolate Day, on October 28th, recognizes one of the world’s favorite tastes. While many specific chocolate related holidays exist throughout the year, National Chocolate Day celebrates all things chocolate.
As America’s favorite flavor, chocolate is well-deserving of its own day of honor. (Some sources designate July 7 or December 28 as Chocolate Day or International Chocolate Day.)
How is chocolate made?
Chocolate comes from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao tree. Cacao has been cultivated for at least three millennia and grows in Mexico, Central America, and Northern South America. The earliest known documentation of using cacao seeds is from around 1100 BC.
Since cacao tree seeds have a very intense, bitter taste, they must be fermented to develop the flavor.
Research has found that chocolate, when eaten in moderation, can lower blood pressure.
Once fermented, the beans are dried, cleaned, and roasted. After roasting, the shell is removed to produce cacao nibs. The cacao nibs are then ground into cocoa mass, which is pure chocolate in rough form. The cocoa mass is usually liquefied then molded with or without other ingredients. At this point in the process, it is called chocolate liquor. The chocolate liquor may then be processed into two components: cocoa solids and cocoa butter.
- Unsweetened baking chocolate – cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions.
- Sweet chocolate – cocoa solids, cocoa butter, or other fat and sugar.
- Milk chocolate – sweet chocolate with milk powder or condensed milk.
- White chocolate – cocoa butter, sugar, and milk but no cocoa solids.
HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalChocolateDay
Visit your favorite restaurant and indulge in a delicious chocolate dessert. Another idea is to host a chocolate tasting party. Invite friends to bring their best chocolate recipes to share. Here are a few recipes to try.
Use #NationalChocolateDay to post on social media.
NATIONAL CHOCOLATE DAY HISTORY
National Confectioners Association created National Chocolate Day
NATIONAL FIRST RESPONDERS DAY
October 28th sets aside National First Responders Day to honor the men and women who act quickly when an emergency is at hand.
First responders dedicate their lives to save lives. They are the people who run toward a crisis while the rest of the world flees. According to the Department of Homeland Security, 4.6 million career and volunteer first responders support the communities they live in. They are firefighters, police, emergency medical technicians (EMT), and paramedics. In an emergency, they’re the first on the scene. These dedicated professionals answer the call when a crisis arises, often putting their own lives on the line.
Serving as a national day of gratitude, we pay tribute to their endless hours and around the clock service provided to their communities. As one of the most dangerous jobs in the country, the day also pays tribute to the fallen first responders. According to the CDC, 97 firefighters and 155 police officers die each year in the line of duty. Additionally, their rate of occupational injury is higher than the national average. Often, the very people saving lives are our neighbors, friends, and family members. And their families know the price they pay for their dedication to the job.
And even though they are an integral part of our communities, their sacrifices go beyond the hours they work. They face high stress, often daily. The trauma they see wears on them both mentally and physically. Many experience Post Traumatic Stress. Long periods away from family add stress to their relationships, too.
National First Responders Day is also a call for action. First responders deserve our support. Through resources and awareness, first responders can live healthier, more productive lives and pass their knowledge and skills on to the next generation of first responders, too.
HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalFirstRespondersDay
The day provides you with an opportunity to recognize a first responder in your life. You might be surprised at how many you know. If their service is voluntary, you may only know about their day job. Offer to treat them to their favorite beverage or buy their next meal. Be supportive of their family, too. More importantly, support programs that improve services to first responders. Connect with a first responder who came to your rescue and thank them. Let them know you appreciate their dedication and sacrifice.
Another way to honor first responders is by signing the petition urging Congress to declare a national day in their honor.
Share your appreciation on social media using #NationalFirstRespondersDay.
NATIONAL FIRST RESPONDERS DAY HISTORY
In 2019, the United States Senate passed a resolution designating October 28th as National First Responders Day to honor the men and women putting their lives on the line.
The All Clear Foundation supports a joint resolution from both houses of Congress proclaiming an annual observance. The organization urges you to sign the petition for a national declaration of the day.
NATIONAL INTERNAL MEDICINE DAY
National Internal Medicine Day recognizes the contributions of more than 300,000 internal medicine physicians on October 28th annually. Internal medicine physicians (internists) are specialists. They apply scientific knowledge and clinical expertise to the diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, they provide compassionate care to adults across the spectrum from health to complex illness. Some internists take additional training to subspecialize in a more focused area of internal medicine. Their subspecialties may include cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, or infectious disease.
Internists are exceptionally well qualified to care for patients with complex conditions or multi-system diseases. Often, other physicians call on internists to act as consultants to help solve puzzling diagnostic problems. As a result, internists earned the name the “doctor’s doctor” since they are reliable consultants.
Internists also practice in a variety of settings, including private practices, clinics, and hospitals. They also conduct research, teach in medical schools and residency programs, and hold administrative positions in medical, corporate, or government settings.
The medical profession recognizes internists as pioneers in medicine. They have contributed important milestones in the evolution of patient care and advancements in research, diagnosis, care, and treatment. Notable internists include Nobel Prize winners and other internal medicine specialists and subspecialists. Such worthy recognition applied toward advancements as inventing dialysis, developing the first cardiac risk index, cholesterol synthesis, research on peptic ulcer disease, and holding leadership roles at national and federal government institutes, centers, and agencies.
HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalInternalMedicineDay
Learn more about internal medicine and internists by visiting the American College of Physicians (ACP) website, www.acponline.org. On ACP’s website, you will find printable and shareable social media content on a dedicated National Internal Medicine Day page www.acponline.org/NIMDay.
On social media, use #NationalInternalMedicineDay and #IMProud to recognize internists and share reasons you are proud to practice internal medicine.
NATIONAL INTERNAL MEDICINE DAY HISTORY
The American College of Physicians (ACP) founded National Internal Medicine Day in 2019 to recognize the contributions of internal medicine specialists and subspecialists united by a commitment to excellence around the world. ACP represents 163,000 internal medicine physicians (internists), related subspecialists, and medical students worldwide and is the largest medical-specialty society in the world. ACP and its physician members lead the profession in education, standard-setting, and the sharing of knowledge to advance the science and practice of internal medicine.
The Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed National Internal Medicine Day to be observed on October 28th annually.
About American College of Physicians
Founded in 1915, the ACP promotes the science and practice of medicine. Since its founding, the ACP supports internists in their quest for excellence. The organization shares the most updated medical knowledge. It also offers top-notch educational resources and a wide array of additional benefits. These benefits and more demonstrates ACP’s commitment to internal medicine and those who practice it.
The ACP is the largest medical-specialty society at 163,000 members around the globe. Their members lead the profession in education, standard-setting, and sharing the knowledge that advances internal medicine science and practice.
On Deck for October 29, 2020
October 28th History
The official dedication of The Statue of Liberty takes place on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor. France originally named the 151-foot tall statue “Liberty Enlightening the World” and gave it as a gift to the United States. During his speech, President Grover Cleveland said of Lady Liberty that “she holds aloft the light which illuminates the way to man’s enfranchisement.”
The Volstead Act prohibiting the sale of high-proof alcohol passes. Vetoed by President Woodrow Wilson the day before, the House and Senate successfully voted to overturn the President’s veto, ushering in an era of prohibition.
Author Ernest Hemingway earned the Nobel Prize in Literature “for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style.” Hemingway wrote over 40 novels including, A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and A Moveable Feast.
Architect Eero Saarinen completes construction on the 630-foot tall parabola known as the Gateway Arch. Located in St. Louis, MO, the stainless steel arch is part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial and overlooks the Mississippi River.
A team of 100 Kikkoman Corporation employees in Japan rolled 694 sushi rolls in three minutes setting a world record.
October 28th Birthdays
Eliphalet Remington – 1793
In 1816, Remmington founded the firearm manufacturing company known today as Remington Arms Company.
Abigail Adams – 1818
The second First Lady of the United States shares a unique quality with one of the 20th century’s First Lady’s. She and First Lady Barbara Bush were both wives and mothers of sitting presidents.
Auguste Escoffier – 1846
The world-renown chef established his reputation at the Savoy Hotel. Noted for his classical cuisine, the chef also had a knack for naming his dishes after famous people. Some of those include Pears Hélène, Melba Toast, and Peach Melba.
Edith Head – 1897
The Academy Award-winning costume designer created the costumes for several critically acclaimed films, including Roman Holiday, A Place in the Sun, and All About Eve. In the 2004 animated film The Incredibles, animators drew partial inspiration from Head for the character Edna Mode.
Jonas Salk – 1914
The virologist’s development of the first successful polio vaccine led to the near eradication of the debilitating and deadly childhood disease.
Bill Gates – 1955
In 1975, Gates, along with his friend Paul Allen founded Microsoft.
Terrell Davis – 1972
The football running back played 5 seasons with the Denver Broncos. In 2017, he joined the Pro Football Hall of Fame.