NATIONAL MINNESOTA DAY
On March 1, the Land of 10,000 Lakes is recognized on National Minnesota Day.
The 32nd state to join the union shares its northern border with Canada. Angle Township on the north edge of Lake of the Woods makes Minnesota the northernmost state of the continental forty-eight. Also known as the Gopher State, it extends along the northern shore of Lake Superior.
Dakota Sioux and Ojibwa, Menominee, and other tribes populated the area when the first Europeans began to explore and later settle the area. Fur trading in the densely wooded territory led to French treaties in the late 17th century.
The Mississippi River divides a portion of the state; its source is Lake Itasca. This natural boundary also divided the region when the Treaty of Paris determined United States’ western border after the Revolutionary War. Minnesota would not become whole until 1836 when it became part of the Wisconsin Territory, 33 years following the Louisana Purchase.
The state capital of St. Paul, once called Pig’s Eye Landing, was founded in 1838 along the Mississippi River and was named the territorial capital in 1849. Minnesota became the 32nd state in 1858.
Just upriver from St. Paul, Minneapolis formed from Ft. Snelling, built in 1819. Today, the metropolis spans both sides of the river for nearly 60 square miles. Downtown Minneapolis includes the world’s most extensive uninterrupted network of indoor pedestrian pathways. The skyway system boasts eight miles connecting restaurants, shopping, businesses, hotels and apartment complexes.
Head north along Lake Superior into the Arrowhead Region where the air stays cooler longer and lake effect will have real meaning. Duluth and points north with an industrial history benefit from mild summers, access to clear summer nights, Aurora Borealis and unspoiled views.
HOW TO OBSERVE
From the founders of the Mayo clinic to the creators of inline skates and cheerleading, Minnesotans find time to create, explore and celebrate. Tour the cities or 10,000 lakes and all the history in between! Use #NationalMinnesotaDay to share on social media.
Each week following the week of Independence Day 2017, National Day Calendar will be announcing a National Day in honor of each state in the order they entered the union. We start with Delaware on July 13 and will complete the celebrations with Hawaii on June 27, 2018, allowing for some time off for the holidays.
Lake Bemidji State Park – Bemidji
Cascade River State Park – Lutsen
Saint Croix State Park – Hinckley
Split Rock Lighthouse State Park – Two Harbors
Great River Bluffs State Park – Winona
Lake Maria State Park – Monticello
Fort Ridgely State Park – Fairfax
Old Mill State Park – Argyle
Marshall W Alworth Planetarium – Duluth
National Eagle Center – Wabasha
The Works Museum – Bloomington
Wildlife Science Center – Stacy
Herreid Military Museum – Luverne
Charles Eastman - Physician - (February 19, 1858 - January 8, 1939)
Born with the name Hakadah to a full blood Sioux father and raised in the tribe’s homeland, Charles Eastman experienced the life of a warrior, hunter and nomad, until he was 15 years old. His father Jacob (Tawakanhdeota) Eastman would set him on a path toward white customs, educations, and religion. Charles Eastman would become a physician, author, and lobbyist for Native Americans across the country.
Charles and William Mayo - Physicians - (June 29, 1861 - July 28, 1939 & July 19, 1865 - May 26, 1939)
Best known as the founders of the Mayo Clinic, William and Charles Mayo were exposed to the medical field at a young age through their experiences with their physician father. Both became surgeons with expertise in many methods and procedures.
Sinclair Lewis - Author - (February 7, 1885 - January 10, 1951)
The prolific satirical author and playwright, Sinclair Lewis earned both a Pulitzer and Nobel Prize, the first awarded to an American for literature. Lewis declined the Pulitzer for Arrowsmith on the grounds his works took a more saccharine view of the middle class than the wholesome outlook the award seem to call for.
Richard W. Sears - Businessman - (December 7, 1863 - September 28, 1914)
A one-time railroad station agent, Richard W. Sears started his own mailorder watch company in 1886. By 1893, Sears, Roebuck and Co. was established.
Fred Quimby - Producer - (July 31, 1886 - September 16, 1965)
Fred Quimby produced the MGM Tom & Jerry cartoons made by William Hana and Joseph Barbera.
F. Scott Fitzgerald - Author - (September 24, 1896 - December 21, 1940)
The author of This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and the Damned and The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald rose quickly in literary circles. He would struggle to survive the Great Depression and his wife’s Zelda’s condition.
Wanda Gág - Artist - (March 11, 1893 - June 27, 1946)
Artist and author, Wanda Gag is best known for her children’s book Millions of Cats. Her illustrations, lithographs and woodcuts earned her recognition by The American Institute of Graphic Art.
Walter Breuning - Super centenarian - (September 21, 1896 - April 14, 2011)
From July 18, 2009 to April 14, 2011, Walter Breuning was recognized as the oldest living man. He lived to be 114 years old.
Richard Gurley Drew - Inventor - (June 22, 1899 - December 14, 1980)
While working for Johnson and Johnson, Richard Gurley Drew invented masking and cellophane tape.
Robert Mondavi - Businessman - (June 18, 1913 - May 16, 2008)
Robert Mondavi dedicated his career to creating wines that competed with the best in the world. He built his business in the Northern California Napa Valley where vineyards flourish today.
Toni Stone - Baseball Player - (July 17, 1921 - November 2, 1996)
Toni Stone became the first woman to play professional baseball when she was signed to the Negro American League’s Indianapolis Clowns in 1953. For the Clowns, she played second base and maintained a respectable .243 batting average. In 1991, Stone was inducted into the Women’s Sports Hall of Fame.
Judy Garland - Performing Artist - (June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969)
Born Frances Ethel Gumm, Judy Garland sang, danced and performed from a young age. Her exceptional voice, endearing personality and perfect comedic talent made her an immediate success in the hearts of America. Best known for her roles in the Wizard of Oz, Meet Me in St. Louis and Ziegfeld Follies, Garland will always be remembered for her rendition of Somewhere Over the Rainbow.
Charles Schultz - Cartoonist - (November 26, 1922 - February 12, 2000)
The cartoonist who created Peanuts, Charles Schulz also brought us the full cast of characters. From Charlie Brown and Snoopy, Woodstock to Sally and Schroeder, Lucy, Peppermint Patty, Marci and Pig-Pen there is someone in the gang we identify with, and Schulz brought them to life.
Roger Maris - Baseball - (September 10, 1934 - December 14, 1985)
Known for his record-breaking 61 home runs in 1961 while playing for the New York Yankees, Roger Maris’s record would stand for 37 years. The final two years of his career would be with the St. Louis Cardinals where he would end his career on a high note, winning his seventh World Series. In 1998, St. Louis Cardinal Mark McGwire and Chicago Cub Sammy Sosa would both surpass Maris’ record.
John Madden - NFL Coach - (April 10, 1936-)
An injury early in his NFL career didn’t keep John Madden from realizing his dreams in the professional world of football. Madden would persevere and be named as head coach for the Oakland Raiders, demanding respect and chalking up wins. After coaching, he continued his love of the sport through broadcasting.
Bob Dylan - Singer-songwriter - (May 24, 1941 -)
Since the early 1960s, Bob Dylan’s unique style of folk music has gained the respect and influenced artists across genres. The eleven-time Grammy-winning artist earned the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2016.
Ann Bancroft - Explorer (September 29, 1955 - )
Ann Bancroft earned the title of the first woman to reach the North and South poles. She’s continued to explore, break records, educate and inspire through her expeditions.
Prince Rogers Nelson - Singer-songwriter - (June 7, 1958 - April 21, 2016)
With hits like “When Doves Cry” and “1999,” Prince earned a pop music and R&B reputation that was undeniable. Both as an artist and entertainer, the seven-time Grammy winner delivered stellar performances time after time.