NATIONAL CHESS DAY
National Chess Day is observed on the second Saturday of October.
Chess is a strategic game between two competitors played on a checkered board containing 64 squares. Each player makes moves with 16 pieces each. The objected of the game is to capture the opponent’s king through a series of strategic moves. When a king is captured, the game ends with checkmate.
The origins of chess are uncertain, but modern chess gained popularity during the Renaissance in Europe. As complex as the game of chess is from the perspective of a checkered battlefield, it is even more so when considering the nuances of the social underpinnings of privilege, power, trust, rank, and advantage. Each maneuver plays out pawn by pawn, rook, and bishop until the last knight is standing. Until…checkmate!
HOW TO OBSERVE
Play a game of chess. Use #NationalChessDay to post on social media.
National Chess Day was declared by President Ford on October 9th, 1976 as part of the nation’s bicentennial celebration. More information can be found on this day due to the work of David Heiser. You can find his investigative work here.
For both professionals and amateurs, chess is a game that sharpens the mind, tests human faculties and encourages healthy competition. It has captivated the attention of players and specators world-wide and will continue to do so as long as competition and excellence challenge mankind. ~ President Gerald Ford ~ October 1976
Our founding fathers played chess, including George Washington, Ben Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson. Franklin was exceptionally skilled and wrote one of the earliest books on chess.
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