NATIONAL BATTERY DAY
Get a charge out of National Battery Day! Observed each year on February 18th, the day serves to appreciate the convenience batteries provide to our everyday lives.
Today we would be hard-pressed to find someone in the United States who doesn’t benefit from a battery. Even those who live “off the grid” have battery-operated devices such as a flashlight, radio, or watch.
A battery changes chemical energy into electricity by bringing the different chemicals together in a specific order. When correctly ordered, the electrons will travel from one substance to another, creating an electrical current.
Long Road of the Battery
While battery manufacturing for everyday personal use developed in the last 50-60 years, archaeologists found evidence of a device that may have been used to electroplate gold onto silver, much like a battery would. In 1936, during the construction of a new railway near Baghdad, a Parthian tomb was found. Archaeologist Wilhelm Konig found a clay jar containing a copper cylinder encasing an iron rod. Konig suggested the find was approximately 2,000 years old.
Benjamin Franklin first coined the term “battery” in 1748 to describe an array of charged glass plates.
In 1800, Italian scientist Alessandro Volta layered silver, cloth, or paper soaked in salt or acid and zinc into what he called “voltaic piles.” The voltaic piles generated a limited electrical current. Volta proceeded to publish his work, and we get the word “volt” from his name to describe the electric potential.
William Cruickshank, an English chemist, designed a battery for mass production in 1802.
Corrosion in batteries has always been an issue, but it was much worse until John Daniell came along. Daniel, a chemist, receives credit for developing a way to reduce corrosion when storing batteries. In 1820 he invented the Daniell Cell, which incorporated mercury, reducing the corrosion.
Over time, various scientists and inventors developed gradual improvements to the battery. In 1896, the National Carbon Company (later known as the Eveready Battery Company) manufactured the first commercially available battery called the Columbia. Two years later, National Carbon Company introduced the first D-sized battery for the first flashlight.
The 1900s and beyond
Until 1957, watches needed to be wound routinely to keep time. Then in 1957, the Hamilton Watch Company introduced the first battery-operated watch.
Today batteries are available for numerous purposes. In our modern age, portable electricity isn’t something we think about every day because it is easily accessible. We charge the batteries on our phones by using the batteries in our cars as we travel down the road. We even have portable chargers that can charge our batteries where ever we are. The variety of batteries change every day. Solar batteries recharge daily and store power in cells. They come in numerous sizes, too.
HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalBatteryDay
How many batteries do you rely on in your life? From your car to your smoke detectors, batteries are everywhere. Count the items in your home that use batteries. How often do you buy them? Do you have a battery charger? Don’t forget, our phones, watches, hearing aids, and many more items all use batteries. Medical devices rely on them to keep people alive, too. They monitor our children as they sleep, and they serve as backup systems for our security and safety.
Spend the day learning more about batteries – the different kinds, where battery design is headed, and more.
- Read about the types of batteries available on the market. Some last longer, are rechargeable, and are more environmentally friendly.
- Take stock. How many batteries does your home and environment require? Toys, remote controls, cars – the numbers add up.
- Discover the best ways to recycle your batteries. Some batteries are easier to recycle than others.
- Educators and families, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for projects and ideas to celebrate the day.
Use #NationalBatteryDay to post on social media.
NATIONAL BATTERY DAY HISTORY
National Battery Day commemorates the anniversary of Alessandro Volta’s birth on February 18, 1745.
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February 18th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History
Auguste Bartholdi received U.S. design patent no. D11,023 for “Liberty Enlightening the World” a statue that is known today as the Statue of Liberty.
While reviewing photographs he took in January while working at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, Astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers the planet, Pluto. The tiny planet moves from frame to frame, alerting the astronomer that the speck of light is not an ordinary star.
The Golden Gate International Exposition opens at San Francisco’s Treasure Island.
Shani Davis takes gold in the 1000 meter individual event at the Turin, Italy Winter Olympics. He becomes the first African-American to win an individual gold medal at the winter games.
February 18th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays
Enzo Ferrari – 1898
In 1929, Ferrari founded the Scuderia Ferrari, racing division. He would also be known for the Ferrari automobile marque.
Toni Morrison – 1931
The American novelist received the 1993 Nobel Prize for Literature. She is best known for her novel Beloved. Beyond her works of fiction, Morrison also published children’s stories, short fiction, poetry, plays and several works of non-fiction.
Helen Gurley Brown – 1922
In 1965, the American author became editor-in-chief of the literary magazine Cosmopolitan. She remained in the role for 32 years.
John Hughes – 1950
The American film-maker was best-known for his timeless coming of age and comedy movies. Some of his most memorable films include The Breakfast Club, Sixteen Candles, Ferris Buellers’ Day Off, Weird Science, Home Alone, Uncle Buck, and the National Lampoon series of movies.
John Travolta – 1954
From Welcome Back, Kotter to Grease and Carrie in the 1970s to American Crime Story, Pulp Fiction, and Gotti, the American actor’s career has transcended genres and nearly 50 years. His versatility allowed him to play roles such as Tony Manero in Saturday Night Fever as well as lighter comedic roles such as in Wild Hogs and Look Who’s Talking.
Andre Romelle Young- 1965
The rapper known as Dr. Dre launched Aftermath Entertainment in 1996 and Beats Electronics in 2006. In the 1990s, he co-founded Death Row Records with Suge Knight and Dick Griffey.
Molly Ringwald – 1968
The American actress rose to popularity in the 1980s with films like Pretty in Pink, Sixteen Candles, and the teen classic The Breakfast Club.
Charles M. Schwab – 1862
Jack Palance – 1920
Yoko Ono – 1933
Cybill Shepherd – 1950
Vanna White – 1957