Commemorating the end of slavery in the United States, Juneteenth is observed on June 19.
The celebration originated in Texas when Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston. He announced on June 19, 1865, with General Orders, Number 3 that the Civil War was over and all slaves were now freedmen.
News traveled slowly, even stubbornly during and after the War between the States. The Emancipation Proclamation had been signed over two years earlier. General Lee had surrendered at Appomattox two months before, and President Lincoln had already been laid to rest. The official final surrender had taken place just weeks before but the word, official word, seemed to be required to impact what was already happening in the rest of the country.
The celebration of Juneteenth grew from the profound experience that day when many learned of their freedom to the surmounting challenges that lay ahead and the lasting perseverance required for dignity, to overcome adversity and achieve fulfillment. Year after year, pilgrimages have been made to Galveston and celebrations have spread around the country and the world. In 2015, Juneteenth celebrated its 150th anniversary.
January 1, 1863 – Emancipation Proclamation signed
April 9, 1865 – General Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.
April 14, 1865 – President Abraham Lincoln assassinated
May 12, 1865 – Final battle of Civil War at Palmito Ranch, Texas (Confederate victory)
May 26, 1865 – Civil War official ends when General Simon Bolivar Buckner of the Army of Trans-Mississippi enters terms of surrender
December 6, 1865 – 13th Amendment abolishing slavery ratified
HOW TO OBSERVE
Juneteenth has grown into a festival celebrating the art, food, education and history of the African-American culture. Across the country, a variety of events take place with delicious food, art, music, dance, parades and the history of Juneteenth at the center of the festivities. Find one near you and use #Juneteenth to share on social media.
Since General Major Gordon Granger reached Galveston on June 19, 1865, Juneteenth (coined by combining June and nineteenth), has grown in waves. With the 150th anniversary, the celebration has gone worldwide.
NATIONAL FreeBSD DAY
National FreeBSD Day on June 19 commemorates the launch date of an innovative technology that many of us use every day.
FreeBSD is an open-source operating system developed out of the University of California at Berkley in 1993. Used by billions of people around the globe, FreeBSD is used to teach operating system concepts in universities. Companies also develop products on FreeBSD, and universities use it as a research platform.
In fact, there’s a good chance you’re already using at least some code derived from FreeBSD in your everyday life. For example, if you stream movies via Netflix, chat with friends on WhatsApp, or play the latest PlayStation 4 game sensation, you’re already using FreeBSD.
As a pioneer in open-source technology, FreeBSD can be modified and redesigned to meet the needs of the user, free of charge within the guidelines of the license. Through a network of users, the software keeps pace with today’s technology and prepares us for what’s ahead.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Learn more about FreeBSD, its history and its applications at www.freebsd.org. Use #FreeBSDDay to share on social media.
HISTORYFreeBSD Foundation founded National FreeBSD Day to recognize its pioneering and continuing impact on technology and honor its legacy. Commemorating the launch of FreeBSD, June 19 was selected. The Registrar at National Day Calendar declared National FreeBSD Day to be celebrated annually beginning in 2017.
NATIONAL WATCH DAY
On June 19th, National Watch Day recognizes an industry which has been around for more than 500 years and is steadily evolving. Choosing a watch is very personal as the choices are vast and numerous. Even with the advent of smartphones and smartwatches, the classic wrist watch is a sign of individual taste, culture, and a rich history that cannot be disputed.
Rich in history and nostalgia, watches were not only crafted for telling time but have always been a symbol of something personal, a statement of who we are. Timepieces are often passed down from generation to generation, often gifted as a rite of passage, and essentially become heirlooms.
The iconic watch brands have paved the way for new trends like ‘vintage inspired’, ‘slimmer profiles’, and affordable luxury. Re-inventing a brand’s signature look often balances traditional aesthetics with modern details. By creating and recreating new concepts, watches became a fashion accessory much like scarves and bags.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Join Nordstrom on National Watch Day by sharing your favorite watch, its story, and how you style it with #NationalWatchDay.
Nordstrom founded National Watch Day on June 19 to celebrate the history and design of watchmaking.
The Registrar at National Day Calendar declared the day to be celebrated annually in 2017.
NATIONAL MARTINI DAY
On June 19, shake up some gin and vermouth with some ice and add a lemon twist. It’s National Martini Day!
This adult beverage has grown to become one of the best-known mixed alcoholic drinks. A cocktail made with gin and vermouth, the martini is normally garnished with an olive or lemon twist.
James Bond, the fictional spy, sometimes asked for his vodka martinis to be “shaken, not stirred.”
Some people prefer to have their martinis served “on the rocks”, which is the ingredients poured over ice cubes and served in an old-fashioned glass.
Dirty martini – Martini with a splash of olive brine or olive juice and is typically garnished with an olive.
Over the years, the traditional martini has had a number of variations added to it and other flavors have evolved such as the cosmopolitan, chocolatini or appletini.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Mix your favorite martini and drink responsibly. Use #NationalMartiniDay to share on social media.
Within our research, we were unable to find the creator of National Martini Day.
NATIONAL GARFIELD THE CAT DAY
Celebrated each year on June 19, it is National Garfield the Cat Day. A fictional character, Garfield is a title protagonist from the comic strip Garfield which was created by Jim Davis. Today is set aside to celebrate him and the entertainment that he brings us.
June 19, 1978, was the first publication of Garfield which chronicles the life of the lead character, the cat Garfield (named after Jim Davis ’s grandfather); Garfield’s owner, Jon Arbuckle: and Jon’s dog, Odie.
- 2013 – Garfield is syndicated in roughly 2,580 newspapers and journals and holds the Guinness World Record for being the world’s most widely syndicated comic strip.
Set in Muncie, Indiana, common themes in the comic strip include Garfield’s laziness, obsessive eating, love for lasagna and coffee and hatred of Mondays and diets. The focus is mostly upon the interaction between Garfield, Jon, and Odie.
- Garfield was one of the cartoon characters to appear in Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Share your favorite Garfield memories or Garfield-like tendencies by using #GarfieldTheCatDay on social media.
National Garfield The Cat Day was first celebrated in 1998 on the 20th anniversary of the comic strip and Garfield’s birthday. Boca Raton City Council Member, Wanda Thayer, proclaimed June 19 as Garfield the Cat Day during surprise birthday party at the International Museum of Cartoon Art in Boca Raton.
About National Day Calendar
National Day Calendar® is the authoritative source for fun, unusual and unique National Days! Since our humble beginnings on National Popcorn Day in 2013, we now track nearly 1,500 National Days, National Weeks and National Months. In addition, our research team continues to uncover the origins of existing National Days as well as discover new, exciting days for everyone to celebrate.
Whether you want to celebrate your favorite mail carrier and flip flops, share your joy for bacon and chocolate cake or enjoy popcorn (our office favorite) on National Popcorn Day, stay in-the-know by signing up for our e-mail updates, and follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Don’t find yourself unprepared on Talk Like a Pirate Day or Answer the Phone Like Buddy the Elf Day – join us as we #CelebrateEveryDay!