DECEMBER 28, 2018 | HOLY INNOCENTS DAY | NATIONAL CHOCOLATE CANDY DAY | NATIONAL CARD PLAYING DAY | PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE DAY
HOLY INNOCENTS DAY
Holy Innocents Day is observed annually on December 28th.
Holy Innocents Day (also referred to as Childermas) commemorates the massacre of male children at Bethlehem by King Herod’s order (Matthew 2:16). Also known as the Feast of the Holy Innocents, this day is observed in the Western churches on December 28 and Eastern churches on December 29. These children are considered martyrs, Saints of God, by the Church.
HOW TO OBSERVE
On this day it is custom to give the youngest child in the household the power to rule the day. From what to eat, where to go and what to do, the youngest is in charge. In Mexico, it is a day for children to play practical jokes and pranks on their elders. Use #HolyInnocentsDay to post on social media.
Upon hearing of the birth of the King of the Jews and the fulfillment of an Old Testament prophecy, Herod ordered the execution of all the male children in Bethlehem. While the exact date when this event occurred is uncertain, the feast has been celebrated since before the end of the fifth century.
NATIONAL CHOCOLATE CANDY DAY
There may have been a few pieces of chocolate candy tucked into your stocking. Or perhaps you received a box of your favorite chocolates as a gift. December 28 is the day to enjoy those delicious treats. It’s National Chocolate Candy Day.
The word “chocolate” comes from the word “xocoatl” or “chocolatl”. Mayan “school” means hot or bitter, and the Aztec “atl” means water. Chocolate is made from the cacao plant. Before it was ever made into a sweet candy, it was ground into a beverage. In ruling class society, the beverage was used for medical purposes.
- In 1828 technology was invented that allowed chocolate to be produced into a solid form.
- In 1828, thanks to the invention of Dutch chemist Coenraad Van Houten, we can enjoy chocolate in the form we have today. His hydraulic press made it possible to remove the cocoa butter from the cacao-producing a powder opening the way for the first chocolate confections.
- In 1847 cocoa butter, cocoa powder and sugar were combined by British chocolate company J.S. Fry & Sons to produce the first edible chocolate bar.
- Whitman’s produced their first box of chocolate.
- The invention of the conching machine by Rodolphe Lindt in 1879 ushered in mass production of the creamy treat.
- The first chocolate Easter egg was made sometime in the early 19th century. In 1875 John Cadbury introduced his first chocolate egg.
- Hershey Chocolate company designed a specific chocolate bar for the U.S. Army. The D ration bar was included in the emergency rations and in the packs of soldiers when the Allied troops stormed the beach of Normandy on D-Day.
- Americans consume 12 pounds of chocolate each year.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Enjoy a piece of chocolate candy. Use #ChocolateCandyDay to post on social media.
Within our research, we were unable to identify the founder of National Chocolate Candy Day.
NATIONAL CARD PLAYING DAY
National Card Playing Day is observed annually across the United States on December 28.
In the 9th century, the Chinese began developing games using money and other paper objects. These early playing cards bear no resemblance to the sturdier European playing cards that developed a few centuries later.
Card games spread around the world in a variety of shapes and styles. From the elaborate Mamluk designs of Egypt to the appearance of the first playing cards during the Early Renaissance in Europe, the decks were divided into four suits of coins, cups, swords and sticks or batons.
It is from these four suits that today’s modern decks of playing cards developed. Theories range how the suits converted to hearts, spades, diamonds and clubs. One theory suggests the suits represent the different classes of the era – clergy, aristocracy, military and peasantry.
In India, the ten suited card game of Ganjifa became popular during the Moghul period. Traditionally, artists hand paint a stunning scene on each of the 120 cards in the deck.
A standard pack of cards may be used for playing a variety of card games, with varying elements of skill and chance, some of which are played for money. Some of the top card games include Spades, Poker, Solitaire, Spite and Malice, Hearts, Spoons, Gin Rummy, Ridge, Black Jack and Texas Hold’em. Of course, there are thousands of card games, some of which are regional favorites.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Use #CardPlayingDay to post on social media.
Within our research, we were unable to identify the creator of National Card Playing Day.
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National Day Calendar™ is the authoritative source for fun, unusual and unique National Days! Since our humble beginnings on National Popcorn Day in 2013, we now track nearly 1,500 National Days, National Weeks and National Months. In addition, our research team continues to uncover the origins of existing National Days as well as discover new, exciting days for everyone to celebrate.
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