NATIONAL RUBBER ERASER DAY
Correcting mistakes since 1770, National Rubber Eraser Day on April 15th commemorates the date the invention first began making written errors disappear.
Tablets of rubber (or wax) were used to erase lead or charcoal marks from paper before there were rubber erasers. Another option for the eraser was crustless bread. A Tokyo student said, “Bread erasers were used in place of rubber erasers, and so they would give them to us with no restriction on amount. So we thought nothing of taking these and eating a firm part to at least slightly satisfy our hunger.”
When is National Pencil Day?
- April 15, 1770, Joseph Priestly founded a vegetable gum to remove pencil marks. He dubbed the substance “rubber.”
- 1770 Edward Nairne developed the first marketed rubber eraser.
- 1839 Charles Goodyear discovered vulcanization (a method that would cure rubber and make it a durable material) This method made rubber erasers standard.
- 1858 Hyman Lipman (Philadelphia, Pa.) patented the pencil with an eraser at the end.
We all make mistakes while holding a pencil in our hand, but thanks to the inventions by these men many years ago, we can erase those mistakes away.
HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalRubberEraserDay
It’s ok to make a mistake or two. Find your favorite eraser to fix them. Whether you’re an artist, writer, student, or accountant, an eraser comes in handy. Use #NationalRubberEraserDay to post on social media.
NATIONAL RUBBER ERASER DAY HISTORY
April 15, 1770, marks the creation of the rubber eraser. Our research was unable to find the creator of National Rubber Eraser Day.
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April 15th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History
Chief Menominee dies in Kansas a year after his removal from an Indiana reservation. The chief and religious leader of the Potawatomi tribe on a reservation near Plymouth, Indiana, Menominee, refused to willingly give up lands in 1838 as part of the 1836 Treaty of Yellow River. Indiana Troops forcefully removed the village to land in Kansas, during which 42 members of the tribe died. The removal of the Potawatomi Tribe became known as the Trail of Death.
President Abraham Lincoln dies of his wound to the head. Vice President Andrew Johnson took the oath of office at Kirkwood House from Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase.
Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic after hitting an iceberg. More than 1,500 people lose their lives in the icy seas.
The United States mapmaker, Rand McNally, publishes its first edition of the Rand McNally Auto Chum. It would later be renamed Rand McNally Road Atlas. At the time, the book of maps contained no numbered roads and included no index.
April 15th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays
Leonardo da Vinci – 1452
The Renaissance polymath is known for his genius in several disciplines. An inventor, artist, scientist, mathematician who influenced the generations that followed him. Da Vinci designed human flying machines including a type of helicopter. Some of the world’s most treasured works of art include da Vinci’s Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.
Henry James – 1843
“It takes a great deal of history to produce a little literature.” ~from Henry James’ short novel The Europeans (1878)
The American-born author is known for spinning tales that depicted an early realism in literature. Some of his best-known novels include The Turn of The Screw, Daisy Miller, and The American. On January 1, 1916, James received the Order of Merit for his work in literature from King George V.
Emile Durkheim – 1858
The French philosopher devoted his career to sociology and developed the first academic focus in its study at the University of Bordeaux and later the Sorbonne.
Asa Philip Randolph – 1889
In 1925, the civil rights activist organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He served as the president of the union, which represented thousands of Pullman Porters and maids employed by the Pullman Company.
Bessie Smith – 1894
In the 1920s and 1930s, the Empress of the Blues topped sales for Columbia. And yet the talented jazz and blues singer made her money performing since Columbia paid her no royalties. Smith was often paired with the greats including Louis Armstrong.
Norma Merrick Sklarek – 1928
In 1954, Norma Merrick Sklarek passed her architect license on the first try. Some of the major projects she worked on include The United States Embassy in Tokyo, Japan (1976) and the Mall of America in Minneapolis, Minnesota (1992).