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This Day In History

This Day In History - October 14

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October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 78 days remaining until the end of the year.
Events

222 – Pope Callixtus I is killed by a mob in Rome’s Trastevere after a 5-year reign in which he had stabilized the Saturday fast three times per year, with no food, oil, or wine to be consumed on those days. Callixtus is succeeded by cardinal Urban I.
1066 – Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings – In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill King Harold II of England.
1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
1465 – Wallachian voivode Radu cel Frumos, younger brother of Vlad Ţepeş, issues a writ from his residence in Bucharest
1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1586 – Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.
1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
1758 – Seven Years’ War: Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk.
1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1773 – Just before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company’s tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland.
1805 – Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria.
1806 – Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeats Prussia.
1808 – The Republic of Ragusa is annexed by France.
1812 – Work on London’s Regent’s Canal starts.
1840 – The Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British Army and then is sent into exile on the islands of Malta.
1843 – The British arrest the Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell for conspiracy to commit crimes.
1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station – Confederate troops under the command of General Robert E. Lee fail to drive the American Union Army completely out of Virginia.
1882 – University of the Punjab is founded in a part of India that later became West Pakistan.
1884 – The American inventor, George Eastman, receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
1898 – The steamer ship SS Mohegan sinks after impacting the Manacles near Cornwall, United Kingdom, killing 106.
1908 – The Chicago Cubs defeat the Detroit Tigers, 2-0, clinching the World Series. It would be their last one to date.
1910 – The English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman Aircraft biplane on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C..
1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the former President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, is shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank, a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Mr. Roosevelt still carries out his scheduled public speech.
1913 – Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom’s worst coal mining accident, occurs, and it claims the lives of 439 miners.
1915 – World War I: The Kingdom of Bulgaria joins the Central Powers.
1920 – Part of Petsamo Province is ceded by the Soviet Union to Finland.
1925 – An Anti-French uprising in French-occupied Damascus, Syria. (All French inhabitants flee the city.)
1926 – The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
1933 – Nazi Germany withdraws from The League of Nations.
1938 – The first flight of the Curtiss Aircraft Company’s P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
1939 – The German submarine U-47 sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within her harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland.
1940 – Balham subway station disaster in London, England, occurs during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain.
1943 – Prisoners at the Nazi German Sobibor extermination camp in Poland revolt against the Germans, killing eleven SS guards, and wounding many more. About 300 of the Sobibor Camp’s 600 prisoners escape, and about 50 of these survive the end of the war.
1943 – The American Eighth Air Force loses 60 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers in aerial combat during the second mass-daylight air raid on the Schweinfurt ball-bearing factories in western Nazi Germany.
1943 – José P. Laurel takes the oath of office as President of the Philippines (Second Philippine Republic).
1944 – Athens, Greece, is liberated by British Army troops entering the city as the Wehrmacht pulls out during World War II. This clears the way for the Greek government-in-exile to return to its historic capital city, with George Papandreou, Sr., as the head-of-government.
1944 – Linked to a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is forced to commit suicide.
1947 – Captain Chuck Yeager of the U.S. Air Force flies a Bell X-1 rocket-powered experimental aircraft, the Glamorous Glennis, faster than the speed of sound – over the high desert of Southern California – and becomes the first pilot and the first airplane to do so in level flight.
1949 – Eleven leaders of the American Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial in a Federal District Court, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. Federal Government.
1949 – Chinese Civil War: Chinese Communist forces occupy the city of Guangzhou (Canton), in Guangdong, China.
1952 – Korean War: United Nations and South Korean forces launch Operation Showdown against Chinese strongholds at the Iron Triangle. The resulting Battle of Triangle Hill is the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952.
1956 – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Indian Untouchable caste leader, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 of his followers (see Neo-Buddhism).
1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian Monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the Throne in Ottawa, Canada.
1958 – The American Atomic Energy Commission, with supporting military units, carries out an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site, just north of Las Vegas, Nevada.
1958 – The District of Columbia’s Bar Association votes to accept African-Americans as member attorneys.
1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U.S. Air Force U-2 reconnaissance plane and its pilot fly over the island of Cuba and take photographs of Soviet missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads being installed and erected in Cuba.
1964 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and thereby, along with his allies – such as Alexei Kosygin – the leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), ousting the former monolithic leader Nikita Khrushchev, and sending him into retirement as a nonperson in the USSR.
1966 – The city of Montreal, Quebec, begins the operation of its underground Montreal Metro rapid-transit system.
1967 – The Vietnam War: The folk singer Joan Baez is arrested concerning a physical blockade of the U.S. Army’s induction center in Oakland, California.
1968 – Vietnam War: 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio of San Francisco in California for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.
1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps will send about 24,000 soldiers and Marines back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours of duty in the combat zone there.
1968 – The first live telecast from a manned spacecraft, the Apollo 7, launched by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the U.S.A.
1968 – An earthquake rated at 6.8 on the Richter Scale destroys the Australian town of Meckering, Western Australia, and it also ruptures all nearby main highways and railroads.
1968 – Jim Hines of the United States of America becomes the first man ever to break the so-called “ten-second barrier” in the 100-meter sprint in the Summer Olympic Games held in Mexico City with a time of 9.95 seconds.
1969 – The United Kingdom introduces the British fifty-pence coin, which replaces, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world.
1973 – In the Thammasat student uprising over 100,000 people protest in Thailand against the Thanom military government; 77 are killed and 857 are injured by soldiers.
1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C., the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, demands “an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people”, and draws 200,000 people.
1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. Federal Government with holding Richard Marshall[disambiguation needed] of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected as the President of Egypt one week after the assassination of the President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat.
1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
1983 – Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and later executed in a military coup d’état led by Bernard Coard.
1994 – The Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, The Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and the Foreign Minister of Israel, Shimon Peres, receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their role in the establishment of the Oslo Accords and the framing of the future Palestinian Self Government.
1998 – Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with six bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
2003 – Chicago Cubs fan Steve Bartman becomes infamously known as the scapegoat for the Cubs losing game 6 of the 2003 National League Championship Series to the Florida Marlins. This has become known as the Steve Bartman incident.
2006 – The college football brawl between University of Miami and Florida International University leads to suspensions of 31 players of both teams.
2012 – Felix Baumgartner jumps from the stratosphere to try to break the record of the highest freefall jump, at an altitude of 39,068 meters (128,018 ft)
Births

1257 – Przemysł II of Poland (d. 1296)
1404 – Marie of Anjou (d. 1463)
1493 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
1542 – Akbar, Mughal emperor (d. 1605)
1563 – Jodocus Hondius, Flemish engraver and cartographer (d. 1611)
1630 – Sophia of Hanover (d. 1714)
1633 – James II of England (d. 1701)
1639 – Simon van der Stel, Dutch commander and politician (d. 1712)
1641 – Joachim Tielke German musical instruments maker (d. 1719)
1643 – Bahadur Shah I, Mughal emperor (d. 1712)
1644 – William Penn, English businessman, founder of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
1687 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
1712 – George Grenville, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
1726 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, Scottish-English navy officer and politician (d. 1813)
1733 – François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
1784 – Ferdinand VII of Spain (d. 1833)
1790 – Thursday October Christian I, English son of Fletcher Christian (d. 1831)
1801 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (d. 1883)
1806 – Preston King, American politician (d. 1865)
1840 – Dmitry Pisarev, Russian author and critic (d. 1868)
1842 – Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
1848 – Byron Edmund Walker, Canadian banker (d. 1924)
1853 – Ciprian Porumbescu, Romanian composer (d. 1883)
1861 – Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
1869 – Joseph Duveen, 1st Baron Duveen, English art dealer (d. 1939)
1872 – Reginald Doherty, English tennis player (d. 1910)
1873 – Ray Ewry, American jumper (d. 1937)
1873 – Jules Rimet, French football administrator, 3rd President of FIFA (d. 1954)
1882 – Éamon de Valera, Irish politician, 3rd President of Ireland (d. 1975)
1882 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer (d. 1959)
1884 – Jimmy Conlin, American actor (d. 1962)
1888 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand author (d. 1923)
1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
1892 – Sumner Welles, American diplomat (d. 1961)
1893 – Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
1893 – Lois Lenski, American children’s author and illustrator (d. 1974)
1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (d. 1962)
1898 – Thomas William Holmes, Canadian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1950)
1900 – William Edwards Deming American statistician, professor, author, lecturer and consultant (d. 1993)
1902 – Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (d. 1963)
1904 – Christian Pineau, French resistance fighter (d. 1995)
1906 – Hannah Arendt, German-American theorist and philosopher (d. 1975)
1906 – Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian religious leader, founded the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
1907 – Allan Jones, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
1908 – Ruth Hale, American actress and playwright (d. 2003)
1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter (d. 1996)
1909 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver (d. 1938)
1910 – John Wooden, American basketball player and coach (d. 2010)
1911 – Le Duc Tho, Vietnamese general and politician, recipient of the Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
1914 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player (d. 2004)
1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
1914 – Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
1915 – Loris Francesco Capovilla, Italian bishop
1916 – C. Everett Koop, American surgeon and public health administrator, 13th United States Surgeon General (d. 2013)
1918 – Marcel Chaput, Canadian politician (d. 1991)
1921 – José Arraño Acevedo, Chilean journalist and historian (d. 2009)
1924 – Robert Webber, American actor (d. 1989)
1926 – Willy Alberti, Dutch singer and actor (d. 1985)
1926 – Bill Justis, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1982)
1927 – Roger Moore, English actor
1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American businessman (d. 1995)
1929 – Yvon Durelle, Canadian boxer (d. 2007)
1930 – Robert Parker, American singer and saxophonist
1930 – Mobutu Sese Seko, Congolese politician, President of Zaire (d. 1997)
1931 – Nikhil Banerjee, Indian sitar player and composer (d. 1986)
1932 – Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor (d. 2005)
1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist (d. 2005)
1932 – Dyanne Thorne, American actress and model
1935 – La Monte Young, American composer
1936 – Hans Kraay, Dutch footballer and manager
1938 – John Dean, American lawyer and author, 13th White House Counsel
1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2008)
1938 – Farah Pahlavi, Iranian wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer, founded the Ralph Lauren Corporation
1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer
1940 – Perrie Mans, South African snooker player
1940 – Cliff Richard, English singer and actor
1940 – Christopher Timothy, Welsh actor, director, and scriptwriter
1941 – Jerry Glanville, American football player and coach
1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player
1942 – Evelio Javier, Filipino politician and civil servant (d. 1986)
1942 – Péter Nádas, Hungarian author and playwright
1944 – Udo Kier, German actor
1945 – Colin Hodgkinson, English bass player (Whitesnake and The Spencer Davis Group)
1945 – Daan Jippes, Dutch cartoonist
1945 – Lesley Joseph, English actress
1946 – François Bozizé, Gabonese politician, President of the Central African Republic
1946 – Justin Hayward, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Moody Blues)
1946 – Dan McCafferty, Scottish singer-songwriter (Nazareth)
1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player
1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist
1947 – Norman Harris, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (MFSB) (d. 1987)
1947 – Nikolai Volkoff, Croatian-Russian Professional Wrestler
1948 – Engin Arık, Turkish physicist (d. 2007)
1948 – Marcia Barrett, Jamaican-English singer (Boney M)
1948 – David Ruprecht, American game show host and actor
1949 – Damian Lau, Hong Kong actor, director, and producer
1949 – Katy Manning, English-Australian actress
1949 – Katha Pollitt, American poet and author
1949 – Dave Schultz, Canadian ice hockey player
1950 – Joey Travolta, American actor, director, and producer
1951 – Aad van den Hoek, Dutch cyclist
1952 – Harry Anderson, American actor
1952 – Nikolai Andrianov, Soviet gymnast
1952 – Rick Aviles, American comedian and actor (d. 1995)
1953 – Shelley Ackerman, American astrologer
1953 – Greg Evigan, American actor
1954 – Carole Malone, English journalist
1954 – Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli technician
1956 – Beth Daniel, American golfer
1956 – Jennell Jaquays, American game designer and artist of table-top role-playing games (RPGs) and video games
1957 – Michel Després, Canadian politician
1957 – Kenny Neal, American actor, singer, and guitarist (Downchild Blues Band)
1958 – Thomas Dolby, English singer-songwriter and producer
1958 – Aino-Maija Luukkonen, Finnish politician
1959 – A. J. Pero, American drummer (Twisted Sister)
1960 – Steve Cram, English runner
1960 – Zbigniew Kruszyński, Polish footballer
1961 – Isaac Mizrahi American fashion designer
1962 – Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
1962 – Trevor Goddard, English actor (d. 2003)
1962 – Chris Thomas King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
1963 – Yim Jae-beom, South Korean singer (Sinawe)
1963 – Lori Petty, American actress
1963 – Alessandro Safina, Italian tenor
1964 – Joe Girardi, American baseball player and manager
1964 – David Kaye, Canadian actor
1964 – Olu Oguibe, Nigerian-American painter, author, and critic
1964 – Jim Rome, American talk show host
1965 – Steve Coogan, English actor
1965 – Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
1965 – Constantine Koukias, Greek-Australian composer
1965 – Karyn White, American singer-songwriter
1966 – Mark Nyman, English Scrabble player
1967 – Savanna Samson, American porn actress
1967 – Pat Kelly, American baseball player
1967 – Sylvain Lefebvre, Canadian ice hockey player
1967 – Jason Plato, English race car driver
1967 – Stephen A. Smith, American sportscaster
1968 – Jay Ferguson, Canadian guitarist (Sloan)
1968 – Johnny Goudie, American singer-songwriter, musician, producer, and actor (Goudie)
1968 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer
1968 – Dwayne Schintzius, American basketball player (d. 2012)
1969 – Christophe Agou, French photographer
1969 – P. J. Brown, American basketball player
1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
1970 – Martin Barbarič, Czech footballer (d. 2013)
1970 – Takako Katou, TV actress and former J-pop singer, and the oldest member of the groups Lip’s and Nanatsuboshi
1970 – Jim Jackson, American basketball player
1970 – Daniela Peštová, Czech model
1970 – Jon Seda, Puerto Rican actor
1970 – Pär Zetterberg, Swedish footballer
1971 – Jorge Costa, Portuguese footballer
1973 – Lasha Zhvania, Georgian politician
1974 – Jessica Drake, American porn actress
1974 – Natalie Maines, American singer-songwriter (Dixie Chicks)
1974 – Viktor Röthlin, Swiss runner
1974 – Samuel José da Silva Vieira, Brazilian footballer
1974 – Joseph Utsler, American rapper, producer, wrestler, and actor (Insane Clown Posse, Psychopathic Rydas, and Dark Lotus)
1975 – Michael Duberry, English footballer
1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist
1975 – Shaznay Lewis, English singer-songwriter and actress (All Saints)
1976 – Tillakaratne Dilshan, Sri Lankan cricketer
1976 – Nataša Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
1976 – Henry Mateo, Dominican baseball player
1977 – Bianca Beauchamp, Canadian model
1977 – Saeed Ajmal, Pakistani cricketer
1977 – Tina Dico, Danish singer-songwriter and guitarist
1977 – Joey Didulica, Croatian footballer
1977 – Barry Ditewig, Dutch footballer
1977 – Jeffrey Garcia, American voice actor
1977 – Carl Johan Grimmark, Swedish guitarist (Narnia, Saviour Machine, Rob Rock, and Beautiful Sin)
1977 – Jonathan Kerrigan, English actor
1977 – Kelly Schumacher, Canadian basketball player
1978 – Usher, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
1978 – Justin Lee Brannan, American guitarist (Most Precious Blood and Indecision)
1978 – Ryan Church, American baseball player
1978 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)
1978 – Jana Macurová, Czech tennis player
1978 – Steven Thompson, Scottish footballer
1978 – Javon Walker, American football player
1979 – Stacy Keibler, American wrestler and actress
1980 – Paul Ambrosi, Ecuadorian footballer
1980 – Scott Kooistra, American football player
1980 – Niels Lodberg, Danish footballer
1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player
1980 – Ben Whishaw, English actor
1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player
1981 – Gautam Gambhir, Indian cricketer
1982 – Ryan Hall, American runner
1982 – Matt Roth, American football player
1983 – Lin Dan, Chinese badminton player
1983 – Betty Heidler, German hammer thrower
1983 – Vanessa Lane, American porn actress
1984 – Baby Fae, American baby who received a baboon heart transplant (d. 1984)
1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player
1985 – Sherlyn, Mexican actress and singer
1985 – Daniel Clark, American actor and singer
1985 – Alexandre Sarnes Negrão, Brazilian race car driver
1986 – Peter Alcorn, Irish drummer (Alestorm and For Ruin)
1986 – Tom Craddock, English footballer
1986 – Skyler Shaye, American actress
1988 – Will Atkinson, English footballer
1988 – MacKenzie Mauzy, American actress
1988 – Max Thieriot, American actor
1988 – Mario Titone, Italian footballer
1988 – Pia Toscano, American singer
1989 – Mia Wasikowska, Australian actress
1990 – Raquel Diaz, American wrestler
1990 – Alexandra Krosney, American actress
1990 – Jordan Clark, English cricketer
1991 – Shona McGarty, English actress
1992 – Savannah Outen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1992 – Ahmed Musa, Nigerian footballer
1999 – Daniel Roche, English actor
2001 – Rowan Blanchard, American actress
2002 – Youssif, Iraqi burn victim
Deaths

1066 – Harold Godwinson, (or Harold II), last Anglo-Saxon King of England (b. 1022)
1092 – Nizam al-Mulk, Persian scholar and politician (b. 1018)
1256 – Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
1318 – Edward Bruce, Irish king (b. 1280)
1552 – Oswald Myconius, Swiss religious reformer (b. 1488)
1565 – Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
1568 – Jacques Arcadelt, Flemish composer (b. 1507)
1610 – Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
1619 – Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
1637 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
1660 – Thomas Harrison, English soldier (b. 1606)
1669 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (b. 1623)
1703 – Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)
1711 – Tewoflos, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1708)
1758 – James Francis Edward Keith, Scottish-Prussian soldier and field marshal (b. 1696)
1792 – Sophie Charlotte Ackermann, German actress (b. 1714)
1831 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
1880 – Victorio, Mexican tribal chief (b. 1825)
1911 – John Marshall Harlan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1833)
1923 – Marcellus Emants, Dutch author (b. 1848)
1929 – Henri Berger, German composer and bandleader (b. 1844)
1930 – Samuel van Houten, Dutch politician (b. 1837)
1944 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshal (b. 1891)
1953 – Émile Sarrade, French rugby player (b. 1877)
1958 – Douglas Mawson, Australian explorer (b. 1882)
1959 – Errol Flynn, Australian actor (b. 1909)
1960 – Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist (b. 1880)
1961 – Paul Ramadier, French politician, Prime Minister of France (b. 1888)
1961 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English journalist and activist (b. 1876)
1965 – William Hogenson, American sprinter (b. 1884)
1965 – Randall Jarrell, American poet and author (b. 1914)
1967 – Marcel Aymé, French author and playwright (b. 1902)
1969 – Haguroyama Masaji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 36th Yokozuna (b. 1914)
1973 – Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (b. 1897)
1973 – Ahmed Hamdi, Egyptian engineer and general (b. 1929)
1976 – Edith Evans, English actress (b. 1888)
1977 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (The Rhythm Boys) (b. 1903)
1983 – Johannes O., Dutch murderer (b. 1916)
1983 – Willard Price, Canadian-American author and historian (b. 1887)
1984 – Martin Ryle, English astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
1985 – Emil Gilels, Soviet pianist (b. 1916)
1986 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
1989 – Michael Carmine, American actor (b. 1959)
1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American composer, conductor, and pianist (b. 1918)
1997 – Harold Robbins, American author (b. 1915)
1998 – Cleveland Amory, American author and activist (b. 1917)
1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American accordion player (b. 1916)
1999 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician, 1st President of Tanzania (b. 1922)
2000 – Art Coulter, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1909)
2000 – Tony Roper, American race car driver (b. 1964)
2002 – Norbert Schultze, German composer (b. 1911)
2003 – Patrick Dalzel-Job, English soldier and author (b. 1913)
2004 – Vlassis Bonatsos, Greek actor and singer (b. 1949)
2005 – Jody Dobrowski, English murder victim (b. 1981)
2006 – Jared Anderson, American bass player (Morbid Angel and Hate Eternal) (b. 1975)
2006 – Chun Wei Cheung, Dutch rower (b. 1972)
2006 – Freddy Fender, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Texas Tornados and Los Super Seven) (b. 1937)
2006 – Maurice Grosse, English paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
2006 – Nancy Lynn, American pilot (b. 1956)
2006 – Klaas Runia, Dutch theologian and journalist (b. 1926)
2006 – Gerry Studds, American politician (b. 1937)
2007 – Judy Crichton, American television producer (b. 1929)
2007 – Big Moe, American rapper (b. 1974)
2007 – Raymond Pellegrin, French actor (b. 1925)
2008 – Richard Cooey, American murderer (b. 1967)
2008 – Robert Furman, American engineer and intelligence officer (b. 1915)
2008 – Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player (b. 1926)
2009 – Lou Albano, American wrestler, manager, and actor (b. 1933)
2009 – Martyn Sanderson, New Zealand actor (b. 1938)
2009 – Collin Wilcox, American actress (b. 1935)
2010 – Simon MacCorkindale, English actor, director, and producer (b. 1952)
2010 – Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-American mathematician (b. 1924)
2011 – Abdulrahman al-Awlaki, American son of Anwar al-Awlaki (b. 1995)
2011 – Reg Alcock, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
2012 – Kyle Bennett, American bicycle motocross racer (b. 1979)
2012 – John Clive, English actor and author (b. 1933)
2012 – Max Fatchen, Australian journalist and author (b. 1920)
2012 – James R. Grover, Jr., American politician (b. 1919)
2012 – Odorico Leovigildo Sáiz Pérez, Spanish bishop (b. 1912)
2012 – Arlen Specter, American politician (b. 1930)
2012 – Marc Swayze, American writer and illustrator (b. 1913)
2012 – Gart Westerhout, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1927)

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