• NATIONAL GARDENING DAY – April 14

    NATIONAL GARDENING DAY

    National Gardening Day on April 14th encourages gardeners and would-be gardeners to pick up a shovel, plant some seeds, and kick off a beautiful year of homegrown bounty.

    Whether you want to grow vegetables, fruit, flowers, houseplants, or anything in between, National Gardening Day celebrates a satisfying pastime that you will enjoy for decades.

    Growing your own food also provides fresh and natural nourishment for your family and saves you time and money at the grocery store.

    As many gardeners know, the benefits of gardening come from more than the produce. Spending time in the garden also provides physical activity and an opportunity to join with nature.

    The day is a call to action to get out and grow flower or vegetable gardens. No matter how you garden, plant in the ground, in containers, in straw bales or in a square foot gardening box. Just garden!

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalGardeningDay

    There are many ways that you can celebrate the day, including:

    • Find the right book, guide or resource for your needs at Cool Springs Press, county extension service, the local bookstore or library.
    • Sign up for a gardening course in your area, or find a Square Foot Gardening course with a Square Foot Gardening Certified Instructor.
    • Look for a community garden in your area.
    • Organize a seed and perennial plant swap with neighbors and friends.
    • Join a garden club. There isn’t one near? Start one!
    • Visit your local nursery or garden center—you will be amazed and excited by all the beautiful options
    • Visit Quarto Homes on Facebook and Instagram for more gardening information
    • While you’re gardening, be sure to share your experience with others on social media using #NationalGardeningDay, #garden and #gardening.
    • Educators and family, check out the National Day Calendar Classroom for fun projects designed to #CelebrateEveryDay!

    NATIONAL GARDENING DAY HISTORY

    Cool Springs PressCool Springs, an imprint of The Quarto Group, founded National Gardening Day on April 14 to celebrate gardening and to encourage home gardeners and students to learn more about how to garden.

    In 2018, the Registrar at National Day Calendar® proclaimed the day to be observed annually on April 14th.

    About Cool Springs Press

    Celebrating over twenty-five years of inspiring gardeners, Cool Springs Press is a leading publisher of best-selling gardening books with titles that cover all facets of plant cultivation and gardening techniques, both indoors and out.

    Gardening FAQ

    Q. Can anyone celebrate National Gardening Day?
    A. Yes! Anyone can celebrate the day, even apartment dwellers. Container gardening and cooperative gardening make it possible for people without a yard to garden too.

    Q. I don’t have a green thumb. How can I learn to garden?
    A. Green thumbs are not required to learn to garden. Attend gardening seminars to gain knowledge. Read up about the plants that thrive in your zone. Start with some easy plants to grow such as:

    • Radishes
    • Lettuce
    • Potatoes
    • Herbs
    • Zinnias
    • Pansies
    • Bachelor Buttons
    • Marigolds

     

  • NATIONAL CALIFORNIA DAY – February 22

    NATIONAL CALIFORNIA DAY

    On February 22nd, National California Day recognizes the Golden State.

    For more than a century, Spanish missionaries settled in California. Manifest Destiny and the Mexican American War would play a pivotal role in making California a U.S. Territory. Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico sold California along with its territories north of the Rio Grande for 15 million dollars.

    Only days before the treaty was signed, gold was found at Sutter’s Mill in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The gold rush of 1849 would set off an era of settlement unlike any a new territory had ever seen. On September 9, 1850, two years after the gold rush began, California became the 31st state.

    While many think of sunny beaches and orange groves, California has a diverse climate. Each region boasts an opportunity for seasonal outdoor adventures. Whether surfing or downhill skiing is on the agenda, it’s sure to be found. If hiking among giant redwoods or touring historic missions is more to your liking, you’ll discover it here.

    Of course, we can’t overlook Northern California’s wine country. Beautiful road trips and wine tastings along the magnificent Napa Valley or Sonoma County are a must for wine lovers.

    Swimming pools and movie stars, California has those in large numbers. While moving pictures weren’t born in California, Hollywood sure made them flourish. By the turn of the 20th century, Hollywood built a foundation of movie studios that continued to grow and many of which still exist today.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalCaliforniaDay

    • Visit California!
    • Share your favorite places and spaces.
    • Learn about California’s history.
    • Discover the best food.
    • Share your favorite photos of California.
    • Read about California.
    • Tour historical places.
    • Read 12 California Places to Please Everyone.
    • Use #NationalCaliforniaDay to share on social media.

    For a complete list of California State and National Parks & Historic Sites visit www.parks.ca.gov and www.nps.gov.

    Check out a few of the featured sites around the state below.

    1. Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve – Lancaster
    2. Red Rock Canyon State Park – Cantil
    3. Armstrong Redwoods State Natural Reserve – Guerneville
    4. California Citrus State Historic Park – Riverside
    5. California Indian Heritage Center – Sacramento
    6. Clear Lake State Park – Kelseyville
    7. Emerald Bay State Park – South Lake Tahoe
    8. Fort Tejon State Historic Park – Lebec
    9. Indian Grinding Rock State Historic Park – Pine Grove
    10. Pigeon Point Light Station – Pescadero
    11. Death Valley Sequoia and Kings Canyon Yosemite – Sierra Nevada
    12. Rosie the Riveter WWII Home Front – Richmond
    13. La Brea Tar Pits – Los Angeles
    14. Griffith Observatory – Los Angeles
    15. Exploratorium – San Francisco
    16. Aquarium of the Bay – San Francisco
    17. Alcatraz Island – San Francisco
    18. Sutters Fort – Sacramento
    19. Depot Park Museum – Sonoma
    20. Computer History Museum – Mountain View
    21. Heart Rock Falls – Crestline
    22. Forestiere Underground Gardens – Fresno
    23. Glass Beach – Fort Bragg
    24. The Last Bookstore – Los Angeles
    25. Civic Musical Road – Lancaster

    Known for heading up the rivalry between two New York papers that created yellow journalism, William Randolph Hearst’s drive for sensational headlines carried beyond the ink. He also owned newsreel and movie production companies. Much to Hearst’s displeasure, in 1941, Orson Welles released Citizen Kane, a fictionalized biography of Hearst life.

    California’s first licensed woman architect, Julia Morgan designed numerous homes and commercial buildings throughout the state and the U.S. One of her most notable designs is La Case Grande for William Randolph Hearst.

    The poetry of Robert Frost illustrates life through the voice of a New Englander. In his lifetime, Frost earned the Pulitzer Prize in poetry four times. His poems and style fall easily into the realm of 19th-century poets like Henry David Thoreau, Emily Dickinson, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman.

    Author and journalist, Jack London published numerous novels. His wilderness adventures brought to life vivid characters that were immensely popular. London’s most noted works are Call of the Wild and White Fang.

    Throughout his military career, George Patton’s acted with calculated abandon often earning an injury as a result. During World War II, the already distinguished officer led U.S. forces across France.

    Dorothy Arzner was one of the first woman film directors. During the early age of movies, Arzner began her career editing both silent and sound flicks.

    Noted for his sweeping landscape photography, Ansel Adams’ ability to capture the essence of a wilderness brought with it a creative drive. One of his biggest supporters, The Sierra Club, published his earliest photographs, launching Adams’ into the public eye.

    Author of numerous short stories and novels, John Steinbeck earned the Nobel Prize for literature in 1962. Steinbeck’s ability to weave humor and serious social topics into his writing brought a sense of humanity to his characters. Novels like Of Mice and Men, The Grapes of Wrath (1939), and East of Eden found enormous acceptance.

    During the 1920s and 30s, Helen Wills dominated the tennis court. Her unnerving focus and stoic demeanor carried both on and off the court. Wills’ polar opposite, Helen Hull Jacobs, provided just enough competition to keep the game interesting. She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1959.

    Along with his brother Julio, Ernest Gallo started a winery in 1933. From Modesto, California, they created a brand that dominated the inexpensive wine market. Gallo gained a reputation as a savvy businessman with marketing know-how. Over the years, Gallo eventually branched into more fine wines.

    As an inspirational television chef, Julia Child made French cuisine accessible to millions of American home cooks. She published several cookbooks and presented her recipes on television for several decades.

    Richard Nixon served as the 37th president of the United States. He resigned in 1974 to avoid impeachment after the Watergate Scandal brought light illegal activities. Nixon is the only president to resign from office.

    Iva Toguri had the misfortune to be stranded in Japan after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. As a result, the Japanese used her to promote propaganda on the radio to the American military. She became known as Tokyo Rose. Later arrested for treason, it would take nearly 30 years to receive a presidential pardon.

    Etta James’ long soulful blues career is marked by ups and downs. Always able to recover with her powerfully rich voice and immense talent, James continued to persevere. She was inducted into both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Blues Hall of Fame.

    Best known for being a filmmaker before his time, George Lucas created the Star Wars franchise when much of the technology didn’t exist to produce it. Lucas continues to push the boundaries of filmmaking with magical finesse.

    In June 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman in space. Aboard the space shuttle Challenger, Ride completed a week-long mission launching communication satellites. She later would become a champion of science education.

    Co-founder of Apple Computer with Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs helped to revolutionize an industry and thrust it into an age that had only been imagined before. Octavia Butler is best known for the novel Kindred, also published the Patternist series of science fiction novels. She brought human issues to her storytelling and opened the door for other black women writers to pursue science fiction.

  • WILL EISNER WEEK – March 1-7

    WILL EISNER WEEK

    Will Eisner Week March 1-7 each year recognizes the pioneering talents of the artist who merged the comic books and novels. The week encourages us to read, experience, and dream in graphic art form.

    Graphic artist, William Eisner was born on March 6, 1917. In 1978, he published A Contract with God using the term graphic novel to describe the new medium.

    Graphic novels take the sequential art form of comic books and expand on it. Often consisting of both fiction and non-fiction, graphic novels tell complete stories with the art of comic books. The week is the perfect time to explore graphic novels, the artists, and the stories behind them.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WillEisnerWeek

    During the week, explore graphic novels at the bookstore or library. Introduce graphic novels to friends. Share your work and learn about the art of graphic design. Read about Will Eisner and his work. Share your favorite graphic novels and read them again. Write and create your epic novel or share the one you’ve hidden from the world.  Use #WillEisnerWeek to share on social media.

    WILL EISNER WEEK HISTORY

    Will Eisner Week was created in honor of the man who is considered the father of the graphic novel.  The Eisner Awards are presented for creative achievement in the comics industry.

  • NATIONAL THESAURUS DAY – January 18

    NATIONAL THESAURUS DAY

    National Thesaurus Day, on January 18th, honors Peter Mark Roget, the author of Roget’s Thesaurus, who was born on this day in 1779.  

    #NationalThesaurusDay

    In 1840, Roget retired from a successful career in medicine and spent the rest of his life working on Roget’s Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. The work was the result of decades of collecting lists of words and categorizing them, much like a scientist would collect specimens. In Roget’s case, he collected words. He first published his thesaurus in 1852. And it was more than a book of synonyms – it was a complete categorization and organization of each word by meaning. 

    Since then, poets and writers have used the thesaurus to help make their writing come to life. However, the thesaurus also has its detractors. Some say the thesaurus weakens language and destroys it. 

    Whether you are looking for a more accurate word or trying to improve your writing, the thesaurus can be your best friend. Expanding your vocabulary increases both written and spoken communication skills, creative writing abilities, and can be helpful in advancing your career.

    HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL THESAURUS DAY

    Use a thesaurus to find the right word for your writing. Play a word game to expand your vocabulary. Explore the bookstore and discover a new (or old) thesaurus to page through. Challenge friends to describe each other with as many words as possible without using the thesaurus. Then see how their descriptions improve when they do. Use #NationalThesaurusDay to post on social media.

    Educators and Families, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom to discover more ways to celebrate with your students!

    NATIONAL THESAURUS DAY HISTORY

    While the day commemorates the birth of Peter Mark Roget, our research did not identify the founder of the observance. However, we did find new words to add to our lexicon. 

    Thesaurus FAQ

    Q. Does a thesaurus only contain synonyms?
    A. No. A thesaurus also lists antonyms, idioms, and related phrases.

    Q. Does a thesaurus include definitions?
    A. Usually a thesaurus does not include definitions. However, some are accompanied by a dictionary section that supplies definitions.

    Q. What is the plural of thesaurus?
    A. The plural form of thesaurus is either thesauri or thesauruses.

  • WORLD PHOTOGRAPHY DAY – August 19

    WORLD PHOTOGRAPHY DAY

    Every year on August 19th, World Photography Day (also known as World Photo Day) celebrates the art, craft, science, and history of photography. The day also encourages photographers from around the globe to share a single photo that encapsulates their world.

    The kind of photography we know today dates back to 1839. At that time, the French Academy of Sciences announced the Daguerreotype process. The process made it possible to create a highly detailed image on a sheet of copper. The sheet was coated with a thin coat of silver, and the process did not require the use of a negative. It became the first method for obtaining a permanent image with a camera.

    When is National Selfie Day?

    Over 40 years later in 1884, George Eastman from Rochester, NY refined the Daguerreotype process. He replaced the copper plate with a dry gel on paper, which he called film. This invention alleviated the need for photographers to carry around heavy copper plates and toxic chemicals. In 1888, Eastman developed the Kodak camera. The inventional allowed virtually anyone to take a photo.

    With the explosion of digital photography, many people no longer use film in their cameras. However, some photographers would rather use film than digital photography. Some of the reasons they prefer film include:

    • Higher resolution
    • No electricity required
    • Fewer copyright issues
    • Easier to lose a digital photo than one on film

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldPhotographyDay

    The best way to observe this day is to share your favorite photo with others. This can include actual printed photographs or digital photos. You can also submit a photo to WorldPhotographyDay.com

    Other ways to observe this day include:

    • Learn about photography and the skills it takes to be a photographer.
    • Talk to a photographer and find out why they enjoy their profession.
    • Get family photos taken by a professional photographer.
    • Read about famous photographers including Robert Frank, Ansel Adams, Anne Geddes, and David Bailey.
    • Go to your local bookstore and peruse the photography books.
    • Commit to taking a photography course.
    • Follow these TIPS to get the most out of your camera.

    Be sure to share a favorite photo or two on social media with #WorldPhotographyDay.

    WORLD PHOTOGRAPHY DAY HISTORY

    The first World Photography Day was held on August 19, 2010. It was on this date that nearly 270 photographers shared their pictures in a global online gallery. People from over 100 countries visited the online gallery. This event marked the first official World Photography Day. The day is held August 19th as it’s the date in 1839 that the government in France purchased the patent for the Daguerreotype process. The French government called the invention of the Daguerreotype process a free gift to the world.

    There are over 1,500 national days. Don’t miss a single one. Celebrate Every Day® with National Day Calendar®!

    National Day Calendar® is protected under the copyright laws of the United States. All information on this page, including design, audio, video, text, photographs, and graphics, is owned and controlled by National Day Calendar. Duplicating, plagiarizing, or falsely claiming creative ownership, printed or digital, without consent of National Day Calendar, is considered a violation of United States copyright laws. See full description of National Day Calendar copyright rules.
  • SELF-IMPROVEMENT MONTH – September

    SELF-IMPROVEMENT MONTH

    We all learn something every day whether we realize it or not. Self-Improvement Month in September encourages us to make a conscious effort to improve ourselves. 

    Self-improvement means something different to everyone. However, the basis for any self-improvement goal is learning. Whether we want to master a new skill, take an introspective look at our spiritual lives, scale the career ladder or overcome an obstacle, we must learn to make that improvement. The path we choose to take toward self-improvement is also as varied as the goals we set. Some goals might include:

    • Eating healthier
    • Reading more
    • Reducing screen time
    • Finding peace
    • Connecting with nature
    • Finding love
    • Learning to cook
    • Speaking a second language fluently
    • Getting more exercise
    • Learning to communicate
    • Reducing stress
    • Returning to school
    • Developing patience

    Libraries and bookstores are full of books that help us to improve ourselves. They cover every topic listed above and thousands more. You can also find blogs, webinars, and courses to help you on your self-improvement journey. The month encourages everyone to explore the ways in which we can improve. It may involve tasks left undone, dreams, a career goal, family life, or any number of facets of our life. Take the month to explore all the possibilities and keep learning!

    Quote mark

    Never stop learning, because life never stops teaching. ~ Lin Pernille

    HOW TO OBSERVE #SelfImprovementMonth

    Where would you like to see improvement in your life? Make a list and then pick a goal. Then get started with these ideas:

    • Explore the library or the internet for ways to take on your new goal.
    • Enlist others to join you on your journey.
    • Write it down.
    • Track your progress.
    • Adjust the goal as you get closer.
    • Reward yourself along the way.
    • Join a group with a common goal. 

    Share your journey of self-improvement using #SelfImprovementMonth to post on social media.

    SELF-IMPROVEMENT MONTH HISTORY

    In the 1980s, organizations began promoting Self-Improvement Month with seminars, books, and informational pamphlets. By 1988, the observance coalesced into a nationwide event every year in September.

     

  • NATIONAL READ ACROSS AMERICA DAY (DR. SEUSS DAY) – March 2 (If On Weekend, Nearest School Day)

    NATIONAL READ ACROSS AMERICA DAY (DR. SEUSS DAY)

    Each year, National Read Across America Day is celebrated on March 2nd, the birthday of Dr. Seuss. The annual event is part of Read Across America, an initiative on reading created by the National Education Association. Since the event is designed to encourage reading in children and is fostered through the schools, when March 2nd lands on a weekend, the day is observed on the closest school day. 

    This motivational and awareness day calls all children and youth in every community across the United States to celebrate reading. It encourages them to read where ever they are. Great ways to inspire reading in children include:

    • Keep books everywhere you spend time. Put them in the car, in every room of the house, and tuck them in backpacks and purses. Make them easily accessible. 
    • Visit the library often. Knowing how to use the library and learning the benefits of a library fosters a love of reading as well as genuine respect for the services libraries provide.
    • Get caught reading. Children imitate what they see the adults around them do. Whether they see you read a magazine, newspaper, or novel, let them know reading is the cool thing to do. 
    • Read to your children. No matter their age, reading aloud strengthens their vocabulary and language skills. It also opens up opportunities for discussion. 
    • Have your children read to you, too. You never know what you might learn!

    HOW TO OBSERVE #ReadAcrossAmericaDay #DrSeussDay

    • Pick up an interesting book and read it.
    • More importantly, read with a child. 
    • Join your library.
    • Attend a book reading. 
    • Read a book you’ve been meaning to read. 
    • Read a book you’ve read before. You may discover that it has a new meaning to you since you last read it. 
    • Try reading aloud, even if it is just to yourself. It will make great practice for reading to children. (Hint, hint.)
    • Visit the National Day Calendar® Classroom for ways to incorporate National Read Across America Day into your classroom.
    • Use #ReadAcrossAmericaDay or #DrSeussDay to post on social media.

    For adults, here are a couple of recommendations for books:

    NATIONAL READ ACROSS AMERICA DAY HISTORY

    The first National Read Across America Day was held on March 2, 1998.

    Read Across America FAQ

    Q. Where can I find books for Read Across America Day?
    A. Books are very accessible today. You can find books at:

    • Your local library – A lending library offers more than books. They provide access to music, films, newspapers, and magazines.
    • Schools – Similar to a public library, school libraries offer a variety of books and media for students.
    • New and used bookstores – If you can’t find what you’re looking for, they may be able to order it for you.
    • Neighborhood little libraries – Although they are small, they offer easy access to books for all ages.
    • Mobile libraries – These libraries on wheels bring books to your neighborhood on a weekly or monthly basis.
    • Online bookstores – These bookstores sell new and used books on every subject.
    • Digital books – Many classic books can be found free online.

    Q. Who can participate in the day?
    A. Anyone! Public figures, schools, parents, students, and organizations all join the celebration with an enthusiasm for reading.

  • NATIONAL TELL A FAIRY TALE DAY – February 26

    NATIONAL TELL A FAIRY TALE DAY

    On February 26th, have a happily ever after kind of day. It is National Tell A Fairy Tale Day!

    What were once oral histories, myths, and legends retold around the fire or by traveling storytellers, have been written down and become known the world over as fairy tales.

    Origins of Fairy Tales

    The origins of most fairy tales would fail today’s standards of the Association of Fairy Tales. They told unseemlily tales and would be rated as inappropriate for children. Most traveling storytellers told fairy tales with dramatic detail to make children behave, teach a lesson or pass the time much like ghost stories around a campfire today.

    Many of the stories have some basis in truth. For example, some believe Margarete von Waldeck, the daughter of the 16th century Count of Waldeck, inspired the story of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The area of Germany where the family lived was known for mining. Some of the tunnels were so tight they had to use children – or small people such as dwarfs – to work the mines.

    Margarete’s beauty is well documented, and her stepmother sent her away. Margarete also fell in love with a prince but mysteriously died before she could have her happily ever after.

    As the stories evolved, they took on a more magical quality with fictional characters such as fairies, giants, mermaids and gnomes, and sometimes gruesome story plots.

    Toes cut off to fit into a slipper, a wooden boy killing his cricket, or instead of kissing that frog prince his head must be cut off, but those are the unrated versions.

    Brothers Grimm, Aesop, Hans Christian Andersen

    The brothers Grimm collected and published some of the more well-known tales we are familiar with today. Jakob and his brother Wilhelm set out on a quest to preserve these tales at a time in history when a tradition of oral storytelling was fading. In 1812, they published their first volume of stories titled Household Tales. Their stories’ darker qualities were clearly meant for an adult audience.

    Rumpelstiltskin is one of the tales they collected. Several other versions exist and the little man claimed many different names across Europe. From Trit-a-trot in Ireland to Whuppity Stoorie in Scotland,  Rumplestiltskin makes it difficult for historians to identify him.

    While some storytellers have a long and sometimes ancient history such as Aesop (The Fox and the Goose, The Ant and the Grasshopper), others are more recent like the Grimm brothers.

    First published in 1829, Hans Christian Andersen brought to us written versions of the Princess and the Pea, The Ugly Duckling, The Little Mermaid, and many more. Where Grimm’s tales could take on a darker cast and unmistakably written with adults in mind, Andersen’s stories are sweet and warm.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #TellAFairyTaleDay

    National Tell A Fairy Tale Day encourages you to tell a fairy tale or two. If you think you don’t have a fair tale to tell, you might be wrong. We’ve told a few in our day, so we have a few tips to share with you.

    • Engage your audience. Children like to participate. Have them quack every time you mention the Ugly Duckling or make the motions of climbing Jack’s beanstalk.
    • Use repetition. Repeated stanzas, syllables, or movements will keep the kids engaged. It not only helps them to remember the story but sets them up for the next round of the repeated phrase or stanza.
    • Give your characters a voice. Nobody likes a monotone storyteller. Buehler, Buehler, Buehler. No, not even children like the monotone. Varying your voice for each character and inflecting excitement, sadness and disappointment will create drama and stimulate the imaginations of the little minds listening to you.
    • Ask questions as you go. It’s an excellent way to keep your story flowing and to gauge the children’s listening skills.
    • Find out if someone has a story of their own. You might be in the presence of a great storyteller!

    Share your favorite fairy tale with friends and family. Try relating them from memory as this has long been a tradition.  Visit a library or local bookstore for story time.  Use #TellAFairyTaleDay to post on social media.

    You can also learn more about your favorite fairy tales in 5 World-Favorite Fairy Tales and the Stories Behind them.

    NATIONAL TELL A FAIRY TALE DAY HISTORY

    Within our research, we were unable to find the creator or the origin of National Tell A Fairy Tale Day.

    Fairy Tale FAQ

    Q. What is the purpose of a fairy tale?
    A. Fairy tales serve many purposes but one of the main reasons for fairy tales is to teach a lesson. By the end of the story, the moral is clear.

    Q. What are some of the morals fairy tales teach?
    A. Fairy tales often present moral dilemmas for the characters to face. Some of them may be about:

    • truth vs lies
    • who to trust
    • inner vs outer beauty
    • people vs things
    • keeping a commitment

    February 26th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History

    1970

    National Public Radio files articles of incorporation with the District of Columbia Recorder of Deeds. The organization’s membership is comprised of independent, private, public U.S. radio stations.

    1903

    The U.S. Patent Office issued patent no. 534,840 to Michael Joseph Owens for a glass-blowing machine. Later that same year, Owens would co-found the Owens Bottle Machine Company in Toledo, Ohio. He also filed several other patents for bottle making.

    1909

    The Palace Theatre in London introduced the public to Kinemacolor with a showing of 21 short films. George Albert Smith created the process for adding color filters to film.

    1986

    Congress established the title of Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry on December 20, 1985. On February 26, 1986, Robert Pen Warren was named the nation’s first Poet Laureate.

    February 26th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Victor Hugo – 1802

    As imaginative and romantic as Victor Hugo was, he probably never conjured up any of the cinematic productions of his novels and plays. What might the French author of sweeping epics like Les Misérable and gothic works like The Hunchback of Notre Dame have thought of the modern interpretations?

    Levi Strauss – 1829

    Today, they are probably more fashion statements than workwear. They come in more styles and colors than Starbucks can come up with for coffee choices. In 1873, tailor Jacob Davis approached Levi Strauss with a proposal after creating a pair of reinforced waist-length overalls from the fabric Strauss had sold him. Less than a century later, they became the stylish wardrobe necessity every teenager required. Fashion designers elevated the humble blue jean to haute couture while the rest of us wrote love letters to our favorite old pair of jeans that fit perfectly.

    Antoine “Fats” Domino – 1928

    Anyone who loves Rock ‘n’ Roll needs to thank the man who bellied up to the piano and called himself “The Fat Man” in 1949. He’s also known for the songs “Ain’t That a Shame” and “Blue Berry Hill.” Fats Domino’s unique rhythm and enthusiastic personality drove an entirely new genre of music.

    Johnny Cash – 1932

    If an artist ever sang about who he was, Johnny Cash did. He sang about sinners and redemption, soldiers and drifters, and country boys. If Cash didn’t speak to you through his music, you’ve not found the right song yet.

    Karen Berger – 1958

    The award-winning comic book editor helped create DC Comic’s Vertigo imprint in 1993.

    Susan Helms -1958

    In 2001, the first military woman in space performed the longest spacewalk with astronaut James Voss. She began her distinguished career in the Air Force and became an astronaut in 1991.

    Notable Mentions

    Buffalo Bill Cody – 1846
    John Harvey Kellogg – 1852
    Herbert Henry Dow – 1866
    Rudolph Dirks – 1877
    Michael Bolton – 1954

  • NATIONAL PHARMACIST DAY – January 12

    NATIONAL PHARMACIST DAY

    National Pharmacist Day on January 12th annually recognizes and honors all pharmacists across the nation.

    #NationalPharmacistDay

    The role of pharmacists has shifted over the years. Where once they served as the classical “lick, stick and pour” dispensary, they now serve as an integrated member of the health care team. Pharmacists are often directly involved in patient care and play a vital role in a patient’s recovery. 

    Historically, pharmacists primarily checked and distributed drugs to doctors for patient prescribed medication. In modern times, pharmacists advise patients and health care providers on the selection, dosages, interactions, and side effects of prescriptions. Additionally, their role includes being a learned intermediary between a prescriber and a patient. By monitoring the health and progress of patients, pharmacists can then ensure the safe and effective use of medication.

    Pharmacists work long hours, usually standing the entire time. Along with dispensing pills and providing advice on medications, pharmacists also administer immunizations. Pharmacists who conduct research discover and test new medications, too.

    • Do you wonder how Agatha Christie came to know so much about poisons for her murder mysteries? She was once a pharmacy dispenser during World War I.
    • Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Dr. Pepper, and Ginger Ale were all invented by pharmacists
    • Before running for President of the United States, Hubert Humphrey earned his pharmacy license and worked in his father’s pharmacy.
    • William Procter, Jr., (May 3, 1817 – February 10, 1874) dedicated his career to the science of pharmacy. He wrote the first textbook on pharmacy for students in the United States and advocated for the founding of the American Pharmaceutical Association. His dedication earned him the name Father of Pharmacy.

    HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL PHARMACIST DAY

    Anyone who has required the services of a pharmacist, take time to thank them today. Give them a shout-out. Whether they work in a facility or local pharmacy, they will appreciate the good word. If you’re considering a career, learn more about pharmacy. Use #NationalPharmacistDay to post on social media.

    NATIONAL PHARMACIST DAY HISTORY

    While we were unable to find the exact creator of this observance, it is indicated that it is likely an association of pharmaceutical groups that are founders.

    Related Observances

    Pharmacist FAQ

    Q. Are pharmacists physicians?
    A. No, but they are doctors. As of 2004, pharmacists are required to attain a Doctor of Pharmacy degree to gain entry into the pharmacy profession.

    Q. Is the pharmacy profession growing?
    A. Yes. More and more students are choosing pharmacy as their profession. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, the profession grew by 91 thousand between 2001 and 2020 to 315 thousand pharmacists.

    January 12th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History

    1932

    Hattie W. Caraway (D-Arkansas) wins a special election that makes her the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate. In November of the previous year, the Arkansas state legislature appointed Caraway to complete the term vacated by her husband Senator Thadeus Caraway’s death.

    1966

    Batman premiered on television starring Adam West as Batman. The Caped Crusader appeared in 120 episodes that aired on ABC.

    1967

    The Alcor Life Extension Foundation cryogenically preserved the first person with the intention of being resuscitated in the future. Upon his death, psychology professor Dr. James H. Bedford of California achieved half his dream of being placed in cryogenic suspension. It remains to be seen whether or not he will see the other half of his dream and survive to be re-animated.

    1986

    Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz launches into space aboard the space shuttle Columbia 7 and becomes the first Hispanic person in space.

    January 12th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Jack London – 1876

    The American novelist and short-story writer brought outdoor survival stories to life. He’s best known for The Call of the Wild and White Fang.

    Ruth R. Benerito – 1916

    The American chemist revolutionized both the textile and the laundry industry with her creation of a wrinkle, stain, and flame resistant fabric.

    James Farmer – 1920

    The American civil rights activist co-founded the Congress of Racial Equality and worked alongside Martin Luther King Jr.

    Ira Hamilton Hays – 1922

    During World War II, Hays and five other U.S. Marines raised the American flag on Mount Suribachi at Iwo Jima during the six-week siege on the island. Photographer Joe Rosenthal captured the event on film. The photo would later be used to create the Marine War Memorial at Arlington, Virginia. The names of the other Marines are:

    • Sergeant Michael Strank (KIA)
    • Corporal Harlon Block (KIA)
    • Private First Class Franklin Sousley (KIA)
    • Corporal Harold Schultz
    • Corporal Harold Keller
    Jeff Bezos – 1964

    In 1994, the American businessman founded the technology company Amazon.com, Inc. At the time, the company branded itself as an online bookstore. Its services have since expanded.

    Hal – 1992

    According to the book, 2001 A Space Odyssey, the HAL 9000 computer became operational on this day in 1997 in Urbana, Illinois. (The film uses the year 1992.)

  • BLACK POETRY DAY – October 17

     

    BLACK POETRY DAY | OCTOBER 17

    Black Poetry Day on October 17th honors past and present black poets. The day also commemorates the birth of the first published black poet in the United States. Jupiter Hammon was born in Long Island, New York, on October 17th, 1711. 

    #BlackPoetryDay

    The day celebrates the importance of black heritage and literacy. It also recognizes the contributions made by black poets and shows appreciation to black authors.

    Take up a quiet spot at the library to read many of the talented black poets from around the world. Or find a poetry reading at a nearby bookstore, cultural or arts center like the Furious Flower Poetry Center at James Madison University. The first center of its kind in the United States, The Furious Flower’s name is inspired by a poem written by former U.S. Poet Laureate Gwendolyn Brooks. They also have a growing collection of resources, offer workshops and so much more.

    HOW TO OBSERVE BLACK POETRY DAY

    Host a poetry slam in your living room, front step, or in the break room. Encourage a black poet you know. Attend a poetry reading or share your own poetry. Pick up some poetry written by black poets. Explore the poetry of Jessie Redmon Fauset, Robert Hayden, Wanda Phips or Arna Bontemps. As you celebrate, be sure to use #BlackPoetryDay to post on social media.

    BLACK POETRY DAY HISTORY

    Black Poetry Day was established in 1985 honoring the birth of the first Black poet published in the United States, Jupiter Hammon. The poet is considered the father of African American Literature. Born into slavery, Hammon received an education, learned to read, and was allowed the use of the manor library.

    Black Poetry FAQ

    Q. Who are some notable Black poets?
    A. Several Black poets come to mind. Langston Hughes, Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin, Toni Morrison, and Terrance Hayes are just a few of the talented poets who express their spirit through poetry.

    Q. Have there been Black Poet Laureates?
    A. Yes. Robert Hayden was the first Black Poet Laureate (at the time the title was Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress). Others include
    Rita Dove, Gwendolyn Brooks, and Tracy K. Smith.