On August 23rd, celebrate a sandwich that originated in Cuba, but grew up in Florida. National Cuban Sandwich Day is a tribute to flavor found in a toasted pressed sandwich.


    While the Cubano traditionally consists of ham, roast pork, swiss cheese, pickles and mustard on Cuban bread, restaurants and home cooks serve up different versions. While the sandwich alone may serve as a satisfying meal, some very flavorful sides complement this globe-trotting sandwich. Like any grilled sandwich, a creamy, dunkable soup makes the perfect complement. Consider making this delicious Smoky Roasted Corn Soup. Another favorite side dish is seasoned sweet potato fries.

    The sandwich brings together flavor and history, too. By combining traditions from Cuban, German, and Italian immigrants, the sandwich offers a world tour of simple ingredients. If you’ve never had one, this is the day to try it.


    Many restaurants offer specials on their Cuban Sandwich to celebrate the day. You’ll want to give the place that makes your favorite Cubano a shout-out, too! You can also make your own. Try a traditional recipe or change it up with your own distinctive style. You can also share the day with others while exploring new side dishes and recipes. Be sure to use #NationalCubanSandwichDay to share your celebrations on social media.


    Journalist Christopher Spata of the Tampa Bay Times set out to test the National Day food celebration waters in 2016. In his mission to make up a new food holiday, he managed to create a celebration that has gone around the world. According to his article, he chose August 23rd because the only other food holiday was National Sponge Cake Day, “and who cares about that?” (He’s obviously never had sponge cake or tried making one.” And while some articles call it a hoax, those who celebrate food days take them seriously.

    Sandwich FAQ

    Q. When is National Sandwich Day?
    A. National Sandwich Day is November 3.

    Q. How many sandwich holidays are on the calendar?
    A. The short answer is there are 13 sandwich-specific days on the calendar. But, define sandwich. Most people (and dictionaries) define “sandwich” as a food comprised of two pieces of bread with a filling of meat, cheese, or other food items in between the bread. Hoagie, hamburger, and sloppy Joe easily fit that description. Grilled cheese sandwich has the word “sandwich” in its name. Those are no-brainers. But, what is a hot dog? Chili dog? What about the Oreo? Is it a sandwich or can you count desserts? Speaking of desserts, how about a s’more? Are graham crackers bread? That brings us to quesadillas. Tortillas are bread and some quesadillas use two tortillas. Is a quesadilla a sandwich? And then there are the open-face sandwiches. Is an egg benedict considered an open-face sandwich?


  • 9 American Legends and Heroes


    9 American Legends and Heroes – Every country celebrates its national heroes. Their feats often become exaggerated over time and become works of fiction. What may have been simple human kindness become stretched into extraordinary powers of mind control; even our villains are raised to levels of superhuman strength and whit.

    In the United States, the legendary specimens come from real and imagined men and women. Some exceeded the limits of human belief, and others merely fabricated the feats of these mere mortals through oral histories or dime-store novels. Whatever the truth, we wove them into the framework of our history and our bedtime tales.

    These characters inspired some of us so much that our imaginations ran wild. They morphed into urban legends or lept off the colorful pages of comic books. In our neverending ability to embellish and create, we merged stories and mixed-up new villains with modern heroes and heroines to shield the masses.

    However, entangled in the reality of everyday events, we experience and understand the courage and fortitude real heroes require. Their humble character doesn’t allow us to apply the term to them. Yet, we look for them to inspire us and reassure us from time to time of the good in the world. They are another reason to Celebrate Every Day®.

    Each one has an intriguing background, regardless of their heritage. National Day Calendar® takes a look at the legends and the heroes of the past and present – real and imagined, some more celebrated than others.

    1. Paul Bunyan

    The giant lumberjack who towered an unmeasurable 63 ax handles tall can be found in legends from coast to coast. Whether we start with the number of storks it took to delivery the infant Paul in Maine or explain the creation of Minnesota’s 10,000 lakes or even how he built Mt. Hood in Oregon with his own hands, Paul Bunyan tales are tall.

    It’s believed two real lumberjacks of French-Canadian descent may have been merged in the consciousness of American folklore to create Paul Bunyan.

    After the American Civil War, Fabian Fournier made his 6-foot appearance when he joined a Michigan logging crew as their foreman. His rowdy ways soon had rumors flying. Not only did his power and strength send his reputation ahead of him, but his heavy drinking and fighting led to his death one night in 1875. The event and the sensational trial afterward only fueled his legendary abilities.

    Another French-Canadian lumberjack by the name of Bon Jean played a heroic role in Quebec’s farmer uprising of 1837.

    The combination of the two men’s stories may have eventually blended into the folklore hero we know today.

    2. Johnny Appleseed

    This folklore hero existed. His pioneering ways from Pennsylvania to Illinois and maybe even further west, have been well documented. He’s legendary for the sheer number of trees he planted. John Chapman’s efforts to plant apple and pear trees helped settle the west and establish sturdy orchard stock for the type of climate that existed in these areas.

    3. Molly Pitcher

    The woman known as Molly Pitcher encompasses the women who carried water for the troops during the American Revolution. These women often stepped forward to take over the duties of the soldiers during battle. The Molly Pitchers that make up this legendary name are namely Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley and Margaret Corbin.

    Hays McCauley carried water for her husband’s artillery battalion at the Battle of Monmouth in 1778. When her husband became wounded, Hays McCauley replaced him, loading the cannon.

    Corbin’s heroics took place in 1776 after her husband was killed at Fort Washington. She too took over at the cannon and was seriously wounded.

    The Molly Pitchers of the American Revolution were the first women into battle, stepping forward to serve their nation.

    4. Harriet Tubman

    In 1820, this hero was born into slavery. Number 4 on our list of 9 American Heroes and Legends, Harriet Tubman’s life as a slave was harsh and unforgiving. By 1849, she escaped northward and would pursue freedom for others through the complexities of the Underground Railroad. As a conductor, Tubman would save nearly 300 lives, including her own family. During the Civil War, she spied for the North, and her knowledge of plants and herbal remedies came to the aid of wounded and ill soldiers.

    Her heroism came in many forms. She advocated for women’s right to vote, despite being illiterate. Tubman died March 10, 1913, before the 19th Amendment was passed granting women the right to vote.

    5. John Henry

    The real-life John Henry built railroads through the mountains from West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania in the 1870s. Many folksongs in the American culture weave the tales of legendary characters, real and imagined. In the case of John Henry, a little embellishment goes a long way. Several hammer songs and ballads tell the tale of John Henry’s life and death. While Henry’s size and strength were legendary, his ability to work faster and longer than any other steel driver made him memorable. When pitted against a machine, John Henry would win the race, but lose his life.

    6.Law Enforcement

    In 2013, Officers Raymond Marr and Clarence Gunter (Braddock, PA) and Sgt. Frank Barreiro (Braddock, PA) and Officer Brennan Thrower (Rankin, PA) pulled Lavonda Pompey from her burning apartment. With no gear and no visibility, Marr and Gunter arrived on the scene before the fire department. Barreiro and Thrower arrived later and aided in getting the unconscious Pompey safely out of the building.

    The men and women across our nation who wear the shield, whether at the local, state, or national level, serve to protect.

    A lot of good men and women put on the badge every day. Every day, they step out into the communities they’ve sworn to serve and protect. Many of these neighborhoods are the very same communities their families live and work. They step out into the unknown. An uneventful day may be rare, as the news tells us.

    They’re trained to defuse hostile situations, to be first responders in an emergency, analyze and react instantly if the situation demands. Their jobs are stressful, demanding, and public. In an instant, an officer can save a life, and their life can be changed.

    7. Servicemen and women

    United States Marine, Lance Corporal Kyle Carpenter, is the youngest living Medal of Honor recipient. His actions during an enemy attack saved the life of a fellow Marine. National Medal of Honor Day is March 19.

    Carpenter and thousands of military personnel wear their uniforms never expecting recognition for the service they provide. These heroes often come home wounded, and their scars are not always on the outside.

    We honor them in various ways throughout the year. Armed Forces Day in May, recognizes all the who serve in the military. On Memorial Day, we recognize military personnel who died protecting our freedoms. Purple Heart Day is August 7th, and Day of the Deployed is October 26th. On Veteran’s Day, we recognize all former military servicemen and women. Several other days throughout the year commemorate specific dates in military history or recognize family members who support our service members.

    8. Astronaut

    In 1978, Sally Ride’s application beat out thousands of others for a slot in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s astronaut program. The selection would launch Sally Ride into space on June 18, making her the first American woman in space.

    Ride’s interest in science fostered by her parents propelled her toward a physics degree. Her athletic ability kept her physically fit. Her achievements with NASA inspired a generation of girls and young women around the world. Many dream of being astronauts and S.T.E.M and S.T.E.A.M studies are necessary to attain the goal. Anyone who spurs dreamers to action is a hero in our books.

    9 Firefighter – Matt Holladay

    In Cocoa, Florida, as in any local fire department, there are heroes. The men and women who show up every day and night for their shift, through every season – they may not earn a legendary story in a dime novel, but they’re meet the standards of folklore; exceeding human strength and endurance, placing others before themselves, upholding a set of standards many would find difficult to achieve. That brings us to 9 on our list of American Heroes and Legends.

    On July 25, 2013, Matt Holladay did just that when he rescued 70-year-old Jeffie “Honey” Sanders from her home. It had become a burning inferno and one neighbor, Joe Bradley, had already played a role in ensuring the safety of her grandchildren.

    Around the country and world, firefighters go to work never knowing what risks they will find. They train for every possible scenario, but there are no guarantees. Whether they fight wildfires or hazardous material fires, house or apartment fires, the variables change every day. Their training supports and tools go into their ability to do their jobs well and to provide the best services to their communities.

    Small communities across the nation rely on volunteer fire departments. Each firefighter, in every department, is owed a debt of gratitude for the long hours and dedication. They are unsung heroes and genuinely worthy of recognition.



    7 Things To Know About Ernie Pyle – During World War II, many played the role of hero. They stepped up and lifted up the country in ways that they needed most. Some took up the tools necessary to build planes and tanks. Others donned uniforms and headed to the front lines. One of those heroes was Ernie Pyle. He took up the pen and headed in the direction of the warriors. As a war correspondent, he reported back to the families back home. Like many of the servicemen and women, Ernie Pyle never made it back home. Here are 7 other things you might not know about Ernie Pyle.

    1. Farm Boy

    Ernest Tylor Pyle was born on a farmhouse in Dana, Indiana on August 3, 1900, to William and Maria Pyle.

    2. Attended College

    He attended Indiana University studying journalism but left after three years. He continued his education by working for various newspapers and journals throughout the country. Eventually, he launched a syndicated column that was read in over 200 newspapers.

    3. Ernie Ply was well-traveled.

    By the age of 40, he had been to every country in the western hemisphere except two. Before his death, he would extend his travels to the eastern hemisphere, too.

    3. Marriage

    In 1925, Ernie Pyle married Geraldine “Jerry” Siebolds. She became gravely ill in 1940 and Pyle took a year off to help care for her. However, after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, Pyle resumed his column.

    4. Army Physical

    When Ernie took his Army physical at Fort Myer, he was one pound under the minimum weight, but the examiners waved the weight requirement. He was allowed to tour England as a war correspondent for six months before enlisting. Ernie landed in Ireland on June 19, 1942, to begin his 6-month tour. He never enlisted; his skill as a war correspondent was a more effective role.

    “There’s nothing romantic whatever in knowing that an hour from now you may be dead.” Ernie Pyle
    5. Divorce

    Jerry and Ernie eventually divorced. However, Pyle continued to correspond throughout the war.

    6. Book and Movie

    Upon his return to the U.S., he was swamped with correspondence from admirers. He published a book of his columns (Here is Your War and Brave Men) and a movie was made about him called “GI Joe.”

    7. His Death

    When Ernie Pyle returned to the war in 1945, just days after writing letters promising he was covering no more invasion landings, Ernie Pyle was killed covering the 305th Regiment movements on the island of Ie Shima.

    There are over 1,500 national days. Don’t miss a single one. Celebrate Every Day® with National Day Calendar®!

  • NATIONAL COFFEE WITH A COP DAY – First Wednesday in October


    On the first Wednesday in October, National Coffee with a Cop Day brings men and women in uniform together with their communities to connect over a cup of joe.


    Inspired by the cliche about officers and their coffee shop donuts, the national observance encourages communities to sponsor an event that will bring citizens and those on patrol together. The events provide an opportunity for open dialogue and improve communication. They also break down barriers and create a valuable bridge to relationships in our communities.

    When officers hear their community’s needs from the people themselves, they’re better able to support them. The community as a whole will also be able to see officers as approachable and their ally in protecting and caring for their communities.


    While many cities and towns across the country hold Coffee with a Cop events throughout the year, the first Wednesday in October is National Coffee with a Cop Day. Plan one now and several later in the year!  Find an event near you and join. Use #CoffeeWithACopDay in your sharing on social media.


    In 2016, the first Coffee with a Cop Day took place across the nation. The Hawthorne Police Department in Hawthorne, California launched the idea in 2011. They sought ways to interact with their community every day more successfully. As a result, they established a Coffee with a Cop event to do just that. Throughout the year they make meaningful connections, and the idea has spread across the country to all 50 states!

    5 October 2022
    4 October 2023
    2 October 2024
    1 October 2025
    7 October 2026
    6 October 2027
    4 October 2028
    3 October 2029
    2 October 2030
    1 October 2031



    National Vietnam War Veterans Day on March 29 honors the men and women who served and sacrificed during the longest conflict in United States history.

    On March 29, 1973, combat and combat support units withdrew from South Vietnam. Generations later, Veterans of this time period are gaining the respect that was not so freely given upon their return. Involving five U.S. presidents, crossing nearly two decades and 500,000 U.S.military personnel, it left an indelible mark on the American psyche.

    Returning veterans did not always receive respectful welcomes upon their arrival on American soil. Over 58,000 killed, never to return. The observance recognizes the military service of these men and women who answered the call to serve their country when she needed them. They didn’t make the decision to go to war.

    Throughout National Vietnam War Veterans Day, we recognize the service and duty rendered by all servicemen and women of this era.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #VietnamWarVeteransDay

    • Organizations across the country host events honoring National Vietnam War Veterans Day. These events include memorials, speeches, and luncheons honoring Vietnam veterans and their families.
    • Invite a veteran you know to join you or help organize an event. 
    • Thank a Vietnam Veteran.
    • Buy them a drink or lunch.
    • Visit a local memorial. Volunteer to help organize events. 
    • Support a veteran’s organization in your community. Volunteer and offer your skills.
    • Watch a Vietnam War documentary. Some films we found are The Vietnam War: A Film by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick or Last Days in Vietnam directed by Rory Kennedy or Vietnam Nurses by Timeline.
    • Read about the Vietnam War. We recommend: Vietnam – A History by Stanley Karnow or They Marched into Sunlight: War and Peace, Vietnam and America, October 1967 by David Maraniss or The Quiet American by Graham Green and Robert Stone.
    • Send them a shout-out using #VietnamWarVeteransDay on social media.


    U.S. Sens. Pat Toomey, R-Pa., and Joe Donnelly, D-Ind., introduced legislation in 2017 to honor Vietnam Veterans with a day. They chose the anniversary of the withdrawal of military units from South Vietnam. President Donald Trump signed the National Vietnam War Veterans Day Act on March 28, 2017, calling for U.S. flags to be flown on March 29 for those who served.

    Vietnam War Veterans FAQ

    Q. Does every U.S. state have a Vietnam Veterans’ memorial?
    A. No. Currently, 13 states have war memorials specific to Vietnam veterans. However, war memorials in every state honor all veterans regardless of when they served.

    Q. How many Medals of Honor were awarded to Vietnam Veterans?
    A. The U.S. Congress named 240 Medal of Honor recipients from the Vietnam War.

    March 29th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History

    For the first time in history, Congress appropriates federal funds for a road. Section 6 appropriated the first $30,000 for the Cumberland Road which would extend from Maryland to Ohio. Eventually, the national highway would extend to St. Louis, Missouri, and the Mississippi River.


    In Atlanta, Ga, Dr. John Pemberton brewed the first batch of what is known today as Coca-Cola. He combined coca, wine, and other ingredients to create an elixir similar to that of Parisian chemist Angelo Mariani meant to cure headaches among other ailments. Not only did the tonic contain a form of cocaine (the coca plant is a source), but it was also an alcoholic beverage. Soon, prohibition came to Atlanta and Pemberton altered his recipe, removing the wine. Eventually, a process removing the cocaine from the coca leaves left Coca-Cola free of the schedule II drug.


    Niagara Falls comes to an almost complete stop due to an ice jam upstream.


    The U.S. Government begins rationing meat, cheese, butter, and other fats. These items are added to a growing list of rationed items including sugar, rubber, coffee, gas, shoes, and metals. Don’t even ask about the toilet paper.

    March 29th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    John Tyler – 1790

    In 1840, the country elected William Henry Harrison as the 9th President of the United States. John Tyler was his running mate, elected to the vice-presidency at Harrison’s side. Just 31 days into office, Harrison was dead and Tyler became the first un-elected president to take office.

    Denton True “Cy” Young – 1867

    The American professional pitcher earned the nickname “Cy” for his powerful cyclone arm. During his career, he set numerous records, many of which stood for more than a century. After his death, Major League Baseball created the Cy Young Award,  recognizing the best pitcher in baseball each year.

    Lou Henry Hoover – 1874

    Before becoming the 33rd First Lady of the United States, Lou Henry Hoover graduated from Stanford with a bachelor’s degree in geology. She traveled to China in 1899 with her new husband, Herbert Hoover, where she learned to speak and write Mandarin. Her love of the outdoors also drew her to the Girl Scouts where she was not only a leader but a president as well. All of these roles she took on before moving into the White House in 1929.

    James E. Casey – 1888

    With a $100 loan, James E. Casey and Claude Ryan launch the American Messenger Service in Seattle, Washington. They deliver by foot, bicycle, and streetcar. And they also deliver parcels. Today the company is known as United Parcel Service, and they wear brown uniforms while driving brown trucks and vans.

    Pearl Bailey – 1918

    In 1968, the American actress and singer won a Tony award for her lead performance in Hello Dolly!

    Sam Walton – 1918

    In 1962 in Rogers, Arkansas, the American businessman opened the first in a chain of department stores called Wal-mart.

    Walt Frazier – 1945

    The American point guard played 13 seasons for the New York Knicks and the Cleveland Cavaliers. In 1970 and 1973, Frazier won NBA championships with the Knicks.

    Notable Mentions

    Howard Lindsay – 1886
    Pepper Paire Davis – 1924
    LaToya Jackson – 1956
    Jennifer Capriati – 1976



    International Left Handers Day on August 13th recognizes all those individuals who have mastered using their left hand in a right-handed world. We take our hats off to you – left-handed!


    Approximately 10% of the population are southpaws. Scientists don’t know why a person develops left-handedness. But it’s more likely a child will be left-handed if one parent is a lefty, too. Parents of left-handed children used to force them to use their right hands. In the eyes of right-handers, the predominant use of the left hand seemed evil. Parents feared their communities would shun their children. While we accept left-handedness more readily than days gone by, its occurrence hasn’t increased.  

    Famous Cartoonist Joe Wos, founder of mazetoons, states that his favorite day to celebrate is International Left Handers Day, being a lefty himself.

    Famous Lefties

    Many lefties seek to blend in because they will stand out soon enough. Their unique quality makes them feel awkward. They bump elbows or seem like a klutz. However, in a world designed for the right-handed, those who are other dominant adapt quite well. For example, eight United States presidents were left-handed, including Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Barack Obama. Would the Sistine Chapel and the Mona Lisa stand the test of time if Michaelangelo and Leonardo de Vinci had been right-handed? 

    Uncommon Individual

    Left Handers Day recognizes the uncommon individual who throws, catches, writes, and uses a fork with their left hand. They view the world just a little differently, too. At a restaurant, they seek out the seat that will place their dominant elbow on the outside of the booth. Right-handed athletes groan a bit when the southpaw shows up as an opponent on the roster. They present a challenge right-handers aren’t always sure how to handle due to lack of practice. And yet, lefties square off against righties all the time.

    Don’t be shy on Left-Handers Day. Show the world how brilliant and unique you are!


    Take a left-handed friend to lunch or out for coffee. If you’re right-handed, try doing everything with your left hand. Left-handers post photos using #lefthandersday to prove your left-handed awesomeness.

    Looking for more ways to celebrate? Well, we’ve got them! Educators, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for a project designed just for Left-Hander’s Day. You can also download and print a left-handed coloring page!

    Use #NDCClassroom to let share your ideas with us.


    International Left Handers Day was founded in 1992 in the United Kingdom. Because of the popularity of this observation in the United States, the Registrar at National Day Calendar added the day to its list of national days.


    August 13th Celebrated History

    August 13th Celebrated Birthdays

    Annie Oakley – 1860

    Best known for her sharpshooting skills, Oakley starred in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. She was also a supporter of women in the military.

    Julius Freed – 1887

    Freed founded a change of fruit beverage stores under the name of Orange Julius in 1926.

    John Logie Baird – 1888

    Baird was instrumental in bringing color television to the world. The inventor and innovator advanced television with his experiments and inventions.

    Bert Lahr – 1895

    Lahr’s best-known role is as the Cowardly Lion in the film The Wizard of Oz.

    Alfred Hitchcock – 1899

    The English director and filmmaker directed his first film in 1925. He became known for his suspenseful movies, including Birds and Psycho. In 1955, he began producing the television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents, a series of dramatic thrillers.

    James Benton Parson – 1911

    Parsons served many roles in his life. Putting his goal to be a lawyer on the back burner, Parsons pursued a career in education. As the U.S. entered World War II, he enlisted in the Navy. Following the war, Parsons enrolled in the University of Chicago and earned his law degree in 1949. He would go on to be the first African American appointed as an Article III judge in 1961.

    Fidel Castro – 1926

    The revolutionary served as both Prime Minister of Cuba and President. He was also the First Secretary for the Communist Party in Cuba.

    Don Ho – 1930

    Don Ho’s career as a musician and actor led him to host a variety show (The Don Ho Show). Best known for the song “Tiny Bubbles,” Ho would also make cameo appearances on several popular television series.

    Janet Yellen – 1946

    Dr. Yellen served as Chair of the Federal Reserve Board from 2014-2018.

    Dan Fogelberg – 1951

    Fogelberg released his first album in 1972, the country-rock Home Free. However, it was his second album that made a name for him – Souvenirs went platinum. In 1981, Innocent Age featured “Same Old Lang Syne” and “Leader of the Band,” bringing him commercial success.

    Danny Bonaduce – 1959

    Best known for his role as Danny Partridge on The Partridge Family, Bonaduce is also comedian and radio show host.

    Kevin Plank – 1972

    In 1996, Plank founded the sportswear manufacturing company, Under Armour.



    National Crouton Day on May 13th each year recognizes a tasty topping that shouldn’t be overlooked.

    Many of our words for bread-related foods come from the French and for good reason. The French love bread. Croutons are no different. The French word croûte means crust. Croutons are often made from day-old bread which has been cut into cubes and seasoned with herbs, oil, or butter. The bread is then either toasted in the oven or tossed in a hot pan until crunchy.

    We’re probably most familiar with croutons on our salads. And when we add croutons to our salads, it’s a bit of celebration – a crunch celebration. Each flavorful, crunchy bite adds to our crispy, enjoyment.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalCroutonDay

    Celebrate the day by topping your dish with seasoned croutons. Salads aren’t the only way to enjoy your croutons, either. Check out these outstanding ways to have your croutons and eat them, too in Croutons: 7 Ways Without Salad. You’ll also find some excellent tips and suggestions for your favorite salad topping. Be sure to also share your crouton creations by using #NationalCroutonDay on Social Media.



    Rothbury Farms® founded National Crouton Day in February 2015. Established in 1923, Rothbury Farms is a fourth-generation, family-owned business where consumer value means using the highest quality goods to produce the very best products. At Rothbury Farms croutons are their passion. Rothbury Farms Croutons are made from fresh bread toasted to just the right crispness and then seasoned with a select blend of herbs, spices, and cheeses. Rothbury Farms Croutons are a versatile food and complement any time of the day from breakfast to lunch, to dinner, to snack time and are perfect for breakfast casseroles, bread puddings, salads, soups, stuffing, dinner casseroles, appetizers and also as snacks.

    In March 2015, the Registrar at National Day Calendar declared May 13th of each year as National Crouton Day.

    May 13th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History


    Inventor Nikola Tesla received patent no. 428,057 for an electric generator.


    The United States prints the first airmail stamps. The 24 cent stamps featured a picture of a Curtiss JN-4 bi-plane and ushered in the inaugural day of airmail service on May 15, 1918, between Washington, Philadelphia and New York.


    In an exhibition match touted as the “Battle of the Sexes,” Bobby Riggs and Margaret Court squared off. Court lost the charitable event 6-1, 6-2. However, Riggs had previously challenged Billy Jean King to a Battle of the Sexes, and he repeated the challenge. The pair’s showdown took place on September 20, 1973. This time, King brought home the win, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3.


    Alison Hargreaves reaches the summit of Everest. The 33-year-old from the United Kingdom was the first woman to climb the highest mountain in the world without the assistance of oxygen or Sherpas. Several months later in August, she and her team would scale K2 but never leave the mountain top due to a freak storm. She died on August 13, 1995.


    May 13th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Inge Lehmann – 1888

    In 1936, Danish seismologist and geophysicist published a paper describing her discovery that Earth has a solid inner core. Throughout her career, she would continue to expand upon her research.

    Gil Evans – 1912

    The jazz musician and composer is best known for his influence of modern jazz styles including cool jazz, modal jazz, free jazz, and jazz fusion.

    Joe Louis – 1914

    Joe Louis dominated the boxing ring and earned his first heavyweight crown in 1937 when he knocked out James J. Braddock in the eighth round.

    Stevie Wonder – 1950

    The award-winning musician began his career at the young age of 11. He became a Motown legend, performing R&B, gospel, funk, jazz, and soul music for six decades.



    Hot Diggity Dog! July is National Hot Dog Month. So, grab your dog and toppings and add your own flair on this American classic! 

    Now that the weather has warmed up and gotten nice outside, grilling season is upon us. It’s time to fire up those grills and buy some juicy hamburgers, sausages, and of course, hot dogs!

    The exact origins of hot dogs are unknown, but likely their predecessor was brought over by immigrants. What we do know, however, is how they are made, and what goes into them. Hot dogs are usually pork or beef, but they can be made from poultry as well. The meat is put into a machine to be finely ground until it resembles a paste or batter (don’t look it up, trust us). Spices added to enhance the flavor of a hot dog. Some brands add sugar or corn syrup for sweetness. Preservatives are also added to extend the shelf life of the product.

    After the meat has been finely ground, it is sent to a machine that pumps the meat into the casings. Some brands use cellulose casings, but others still use a traditional natural casing. After being injected with meat, the casings go through another machine to link the casings into strands of hot dogs. Afterward, the strands of hot dogs are sent to an oven to cook.

    During the cooking stage, smoke may be used to add extra flavor. After cooking, the dogs are showered in water to let them cool before being sent to packaging. If a cellulose casing was used, the hot dogs are sent to another machine to remove the casing. Then they are cut into individual dogs, packaged and sealed ready to be shipped to a store near you.

    Hot Dog! We Have Some Fun Facts :
    • Joey Chestnut currently holds the world record in hot dog eating by eating 69 hot dogs (and buns) in 10 minutes.
    • The Tokyo Dog food truck located in Seattle, WA, holds the record for the most expensive hot dog, costing $169.
    • The longest hot dog on record, made by Novex SA of Paraguay in 2011, is 668 ft. and 7.62 in. (203.80 m).

    OBSERVING #NationalHotDogMonth

    Invite some friends over and throw some hot dogs on the grill. It’s a great time to have an easy meal and enjoy a leisurely time catching up with people we don’t get to see very often. While you’re at it, try different toppings. Get inspired and throw a hot dog buffet and have each guest bring a different ingredient. What imaginative hot dog combinations will your guests design? Show us what you created and use #NationalHotDogMonth to share on social media.


    The U.S. Chamber of Commerce first named the first observance of National Hot Dog Month in July 1956. Since then, the National Hot Dog and Sausage Council promotes this summer celebration all month long. 


  • TALK LIKE A PIRATE DAY – September 19


    Talk Like a Pirate Day sails away annually on September 19th.


    All you bilge rats, Aaaaaaaaaaaaarrrrrrrrrrrrgh! As you are out and about on September 19th, don’t be surprised if people are saying, “Ahoy Matie,” “Avast,” “Aye, Aye Capt’n,” “Land ho!” “Hornpipe,” and many other pirate-like phrases, because it’s International Talk Like a Pirate Day. 

    While ordering your coffee in the drive-thru, ask if they have change for gold bullion. Try testing your pirate language out at the library when asking for the location of Moby Dick. The pirate language always fairs well in rough seas. Settle a debate with “I’m right or I’ll walk the plank!”

    When the boss gives you a new project, “Aye, aye, Capt’n,” is the correct response. However, beware calling the boss any frothy names. The goal of the day is not to lose your job.

    To polish your persona, practice a swagger, limp or squint. Long days at sea give pirates unique qualities.


    Anchor’s away! Get your sea legs and a barrel o’ rum. Feel free to join in anytime with your own version of Pirate-ese. Learn more on how to talk like a pirate here. Use #TalkLikeAPirateDay to share on social media.

    Educators, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for projects all year long – including talking like a pirate!


    John Baur and Mark Summers (aka Ol’ Chumbucket and Cap’n Slappy) created this international day in 1995. Click here for the entire story!

    Talk Like A Pirate FAQ

    Q. Are there other “talking” days on the calendar?
    A. Yes there are. Two of them are National Talk Like Shakespeare Day and Talk in an Elevator Day.

    Q. What should my pirate name be?
    A. Here’s a great way to create your pirate name: 

    1. Pick a color.
    2. Choose an animal.
    3. Name a profession.
    4. Put steps 1, 2, and 3 together to create your name. 

    For example: blue + clam + dancer = Blue Clam Dancer. 


    Photo Credit: www.TalkLikeAPirate.com
    Photo Credit: www.TalkLikeAPirate.com

    September 19th Celebrated History


    In the Aerostat Reveillon, balloonists Joseph-Michel and Jacques- Étienne Montgolfier launch the first living creatures into the air in the basket of a balloon. The sheep, duck and rooster landed safely 3 minutes later. Centuries later during the space race, humans would launch animals into space, too.


    Melville Bissell patents his invention for a carpet sweeper, the first successful carpet sweeper. With patent No. 182,346 in hand, he and his wife Anna began selling the invention around the country.


    New Zealand becomes the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote. Governor Lord Glasgow signed the legislation and women flocked to the polls in the November election. Nearly 30 years later, the United States passed the 19th amendment granting women the right to vote.


    Scott Fahlman publishes the first recorded emoticons on the internet. The 🙂 and 🙁 found their way into his post in an internet bulletin board system at Carnegie Mellon University.


    The film Good Fellas is released. Starring Robert De. Niro, Ray Liotta, and Joe Pesci, the mob story was directed by Martin Scorsese.

    September 19th Celebrated Birthdays

    George Cadbury – 1839

    While his father, John Cadbury, founded the chocolate company, George and his brother Robert brought the brand into prosperity.

    William Lever – 1851

    Along with his brother James, William Lever established a soap manufacturing company called Lever Brothers.

    Lovie Austin – 1887

    Lovie Austin brought her talents to the Chicago jazz scene in the early 1920s. She recorded with the likes of Ma Rainey and Ethel Waters. She also influenced many other musicians throughout her career and more.

    Elizabeth Stern – 1915

    The pathologist’s research into cervical cancer led to early identification of the disease making it one of the most treatable types of cancers.

    Mama Cass Elliot – 1941

    An original member of the Mamas and Papas, Cass Elliot also launched a successful solo career.

    Jimmy Fallon – 1974

    The comedian is the current and sixth host of the nighttime talk show The Tonight Show. Before taking on hosting duties, Fallon joined the cast of Saturday Night Live.



    National Irish Coffee Day kicks off January 25th each year with a mug of strong coffee, Irish whiskey, sugar, and topped with a layer of cream. 


    On a cold, wet day in 1942 weary travelers to the small Shannon Airport in southwest Ireland found their way to a restaurant and chef Joe Sheridan. To warm his guests, he served them hot coffee, spiked with whiskey and topped with whipped cream. The passengers asked if the beverage was Brazilian coffee. Sheridan responded that it was Irish coffee.
    Click play and enjoy a story about National Irish Coffee Appreciation Day featuring our founder, Marlo Anderson.  If you enjoy the 2 minute show, subscribe with your favorite podcast player.

    A travel writer, Stanton Delaplane, brought Irish coffee to the United States after having it at Shannon Airport.

    Delaplane brought the idea to the Buena Vista Cafe on November 10, 1952. After much trial and error, sampling, and a trip back to Ireland for a taste of the original, Delaplane, along with Buena Vista owners Jack Koeppler and George Freeberg, were able to replicate the delicious coffee and the method for floating the cream on top of the coffee.

    How to Make an Authentic Irish Coffee

    Starting with a warm glass, fill 2/3rds full of freshly brewed coffee. Stir in a heaping teaspoon of sugar.  Add 1 ounce of Irish whiskey.

    Adding the cream, so it floats is the tricky part. According to the Buena Vista account, and at the suggestion of San Francisco’s mayor, a dairyman, cream that is 48 hours old, is best. However, others recommend whipping cream (not whipped cream) that has been lightly whipped or foamed.

    When the coffee has stopped swirling from stirring in the sugar, pour the foamy cream over the back of a spoon.


    Warm up with an Irish coffee. Use #NationalIrishCoffeeDay to post on social media.

    If you want to explore more cocktails and their history, read A-Z Cocktail Origins.


    National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this hot beverage celebration. While we do, we hope you’ll enjoy a mug with a friend or two. 

    Irish Coffee FAQ

    Q. What is the correct way to spell Irish whiskey?
    A. Irish whiskey (and American whiskey for that matter) are both spelled with an “e.” Scotch whisky drops the “e.”

    Q. How do I keep my Irish Coffee from becoming cold?
    A. Warm the mug with hot water for a few minutes. Then pour out the water before adding the ingredients.

    Q. I don’t like coffee. Will I like Irish Coffee?
    A. We never trust people who don’t like coffee. However, there is a chance you would like Irish coffee.

    Q. I don’t like whiskey. Will I like Irish Coffee?
    A. If you’re not a whiskey drinker, it’s likely Irish Coffee will not be to your tastes.

    January 25th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History


    Nellie Bly arrives in New Jersey, completing her 72-day journey around the world inspired by Jules Verne’s novel.


    The world’s largest diamond is discovered at the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa. Measuring 3,106 carats, the gem is named the Cullinan diamond.


    Playwright Karel Čapek introduces the word “robot” into the world’s lexicon when his play Rossum’s Universal Robots (R.U.R.) debuts at Prague’s National Theatre.


    The first Winter Olympic Games in modern history took place in Chamonix, France.


    The jet age begins when American Airlines schedules the first transcontinental flight of a Boeing 707 in the United States.


    President John F. Kennedy addresses the nation in the first live televised presidential news conference. The 35th president took off five days before the televised event. In his prepared statement, Kennedy announced the decision to postpone negotiation in Geneva, aid to Congo, and two surviving American pilots. He also took questions from reporters present in the room.

    January 25th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    William Colgate – 1783

    In 1806, the candle and soap maker established William Colgate & Son. The company would eventually become Colgate-Palmolive.

    Charles Curtis – 1860

    In 1907, Curtis became the first Native American Senator (R-Kansas). During his career as a politician, Curtis would serve as the Senate Majority Leader and support the 19th Amendment. In 1928, Curtis was Herbert Hoover’s running-mate and became the first Native American Vice President.

    Virginia Woolf – 1882

    The author best known for Mrs. Dalloway and A Room of One’s Own was also one of the pioneering writers of the modernist era.

    Florence Mills – 1886

    From her debut as a 5-year-old “Baby Florence” to her Blackbirds review, the talented jazz performer sang and danced her way to the headlines of the Jazz Age and the Harlem Renaissance.

    Donald Featherstone – 1936

    In 1957, the artist created the iconic plastic pink flamingo yard art.

    Gloria Naylor – 1950

    In 1982, the American author published her first and most recognized, novel, The Women of Brewster Place, earning the National Book Award for First Novel.