NATIONAL BLACK CAT DAY
Don’t be superstitious on National Black Cat Day! October 27th celebrates the beauty of these sleek creatures. The day also seeks to raise awareness about the low adoption rates for black cats.
This time of year, many black cats may decorate many thresholds for Halloween and windows for spooky decor. However, these felines deserve the love and attention just as much as their tabby equivalents. Old notions have given these furry critters a bad reputation. The day is about turning that reputation around.
Their black canine counterparts also face similar adoption problems. So, it’s not all about myth and mystery. However, increasing support for the black feline’s plight is the goal of this companion holiday.
HOW TO OBSERVE #BlackCatDay
If you are a cat lover and considering adopting, don’t overlook the ebony to go with your ivory. Knock those irrational fears to the door and open your home to the dark side! Visit a shelter near you and explore the ebony options available in the cat room. Volunteer if you don’t have the opportunity to adopt. You’ll be able to spread the word about these svelte beauties. Despite their look, they each exhibit a different persona.
If your home is graced with a black cat, share photos of your fine feline on social media. Let the world know there’s nothing to fear.
Use #BlackCatDay to share on social media.
NATIONAL BLACK CAT DAY HISTORY
Cats Protection, an animal charity in the United Kingdom, founded National Black Cat Day to raise awareness concerning the lower adoption rates for black cats.
Navy Day on October 27th salutes all of the military personnel who have served, both past and present, in the United States Navy.
The United States Navy (USN) is the United States Armed Forces’ naval warfare service branch and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy currently stands as the largest, most powerful navy in the world, with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage. The service engages over 340,000 personnel on active duty and more than 71,000 in the Navy Reserve.
Throughout the Revolutionary War, the Navy’s importance grew. Today, the United States maintains 40 naval bases across the country, including the world’s largest Naval Station Norfolk, in Norfolk, Virginia.
Below the sea, submarines became a part of the Navy during World War II. While experiments began in the late 1800s and during the Civil War, they did not join a large part of the Navy inventory until World War II. At that point, subs became necessary for surveillance and rescue, even though they were also armed.
With the advent of the airplane, the Navy became vital stations for the Airforce as well. As a result, the Navy modified ships into floating landing strips. Today, joint Naval and Airbases such as Pearl Harbor-Hickam provided necessary fleets of the sea and air defense.
Theodore Roosevelt and the Navy
Between 1922 and 1972, the Navy celebrated its birthday on October 27th to honor President Theodore Roosevelt’s birth. He elevated the U.S. Navy to a premier fighting force. During his term as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, he built up the power and strength of the U.S. Navy. Roosevelt’s pursuit of the naval aircraft advanced the U.S. Navy. As president, Roosevelt was the first president to submerge in a submarine and also the first to fly. His support of the Navy led the former Secretary of the Navy, John F. Lehman, to say, Theodore Roosevelt “was one of the architects of our modern Navy.”
HOW TO OBSERVE #NavyDay
Recognize Naval service members and their dedication to their country. Visit a Naval museum to learn more about the Navy’s history. Discover more about naval training, the types of ships in our fleets, and where they sail around the world. Use #NavyDay to post on social media.
NATIONAL NAVY DAY HISTORY
The Navy League of the United States organized the first Navy Day in 1922, choosing October 27th to honor the birth of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Navy Day received particular attention from President Warren Harding. Harding wrote to the Secretary of the Navy Edwin Denby:
“Thank you for your note which brings assurance of the notable success which seems certain to attend the celebration of Navy Day on Friday, October 27, in commemoration of past and present services of the Navy. From our earliest national beginnings, the Navy has always been and deserved to be an object of special pride to the American people. Its record is indeed one to inspire such sentiments, and I am very sure that such a commemoration as is planned will be a timely reminder.”
In 1949, the Department of Defense Secretary Louis A. Johnson directed the United States Navy’s participation on Armed Forces Day in May. Although, as a civilian organization, the Navy League was not affected by this directive and continued to organize Navy Day celebrations as before.
Then, in the 1970s, the “birthday” of the Continental Navy was found to be October 13, 1775. CNO Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt worked with the Navy League to define October 13th as Navy Day’s new date. However, Navy Day in the United States remains primarily recognized as October 27th.
NATIONAL AMERICAN BEER DAY
National American Beer Day raises a glass to the rich American beermaking history and those who savor the continued traditions. Pour your favorite pint with millions who enjoy the storied brews across the nation.
U.S. Brewing History
Brewing beer in America begins long before Europeans arrived since Native Americans brewed beer from various ingredients. They used corn, birch sap, and water to ferment their beverage. When the first colonists arrived in Virginia, they began combining their brewing traditions with the supplies at hand – that included corn, too. Since then, brewing and brewers became a principal occupation in the colonies. Interestingly, the first white child born in Manhattan grew up to be the first brewer born in America.
Today, the brewery established by David G. Yuengling is the oldest producing brewery in the United States. He established the Eagle Brewery in 1829. Amazingly, the brewery remains in the family to this day.
Unlike most other breweries of the time, the Eagle Brewery survived Prohibition. In fact, very few survived. Those that did survive tried various legal and illegal tactics. In Eagle Brewery’s case, they reduced their alcohol content to within the legal limit. They also branched out. Ice cream, anyone? Yes, the Yuengling’s started a dairy. Others turned their beermaking supplies into other products. When prohibition lifted, they returned to full-fledged beermaking.
Despite these efforts, nearly every brewer existing before prohibition dissolved. Out of just over 1,300 brewers, only about 100 remained after prohibition. Today, we recognize the names of many of those surviving breweries.
The skill of a brewer requires years of practice in the trade. It’s revered even. In Milwaukee, their professional baseball team is named after the brewer. In St. Louis and Denver, the stadiums are named after prominent brewers.
More than 2,100 breweries are manufacturing beer in the United States. They range in size from industry giants to brewpubs and microbreweries.
American Beer Facts
- The U.S. produced 196 million barrels of beer in 2009.
- Americans consume roughly 20 US gallons of beer per capita annually.
- In 2008, the United States ranked sixteenth in the world in per capita consumption. However, total consumption was second only to China.
- After Congress repealed prohibition, the industry consolidated into a small number of large-scale breweries.
- The majority of the new breweries in the U.S. are small breweries and brewpubs. As members of the Brewers Association, they are termed “craft breweries” to differentiate them from the larger and older breweries.
- Larger breweries most commonly produce the American lager.
- However, smaller breweries (many founded in the 1980s) produce a range of styles.
- Beer styles originating in the United States include:
- American pale ale
- Pennsylvania porter
- American IPA
- steam beer
- amber ale
- cream ale
- Cascadian dark ale.
HOW TO OBSERVE #AmericanBeerDay
Enjoy your favorite American Beer. Invite a friend or two to join you. While you’re at it, try something different. American beers offer a variety of options to choose from. Do you have a favorite brewery? Give them a shout out, too! The brewmaster deserves to be recognized. Tour a brewery to learn more. While you’re there, try a sample or two.
Now, beer also holds great influence. If you didn’t know that, read about 5 Surprising Ways Beer Changed the World.
Remember, always drink responsibly and never drink and drive. Use #AmericanBeerDay to post on social media.
NATIONAL AMERICAN BEER DAY HISTORY
National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this hoppy holiday.
October 27th History
New York City opened its first subway. Operated by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), the system soon became the United States’ largest transit line.
The U.S. Patent Office issues patent number US51766A to Fred Waller for the invention of an aquaplane – the first water ski.
Benjamin O. Davis became the first African American to achieve general in the United States Air Force when he was promoted to brigadier general. Five years later, he would also become the first African American promoted to major general. Following his retirement, Davis received the rank of full general (four stars) from President Bill Clinton.
In the midst of the space race, NASA tests its first Saturn I rocket. The rocket is significant because its power put the first Americans into orbit around the Earth.
In a thrilling game against the Seattle Seahawks, Cowboy Emmitt Smith broke the all-time rushing record previously held by the Bear’s Walter Payton. Despite his fourth-quarter 11-yard drive, the Seahawks would win the game 17-14.
The Boston Red Sox break the curse of the Bambino when they win their first World Series in 86 years. During the 100th World Series, the Red Sox sweep the St. Louis Cardinals in four games.
October 27th Birthdays
Captain James Cook – 1728
The explorer set out on several expeditions during his sailing career. His first major expeditions took him to the eastern coast of Australia, a first for a European. There Cook named the area New South Wales, claiming it for Britain. On his final voyage, Cook sought the elusive North-West Passage. While exploring Hawaii, he was killed in a fight with the islanders.
Isaac Merritt Singer – 1811
The inventor is best known for his design and manufacture of the sewing machine.
Theodore Roosevelt – 1858
In 1901, Teddy Roosevelt became the 26th President of the United States after President McKinley’s assassination. As the youngest president ever in the Nation’s history, Roosevelt took a progressive stance and led with vigor. In 1904, he was elected to a second term.
John M Mack – 1864
In 1900, together with his brothers, Mack established the Mack Brother’s Company to manufacture heavy-duty trucks.
Emily Post – 1872
Born Emily Price, the New York City socialite turned columnist with advice on a variety of subjects. However, the one she’s best remembered for is offering advice on etiquette.
Margaret Rousseau – 1910
Rousseau became the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. During her career, she designed the first commercial penicillin production plant.
Ruby Dee – 1922
The actress and civil rights activist is known for her roles in films such as A Raisin in the Sun, Jungle Fever, and American Gangster.
Dolores Moore – 1932
As a professional baseball player in the All American Girls Professional Baseball League, Moore played infielder and earned an MVP nod. She also played professional basketball for a time. During the filming of the 1992 film, A League of Their Own, Moore consulted with the actresses on set.
Sylvia Plath – 1932
The poet and author is best known for her novel The Bell Jar.
John Cleese – 1939
The actor and comedian is best known for co-founding Monty Python. He has also starred in films such as A Fish Called Wanda, The Swan Princess, and two James Bond films, Die Another Day and The World is Not Enough.