NATIONAL SOUTH CAROLINA DAY
The fine state of South Carolina was the eighth to join the Union. On August 31, National South Carolina Day recognizes her unique landscapes, bold personalities and long history.
Catawbas and Cherokee were some of the first to greet Spanish and French explorers in the 16th century. Their tribes dotted the land with villages. The Englished established the first successful settlement near present day Charleston. Originally named Carolina after King Charles I, the colony later split into North and South Carolina in 1710.
Though South Carolina may have been more removed from some of the Revolutionary concerns than states like Massachusetts and Connecticut, it hosted some pivotal, if seemingly small battles. They all begin with the hard fought and devastating loss at Charles Town. What is now known as the Siege of Charleston, is to this day the largest battle to ever take place in the state. Not even Civil War battles compare. While the British claimed the city and some 5,000 prisoners, the course was set for victories to the west at Cowpens and King’s Mountain.
Slavery and the Civil War play a significant role in South Carolina’s complex social, political and economic profile. Much of the beauty of South Carolina is reflected in their soulful music and emotive art expressing the voices of generations.
Harleston Green in Charleston established the first golf club in the United States in 1786.
With 187 miles of Atlantic coastline, South Carolina is more than ideal for a beach get away. With idyllic ocean front towns, historical tours, delicious sea food and golf there is a little bit of adventure for everyone.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Explore all of South Carolina’s beauty, culture and history on August 31. Join National Day Calendar as we celebrate South Carolina’s hospitality, stunning landscapes, and dynamic people. Use #NationalSouthCarolinaDay to share on social media.
Each week following the week of Independence Day 2017, National Day Calendar will be announcing a National Day in honor of each state in the order they entered the union. We start with Delaware on July 13 and will complete the celebrations with Hawaii on June 27, 2018, allowing for some time off for the holidays.
South Carolinians and southerners in particular like their iced tea. Finding a good sweet tea anywhere else in the country can be a challenge.
Another South Carolina feast is a Beaufort Stew. Also known as a Lowcountry Boil, this simple but flavorful dish combines shrimp, corn on the cob, sausage and potatoes. Once boiled, the entire dish is served on a paper covered table. Invite the entire family over and dive in for all the deliciousness!
Homemade macaroni and cheese is the ultimate comfort food. South Carolina specializes in baking macaroni and cheese that’s especially comforting and cheesy.
Black-eyed peas served with rice and bacon is transformed into a dish known as Hoppin’ John. In the South, Black-eyed peas are said to bring good luck when eaten on New Year’s Day.
The Southern delicacy of Pimento Cheese finds its way into high-class events or lazy afternoon picnics. It’s referred to as “Carolina caviar” and can be a garnish or a dip.
Charles Pinckney – Mt. Pleasant, SC
Nanny’s Mountain Trail – York
Congaree – Hopkins
Cowpens – Chesnee
Fort Sumter – Charleston
Kings Mountain – Blacksburg
Historic Brattonsville – McConnells
South Carolina State Museum – Columbia
Coastal Discovery Museum – Hilton Head
Gibbes Museum of Art – Charleston
Main Street Children’s Museum – Rock Hill
Charleston Museum – Charleston
EdVenture – Columbia
Patriots Point – Mount Pleasant
Greenville County Museum of Art – Greenville
South Carolina Military Museum – Columbia
South Carolina Railroad Museum – Fairfield County
South Carolina Maritime Museum – Georgetown
Cherokee County History & Arts Museum – Gaffney
Brookgreen Gardens – Murrells Inlet
Avery African American Research Museum – Charleston
Francis Marion - Revolutionary - (1732 - February 27, 1795)
Known as the Swamp Fox, militia leader during the American Revolution Francis Marion earned his nickname by cunningly avoiding capture through the South Carolina swamps late in 1780.
Angelina (February 20, 1805 - October 26, 1879) and Sarah Grimke - Activist - (November 26, 1792 - December 23, 1873)
The Grimke sisters’ abolitionist and feminist beliefs led them North to Pennsylvania to join the Quakers’Society of Friends. As a result, they became the first women to testify before a state legislature on the subject of blacks’ rights.
Kelly Miller - Mathematician - (July 18, 1863 - December 29, 1939)
The first African American graduate student admitted to Johns Hopkins University, Kelly Miller had a brilliant mind for mathematics. Despite these strengths, tuition increases and civil rights barriers prevented him from attaining his Masters Degree from Johns Hopkins. Kelly returned to Howard University and earned a Master of Arts in Mathematics and a law degree. He turned his attention to the social sciences quickly became a central figure at Howard University for his entire career as Dean of the College of Arts and Science and wrote prolifically on his views of race.
Julia Peterkin - Author - (October 31,1880 - August 10, 1961)
The first southern novelist to win a Pulitzer Prize, Julia Peterkin’s novel Scarlet Sister Mary (1928) portrayed a strong-willed and lively black woman in pursuit of her dreams. Peterkins would publish six novels in her lifetime.
Strom Thurmond - Governor - (December 5, 1902 - June 26, 2003)
James Strom Thurmond was the oldest person to ever serve in the United States Senate. The Senator began his career as a teacher in the public school system then turned to law. During World War II, he served in Europe. Elected on the Democratic ticket as South Carolina’s Governor in 1947, Thurmond would be appointed to the U.S. Senate in 1954 under a write in campaign – again as a Democrat. In 1964, Thurmond abandoned the Democratic party in face of their stance on Civil Rights. He remained a Republican until his term of service in 2003.
Melvin Purvis - FBI Agent - (October 24, 1903 - February 29, 1960)
The FBI agent responsible for capturing Public Enemy #1, Melvin Purvis made a short but notorious career arresting some of the more dangerous gangsters of his time. Credited with the arrests of John Dillinger and Charles Arthur Floyd, AKA “Pretty Boy Floyd”, among others, Purvis would leave the FBI under controversy.
William Westmoreland - General - (March 26, 1914 - July 18, 2005)
William Westmoreland directed U.S. military strategy during much of the Vietnam War. Selected by President Lyndon Johnson, Westmoreland commanded the U.S. Military Assistance Command in Vietnam. Following the devastating Tet Offensive, Westmoreland was replaced by his deputy commander, General Creighton W. Adams.
James Brown - Musician - (May 3, 1933 - December 25, 2006 )
Althea Gibson - Athlete - (August 25, 1927 - September 28, 2003)
As a talented athlete, Althea Gibson broke racial barriers in the fields of women’s tennis and golf. In 1951, She became the first African American to play Wimbledon. In 1964, Gibson became the first African American woman to play on the LPGA Tour.
Chubby Checker - Singer - (October 3, 1941-)
Chubby Checker is best known for recording the most popular version of the dance tune, “The Twist.” Still popular today, the song has provided Checker with many twists and turns in his life.