Category: September 03

  • NATIONAL CINEMA DAY | September 3

    NATIONAL CINEMA DAY | September 3

    On September 3 National Cinema Day celebrates movie lovers across the country and encourages them to return to the theatre and enjoy a movie on the big screen. 


    We all have memories of going to the movie theater. The excitement we felt waiting in anticipation for our favorite movie star to appear on the screen was exciting. No movie was complete without a box of fresh buttered popcorn and our favorite drink in hand. If we were lucky, we were able to get some candy, too. On National Cinema Day, everyone is encouraged to go to a movie and relive that special feeling of seeing your favorite movie star on the big screen. 

    Behind the Scenes 

    Movies have been around since the late 1800s. Louis Le Prince receives credit for coming up with the idea of moving images on a screen. His Praxinoscope invention was a single-lens camera that had the ability to take 12 frames per second. Le Prince was in the process of patenting his invention when he was killed by an unknown person. Even though he met his demise, Le Prince was the inspiration for an industry that awes us just as much as the original movies did.  

    Who invented motion pictures? Thomas Edison receives the credit for inventing the first device to show a motion picture. In fact, Edison would be the first to commercially sell his kinetoscope invention even though he was skeptical about his idea. Interestingly, the device would be used in public kinetoscope parlors for public view. By 1915, small theaters were set up in storefronts to view a motion picture known as nickelodeons.

    5 Early Motion Pictures

    • 1891 – Dickson Greeting
    • 1893 – Blacksmith Scene
    • 1895 – The Execution of Mary Stuart
    • 1896 – Le Manoir du diable (The House of the Devil)
    • 1902 – A Trip to the Moon (1902)

    Motion pictures have come a long way since the beginning. As technology has improved, so has the production of what we view on the screen. During the early years of movie production, the audience was awed by the ability to view moving people on the screen. Movies were in black and white and had no sound. Most of the time, live music was playing within a theater as the film moved on the screen. Today, movie goers expect to see amazing graphics, realistic stunts, and hear astounding music scores.



    This celebration is being promoted by The National Association of Theater Owners and The Cinema Foundation to encourage people to head to the theater. The foundation is offering special pricing of $3 movies at participating theaters as a way to celebrate today.  If you would like more information about a participating theater in your area, visit

  • U.S. BOWLING LEAGUE DAY – September 3


    Each year league bowlers across the United States recognize U.S. Bowling League Day on September 3rd.


    Primarily an outdoor sport until around 1840, the game was called ninepins and was popular with gamblers. To snuff out the gambling, the state of Connecticut banned the game in 1841. As a result, indoor lane owners added one pin to their alleys to circumvent the law. 

    Clubs tried organizing and creating set rules. However, it wasn’t until 1895 when the American Bowling Congress came together at Beethoven Hall in New York City. The American Bowling Congress established a maximum score of 300 which still stands today. They also determined other rules, such as lane length, widths, and distances between pins. 


    The term “turkey” describes when a bowler successfully throws three strikes in a row. Before the lanes became as slick and beautiful as they are today, getting consecutive strikes was difficult. Around the late 1800s, at Thanksgiving time, alleys and clubs would offer turkeys to players who bowled three strikes in a row. As the holiday neared, taking home a prize turkey after a fun night of bowling would sure top off the evening. It seems this may be the source of the term for achieving three strikes in the game.

    When is National Sports Day?

    In one particularly rousing account from the 30th of November 1894, The Standard Union out of Brooklyn, New York, suggested that the Lobster Bowling Club could have been mistaken for a “college football game” they had made such a ruckus. The two teams celebrated so much during their turkey contest that it carried into the street. In the wee hours of the morning, two teammates carried the turkey dangling from a pole up the street as they all sang. The story never reported who won the turkey. 

    Today, leagues of men, women and mixed teams of all ages play in bowling competitions around the world. Weekly league bowling provides a fun time as well as great physical activity.


    Gather your league and go bowling. If you are not a member of a league, just invite some friends. Let us know if you get a turkey. Use #USBowlingLeagueDay to post on social media.


    Our research was unable to find the creator and origin of U.S. Bowling League Day. 

    Bowling FAQ

    Q. What are 12 strikes in a row called?
    A. Bowling has many terms to describe consecutive strikes. Like the term “turkey” for 3 strikes, when a bowler achieves a perfect game by bowling 12 strikes in a row it is called the “Thanksgiving turkey.”

    Q. What other terms do bowlers use to describe strikes?
    A. While many of the terms surround holiday food like turkey and ham, not all of them do. For example, 5 consecutive strikes might be called a Yatzee, hambone, brat, front string (for 5 consecutive strikes at the beginning of the game), sombrero or high ball.

    Q. Is bowling in decline?
    A. It depends on where you look. While league and alley numbers are declining, the sport is always evolving. Bowling alleys that keep pace with trends and the demands of their community continue to survive and thrive. And yet, more than 67 million people bowl in the United States every year according to


    September 3rd Celebrated History


    September 3rd – 12th didn’t exist for Britain. Many countries had begun adopting the Gregorian calendar. Those still on the Julian calendar were finding their calenders to be out of alignment with the solar cycle. On September 2nd, 1752, Britain and the American Colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar and skipped ahead to September 13th.


    Author, abolitionist, and orator Frederick Douglas escapes from slavery. He fled Baltimore to freedom in Philadelphia. Douglas would write about his journey to freedom in the book My Escape from Slavery.


    John Brallier accepts $10 and expenses from David Berry of the Latrobe YMCA to play football. While other football players had contracts, Brallier is the first to openly go professional.


    Over 16,000 fans witness the Philadelphia Giants win the International League championship and the Freihofer Cup. Members of one of the earliest professional Black baseball leagues defeated the Cuban X-Giants in a two-game contest for the honors. In the first game, the final score was 3 to 1 cinched Philadephia’s win. However, in a second exhibition game, the Philadelphia players proved their abilities once again with a 4 to 1 win. The exciting game was a nail-biter with great saves in bases full situations.


    Andrew Varipapa sets world record bowling knocking down 2562 pins across 10 games. His best score was  299.


    Riding Spring Violet, jockey Johnny Longden becomes the winningest rider in thoroughbred racing.


    Wilber Hardee begins selling burgers, fries and milkshakes when he opens the first Hardee’s restaurant in Greenville, NC.


    President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Wilderness Act into law. The law paved the way for the conservation and preservation of wilderness areas across the country through the National Wilderness Preservation System.


    In a country where 90 percent of the drivers owned left driver-side cars, Sweden switches to driving on the right side of the road. The change required the reconfiguration of turning lanes, signs and more.


    Viking II lands on the Mars surface 6 weeks after its counterpart space orbiter, Viking I, made its landing.


    Chris Evert wins her 101st and last open singles victory by beating 15-year-old Monica Seles.


    Coca-Cola organizes the world’s largest online bingo game with 493,824 players.


    Microsoft purchases the telecommunications company, Nokia.

    September 3rd Celebrated Birthdays

    Prudence Crandall – 1803

    In 1833, the Quaker abolitionist and educator opened one of the first schools for Black girls. Located in Connecticut, the legislature that same year passed a Black Law making it illegal for Crandall to run a school for Black students. She was even arrested and convicted of breaking the law. However, a higher court overturned the decision. Even so, Crandall was forced to close the school in 1934.

    George Hearst – 1820

    The businessman served as a United States Senator from California. He is also the father of William Randolph Hearst.

    Louis Sullivan – 1856

    Architect Louis Sullivan gained recognition for his work in the late 1800s for his skyscraper designs. He along with Dankmar Adler are known for the Auditorium Building in Chicago, the Wainwright building in St. Louis, among others.

    Ferdinand Porsche – 1875

    The engineer and businessman developed the first Volkswagen Beetle designs and founded the Porsche company producing sports cars.

    Harold DeForest Arnold – 1883

    The inventor and scientist is responsible for making live radio broadcasting possible.

    Charles Hamilton Houston – 1895

    Through his work as a civil rights attorney, Houston was a civil rights attorney. He served as Dean of Howard University Law School and on led the Legal Defense Committee of the NAACP.

    Carl David Anderson – 1905

    As a physicist, his discovery of the positron earned him the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics.

    Dorothy Maynor – 1910

    Maynor pursued a career in music and became an internationally renowned concert soprano. A woman of many firsts, on January 20, 1949, she sang at Harry S. Truman’s presidential inauguration on January 20, 1949. Her performance was the first by an African American at a U.S. presidential inauguration. Among her many accomplishments, she is also the founder of the Harlem School of Arts.

    Marguerite Higgins – 1920

    The American journalist and war correspondent covered three wars during her career. In 1951, she won The Pulitzer Prize for her “fine front line reporting showing enterprise and courage.”

    Mort Walker – 1923

    The comic strip artist is best known for his comic strip characters. He created Beatle Bailey in 1950. Then in 1954 he teamed up with Dik Browne and created Hi and Lois.

    Glen Bell – 1923

    The founder of Taco Bell opened his first restaurant in 1954. The first Bell’s Drive-In and Taco Tia was located in San Bernardino. Then in 1962, Bell opens the first Taco Bell. The business grew and by 1970 the franchise went public.

    Bill Flemming – 1926

    The sports broadcaster was one of the first hosts of The Wide World of Sports. The show aired on ABC from 1961-1998.

    Malcolm Gladwell – 1963

    Gladwell is a staff writer for The New Yorker. He is also the author of several books including What the Dog Saw and Talking to Strangers.

    Shaun White – 1986

    As an accomplished snowboarder and skateboarder, White holds more X-Games and Olympic gold medals than any other snowboarder.



    On September 3rd, National Welsh Rarebit Day whips up a tasty and satisfying snack. What is a rarebit? The cheesy toast was originally called Rabbit in a tongue-in-cheek way in the Welsh language because there is no rabbit in the meal. Similar to mock turtle soup having no turtle in it, Welsh rarebit does not contain rabbit. Instead, this dish is made with toast that has hot cheese poured over it. Over time, the dish became known as Welsh Rarebit – a nod to the inside joke.

    In the eighteenth century, Welsh Rarebit was served as a delicious supper. Taverns served it with ale. While fondue might come to mind, Welsh Rarebit more commonly uses wheat bread and cheddar cheese. A typical European fondue would start with Swiss cheeses. As with any dish, there are variations of Welsh Rarebit. Some of the recipes call for cayenne pepper, mustard, Worcestershire, or paprika. 

    Top the cheese with a poached egg, and the dish becomes a Golden Buck. Add bacon, and some call the meal a Yorkshire Buck. It also seems that humor goes well with Welsh Rarebit. Or at least it once did back when humor was tossed back and forth across the pond. In any case, the creamy, cheesy, and toasty dish deserves a taste and a smile, too. 


    Whip up some Welsh Rarebit. You can top it with an egg or bacon or both. And don’t forget the spice. We recommend the crustiest toast and the sharpest cheddar cheese. Real butter will make your sauce creamy.  What’s a celebration if you go light? We even have a recipe you can try. Share your versions and let us know what you think. Use #WelshRarebitDay to post on social media.  


    Our research was unable to find the creator of National Welsh Rarebit Day.

    Welsh Rarebit FAQ

    Q. Does Welsh rarebit give you bad dreams?
    A. Some folklore does suggest this cheesy dish disturbs our sleep with bad dreams. However, it may be related to the time of day this particular meal is traditionally eaten – after a night of drinking. While the alcohol-absorbing bread and fatty cheese might be good for the on-coming hangover, it’s not so good for the digestion, which might lead to a night of restless sleep and dreams.

    Q. What does “fourth meal” mean?
    A. In the United States, people traditionally eat three main meals a day – breakfast, lunch, and supper. However, in other cultures, another meal is tucked between lunch and supper. It can also be a late-night meal (see the question above) after a night of fun. Of course, if you’re a Hobbit, throw all those schedules out the window.