Category: September 11



    Each year on the Monday following Labor Day, National Boss/Employee Exchange Day offers an opportunity to see how the other half of a business works.  


    While bosses and employees often have brainstorming sessions, exchanging positions provides insight into the business. When done with planning and communication, the exchange can lead to successful business solutions. Employees gain confidence and leadership skills. Another benefit from the role reversal includes the added respect or improvements to workflows.

    Comparing notes following the exchange will be a vital part of the process. Additionally, those discussions should be in the spirit of the day. Take advantage of the knowledge gained and present ideas that will advance the business.

    Most bosses have many employees. One way to execute this experience is by having team members nominate one person to swap places with the boss. Not only does this afford a respected member of the team an opportunity to bring feedback to the group, but it also places the boss squarely on the team. The hands-on experience will provide a good leader with insight normally overlooked.


    On this day, you and your boss can switch places for the day and see how the other one spends their day. Can you do their job? Can they do your job? Be proactive and plan ahead. Schedule a planning session with your boss or supervisor. Exchange a list of responsibilities. Following the day experience, share ideas, solutions, and thoughts. Each of you may find new ways of doing a task or insight into the other’s position. Share new understandings and skills from this day using #BossEmployeeExchangeDay to post on social media.


    We have not identified the origin of Boss/Employee Exchange Day. 

    12 September 2022
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    National Hot Cross Bun Day on September 11th encourages us to rise and shine to this tasty treat! 


    Currants or raisins baked into the bun add a sweet flavor. As noted in the name of this baked good, it’s marked with a cross. To make the cross, bakers use a doughy paste baked into the bread. Sometimes, icing is used to make the cross instead.

    Hot cross buns are traditionally eaten at the end of Lent in many historically Christian countries. Lent begins the evening before Ash Wednesday through Good Friday, and the cross is a symbol of the Crucifixion. Beyond its significance as a traditional treat, this spiced sweet bun offers some folklore and history, too.

    Hot Cross Bun Superstitions
    • Unspoiled – Buns baked and served on Good Friday will not spoil or mold during the subsequent year. (English folklore)
    • Medicinal uses –  A piece of it given to someone ill will help them recover. (English folklore)
    • Friendship – Sharing a hot cross bun with another ensures friendship throughout the coming year. This is supposed to be especially true if “Half for you and half for me, Between us two, shall goodwill be” is said at the time.
    • A kiss – Some people believe because there is a cross on the bun, they should kiss the buns before eating them.
    • A sailor’s hope – When taking a sea voyage, a hot cross bun will protect you during a sea voyage. 
    • Home protection – One tradition says a hot cross bun hung in the kitchen protects against fires. It also ensures all bread turns out perfectly. (Replace the hanging bun each year.)


    Enjoy these recipes: Chef John’s Hot Cross Buns (Traditional) or Hot Cross Buns (with frosting).

    Use #NationalHotCrossBunsDay to post on social media.


    We were unable to find the creator of National Hot Cross Bun Day.

    Hot Cross Bun FAQ

    Q. What is the hot cross buns’ rhyme?
    A. The nursery rhyme named “Hot Cross Buns” evolved from the street sellers 200 years ago in England who would pitch their wares by shouting “Hot cross buns!” to passersby. Eventually, the rhyme developed:

    Hot cross buns!
    Hot cross buns!
    One a penny, two a penny,
    Hot cross buns!

    If you have no daughters,
    Give them to your sons!
    One a penny, two a penny,
    Hot cross buns!

    Q. Do street vendors still use street cries to draw attention to their wares?
    A. Street cries have diminished significantly from their heyday. However, some still exist. In the United States, you can get a feel of the cadence of a street crier by attending some professional baseball games. Those selling popcorn, hot dogs, and beverages develop their own cry to get the audiences’ attention!

    Q. How much do hot cross buns cost today?
    A. The price of hot cross buns has increased significantly since the poem of long ago was developed. Today, you can expect to pay at least $1 apiece.




    Each year on September 11th, National Make Your Bed Day reminds us of all the benefits a well-made bed offers. 


    We all need to sleep at some point. And getting a good night’s rest gives us an opportunity to recharge. While we can’t always get a perfect night’s rest, we can make some changes to improve our sleep habits. Do you want to get a better night’s sleep? According to the National Sleep Foundation, making your bed can help improve your sleep by reducing the amount of tossing, turning, and restlessness we experience. Reducing all that turmoil in the bedroom offers great returns, such as good health!

    A great night’s sleep can depend on the comfort you feel in your bedroom environment. – National Sleep Foundation

    At a Behavioral Sleep Medicine Program, participants learn that the sleep environment is a major component of a restful night’s sleep. In a survey conducted by the National Sleep Foundation, people who make their bed daily more often have a better night’s sleep. Fresh sheets, dark and cool rooms, and comfortable mattresses and pillows also play a factor in mastering sleep comfort. 

    When is World Sleep Day?

    Besides the comfort level, the visual appeal of a well-made bed invites us to slumber. Almost like a blank canvas draws an artist to paint, a comfortably made bed calls to us. Who wants to face crumpled sheets and twisted blankets at the end of the day? Our bed and bedroom should be a sanctuary. And once our bed is made, very little is required of us but to slip between the sheets. When we’re tired, we ask for no more demands from the day, least of all from our bed.


    Make your bed. If not in the routine of making your bed, Make Your Bed Day is the day! Use this observance as an opportunity to start this healthy habit. Encourage the entire family to join you. Even small children can help. And we all know creating healthful habits early in life can last a lifetime. 

    Other ways to celebrate the day include:

    • Shopping for new bedding.
    • Sharing tips for making a bed.
    • Posting photos of your well-made bed.
    • Make it a competition! Set a timer and have the whole family race. The fastest and best bed makers win!
    • Challenge others to make their bed – whether they live with you or not!
    • After making your bed, try bouncing a quarter off your bed after it’s made – military style.

    Educators, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for ideas designed to use in your classroom.

    Use #NationalMakeYourBedDay to post on social media.


    We were unable to identify the sources of National Make Your Bed Day. However, after a nap, we’ll keep right on searching.

    Make Your Bed FAQ

    Q. What is the saying about making your bed?
    A. The idiom is, “You made your bed, now lie in it.” It means that a person will need to accept the consequences of their actions. Another way of saying it is, “Sleep in the bed you made.”

    Q. How do you fold a fitted sheet?
    A. Very carefully. Or by using a little bit of math.


    September 11th Celebrated History


    George Washington appoints Alexander Hamilton as the first Secretary of Treasury of the United States. He served in the role for 5 1/2 years.


    Singer Jenny Lind of Sweden makes her Castle Garden debut in New York City. Known as the Swedish Soprano or Nightengale, Lind toured across the country for over a year giving performances.


    James Goold Cutler receives patent for a mail chute. Patent No. 284, 951 describes a collection box for mail in apartments and businesses. The design intended for the mail to be collected in a central location by mail carriers.


    Distance swimmer Florence Chadwick becomes the first woman to swim the English Channel in both directions.


    The Miss America Pageant in Atlantic City, NJ makes its television debut. The pageant crowned Miss Lee Ann Meriwether of California as the 28th Miss America.


    Spawning a whole generation of home gamers, the Atari 2600 is released. Some of its most popular games included Asteroids, Missile Command, Mario Bros. and Pac Man.


    The militant group Al Qaeda hijacked four planes in the United States and crashed them into the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and a field in Pennsylvania. The coordinated attack killed over 3,000 people. 


    The Minneapolis Daily published Sid Hartman’s first newspaper column on September 11, 1945. By 2019, he became the World’s Longest-Serving Newspaper Columnist.


    September 11th Celebrated Birthdays

    Mary Watson Whitney – 1847

    The astronomer and educator co-founded the American Astronomical Society. She served as Vassar’s professor of astronomy and director of the observatory from 1888-1910.

    O. Henry – 1862

    Born William Sydney Porter, the author wrote several volumes of short stories. His work included unusual and surprise endings which grew in popularity.

    D.H. Lawrence – 1885

    Some of the author’s best-known works include Sons and Lovers and Lady Chatterley’s Lover. His poetry and novels explore class relationships, psychological emotions, and sexuality.

    Paul Bear Bryant – 1913

    The American football coach led the University of Alabama football team for 25 years.

    Donald Blakeslee – 1917

    During World War II, the American flying ace earned the respect of both the British and American military. From 1941 to 1944, the pilot led several units on successful missions. He also achieved the rank of Colonel during his career.

    Charles Evers – 1922

    Evers took up the baton of civil rights activist after the murder of his brother Medgar Evers. Eventually, Evers entered politics, running first for Mayor of Fayette as a Democrat. He would win the race. However, his later bids for Senator and Governor were not successful.

    Pauline Cawley – 1924

    The outfielder played two seasons in the All American Girls Professional Baseball League. Crawley earned a reputation for her savvy base running.

    Robert Laurel Crippen – 1937

    On April 12, 1981, Crippen piloted the Space Shuttle Columbia in its first orbital test flight. Columbia was the world’s first reusable spacecraft. The astronaut also commanded the Space Shuttle Challenger in three separate flights – STS-7, STS-41C, and STS-41G.

    Harry Connick Jr. -1967

    The Grammy award-winning musician is known for his stylish jazz compositions. He’s also an actor known for his roles in Hope Floats, Independence Day, Iron Giant and Memphis Belle.



    Patriot Day on September 11th honors the memory of the nearly 3,000 innocent victims who died in the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Each year Americans dedicate this day to remembering those who died and the first responders who risked their own lives to save others. 


    We Remember

    For many, September 11, 2001, began like any other weekday. We made our way to work. Children attended school. We shopped, had coffee, waited in line at a drive-thru. Those of us who weren’t in New York City heard the first reports on the radio or television. A friend or neighbor alerted us to a plane flying into one of the Twin Towers. We felt disbelief. An accident, perhaps, a miscalculation. Then, a second plane flew into the second tower. Our disbelief turned into uncertainty and concern.

    Those on the ground faced terror and obstacles they had never known. But, then, as a set of coordinated suicide attacks organized by the militant group Al Qaeda targeted the World Trade Center, the rest of the nation witnessed the unbelievable. And then a third plane crashed into The Pentagon. And yet another crashed into a field in Shanksville, PA.


    Every year since that fateful day, the United States comes together to remember the fallen. We remember the first responders and those who made difficult decisions. Since that day, memorials have risen from the ashes.


    • Attend Patriot Day ceremonies. 
    • Observe moments of silence:
      • 8:46 AM EDT – American Airlines Flight #11 collides into the World Trade Center
      • 9:03 AM EDT – United Airlines Flight #175 collides into the World Trade Center South Tower
      • 9:37 AM EDT – American Airlines Flight #77 crashes into the Pentagon
      • 9:59 AM EDT – World Trade Center South Tower Collapses
      • 10:03 AM EDT – United Airlines Flight #93 crashes in Shanksville, PA
      • 10:28 AM EDT – World Trade Center North Tower Collapses
    • Volunteer – While remembering the day, help an organization with meaning to you. Improve the lives of others and the world around you. Spread kindness. Offer them hope. Share your skills with those who need them most.
    • Remember – Remember those killed in the attacks. Remember to stand united as a Nation. Join others in prayer vigils or memorial events.

    Use #PatriotDay or #NeverForget to post on social media and show your support.


    • September 13, 2001 – In the immediate aftermath of the terrorist attacks, President George W. Bush proclaimed Friday, September 14, 2001, as a National Day of Prayer and Remembrance for the Victims of the Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001.
    • August 31, 2002 – President George W. Bush proclaimed Friday, September 6, through Sunday, September 8, 2002, as National Days of Prayer and Remembrance.
    • September 4, 2002 – President Bush proclaimed September 11, 2002, as the first Patriot Day.
    • September 9, 2016 – President Barack Obama proclaimed September 11th as Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance,

    In 2017 and 2018, President Donald Trump declared September 8–10 as National Days of Prayer and Remembrance and proclaimed September 11 as Patriot Day. “During the National Days of Prayer and Remembrance, we pause to honor the memory of the nearly 3,000 innocent people who were murdered by radical Islamist terrorists in the brutal attacks of September 11, 2001. We come together to pray for those whose lives were forever changed by the loss of a loved one. We strengthen our resolve to stand together as one Nation.”

    9/11 FAQ

    Q. Where can I learn more about the 9/11 Memorial.
    A. The website provides substantial information for those wanting to learn more or visit the memorial.

    Q. Are there memorials at the Pentagon and Shanksville, PA?
    A. Yes, both locations include memorials to the victims of the September 11, 2001, attacks. You can learn more about the memorials by visiting and the National Park Service websites.