Category: October 27

  • NATIONAL CIVICS DAY – October 27


    National Civics Day on October 27th celebrates the importance of civic education all across America. The observance also commemorates the date the Federalist Papers were first published on October 27, 1787. These documents served as a foundation for the United States Constitution.


    About the Federalist Papers

    Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison wrote 85 essays under the pen name “Publius.” The essays were published in newspapers across New York State. The first essay was published on October 27, 1787. The Federalist Papers (also known as The Federalist) supported the passing of the United States Constitution and urged citizens to ratify the legislation. Hamilton, Jay, and Madison’s essays outlined the Constitution providing thorough explanations for citizens.

    Civic Education

    Civic education prepares students for their roles as citizens. Governments at every level are not self-sufficient organisms. They require the action of civic-minded individuals to continue a constitutional democracy. A civic-minded society understands and accepts these responsibilities and rights.

    Civic education is a social science that studies the rights and obligations of citizens in society. Students benefit from a strong civics education in many ways:

    • Improved critical thinking
    • Communication skills
    • Community service
    • Civic engagement

    They are also more likely to vote, volunteer, engage in political discussions at home, work on community projects, speak publicly, and communicate with elected officials.


    Join the conversation on National Civics Day. Encourage your schools and community to celebrate the day with events and programs. You can also:

    • Promote – Spread the word about Civic Education through social media, educational events, local media, or sharing across your networks. Use #NationalCivicsDay when you do.
    • Advocate – Contact local policymakers, hold an educational event for them, or ask them to write a proclamation in support of Civic Education.
    • Support – Organize a Civic Education Day activity in your school, organization, or community, or donate to a Civic Education organization.
    • Volunteer – Make a difference in your community and beyond.

    The day is also an occasion to showcase civics in action. Highlight the civic opportunities in your community and demonstrate the results of civic projects. Show civics in action in your community, local governments, schools, and organizations. Celebrate National Civics Day when you use #NationalCivicsDay on social media.


    LIU University Logo Black

    The Long Island University’s Roosevelt School and The Society of Presidential Descendents founded National Civics Day in 2021 to celebrate the importance of civic education as a foundation for a strong democracy. National Civics Day is an opportunity for Americans to answer the call by President John F. Kennedy that “democracy is never a final achievement…It is a call to an untiring effort.” National Civics Day is an opportunity for Americans to celebrate civics for all through school, business, and community projects that include showcasing, promoting, and supporting civic education and community service.

    The Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed the first National Civics Day to be observed on October 27, 2021, and every year thereafter.





    Don’t be superstitious on National Black Cat Day! October 27th celebrates the beauty of these sleek creatures. The day also seeks to raise awareness about the low adoption rates for black cats.


    This time of year, many black cats may decorate many thresholds for Halloween and windows for spooky decor. However, these felines deserve the love and attention just as much as their tabby equivalents. Old notions have given these furry critters a bad reputation. The day is about turning that reputation around.

    Their black canine counterparts also face similar adoption problems. So, it’s not all about myth and mystery. However, increasing support for the black feline’s plight is the goal of this companion holiday.


    If you are a cat lover and considering adopting, don’t overlook the ebony to go with your ivory.  Knock those irrational fears to the door and open your home to the dark side!  Visit a shelter near you and explore the ebony options available in the cat room. Volunteer if you don’t have the opportunity to adopt. You’ll be able to spread the word about these svelte beauties. Despite their look, they each exhibit a different persona.

    If your home is graced with a black cat, share photos of your fine feline on social media. Let the world know there’s nothing to fear.

    Use #BlackCatDay to share on social media.


    Cats Protection, an animal charity in the United Kingdom, founded National Black Cat Day to raise awareness concerning the lower rates of adoption for black cats.

    Cat FAQ

    Q. Why do cats get stuck in trees?
    A. Only some cats get stuck in trees. One reason that might be is that a cat’s claws curve downward making it really easy to climb up. However, when it comes to climbing down out of the tree, they can’t climb head first. They can only come down by going tail first.

    Q. When my cat purrs, does that mean he’s happy?
    A. Yes and sometimes, no. A purring cat may be content but purring can also mean the cat is anxious and is self-soothing.

    Q. Are there other cat days on the calendar?
    A. Yes, there are several. A few of them include:

    National Hug Your Cat Day
    International Cat Day
    International Cheetah Day



    National Frankenstein Friday | Last Friday in October
    National Frankenstein Friday | Last Friday in October



    National Frankenstein Friday, on the last Friday in October, recognizes author Mary Shelly, the novel Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus, her characters, Dr. Frankenstein and the monster. Dating back to the 1800s, Frankenstein’s monster is one of the best-known horror characters of all time.


    The novel by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851) tells the story of a young scientist, Victor Frankenstein. While she published the first edition of Frankenstein in 1818 anonymously, the first 500 copies sold out. However, the public believed her husband, Percy Shelley, to be the author. Then in 1823, Mary Shelley published a new edition under her name. Another edition in 1831 included Shelley’s explanation about how the story came to be. This version is the one modern readers are the most familiar with today.

    When is National Novel Writing Month?

    The film world has created more than 60 movies or shorts on the theme of Frankenstein. Edison Studios produced the very first film version, Frankenstein, in 1910.

    According to some sources, the day is observed on August 30th in honor of Mary Shelley’s birthday. 


    We have many ideas about how to celebrate this holiday. Give one or several of them a try.

    • Watch a movie featuring Frankenstein or read the original book written by Mary Shelly. Dress as Dr. Frankenstein or his monster.
    • Find out who Frankenstein is on Frankenstein Friday.
    • Read both editions of the book. Seek out other novels by Mary Shelley or learn about her history.
    • Draw your version of Frankenstein’s monster.
    • Write a poem in honor of the day. Attend a stage production of Frankenstein.
    • Bake cookies in the shape of the monster.
    • Conduct an electricity experiment in science class in honor of the day.
    • Host a Frankenstein party. Play trivia and hand out prizes.

    Share your ideas to celebrate. Use #FrankensteinFriday to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origin of this novel day.

    Frankenstein FAQ

    Q. What are some other good, scary reads for fall?
    A. You’re looking for a good scare as the wind howls through the trees on a dark, autumn night by the fireplace, huh? Well, test your will and your wits with these:

    • The Turn of the Screw by Henry James
    • Interview with the Vampire by Anne Rice
    • The Stand by Stephen King
    • Beloved by Toni Morrison
    • The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe
    • The Woman in Black by Susan Hill
    • Dracula by Bram Stoker
    • The Monkey’s Paw by W.W. Jacobs
    • The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood

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  • NATIONAL BREADSTICK DAY – Last Friday in October


    National Breadstick Day recognizes the delicious goodness of dunkable pieces of warm and tender enjoyment. Observe this celebration annually on the last Friday in October. 


    Breadsticks come in many forms. They can be soft or crunchy. Breadsticks can be flavored with garlic, onion, salt or cheese. They can also be sweetened with cinnamon and sugar.

    When is National Homemade Bread Day?

    They often accompany Italian meals. Pair them with pasta covered in alfredo or marinara sauces. Add them to a soup course. If you prefer, enjoy them with your salad. The aroma of fresh-baked breadsticks warm a home and improve every meal. 

    Some recipes call for cheese. A variety of cheese options can be used. Other recipes add a little bacon to the dough for an even richer flavor. When it comes to dipping sauces, breadsticks satisfy just about everyone at the table. Restaurants and home cooks offer up cheesy, herbed and spicy sauces for dipping. If you can’t decide, order extra and try them all!


    It’s a great time to make homemade breadsticks. We even have a recipe or two for you to try. Experiment with herbs and spices while you celebrate. Invite family and friends over for a hearty meal and show off your breadstick-making prowess. 

    If you’re not ready to break out the yeast just yet, order up some breadsticks from your favorite restaurant. Who do you think makes the best breadsticks? Make sure you give them a shoutout and celebrate with all the best dipping sauces, too. Use #NationalBreadstickDay to post on social media.

    Homemade Breadsticks
    Parmesan Breadsticks
    Garlic Herb Breadsticks


    National Day Calendar® continues researching this delicious food holiday.

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    National American Beer Day raises a glass to the rich American beermaking history and those who savor the continued traditions. Pour your favorite pint with millions who enjoy the storied brews across the nation.


    U.S. Brewing History

    Brewing beer in America begins long before Europeans arrived since Native Americans brewed beer from a variety of ingredients. They used corn, birch sap, and water to ferment their beverage. Then when the first colonists arrived in Virginia, they began combining their brewing traditions with the supplies at hand – that included corn, too. Since then, brewing and brewers became a principal occupation in the colonies. Interestingly, the first white child born in Manhattan grew up to be the first brewer born in America.

    Today, the brewery established by David G. Yuengling is the oldest producing brewery in the United States. He established the Eagle Brewery in 1829. Amazingly, the brewery still remains in the family to this day.

    Unlike most other breweries of the time, the Eagle Brewery survived Prohibition. In fact, very few survived. Those that did survive tried various legal and illegal tactics. In the Eagle Brewery’s case, they reduced their alcohol content to within the legal limit. They also branched out. Ice cream anyone? Yes, the Yuengling’s started a dairy. Others turned their beermaking supplies into other products. When prohibition lifted, they returned to full-fledged beermaking. 

    Despite these efforts, nearly every brewer existing before prohibition dissolved. Out of just over 1,300 brewers, only about 100 remained after prohibition. Today, we recognize the names of many of those surviving breweries. 

    The skill of a brewer requires years of practice in the trade. It’s revered even. In Milwaukee, their professional baseball team is named after the brewer. In St. Louis and Denver, the stadiums are named after prominent brewers.

    More than 2,100 breweries are manufacturing beer in the United States. They range in size from industry giants to brewpubs and microbreweries. 

    American Beer Facts
    • The U.S. produced 196 million barrels of beer in 2009.
    • Americans consume roughly 20 US gallons of beer per capita annually.
    • In 2008, the United States ranked sixteenth in the world in per capita consumption. However, total consumption was second only to China.
    • After Congress repealed prohibition, the industry consolidated into a small number of large-scale breweries.
    • The majority of the new breweries in the U.S. are small breweries and brewpubs. As members of the Brewers Association, they are termed “craft breweries” to differentiate them from the larger and older breweries.
    • Larger breweries most commonly produce the American lager.
    • However, smaller breweries (many founded in the 1980s) produce a range of styles.
    • Beer styles originating in the United States include:
      • American pale ale
      • Pennsylvania porter
      • American IPA
      • steam beer
      • amber ale
      • cream ale
      • Cascadian dark ale.


    Enjoy your favorite American Beer. Invite a friend or two to join you. While you’re at it, try something different. American beers offer a variety of options to choose from. Do you have a favorite brewery? Give them a shout-out, too! The brewmaster deserves to be recognized. Tour a brewery to learn more. While you’re there, try a sample or two. 

    Now, beer also holds great influence. If you didn’t know that, read about 5 Surprising Ways Beer Changed the World.

    Remember, always drink responsibly and never drink and drive. Use #AmericanBeerDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this hoppy holiday. 

    Beer FAQ

    Q. Are all beers made with hops?
    A. Nearly every beer on the market uses hops in its production. However, not all beers have a hoppy flavor, so it’s worth asking for something less hoppy, especially if you’re visiting a local brewery. Another option is to start brewing your own beer at home – without hops. 

    Q. How many calories are in beer?
    A. The calories vary from beer to beer but they roughly contain 150-175 calories. However, a light beer pushes that number closer to 100.

    Q. How many servings of beer are in a standard keg?
    A. There are 165 12-ounce servings in a keg of beer. 


  • NAVY DAY – October 27



    Navy Day on October 27th salutes all of the military personnel who have served, both past and present, in the United States Navy.


    The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy currently stands as the largest, most powerful navy in the world, with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage. The service engages over 340,000 personnel on active duty and more than 71,000 in the Navy Reserve. 

    Navy History

    Throughout the Revolutionary War, the Navy’s importance grew. Today, the United States maintains 40 naval bases across the country, including the world’s largest Naval Station Norfolk, in Norfolk, Virginia.

    Below the sea, submarines became a part of the Navy during World War II. While experiments began in the late 1800s and during the Civil War, they did not join a large part of the Navy inventory until World War II. At that point, subs became necessary for surveillance and rescue, even though they were also armed.

    With the advent of the airplane, the Navy became vital stations for the Airforce as well. As a result, the Navy modified ships into floating landing strips. Today, joint Naval and Airbases such as Pearl Harbor-Hickam provided necessary fleets of the sea and air defense.

    Theodore Roosevelt and the Navy

    Between 1922 and 1972, the Navy celebrated its birthday on October 27th in honor of President Theodore Roosevelt’s birth. He elevated the U.S. Navy to a premier fighting force. During his term as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, he built up the power and strength of the U.S. Navy. Roosevelt’s pursuit of the naval aircraft advanced the U.S. Navy. As president, Roosevelt was the first president to submerge in a submarine and also the first to fly. His support of the Navy led the former Secretary of the Navy, John F. Lehman, to say, Theodore Roosevelt, “was one of the architects of our modern Navy.”


    Recognize Naval service members and their dedication to their country. Visit a Naval museum to learn more about the Navy’s history. Discover more about naval training, the types of ships in our fleets, and where they sail around the world. Use #NavyDay to post on social media.


    The Navy League of the United States organized the first Navy Day in 1922, choosing October 27th to honor the birth of President Theodore Roosevelt.

    Navy Day received particular attention from President Warren Harding. Harding wrote to the Secretary of the Navy Edwin Denby:

    “Thank you for your note which brings assurance of the notable success which seems certain to attend the celebration of Navy Day on Friday, October 27, in commemoration of past and present services of the Navy. From our earliest national beginnings, the Navy has always been and deserved to be an object of special pride to the American people. Its record is indeed one to inspire such sentiments, and I am very sure that such a commemoration as is planned will be a timely reminder.”

    In 1949, the Department of Defense Secretary Louis A. Johnson directed the United States Navy’s participation on Armed Forces Day in May. Although, as a civilian organization, the Navy League was not affected by this directive and continued to organize Navy Day celebrations as before.

    Then, in the 1970s the “birthday” of the Continental Navy was found to be October 13, 1775. CNO Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt worked with the Navy League to define October 13th as the new date of Navy Day. However, Navy Day in the United States remains primarily recognized as October 27th.


    October 27th Celebrated History


    New York City opened its first subway. Operated by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), the system soon became the largest transit line in the United States.


    The U.S. Patent Office issues patent number US51766A to Fred Waller for the invention of an aquaplane – the first water ski.


    Benjamin O. Davis becomes the first African American to achieve the rank of general in the United States Air Force when he was promoted to brigadier general. Five years later, he would also become the first African American promoted to major general. Following his retirement, Davis received the rank of full general (four stars) from President Bill Clinton.


    In the midst of the space race, NASA tests its first Saturn I rocket. The rocket is significant because its power put the first Americans into orbit around the Earth.


    In a thrilling game against the Seattle Seahawks, Cowboy Emmitt Smith broke the all-time rushing record previously held by the Bear’s Walter Payton. Despite his fourth-quarter 11-yard drive, the Seahawks would win the game 17-14.


    The Boston Red Sox break the curse of the Bambino when they win their first World Series in 86 years. During the 100th World Series, the Red Sox sweep the St. Louis Cardinals in four games.

    October 27th Celebrated Birthdays

    Captain James Cook – 1728

    The explorer set out on several expeditions during his sailing career. His first major expeditions took him to the eastern coast of Australia, a first for a European. There Cook named the area New South Wales, claiming it for Britain. On his final voyage, Cook sought the elusive North-West Passage. While exploring Hawaii, he was killed in a fight with the islanders.

    Isaac Merritt Singer – 1811

    The inventor is best known for his design and manufacture of the sewing machine.

    Theodore Roosevelt – 1858

    In 1901, Teddy Roosevelt became the 26th President of the United States after the assassination of President McKinley. As the youngest president ever in the Nation’s history, Roosevelt took a progressive stance and led with vigor. In 1904, he was elected to a second term.

    John M Mack – 1864

    In 1900, together with his brothers, Mack established the Mack Brother’s Company to manufacture heavy-duty trucks.

    Emily Post – 1872

    Born Emily Price, the New York City socialite turned columnist with advice on a variety of subjects. However, the one she’s best remembered for is offering advice on etiquette.

    Margaret Rousseau – 1910

    Rousseau became the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. During her career, she designed the first commercial penicillin production plant.

    Ruby Dee – 1922 

    The actress and civil rights activist is known for her roles in films such as A Raisin in the Sun, Jungle Fever, and American Gangster.

    Dolores Moore – 1932 

    As a professional baseball player in the All American Girls Professional Baseball League, Moore played infielder and earned an MVP nod. She also played professional basketball for a time. During the filming of the 1992 film, A League of Their Own, Moore consulted with the actresses on set.

    Sylvia Plath – 1932

    The poet and author is best known for her novel The Bell Jar.

    John Cleese – 1939

    The actor and comedian is best known for co-founding Monty Python. He has also starred in films such as A Fish Called Wanda, The Swan Princess, and two James Bond films, Die Another Day and The World is Not Enough.

  • NATIONAL PHARMACY BUYER DAY – Friday of Last Full Week in October



    National Pharmacy Buyer Day recognizes the professionals who help keep the pharmacy shelves stocked. The observance takes place each year on the Friday of the last full week in October.


    While a doctor prescribes a medication and a pharmacist dispenses it, a pharmacy buyer makes sure a sufficient and current supply is available.

    When is National Pharmacy Technician Day?

    Pharmacy buyers are the men and women who manage the changing inventory of pharmacies across the country. They keep the shelves stocked with the necessary medications, supplies and small durable medical equipment. Pharmacies rely on them to be able to dispense their orders on a daily basis. Pharmacy buyers shop wholesale markets and are in charge of managing inventory as well as costs for hospital pharmacies and large clinics.

    It’s a complex role requiring knowledge of the healthcare system as well as the ability to balance supplies efficiently. A pharmacy buyer is a key component to a safe supply of necessary medications in local and hospital pharmacies.


    Throughout the day, pharmacies and hospitals will recognize their pharmacy buyers. If you’re interested in a career as a pharmacy buyer, attend a career fair and learn more about the career path and training. Discover more about the job demands, opportunities and prospects. Use #PharmacyBuyerDay to post on social media.


    Beth Meese, a former Pharmacy Purchasing Agent for Provena United Samaritan Medical Center in Danville, IL, promotes the recognition of National Pharmacy Buyer Day. The idea for the day came to her in 2005.  

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