Category: October 13



    On October 13th, National Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day focuses on the estimated 271,270 Americans diagnosed with this destructive cancer.


    Each year, treatments for all kinds of breast cancer are improving. Metastatic cancer is a stage IV cancer invading all areas of the body. It affects the liver, lungs, brain, lymph nodes, and more. Both men and women are diagnosed each year. Additionally, there are different types of metastatic breast cancer.

    October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month. While the awareness campaign mainly focuses on preventative measures such as mammography, it is important to know research continues for a cure for metastatic breast cancer. Those with metastatic breast cancer require treatment options and an understanding support system.

    Treatment options continually advance. Whether a patient chooses a trial or a more standard approach to treatment, a clinical team will provide options. Either way, a support system of family and friends helps to manage the stress and adjustments that come with the diagnosis.

    The day also gives a voice to those who live with metastatic breast cancer. It encourages the world to learn more about the disease, how it progresses, affects the person and those around them. It raises awareness of the need for treatment options, research, and more.


    Learn more about metastatic breast cancer. Support friends or family members who may have received this diagnosis by offering assistance and listening to their needs. It’s a devastating diagnosis to receive. While many breast cancers can be cured, metastatic breast cancer cannot. Not yet. Donate to help fund research. Find out how you can help by visiting Share your story using #MetastaticBreastCancerAwarenessDay on social media.


    Before 2009, the observance was promoted by several breast cancer awareness groups around the country. In 2008, for example, the mayor of Poughkeepsie, NY, proclaimed the day on October 13th. Then in 2009, through efforts of breast cancer patients across the country, Congress passed resolutions declaring October 13th National Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day. Since then, cancer patients, their loved ones, and the medical community observe the day with support and continued hope for a cure.

    Metastatic Cancer FAQ

    Q. How is metastatic cancer treated?
    A. Treatment depends on the type of cancer and where it has spread. Breast cancer starts in the breast, but metastatic breast cancer spreads to other areas of the body. Doctors commonly treat metastatic cancers with chemotherapy and radiation. Other therapies include immunotherapy and targeted cell therapies.

    Q. How do cancer cells spread from the primary cancer?
    A. Cancer cells break away from the primary tumor (in the breast or colon for example) and travel through the bloodstream or lymph system. These cells form new tumors in other areas of the body including lymph nodes, liver, pancreas, bone, lungs, and brain.



  • NATIONAL NO BRA DAY – October 13


    National No Bra Day on October 13th encourages wearers to leave that bra at home. 


    The day promotes breast cancer awareness. It also helps raise money for research. Many women who have survived breast cancer are unable to go without a bra as they need it to hold their prosthesis after surgery. Additionally, October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, and No Bra Day should serve as a reminder for all women to be screened for breast cancer. Most types of breast cancer can be treated if caught early.

    Screenings and breast exams are a part of the early detection process. 

    The first line of defense is a monthly self-breast exam. The best time to do a breast exam is about ten days after the onset of your menstrual cycle. However, fickle as breasts can be, we do become familiar with them even if they are lumpy. We learn what’s healthy or not. For example, they change texture over the month. Sticking to the same time each month will provide a more accurate exam.  For those who don’t menstruate, choose a day of the month always to perform the exam.

    As you become more familiar with the shape and texture of your breast, take note of any changes. Use the mirror to help you, too. Dimpling, swelling, and redness will be signs to look for.  

    When you schedule an annual appointment with your physician, make sure a breast exam is completed, too. Tell your doctor about any changes. If you or your doctor notices any signs, the doctor can order tests, including a sonogram or mammogram.

    Finally, a preventative mammogram is the last line of defense. Today’s mammograms offer more vivid detail of the breast tissue. Baseline mammograms are provided around the age of 35 unless family history indicates sooner. The baseline mammogram provides a comparison view for your physician should something develop later down the line. Women age 40 and over are recommended to receive yearly preventative mammograms. 


    Take charge of your health and make an appointment for a mammogram. Encourage others to do the same. Learn the best time and way to complete a self-breast exam. Other ways to participate include:

    • Set a reminder in your calendar to complete monthly breast exams
    • Share your experience with getting a mammogram. Take the mystery out of the exam for others.
    • Organize a fundraiser. Whether it’s for those without health coverage or to support breast cancer research, you will be making a difference.
    • Make a list of questions to ask your doctor. It will help you to approach the subject of breast exams more easily.

    Use #NoBraDay or #NationalNoBraDay when posting on social media.  Make a contribution to the American Cancer Society or Susan G. Komen for the Cure.


    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this health-related observance.




    National Yorkshire Pudding Day is observed across the United States each year on October 13th.


    Not to be confused with a dessert, Yorkshire Pudding is a traditional English dish similar to a popover. The dish is made from a batter and usually served with roast meat and gravy.

    Cooks in the north of England devised a means of using the fat that dropped into the dripping pans. They created a batter pudding while the meat roasted in the oven. In 1737, one such cook published a recipe for “A Dripping Pudding” in The Whole Duty of a Woman

    Make a good batter as for pancakes: put in a hot toss-pan over the fire with a bit of butter to fry the bottom a little then put the pan and butter under a shoulder of mutton, instead of a dripping-pan, keeping frequently shaking it by the handle and it will be light and savoury, and fit to take up when your mutton is enough; then turn it in a dish and serve it hot. ~ From The Whole Duty of a Woman.

    In 1747, Hannah Glasse published similar instructions in The Art of Cookery Made Plain and Easy. She named the recipe ‘Yorkshire Pudding.’ Glasse received credit for re-inventing and renaming the original version of ‘A Dripping Pudding.”

    These savory popovers open up a world of possibilities when it comes to fillings. While the gravy is traditional, don’t hesitate to add cheese, eggs, your favorite protein, or an herby filling. If you have more of a sweet tooth, straying from the traditional by adding chocolate, caramel, or a cream cheese filling sounds perfect!


    Of course, celebrating the day requires eating Yorkshire Pudding. You’re likely to find it served in a pub-like setting on the East Coast. However, we also have recipes to share. With cooler weather, a Yorkshire pudding smothered in gravy sounds like a meal to serve to family and friends. It’s a perfect way to Celebrate Every Day®! We highly recommend it. 

    Quick and Easy Yorkshire Pudding
    Yorkshire Pudding

    And, as always, share your favorite restaurant, recipe or celebration with us using #YorkshirePuddingDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this savory food holiday.


    October 13th Celebrated History


    The Continental Congress authorizes the first American naval force. Thus began the long and prestigious heritage of the United States Navy.


    Two technologies come together to take the first aerial photograph in the United States. Rising 1200 feet above Boston in Samuel Archer Kings’ hot air balloon, photographer Wallace Black took glass plate photos of the city.


    Prime MeridianThe Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London is established as the prime meridian.


    The Boston Americans (also known as the Pilgrims) win the first modern-day World Series in the 8th game. They defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-0.


    The U.S. Patent Office granted Garrett A Morgan patent No. US71569712A for a breathing hood. The invention was designed to protect firefighters as they entered smoke and flame engulfed buildings and led to some of the first gas masks used in World War I and II.

    October 13th Celebrated Birthdays

    Leon Leonwood Bean – 1872

    In 1912, the outdoorsman and businessman founded L.L. Bean to sell “Maine Boots.” Bean offered a 100% guarantee on his product, a policy the company still honors today.

    Arna Bontemps – 1902

    The educator, poet, librarian, and advocate published several short stories and poems. He also contributed to the Harlem Renaissance and is considered one of the great historians of Black culture.

    Herbert Lawrence Block (Herblock) – 1908

    The political cartoonist’s extensive career spanned 72 years. Covering 15 presidential administrations from Warren G. Harding to George W. Bush, Herblock’s political commentary covered a wide variety of subjects. From the stock market crash and the Great Depression to wars, scandals, and social issues, Block saw it all.

    Dorothy Bolden – 1923

    As a civil rights leader, Bolden founded the National Domestic Worker’s Union of America in 1968. The organization and its founder gave voice to Black domestic workers around the country. Bolden’s mission strived to improve working conditions by changing legislation, working with employers to develop better relationships, and being an instrumental part of the community.

    Margaret Thatcher – 1925

    From 1979 to 1990, Thatcher served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. She was also the first woman to lead a Western democracy. Throughout her administration, she was one of the most respected and controversial leaders in the world.

    Paul Simon – 1941

    The American musician and singer-songwriter rose to popularity in the duo Simon & Garfunkel. From the song “Bridge Over Troubled Water” and the “Sound of Silence” during his duo days to his album Graceland, he’s earned numerous awards.

    Jerry Rice – 1962

    The first-round NFL draft pick played 20 seasons with four different teams. As a highly talented wide receiver, he earned three Super Bowl championship with the San Francisco 49ers as well as numerous awards.

    Nancy Kerrigan – 1969

    As an Olympic figure skater, Kerrigan earned bronze in the 1992 Olympic Games in Albertville, France. In 1994 at the Lillehammer, Norway, despite an injury inflicted on her knee by a hitman, she earned silver.

    Sacha Baron Cohen – 1971

    The comedian, actor and producer creates edgy and bizarre characters, many of whom he portrays in serious storylines. Some of his most well-known characters include Borat and Brüno in films by the same name and Thénardier in Les Misérables.



    On October 13th, National Train Your Brain Day challenges us to some puzzling games and riddles! Whether you play solo or go up against teams, the day improves our thinking power.


    Exercising the brain is important. Routine activities don’t keep the mind sharp. This day encourages us to expand and exercise our brain and use more of its potential capacity. To do that, we need to break out of our routines and try new activities or relearn old ones. We’ll work on our cognitive skills. To do this, try reading or word puzzles. Number games and brainteasers also improve cognition. Riddles and word games challenge areas of the brain we don’t use every day.

    Learning something new is another practice that benefits the brain, too. When we learn a new skill, we focus and tap into our problem-solving abilities. If we’re doing the same thing every day, we’re probably not solving too many problems. The brain gets bored. You’d get bored, too if you watched the same episode of the same TV show every day. 

    When the question is asked to American scientists as to how much of the brain is used, the answer varies. However, many of them believe that it is only a small percentage and that there is room for expanded learning and knowledge within everyone.


    Do some logic puzzles, brainteasers, and riddles to train your brain. Other fun ways to train your brain include:

    • Download a brain training app. These technologies offer a variety of ways to test your brain.
    • Mix up your routine. If you always do a crossword puzzle, try a different type of word game or number puzzle. 
    • Expand your interests. Take a cooking class or music lessons. Both will help improve your brain as you learn new skills. 
    • Take a different route to the grocery store or to work. You may discover changes to your neighborhood but you’ll also be giving your brain an opportunity to shake out some of the rust.

    Use #TrainYourBrainDay to post on social media.

    Brain Teaser for 2022:

    You are in a room that has three switches and a closed door. The switches control three light bulbs on the other side of the door. Once you open the door, you may never touch the switches again. How can you definitively tell which switch is connected to each of the light bulbs?

    The answer is…
    Turn on the first two switches. Leave them on for five minutes. Once five minutes have passed, turn off the second switch, leaving one switch on. Now go through the door. The light that is still on is connected to the first switch. Whichever of the other two is warm to the touch is connected to the second switch. The bulb that is cold is connected to the switch that was never turned on. (Credit: Reader’s Digest)


    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this puzzling holiday. 


  • NAVY BIRTHDAY – October 13


    On October 13th, the United States Navy observes its birthday every year. 


    The United States Navy (USN) is the United States Armed Forces’ naval warfare service branch and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is currently the largest, most powerful navy in the world, with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage. The service has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and more than 71,000 in the Navy Reserve. 

    With only two ships and a crew of eighty men, the Continental Navy was born on October 13, 1775. The decision of the Continental Congress set the Continental Navy on course to carry arms to the British army, not to defend against it. However, these two ships and crew represent the birth of the United States Navy.

    Throughout the Revolutionary War, their importance grew. Today, the United States maintains 40 naval bases across the country, including the world’s largest Naval Station Norfolk, in Norfolk, Virginia.

    Below the sea, submarines became a part of the Navy during World War II. While experiments began in the late 1800s and during the Civil War, they did not become a large part of the Navy inventory until World War II. At that point, subs became necessary for surveillance and rescue, even though they were also armed.

    With the advent of the airplane, the Naval ships became vital stations for the Airforce as well. As a result, the Navy modified ships into floating landing strips. Today, joint Naval and Airbases such as Pearl Harbor-Hickam provide the country with sea and air defense fleets.


    Celebrate with the U.S. Navy. Join Navy personnel as they celebrate their history and military heritage. Learn about naval history in the United States and around the world. Explore the various fleets the Navy uses. Celebrate a sailor you know by giving them a shout-out. Use #HappyBirthdayNavy to post on social media.


    On October 13, 1775, the Continental Congress authorized the first American naval force. Thus began the long and prestigious heritage of the United States Navy. Between 1922 and 1972, the Navy celebrated its birthday on October 27th, the date of Theodore Roosevelt’s birth. The Navy League of the United States designated the date due to Roosevelt’s foresight and vision in elevating the U.S. Navy into a premier force.

    The change to October 13th was seen as the more relevant date in line with the first official action legislating a navy. Since 1972, the Navy has officially recognized October 13th as the official date of its birth. 

    Regardless of when the Navy observed its birth, the celebration has always been one of pride.  

    Navy FAQ

    Q. How many U.S. naval bases are in the United States?
    A. The United States supports over 40 naval bases.

    Q. Where is the largest naval base?
    A. The world’s largest naval base is the Naval Station Norfolk in Virginia.

    Q. Which country has the world’s largest navy?
    A. Defining the largest navy in the world includes many variables – personnel, tonnage, vessels, types of vessels, and assets. If by largest you mean the navy with the most vessels, then North Korea leads. However, if you combine all the variables, the United States has the most powerful navy in the world.

    Q. Do we celebrate other military branch birthdays?
    A. Yes, we do! Check out these birthdays:

    Army Birthday
    Airforce Birthday
    Marine Corps Birthday
    Coast Guard Birthday
    National Guard Birthday