Category: October

  • NATIONAL CRYPTOCURRENCY MONTH | October

    NATIONAL CRYPTOCURRENCY MONTH | October

    The entire month of October is a celebration of cryptocurrencies and the cultivation of new economic growth opportunities they bring.

    #CryptocurrencyMonth

    Cyptocurrency is a class of digital currencies that exist outside the governance of any one country’s economy or government. While fiat currency is a system of money used and accepted in a particular country, cryptocurrencies are digital coins and tokens, minted electronically on a blockchain using cryptography. Cryptography is the science of protecting data by transforming it into a secure format.

    How does cryptocurrency work? All cryptocurrencies run and operate on something called blockchain. A blockchain is a record of transactions updated and held by currency holders that cannot be altered, deleted, or destroyed. Each transaction also affects succeeding transactions, which makes tampering with a previous transaction virtually impossible. This visibility establishes trust, accountability, and transparency.

    Can you buy things with cryptocurrency? Absolutely. Many cryptocurrency platforms allow you to use your digital funds to purchase items. For example, Expedia allows you to book a vacation for a small fee. Retailers are beginning to allow payment of goods using cryptocurrency. If you have a large amount of cryptocurrency in your digital wallet, you might be able to secure a home loan using your currency as collateral. Of course not everyone takes cryptocurrency as payment, but if you have PayPal, you can use your currency to pay for goods through their new service Checkout With Crypto.

    Crypto Facts

    • The first cryptocurrency purchase of a physical product was in 2010 for two pizzas.
    • A man in Wales accidently threw out his hard drive containing 7,500 Bitcoin (now worth millions) and is appealing to his local city council to excavate the landfill it ended up in.
    • It’s virtually impossible to ban cryptocurrency, but many countries have implemented strict regulations on exchanges.
    • In 2018, someone bought a CryptoKitty Dragon for 600 Ethereum valuing at $170,000. Amazingly, that same CryptoKitty now has a value of $1.5 million.
    • There are there more than 9,500 cryptocurrencies in existence today.

    There are thousands of cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, and others. The value of these assets is largely determined by how much people invest in them, and they hold the same value everywhere in the world.

    Top 3 Cryptocurrencies

    1. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency in the digital world making it’s debut in 2008 and still holding the #1 spot in cryptocurrency. Money transfer occurs through the bitcoin network of registered users. All transactions are verified and authenticated by nodes and recorded on the blockchain.
    2. Ethereum is the second largest open-source blockchain with a large variety of financial services. According to Ethereum.org, “While Bitcoin is only a payment network, Ethereum is more like a marketplace of financial services, games, social networks and other apps that respect your privacy and cannot censor you.”
    3. Tether is the largest stablecoin in cryptocurrency.
    4. Stablecoins differ from other cryptocurrencies in that their value is “pegged” to a particular fiat currency (for example, the US Dollar), so its value is as stable as the asset it’s pegged to. Tether and other stablecoins are used for lending and converting one crypto to another.

    ENGAGE IN THE CRYPTOCURRENCY WORLD

    • Take a class to learn about cryptocurrency.
    • Invest in cryptocurrency.
    • Learn the history of cryptocurrency, including who is credited with being the “founder” of this digital currency.
    • Teach a class to beginners if you are an expert cryptocurrency user.
    • Share #NationalCryptocurrencyMonth on social media.

    DIGITAL MONEY HISTORY

    In 2022, Guy Gotslak from My Digital Money and National Day Calendar created National Cryptocurrency Month to be celebrated each year the entire month of October. My Digital Money allows customers to invest cash or part of a self-directed IRA into cryptocurrency.

    The first mention of cryptocurrency appears in 1983 by David Chaum. After introducing his concept of encrypted electronic money in a conference paper, Chum began to develop a proto-cryptocurrency named Digicash. Using key encryption to withdraw money from a bank, Chaum successfully transferred money to a recipient without using a financial institution.

    In 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto (not his/her real name) introduced Bitcoin and information on how to operate it using blockchain technology. However, it is know Nakamoto would make reference to current economic conditions involving financial institutions, including bank bailouts. In fact, a headline in The Times ran announcing a new method to exchange currency without financial institution involvement. 

    Early exchanges of currency made a lot of money for people and their investments. Unfortunately, that money was sometimes associated with illegal activity, such as drug sales, prostitution, and theft. Luckily, like all technology, knowledge increases resulting in substantial improvements. Today, anyone can use cryptocurrency to secure their own financial portfolio.

  • NATIONAL WHOLE HOG BARBECUE DAY | Third Saturday in October

    NATIONAL WHOLE HOG BARBECUE DAY | Third Saturday in October

    The third Saturday in October is National Whole Hog Barbecue Day and we invite you to indulge in one of the South’s most revered traditions.

    #WholeHogBarbecueDay

    Wood smoke and smoldering charcoal are a sign of the season. Traditionally cooked over wood and charcoal, whole-hog barbecue uses the whole pig, everything from the nose to the tail. Every year, pitmasters and barbecue lovers from all over the Southeast celebrate National Whole Hog Barbecue Day coinciding with North Carolina’s historic State Fair in October.

    The tradition of whole-hog barbecue started in Eastern North Carolina and dates back over 350 years to the first settlers in the region. Although barbecue lovers may disagree on the best type of barbecue sauce for their pork, everyone agrees that vinegar-based chopped whole-hog barbecue is where it all began.

    Smoking a whole hog takes anywhere between 10-12 hours, and requires attention to keep it smoky and cooking at a consistently low temperature. As long as you have a pit, hard-wood charcoal with oak or hickory, plenty of time and something brown to drink, you can create this delicious Southern delight. Whether you have a homemade brick pit or a custom-made steel fire box, the trick is to keep the cooking temperature steady and low. However you decide to smoke your hog, extra help is always appreciated to do the heavy lifting, including flipping the pig a few hours into the cooking process.

    Seasoned Hog Tips

    Seasoning your whole hog depends on your preferences. But traditionalists will lightly salt the pig before cooking, and after flipping use their own special blend of vinegar-based sauce with salt, black pepper and crushed red pepper flakes. Many pitmasters use plenty of sauce throughout the cooking process to keep the hog moist and juicy as the hog renders down in the last few hours of cooking. The more the better!

    What is a pitmaster? Technically, a pitmaster is someone who oversees cooking done in a barbecue pit. But, a pitmaster is more than that. A pitmaster is considered an expert in the field of barbecue. They control the temperature, along with the flavor output of the meat. Most importantly, they make sure the barbecue is kept tender during the cooking process. At the end, during the chopping, they taste and add dry seasoning and sauce to make the perfect-tasting barbecue.

    Famous Pitmasters

    • Kiki Longo
    • Max Lavoie
    • Aaron Franklin
    • Greg Hatem
    • Myron Mixon
    • Rob Rainford
    • Ted Reader
    • Steven Raichlen

    SMOKIN’ FUN

    • Gather your recipes and get cooking!
    • Host a pig pickin’ with whole-hog barbecue or attend a festival where you can taste some of the best in the country.
    • Give a shout-out to the best pitmasters out there.
    • Let us know if you like your barbecue sauce sweet, spicy, or both?
    • Attend a whole hog barbecue competition.
    • Attend the North Carolina State Fair.
    • Share and post your #WholeHogBarbecueDay celebrations on social media.

    NATIONAL WHOLE HOG BARBECUE DAY HISTORY

    In 2022,The Pit Authentic Barbecue in Raleigh, North Carolina, founded National Whole Hog Barbecue Day to celebrate the traditions and history associated with whole hog barbecue. Each year during the third Saturday in October, we recommend everyone find some place to host or attend a whole hog barbecue celebration.

    The tradition started in 1980 in Halifax County, North Carolina, when friends reunited at the Roanoke River for a pig pickin’. Then in 1983, the tradition moved to Raleigh, North Carolina, where friends gathered again during the third weekend in October to go to the N.C. State Fair and celebrate the fall harvest with whole-hog barbecue. The festivities moved to downtown Raleigh in 2007 with the opening of The Pit Authentic Barbecue, which has been serving whole-hog barbecue ever since. The restaurant opened for guests in Raleigh who didn’t have time to drive into Eastern North Carolina to get their taste of whole-hog barbecue.

    Whole-hog barbecue is such an important part of North Carolina’s culinary heritage, in 1985, the North Carolina Pork Council organized and sanctioned the first Whole Hog Barbecue Championship. It has become the culmination of the Whole Hog Barbecue Series local competitions across the region. The chefs who qualify in the local events come together to duke it out for the title of Champion. 

    Many people across the country consider grilling to be barbecue. However, if you ask any North Carolinian, barbecue has always been referred to as pork. Since the early settlers in the 1500s, pork has been the king of barbecue. In fact, there is historical evidence showing natives of the West Indies roasting meat over wood coals. It wasn’t until the 1600s the technique of cooking barbecue became adapted by everyone in the South. Even George Washington loved a good pig pickin’, journaling about going to a “barbicue” near Halifax, North Carolina, in the 1790s.

    The Great Debate

    There is a great debate about barbecue sauce. The eastern parts of North Carolina lean towards a clear sauce made with vinegar, salt and crushed red pepper. The western parts of North Carolina add sugar and ketchup to their sauce, creating a light red sauce.

    Developed in the late 1600s, vinegar sauce was born out of convenience. Colonists would use ingredients available to them to make their barbecue sauce, which was also used to preserve the meat. Unfortunately, tomatoes were thought to be poisonous so using them was not an option. It wasn’t until around the early 1800s tomatoes were finally considered to be safe to eat, which was about the time settlers came down to Western North Carolina and started adding tomatoes and brown sugar to the vinegar-based sauce. In addition, unlike their Eastern North Carolina neighbors, they would cook only the shoulder of the hog, not the entire pig. As for our barbecue brethren in South Carolina, they added mustard to their whole-hog barbecue sauce.

    Today, depending on where you live in North Carolina, barbecue sauce changes slightly. There could possibly be hundreds or thousands of sauces with different spices. Subtle differences in sauce occur about every 50 miles within the state. Interestingly, North Carolina also has a debate on how you should eat barbecue. Some like it chopped, while others like it pulled. But everyone enjoys pulling right off the pig in a traditional pig pickin’.

    DATES
    15 October 2022
    21 October 2023
    19 October 2024
    18 October 2025
    17 October 2026
    16 October 2027
    21 October 2028
    20 October 2029
    19 October 2030
    18 October 2031
    16 October 2032

  • NATIONAL MERRI MUSIC DAY | October 25

    NATIONAL MERRI MUSIC DAY | October 25

    October 25 celebrates National Merri Music Day to honor an innovative sound system and a music concept that began post World War II in Jamaica.

    #NationalMerriMusicDay

    On National Merri Music Day, we are celebrating the Merritone Sound System as the oldest sound system on the planet. Merritone is the only sound system founded in the original sound system era of the 1940s and 1950s that is still in operation. As the last sound standing, Merritone Music encourages music lovers around the globe to learn about the historical movement that has influenced musical genres in Jamaica and the world.

    What is a Sound System? 

    A sound system of the late 1940s and 50s is a public address apparatus with turntables attached to it for sound reinforcement and the amplification of music. Today, sound systems are still a big part of the Jamaica musical scene with many famous selectors, aka DJs.

    The original sound systems were born out of a need to bring music and entertainment to Jamaica’s working class. Before the sound systems, musical entertainment in Jamaica came from live bands. The cost associated with these events limited attendees to upper class Jamaicans and tourists. Thus, with the introduction of the sound system, contemporary music was brought to the masses. Sound systems played at house parties, lawns, and dancehalls.

    How old is Merritone Music? Originating over 55 years ago, Merritone Music turns 72 years old in 2022. Merritone sound system hails from Morant Bay, which is the capital of the parish of St. Thomas in southeastern Jamaica. Merritone’s founder, Val Blake loved Latin music and dances, such as cha cha cha, waltz, and slow love songs, which gave this sound system its distinctly identifiable music formula.

    Iconic Influence

    Merritone Music is credited for directly influencing the rise of ska, reggae, rock steady, and the present-day dancehall music culture. In fact, unlike live music where a single or a few genres of music are played, Merritone offers a variety of Jamaican mento, calypso, American R&B, and country during a session or party.

    Many musicians and producers sought out Merritone Music to play their records, such as Bob Marley and producers Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry, Winston ‘Niney’ Holness, and Bunny ‘Striker’ Lee, to name a few. Often, they would play songs not found on the radio. In fact, they were famous for making B-side records instant hits. This was one of the main reasons local artists flocked to Merritone Music performances. If they could  get their song played at a Merritone session, it was going to be a hit. Their influence made local artists highly successful.

    MERRI SOUNDING MUSIC

    • Learn the complete history of the Merritone Sound System.
    • Attend Merritone Sound System sessions.
    • Research Jamaican culture and history.
    • Make plans to attend a future Merritone Reunion.
    • Share and post your Merritone Music stories using #NationalMerriMusicDay.

    HISTORICAL SOUND

    National Day Calendar gives credit to Monique Blake of Merritone Music Inc. as the founder of National Merri Music Day. The day honors her grandfather Val Blake’s birthday, October 25th. Val died in 1956, leaving behind four sons, Trevor, Winston, Tyrone, and Monte. His 2 oldest sons, Trevor, and Winston took charge of the sound system after his death.

    Trevor would eventually migrate to the U.S leaving Winston and his 2 younger brothers to continue Merritone. The Blake brothers stood out as the only sound that would feature a family of DJs. While all brothers played, Winston and Monte are the two most recognized selectors. Winston was instrumental in making the Merritone sound a Jamaican national treasure and a global phenomenon.

    National Merritone Music Memories

    Winston Blake was born on November 19, 1940, to Ruthlyn and Winston St. Valentine “Val” Blake. Ruthlyn died shortly after the birth of Monte, the youngest Merritone brother. Val was left to care for his 4 sons. As a Public Works accountant and a part time Philips Electronics salesman, he searched for additional ways to support his family.

    Trevor and Winston attended school in Kingston. One day after school, while waiting at a bus stop, they heard music pumping from Mr. Chin’s Sky Rocket Sound System. They came home and urged their father to start a sound system as a means to generate extra income. In the beginning, Val resisted because sound systems were not considered socially acceptable for the middle class. Eventually, he gave in and Merritone Music was born. The sound system went on to break down the stigma of sound systems and brought music to both working and middle class people, national and international politicians, Jamaican prime ministers, world renowned musicians, and music lovers from around the world.

    Facts and Tidbits

    Merritone Music is the last ‘sound’ standing. It is the only sound system that began in the original sound system era of the 1940s and 1950s that continues to play today. In addition, it is the only sound system to play on all modern musical formats, including shellac 78 RPM, vinyl records, 8 track, cassette, CDs, and digital music.

    As many firsts in sound system, music, and Jamaican history, Merritone Music stands out as a historic presence. Always using music to unite the people of the world, Merritone has been breaking down social barriers since its creation. In the 1960s the Merritone brothers played at the University of West Indies, exposing students from middle-class families to a sound system. In the 1970s, Merritone became the first sound system to play at a world class hotel, the Sheraton in New Kingston.

    Winston sought to showcase Jamaican talent and started the Merritone VIP Talent Exposure. This show discovered some of Jamaica’s most prominent singers including the following:

    • Cynthia ‘Songbird’ Schloss
    • Beresford Hammond
    • The Tamlins
    • Jacob Miller
    • Ruddy Thomas
    • The Mighty Diamonds.

    Merritone Music began playing in New York in the late 60s, but it was not until the 70s that international tours became a mainstay. They played in US cities like Miami, Ft. Lauderdale, New York, as well as Toronto and London where Merritone fans moved to during the Great Migration. It was the first Jamaican based sound system to play internationally.

    In 1972, Winston opened the Turntable Club. It became the home of Merritone Music for the next 29 years. It was the site of the first live recording session at a night club in Jamaica featuring Dennis Brown. Entertainers like Marvin Gaye, Keith Richards, Johnny Nash, Bob Marley, and Jimmy Cliff frequented the club.

    Turntable Club is Jamaica’s longest running nightclub. In fact, in honor of its contribution to Jamaica’s musical culture, Turntable Club was designated a National Heritage site in 2018 by the Government of Jamaica.

    Awards & Commendations

    1997: The Government of Jamaica awarded Winston Blake with the Order of Distinction (OD), the highest civilian recognition, in honor of his contributions to Jamaican music.

    2000: St Thomas Municipal Council renamed Bay Mount (the original Merritone Music home site) to Blake Hill in recognition of Merritone Music’s 50th anniversary.

    2000: Reggae Canada honored Winston Blake with the Icons Award.

    2008: The United States House of Representatives 11th Congressional district honored Winston Blake for his contribution to Brooklyn, NY and its citizens.

    2008: University of West Indies, Mona School of Business held a Symposium on Merritone Sound System as one of Jamaica’s longest running family-owned businesses.

    2012: Nassau County New York honored Winston Blake for his dedicated service to the community.

    2015: International Reggae Day honors Merritone Music with a Pioneer Sound Award

    2017: JARIA (Jamaica Reggae Industry Association) posthumously honors Winston Blake for exceptional contribution to the reggae industry.

  • NATIONAL GREEN CITY DAY | October 1

     

    NATIONAL GREEN CITY DAY | October 1

    On October 1 we celebrate National Green City Day to highlight the progress and innovations cities are making to become more sustainable.

    #NationalGreenCityDay

    There are so many exciting innovations that cities across the country are implementing to become eco-friendly. This National Day gives everyone the chance to highlight milestones addressing the issue of climate change. The day also encourages people to share various eco-friendly ideas and solutions to meet the need of sustainable urban planning.

    What is a green city? Also known as a sustainable city, a green city is a city that is addressing social, environmental, and economic impacts through building eco-friendly alternatives by removing harmful chemicals and waste from communities. While ways to help the planet is essential to sustainability, reducing costs and creating a vibrant culture for citizens are equally important. Through planned infrastructure, green cities can leave behind a net zero footprint for a more sustainable world and create vibrant, healthier spaces for everyone.

    Why are green cities important? According to a recent UN report, around 2.5 billion more people will be living in cities by 2050, highlighting the need for sustainable urban planning and public services. Green cities:

    • Lower emissions.
    • Conserve energy.
    • Reduce waste.
    • Ensure rich biodiversity.
    • Increase housing density and improve public health.
    • Encourage the development of sustainable local businesses.

    Becoming A Green City

    Cities across the world are implementing changes to become more eco-friendly for future generations. As population increases, so does the emission of pollution. By supporting efforts and everyone doing their part, cities are learning to live more sustainably and preserve their natural resources. The future is urban and sustainability is the way forward.

    Urban Green Spaces

    Maintaining parks, wetlands, open green spaces, hiking trails, community, and rooftop gardens are all ways to bring nature into the city. Fortunately, cities have dedicated green spaces that bridge the gap between urban and natural environments. Urban green spaces can boost mental/physical health while reducing the effects of heat, pollution, and traffic noise. These spaces also support greater urban biodiversity by providing safe refuge and food for local wildlife.

    Transportation

    Improving transportation options in a city promotes green city living. Cities can repair or create new bike paths to encourage biking to destinations rather than driving. Public transportation companies can support green living by investing in clean technology for trains and buses. In addition, public transportation can reevaluate their routes to meet the needs of pollution laws and still serve commuters effectively.

    Solar Energy

    Increasing use of solar panels to produce energy will reduce the number of emissions from fossil fuels. They can also help alleviate the damage of smog, acid rain, and contaminated water sources. In addition, renewable energy projects increase city resilience by reducing dependence on the grid in times of natural disasters. In fact, many cities are offering bulk purchasing options, lowering the cost for everyone involved.

    Waste Management

    For a city to be successful at becoming a green city, urban dwellers must participate in the process and rethink buying habits. Several cities have already banned the use of plastic straws, plastic bags, and plastic foam products (Styrofoam). You can help by reducing your household plastic consumption and reusing as much as possible. When recycling, remember to place your items in the appropriate bins. The most successful green cities have reliable drop-off locations that are not only convenient, but easy to access. Green cities have location drop offs for:

    • Paper
    • Plastic
    • Cans
    • Electronics
    • Food waste

    GO GREEN

    • Bike to work to save money, time, and the environment.
    • Green your rooftop or balcony by adding plants.
    • Create outdoor spaces to promote physical activity.
    • Shop at a farmers’ market or start a community garden in your neighborhood.
    • Support preservation of natural habitats and landscapes.
    • Make a plan to go plastic-free.
    • Carpool to reduce vehicle emissions.
    • Enjoy an outdoor picnic and collect natural items that can be used for a fun art project.
    • Organize your own event at a local park and celebrate all the ways your city is going green.
    • Recycle and reuse.
    • Volunteer to clean up your local park or waterways
    • Start a movement to build a green city block.
    • Share and tag #NationalGreenCityDay on ways you are contributing to a more sustainable world.

    More Eco-Friendly Ideas

    BEHIND THE ECO-FRIENDLY DAY

    In 2022, Mio Reggio LLC founder Monica Tierney and National Day Calendar collaborated to create National Green City Day. The day promotes the progress cities are making to become more sustainable and eco-friendly.

    Mio Reggio LLC is a company that provides educational materials and blocks for children ages 3 and up. Their mission is to connect children to sustainability and creativity through open-ended play. Mio Reggio products support sensory development, spatial awareness, and a connection to nature.

    According to Mio Reggio LLC, children today rarely explore outdoors and are missing out on an appreciation for nature. Children who spend time outside develop better:

    • Cognitive skills
    • Physical strength
    • Emotional skills
    • Mental health
    • Creative ideas and critical thinking
    • Self-regulation
    • Verbal development

    Mio Reggio believes in children’s role as global citizens and their ability to give shape to the green city movement. We are all citizens of a city.

    The city, which is both theirs and ours, is a place always in the process of becoming. We should not resist the new, attempting to preserve a world that we know is destined to disappear….what we can do, and in a certain way, must do, together with the children, is to give shape to this evolution. ~Carla Rinaldi

    Good Housekeeping awarded Mio Reggio LLC the 2021 Good Housekeeping Sustainable Innovation Award for their Green City Blocks product. They have currently listed them as one of the 25 green companies to know.

  • NATIONAL REAL SUGAR DAY | October 14

    NATIONAL REAL SUGAR DAY | October 14

    October 14 is National Real Sugar Day and we celebrate the people who harvest sugar crops and learn about it’s origins. We also learn how to balance a healthy diet, while enjoying enjoy food made with real sugar.

    #NationalRealSugarDay

    Today, we dedicate the entire day to celebrating the gold standard of sweetness on National Real Sugar Day. In a March 2021 survey, 1,500 U.S. consumers were asked to name any ingredients that makes food or beverages more enjoyable to eat or drink. Of course, sugar came in as the number one ingredient. Not only does real sugar provide our food with amazing flavor, aroma, color, and texture, it is also available to anyone who wants to make their life a little sweeter.

    The real sugar we stock in our pantries and use in many of our favorite recipes is grown by sugar beet and sugar cane farmers across the United States. Sugar is a simple carbohydrate that provides energy when you need it. In fact, glucose is the building block of most carbohydrates and is a key fuel source for the body. In addition, real sugar is essential for the brain, muscles, and other organs to property function.

    Real Sweetness

    What is real sugar? Real sugar comes from sugar beets and sugar cane plants through photosynthesis. After harvest, sugar plants are taken to facilities to extract and package the sugar for use in our kitchens. In addition, sugar plants also contain molasses, which is found naturally in the sugar plants. When molasses is washed away from the real sugar, the result is brown sugar. Interestingly, when you leave the molasses on the sugar plants, the result is also brown sugar.

     “A healthy dietary pattern limits added sugars to less than 10 percent of calories per day.” ~Dietary Guidelines for Americans

    How much sugar can you consume? A healthy lifestyle is about maintaining a balanced diet, which includes proper physical activity and avoiding anything in excess. A healthy balance means being able to enjoy real sugar in nutritious foods, and occasionally sweets and treats.

    A SWEET CELEBRATION

    • Bake or cook something with real sugar and share with your family and friends.
    • Visit a sugar beet or sugar cane harvest to learn how sugar cane is processed. 
    • Share your favorite sweet recipe.
    • Host a baking day with your friends to make all of your favorite sweet treats.
    • Teach your class about where real sugar comes from.
    • Identify the closest state to you where sugar is grown.
    • Share your real sugar creations on social media by posting photos and tagging #NationalRealSugarDay.

    MEET THE FOUNDER

    In 2022, National Day Calendar welcomed the Sugar Association, Inc. to the National Day Calendar Founder Family. National Real Sugar Day was born to be celebrated each year on October 14. 

    The Sugar Association consists of 14 member companies across 17 states that proudly grow, extract, and deliver the real sugar to the American public.

    The Sweet History of Sugar

    Sugar has been around for thousands of years and is one of the oldest commodities in the world. In fact, early documentation about domestication of sugar cane dates back to 8000 BC in Papua New Guinea. According to records, the indigenous people would chew on it raw. From there, it spread across the globe. 

    Sugar was crystallized in India for the first time around 350 CE. During this time, sugar was used to treat indigestion and stomach ailments by both Roman and Greek civilizations. Between 640-900 CE, the Chinese began developing cultivation techniques to grow and harvest sugar. However, the export of sugar would not reach Europe until around 1101 CE.

    A Growing Industry

    As the sugar industry grew, so did the invention of sugar cane presses to extract sugar more easily. In 1550, over 3,000 sugar mills were open in the Caribbean and South America. By 1751, sugar cane would enter Louisiana, making it the final sugar colony in the U.S. However, the discovery of beet sugar by German chemist Andreas Marggraf in 1747 would not reach the U.S. for another 100 years.

    In 1890, the first commercial sugar beet factories would open in the U.S. Interestingly, the mechanization of sugar cane cultivation began when 16 whole stalk harvesters were successfully used to harvest cane in Louisiana in 1938. Around 1946, machines would cut over 63% of the sugar crop in Louisiana.

    Today, real sugar grows from coast to coast and border to border of the United States. In fact, sugar cane is grown in three states: Florida, Louisiana, and Texas. In addition, 11 states grow beats: California, Colorado, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming. While it was once so valuable that people kept it locked in a sugar safe, advancements in extracting sugar from plants have made this versatile ingredient available to everyone. 

    Follow Sugar Association, Inc. on all of their social media platforms.

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  • NATIONAL SMARTIES DAY | October 2

    NATIONAL SMARTIES® DAY | October 2

    National Smarties Day on October 2 celebrates the sweet legacy of an iconic candy and the smarty pants people who never stop learning.

    #NationalSmartiesDay

    Smarties have been around since 1949. That’s over 70 years of celebrating this sweet candy wafer roll. In honor of National Smarties Day, we invite everyone to take a walk down memory lane and enjoy this nostalgic candy. If you’ve never tried Smarties, this is your chance to become a new member of the smarty pants club.

    What are Smarties? Smarties are rolls of a small pastel colored candy tablets that are sweet and a little bit sour. Unlike most candy, Smarties have only 6 ingredients, too. There are six different flavors in a Smarties package. Flavors are randomly mixed together for each individual Smarties roll.

    Smarties Original Flavor Lineup

    • White = Orange cream
    • Yellow = Pineapple
    • Pink = Cherry
    • Green = Strawberry
    • Purple = Grape
    • Orange = Orange

    A Smart Choice

    When it comes to candy, Smarties are considered a smart choice. For starters, Smarties are free from the nine major food allergies: milk, egg, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat, soy and sesame.

    If you are at a loss for classic gluten‑free candy, Smarties products are your delicious solution. The sweet treat is also gluten-free. Interestingly, the ingredients found in Smarties candy contains no animal products, making them a tasty and cruelty-free choice for anyone looking for delicious vegan candy. Did we mention they are only 25 calories in each roll of Smarties? 

    SMARTIE PANTS CELEBRATIONS

    There are an endless number of ways to celebrate today. If your candy cravings are keeping you from thinking straight, here’s a list of ideas to get you started:

    • Incorporate some Smarties in your favorite sweet treat. Use as a topping on ice cream, jello, or cake. You can even bake them in cookies, brownies or mix into homemade jam!
    • Create a DIY “Smartie Pants” Halloween costume.
    • Craft a thank you note for teachers and tape a Smarties roll to it.
    • Use Smarties as a teaching tool to learn to count, identify colors, match items, and build shapes to help with motor skills.
    • Make up your best Smarties pun or go with the classic, “Thanks for making me a Smartie!”
    • Eat a roll of Smarties, of course. Or maybe two.
    • Pick up some Smarties Mega Lollies for a friend.
    • Tag and post your Smarties celebration using #NationalSmartiesDay.

    CLASSIC HISTORY

    In 2022, National Day Calendar welcomed the Smarties Candy Company to our list of Founders. Beginning October 2 and every year after, we will be celebrating National Smarties Day in sweet style. The October 2 date also pays a beautiful tribute to the birthday of company Founder and Smarties creator Edward Dee, who was born on this day.

    Edward Dee, Smarties Founder
    Edward Dee, Smarties Founder 1924-2019

    Iconic Legacy

    Edward Dee (1924-2019) came to the U.S. from England with his family in 1949. As a third-generation candy maker, Dee arrived with a candy idea that would build his legacy. Beginning in a factory in Bloomfield, N.J., Dee began Ce De Candy Inc. in a rental property with two machines–a wrapping machine and a candy pellet-making machine. Dee would move his company to Elizabeth, N.J. in 1959 and finally to Union, N.J. in 1967, where the business remains today.

    Smarties Co-Presidents
    Co-Presidents Sarah Dee, Jessica Dee Sawyer and Liz Dee

    In 2011, the company decided to change their name from Ce De Candy Inc. to Smarties Candy Company. The Dee family has always been sole owners of the company, keeping their family tradition alive. In the 1970s, Dee’s sons Jonathan and Michael joined the business. The company is now led by the founder’s granddaughters, Co-Presidents Sarah Dee, Jessica Dee Sawyer and Liz Dee, making it a woman run company for the first time in its history.

    There have been many updates over the years including improving manufacturing facilities, adding solar power to their NJ candy factory which offsets half of their energy usage, and releasing new candy products including Mega Smarties – the largest Smarties roll available!

    A Sweet Future

    Education was an important aspect in Dee’s life long before he would immigrate to the U.S. He was a Cambridge University graduate and he knew the value of education. Because of this, he decided to name his candy Smarties as a way to encourage others to never stop learning. In 2013 the company began the “Smarties Think” initiative to continue his vision. Since then, Smarties has given more than $250,000 to classrooms in need.

    The early days of Edward Dee going door-to-door to make candy sales clearly paid off. Today, the Smarties brand continues to be a leader in the candy industry producing billions of Smarties rolls per year. With factories in New Jersey and Ontario, the Dee family continues the tradition of providing an iconic candy for smarty pants people everywhere.

  • WORLD COLLEGE RADIO DAY – First Friday in October

    WORLD COLLEGE RADIO DAY | FIRST FRIDAY IN OCTOBER

    College radio stations worldwide play an important role in students’ education while also providing a diverse schedule of local news, music, sports, and interviews. On the first Friday in October, World College Radio Day celebrates the impact these stations have on their students and audiences. The day also invites new listeners to tune in to experience college radio for the first time and aims to raise greater international awareness of the many college radio stations operating worldwide.

    #WorldCollegeRadioDay

    What can you expect from college radio? Because donations and grants, not commercial funding, support the stations, college radio has the creative flexibility other stations do not. Those involved in its programming also believe passionately in its mission. Another unparalleled quality of college radio is the music it plays. College radio is the only free, live medium brave enough to play unsigned, local, and independent artists frequently. Indeed, many famous and successful bands today owe their initial break to being played on college radio. College radio is an important part of the media landscape because of its unique and fearless programming. College radio also provides:

    • Live local sports
    • A variety of music
    • Commentary
    • Public Affairs
    • Talk Shows
    • Game Shows

    For students seeking a career in media or broadcasting, college radio offers an opportunity to develop experience in many facets of radio. As a result, they sharpen their skills and build their confidence while providing a service to their peers and the greater community.

    World College Radio Day also offers the opportunity for individual college stations to fundraise and gain support for their programming. The day includes all formats, AM, FM, or online radio. It also invites listeners to tune into both high school and college radio. So tune in on World College Radio Day and listen to something innovative and new!

    HOW TO OBSERVE WPRLD COLLEGE RADIO DAY

    Join the worldwide celebration of College Radio! Whether your college radio station joins the event with interviews, special broadcasts, music, and stories, or you tune in to a college radio station, share the day!

    • Share the call letters of your favorite college radio station.
    • Tune in on AM, FM, or online.
    • Be a part of an interview or submit a story suggestion.
    • Create a fundraiser for your station.
    • Take your station to the street for live interviews.
    • Tell the station why you love them.
    • Support your local college radio station by playing it at your place of business.

    Share your events using #WorldCollegeRadioDay on social media.

    WORLD COLLEGE RADIO DAY HISTORY

    College Radio Day logos

    The idea for College Radio Day began with Dr. Rob Quicke (General Manager, WPSC FM, William Paterson University, NYC market) in 2010. He worked with Peter Kreten (General Manager WXAV FM, Saint Xavier University, Chicago market) to further develop the idea, and in December 2010, Dr. Quicke founded College Radio Day.

    The first College Radio Day took place in 2011. By the second year, the event exploded across 29 countries, with 585 college radio stations participating. The celebration continues to grow year after year. It has also been recognized by President Barack Obama and publications like The New York Times, USA Today, Washington Post, and many more.

    World College Radio Day grew out of College Radio Day in the USA, as more countries around the world got involved. In 2021, the College Radio Foundation submitted World College Radio Day to National Day Calendar.

    The Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed World College Radio Day in 2022 to be observed annually on the first Friday in October.

    DATES:
    7 October 2022
    6 October 2023
    4 October 2024
    3 October 2025
    2 October 2026
    1 October 2027
    6 October 2028
    5 October 2029
    4 October 2030
    3 October 2031
    1 October 2032

     

  • REFORMATION DAY – October 31

    REFORMATION DAY

    On October 31st, Reformation Day celebrates one of the most monumental events in Christianity. It was on this date in 1517 that the Protestant Reformation began.

    Up until 1517, the beliefs of the Catholic Church dominated Christianity throughout the world. That is until an Augustinian monk named Martin Luther began studying the Bible for himself. He was then brave enough to nail his “95 Theses” to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. Part of Luther’s theses condemned the Roman Catholic Church for many of its unbiblical practices. One such practice involved asking for payment in order to forgive sins. These payments were called indulgences.

    Central Beliefs

    Luther’s 95 Theses also contained two central beliefs:

    1. The Bible is the central religious authority.
    2. Humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their works.

    The Roman Catholic Church warned Luther to keep quiet about his opinions and beliefs. When he didn’t, he was excommunicated from the Church. Luther was later branded an outlaw and heretic. The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Germany even gave permission to have Luther killed. While on the run, Luther spent the next 10 years working on a German translation of the Bible.

    It wasn’t until 12 years after Luther posted his 95 Theses that the term “Protestant” was first used. The term came to describe anyone who opposed the Catholic Church. Eventually, anyone who believed the Church should be reformed were called Protestants. This included those living outside of Germany. Luther died in 1546, but his revolutionary beliefs lived on to form the foundation for the Protestant Reformation.

    Today, Protestants make up several different denominations. These include Presbyterian, Episcopal, Lutheran, Baptist, Methodist, and Wesleyan. Of the 2.5 billion Christians throughout the world, up to 1 billion of them are Protestant. The countries with the most Protestants include South Africa, Brazil, China, Nigeria, and the United States.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #ReformationDay

    Protestant churches throughout the world hold special services on this day. Some people watch movies or learn about other important men that influenced the Protestant Reformation. Along with Martin Luther, these men include John Wycliffe, William Tyndale, and John Hus. Instead of celebrating Halloween, some churches and families have Reformation Day parties. To participate:

    • Attend a worship service at a Protestant Church.
    • Learn more about how the Protestant Reformation forever changed Christianity throughout the world.
    • Watch the documentary, Martin Luther: The Idea That Changed the World.
    • Share this day on social media with #ReformationDay.

    REFORMATION DAY HISTORY

    Protestants have been celebrating Reformation Day for hundreds of years. It always falls on October 31st, which is when Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses onto the door of a Catholic Church in 1517.

     

  • WORLD AUDIO DRAMA DAY – October 30

    WORLD AUDIO DRAMA DAY

    On October 30th, World Audio Drama Day celebrates telling stories through sound. The day also recognizes how audio drama has evolved through the years.

    People around the world often look to television, movies, or other forms of visual arts for entertainment. Many people, however, enjoy being entertained through audio. This form of entertainment is called audio drama. The most important feature of audio drama is spoken dialogue. Music and sound effects are often added to enhance one’s listening experience.

    Throughout the late 1920s and early 1930s, the radio became a popular medium for audio drama. One of the most famous audio drama productions was a broadcast called “The War of the Worlds.” During this broadcast, Orson Welles performed a radio adaptation of an H.G. Wells science fiction novel called “The War of the Worlds.” The fictional story tells about an alien invasion in New Jersey. Some listeners tuned in late and missed the introduction. They thought the event was really happening, thereby causing mass hysteria across the nation.

    Besides the radio, audiobooks became another form of audio drama. Audiobooks became especially popular with the invention of cassette tapes and portable cassette tape players. During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the digital age came about. This caused audiobooks to become a billion-dollar industry. In recent years, podcasts over the internet have become another popular way of listening to audio drama.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldAudioDramaDay

    On this day, many radio stations broadcast the most infamous radio drama of all time, “The War of the Worlds.” Audiobook publishers provide special discounts on their products. It’s also a day for audio drama podcasters to introduce a new series.

    The best way for you to observe this day is to listen to audio drama. If you’re busy, that’s ok, as you can listen to an audio drama while you clean, drive, or do other tasks. You can even find audio drama for your children to listen to. If you’ve never listened to an audio drama podcast, today is the perfect day to start.

    Be sure to share your favorite radio broadcast, audiobook, or podcast on social media with #WorldAudioDramaDay.

    WORLD AUDIO DRAMA DAY HISTORY

    Sibby Wieland, an audio drama enthusiast from Texas, came up with the idea for a World Audio Drama Day in 2012. The first event occurred on October 13, 2013. This date was the 75th anniversary of the “The War of the Worlds” radio broadcast, which take place in 1938.

     

  • CLASSROOM – Raptor

    CLASSROOM – Raptor

    This time of year, a raptor or two likely decorates your classroom or school. In many schools, a raptor can be found somewhere in the school, too. Raptor Month focuses on birds of prey and one of them is the bald eagle. Other types of raptors include vultures, owls, kestrels, hawks and several others. This week in the classroom we offer several ways to learn more about these magnificent birds. We also take a small sidestep and get a little creative with National Cat Day.

    HOW TO OBSERVE in the CLASSROOM – Raptors

    Download and print this week’s projects and let students express who they are. You can also follow the suggestions below to help your students explore the days in their own way. It might surprise you what they discover! We’re often surprised by our own discoveries!

    Celebrate Every Day in the Classroom by:

    1. Asking a question about the day or observance and finding the answer.
    2. Exploring the subject further. Whether you read a book, interview an expert, watch a documentary, or run an experiment, there is always more to learn about the observance.
    3. Writing about the day or observance. You can write about what you learned or what the day means to you.
    4. Telling someone about the day. You might be sharing information that is helpful to someone. Or, you might brighten someone’s day.
    5. Solving a problem. Many observances discuss issues around the world that need fixing. How would you fix it?
    6. Being creative. Draw, paint, build, design, bake, create your idea of what the observance means.

    Of course, as always, sharing on social media isn’t required; learning is. But if you do, please use #NDCClassroom to share on social media.

    THIS WEEK’S PROJECTS

    There are over 1,500 national days. Don’t miss a single one. Celebrate Every Day® with National Day Calendar®!