Category: November 04

  • NATIONAL PLAY OUTSIDE DAY – First Saturday of Every Month


    If it’s the first Saturday of the month, it’s National Play Outside Day. So, no matter what month it is, everyone put down their electronic devices and get outside!


    All year long, we are given numerous opportunities to get outside and play. But sometimes, life, responsibilities, and distractions keep us from spending time in the fresh air as we should. National Play Outside Day is a reminder to stretch our legs and expend some energy in the great outdoors.

    Benefits of Outdoor Play

    Why is playing outside so good for us? Besides getting us off the sofa or away from the desk, it also gives us an opportunity to explore our neighborhoods. While it’s impossible to list all the benefits of outdoor play, we do have a few to share.

    • Playing outdoors is a freeing activity. It frees us from routines, enclosed spaces, and frames of mind.
    • The outdoors fills us with energy. Whether it’s the fresh air, sunshine, or physical activity, we perk up and become motivated to accomplish things.
    • It clears the cobwebs from our brains. We sometimes get stuck on a topic, project, or issue and are unable to resolve it. A change of scene often brings clarity we didn’t have before.
    • Outdoor play provides terrific physical activity for our bodies. Our hearts pump fresh oxygen to our limbs and brains.
    • We experience new sights and sounds. Children get to experience the world around them.
    • As a social activity, playing outside encourages positive interactions.
    • When you play outside every month, it becomes habit-forming – and this is one good habit to have!
    • It stimulates the imagination. Outdoor play almost has no boundaries. Your yard can be a kingdom or the playground can be a mountain to scale.

    We’ve only scratched the surface of the benefits of outdoor play. There are so many more! So, be sure to get outside with the family on the first Saturday of every month – or even more often than that!


    We know the seasons change, so what we were able to do outside last month will be different this month. However, that shouldn’t stop you from celebrating the day. This is your monthly reminder that it’s time to get outside and play. We have suggestions for every season that we’re sure you’ll enjoy!

    • Explore hiking trails near you.
    • Visit the local swimming pool or even take swimming lessons.
    • Check out every park in your neighborhood and climb, slide or swing on every playground set.
    • Start a game of catch, kickball, tag, or Frisbee or make up a game.
    • Go to the beach.
    • Run through the sprinkler.
    • Go camping.
    • Go fishing.
    • Fly a kite.
    • Jump in a pile of leaves.
    • Build a fort – of leaves or snow or whatever is handy.
    • Walk around the block.
    • Go for a bike ride.
    • Build a snowperson.
    • Go sledding.
    • Identify the constellations at night and look for meteors.
    • Visit your favorite state or national park.
    • Check out these 9 Fun Winter Outdoor Activities.

    What’s your favorite way to play outside? Introduce some of the games you used to play to your children. Whatever you do, be sure to get outside and play! Use #PlayOutsideDay to share on social media.


    In 2011, Aaron Wiggans and Rhonda D. Abeyta founded National Play Outside Day as a reminder to explore and play in the world outside. The day encourages healthful habits that will last a lifetime.



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  • NATIONAL BISON DAY – First Saturday in November



    National Bison Day, on the first Saturday in November, honors one of the most majestic beasts to roam the land.


    The official National Mammal of the United States, the iconic North American Bison, has played a cultural, economic and environmental role in the history of the country. Central to the livelihood of Native Americans, they are also a healthy food source and vital to religious ceremonies.

    When is National Day of the Horse?

    The bison is the largest land mammal in North America, with males weighing up to 2,000 pounds and standing up to 6 feet tall. While cows may be smaller at 1,000 pounds and up to 5 feet tall, they’re still mighty powerful. However, Bison only live up to 20 years.

    The dark brown to black, thick shaggy coat of the full-grown bison keeps them warm during long, cold winters on the plains. When they’re born, the calves sport a reddish coat.

    While giant herds once covered the plains, hunters nearly decimated them by the 1800s. Now, bison populate all 50 states living in national parks, refuges and on tribal and private lands.


    Read about the bison. Visit an American museum featuring the history of the bison. Drive through a National Park to see living bison in their natural habitats. Learn the history of their population and their role in American culture. Share your experiences and celebrate their lasting legacy.

    Compare your beard (real or faux) to a bison’s! Take a picture and post on social media using #BeardsforBison or #NationalBisonDay to share on social media.


    Since 2012, a movement launched officially recognizing the American bison as the national mammal of the United States. Organizers included making National Bison Day the first Saturday of November. The United States Senate signed resolutions yearly supporting the passage of such a proclamation. On May 9, 2016, President Barack Obama signed the law making the American bison the national mammal of the United States.

    Bison FAQ

    Q. What is a cross between a bison and domestic cattle?
    A. A beefalo is the hybrid offspring of bison and domestic cow.

    Q. Do both the male and female bison have horns?
    A. Yes, both the male and female of the bison species grow horns.

    Q. What are the female and male bison called?
    A. Just like domestic cattle, the female of the bison species is called a cow and the male bison is called a bull.

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  • NATIONAL CANDY DAY – November 4


    On November 4th, we celebrate the sweet holiday, National Candy Day. Candies have a long history of attracting us with their bright colors and delightful flavors. They also come in a variety of fun sizes and shapes.


    Candy History

    In the late 13th century, Middle English first began using the word candy. Borrowed from the Old French cucre candi, it is derived in turn from Persian Qand and Qandi, cane sugar.

    People use the term candy as a broad category. We treat candy bars, chocolates, licorice, sour candies, salty candies, tart candies, hard candies, taffies, gumdrops, marshmallows and much more as candy.

    However, sugar was not always readily available. So instead, people made the first candies from honey. Candymakers coated nuts, fruits and flowers with honey. This method preserved the flowers and nuts or created forms of candy. Today, we still create these confections, but we typically use them as a garnish.

    Originally a form of medicine, candy calmed the digestive system or cooled a sore throat. At that time, combined with spices and sugar, candy only appeared in the purses and the dishes of the wealthy.

    By the 18th century, the first candy likely came to America from Britain and France. At the time, people made the simplest form of candy from crystallized sugar – rock candy. However, even the most basic form of sugar was considered a luxury and only attainable by the wealthy.

    Since 1979, the world has produced more sugar than can be sold, making it very attainable and cheap. 

    Candy Inventions

    With the advent of the industrial revolution, many advances improved the availability of sugar. By the 1830s, markets opened, and the candy business underwent a drastic change. Not only did the price of candy drop, but penny candies targeted children.

    • 1847 – Oliver R. Chase invents and patents the first candy press in America. The Boston inventor’s creation made making different lozenge shapes possible
    • 1851 – Confectioners begin using a revolving steam pan to assist in boiling sugar.
    • 1897 – William Morrison and John C. Wharton from Nashville invent the first cotton candy machine. At the time, the fluffy puffs of spun sugar were called Fairy Floss. 
    Unforgettable Candies 
    • M & M’s – Forrest Mars, Sr., and William Murrie developed these milk chocolate drops with the colorful candy coating following the Spanish Civil War. They stamped the new candy with the initials of their surnames. In 1941, they debuted the candies, and soon after, American soldiers serving in the Second World War received them as part of their rations. 
    • Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups – Hershey’s company first manufactured these round chocolate disks filled with sweet, creamy peanut butter filling in 1928.
    • Christmas Candies – These hard candies come in the shape of ribbons or lozenges (thank you Oliver R. Chase!) and add a sweet, colorful memory to the holiday season. 
    • Necco Wafers – Despite being chalky and not too sweet, this candy still tops many people’s lists.
    • PEZ – Not only does this tiny candy hit the sweet spot, but it also comes with a dispenser that often represents other iconic and inspirational characters.
    • Lifesavers – Another hard candy, this sweet circular lozenge with a hole in it finds its way into mom’s purse and the stocking hung on the mantel.


    Four days after Halloween, you should be able to celebrate this day. Either you have leftover candy or can sneak some of your kid’s stash to celebrate. You can also scan the sales of Halloween candy at your local stores. Or, invite some friends to enjoy their favorite candies with you! While you’re celebrating, be sure to use #NationalCandyDay to post on social media. 


    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this sweet-tasting holiday.

    Candy FAQ

    Q. What are candy buttons?
    A. Candy buttons are small dots of colored sugar on a strip of waxed paper. Originally made by the New England Confectionery Company (Necco), which opened in 1871, the candy is now made by Doscheser Candies (1893).

    Q. What is the oldest candy company in the United States?
    A. The answer to this question is found in Salem, Massachusetts. The Ye Old Pepper Companie started in 1806 when Mary Spencer arrived in Salem after a shipwreck. She began peddling a rock candy called “Salem Gibralter” (incidentally the first candy sold commercially in the U.S.) from a church. Her son sold the company in 1830 to John William Pepper. Then in the early 20th century, George Burkinshaw purchased The Ye Old Pepper Companie (then called the George W. Pepper Companie) and renamed it. It’s been operated by the same family since.

    Q. What does M&M stand for?
    A. The initials in the candy-coated chocolate stand for Mars and Murrie – Forrest Mars Sr. with the Mars candy company and William Murrie, president of the Hershey company.

    Q. Why did the government ration chocolate during World War II?
    A. The government rationed many items required for use by the military including meat, leather, rubber, gasoline and chocolate. Chocolate served as an emergency food source in the troops’ rations. Alternatively, it also provided a morale boost while serving so far from home.


    November 4th Celebrated History


    Upon being elected, Nellie T. Ross became the first woman governor in the United States.


    After a review of the coordination efforts regarding communications intelligence in the U.S. government, the National Security Agency is established.


    Dr. Jane Goodall observes chimpanzees creating tools for the first time. Before her observance, it was thought only humans created tools.


    Due to rising gas prices, the Netherlands establishes the first Car-Free Sunday.


    Barack Obama becomes the 44th United States President and the first biracial and first African American president.

    November 4th Celebrated Birthdays

    Will Rogers – 1879

    The vaudeville and film actor was known for his performances in numerous westerns and comedies. He also authored six books and wrote a newspaper column called “Daily Telegrams” that often commented humorously on current events.

    Harry Ferguson – 1884

    With a love for aviation and motors, Ferguson built a modern tractor with a three-point linkage system. His design was so successful that by the end of his career, he merged with Massey Harris.

    Ruth Handler – 1916

    During World War II, Ruth and her husband Elliot and Harold Matson founded Mattel. In 1956, Ruth developed the doll known as Barbie, named after her daughter.

    Walter Cronkite – 1916

    Considered “the most trusted man in American,” the television journalist anchored the CBS Evening News for almost 20 years.

    Mary Sherman Morgan – 1921

    Before there could be a rocket man, there was a rocket woman. In 1957, Morgan was the leading and first woman rocket fuel scientist. NASA turned to her to develop a fuel powerful enough to propel Explorer-I, America’s first satellite, into obit.

    Laura Bush – 1946 

    The former teacher and librarian served as the First Lady from 2001-2009. During her time in the White House, the First Lady implemented several programs in support of literacy.

    Ralph Macchio – 1961

    Best known for his role as Daniel LaRusso in The Karate Kid films, he also starred in The Outsiders and My Cousin Vinny. On television, he appeared in hit shows such as Ugly Betty and a revival of the Karate Kid in Cobra Kai.

    Sean Combs – 1969

    The award-winning rapper also goes by the names Puff Daddy, P Diddy, Puffy and Diddy. His rise to fame began in 1997 when his first single and debut album reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100. The artist has also developed successful acting and producing careers.




    National Chicken Lady Day on November 4th annually honors Dr. Marthenia “Tina” Dupree.  


    For 12 years, Dr. Dupree worked for the second-largest chicken restaurant in the world as the Director of Community Relations and Training. She was widely known due to her work in the community. During this time and through her work with the community and the people she helped,  Dr. Dupree became known as “The Chicken Lady.”

    Dr. Dupree led numerous efforts to improve education in her community. She provided training and certification that led to business opportunities to many in her area. She not only led by example, but she enhanced the lives of those around her. 


    Is there someone in your community who elevates the people around them? If so, celebrate them like others celebrate the Chicken Lady. While you’re at it, enjoy some chicken with them. Serve them a bucket. Or volunteer in their organizations. See what you can learn and improve your community, too. Use #ChickenLadyDay to post on social media.


    For more than two decades, Dr. Dupree helped to teach, train and certify hundreds of professional speakers, authors, and trainers. In 2001, National Chicken Lady Day was created as a way of saying “thank you” to Dr. Dupree.  She is thanked not only by those she directly affected over the years but by those who continue to feel her positive impact years later as a result of her experience, knowledge and the relationships she built.