Category: November 16

  • WORLD PANCREATIC CANCER DAY – Third Thursday in November


    On the third Thursday in November each year, the world turns purple in support of improved treatment, screenings, and research for World Pancreatic Cancer Day. The observance takes place during Pancreatic Awareness Cancer Month and serves as a reminder to take action and help spread the word about the dangers of pancreatic cancer.

    The unfortunate truth is, pancreatic cancer has the lowest survival rate of all different types of cancer. Only 3-5% of those diagnosed survive for up to five years. Survival rates for most other kinds of cancer have gone up over the last 40 years but not pancreatic cancer. That’s why it’s so important to play your part. Use your voice and share the facts. Encourage donations for improved treatment and finding a cure. Get involved with organizations that support pancreatic cancer research.

    Pancreatic cancer affects both men and women and is the seventh most common cancer death around the world. Learning your risk factors is one of the first steps toward early diagnosis. The next step is knowing the symptoms of pancreatic cancer.


    The symptoms of pancreatic cancer are often vague and difficult to explain. Some of the symptoms include:

    • Abdominal or back pain
    • Unexplained weight loss
    • Jaundice
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea
    • Pancreatitis
    • Stool changes
    • Recent onset diabetes

    Since early diagnosis is so important with this kind of cancer, it’s important that we take advantage of World Pancreatic Cancer Day, so that eventually, it becomes more talked about all year round. Let’s do something about it!

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldPancreaticCancerDay

    PancOne_Logo_BlackPancONE President and CEO Michelle Capobianco will join National Day Calendar Founder Marlo Anderson during a live event on November 18th at 1 PM CST. Tune in on Facebook or on our other social media platforms as they discuss pancreatic cancer, its impact, and what PancONE is doing to make a difference. They will also be giving away prizes to the first 100 people who donate during the live broadcast!

    Survivors raise their voices on World Pancreatic Cancer Day. Join them and show your support. Here’s how:

    • Wearing purple.
    • Join an awareness event such as a walk.
    • Donate.
    • Learn your risk factors.

    Wear purple during #WorldPancreaticCancerDay and all month long, too!  Reach out to someone you know that currently has pancreatic cancer, survived pancreatic cancer, or had a family member or friend pass away from the disease. Remember, Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month is in November, too. So it’s the perfect time to proudly sport your purple and post on social media all day to raise awareness. Every little bit helps!


    The World Pancreatic Coalition, comprised of more than 60 organizations, founded World Pancreatic Cancer Day in 2015 as a way to spur awareness and funding to develop effective treatments and a cure for pancreatic cancer.

    The Registrar at National Day Calendar named PancONE as their official 2021 World Pancreatic Cancer Day charity. PancONE is dedicated to fighting the world’s toughest cancer through research, awareness, community activation, and advocacy.

    About PancONE:

    PancONE aims to disrupt the traditional approach to discovery in pancreatic cancer by bringing together multiple sectors, innovations and novel methods to drive real change. We’ve waited long enough for the kind of progress people deserve. PancONE is committed to working with all partners who believe as we do that we can change the outcome for the world’s toughest cancer.

    PancONE Media Contact:

    Amanda Jodoin
    Phone: 844-274-3640

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    International Check Your Wipers Day, on November 16, reminds drivers to regularly check their windshield wipers to ensure optimum visibility in the event of inclement weather on the road.

    According to the FHWA, about 21% of all accidents in the United States are weather-related. As travelers plan for road trips, it’s important to remind them to proactively check their wipers. Visibility is an important factor in driving in poor weather conditions like rain, snow and ice. A survey by MICHELIN® Wiper Blades found that 92% of drivers agree that poor wiper blades can affect their driving ability. However, 90% of drivers do not plan the time to check their wipers properly and 55%+ don’t know how to check their wiper blades properly. 

    OBSERVING #CheckYourWipersDay 

    On International Check Your Wipers Day, ensure your family’s driving ability and safety by checking the windshield wipers on all your cars. Great reminders on when to check your wipers include: 

    • During an oil change. 
    • When you fill gas. 
    • After a car wash. 
    • Before a road trip. 
    • At the start of winter and spring seasons. 
    • Add checking your wipers to your maintenance checklist. When you celebrate, be sure to use #CheckYourWipersDay on social media.

    Standard recommendations suggest we change our wiper blades every 6 to 12 months. However, the frequency varies depending on the location of residence and how often the vehicle is driven. This requires people to regularly inspect their wipers to ensure that they are not past the lifespan, which leads to compromised visibility. 

    MICHELIN Signs of Wear Image


    The Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed National Check Your Wipers Day in September of 2021. As of 2022, due to seasonality, MICHELIN® officially requested May 16th become National Check Your Wipers Day (Día Nacional de Revisar Tus Limpiaparabrisas) for countries in Latin America. Additionally, MICHELIN® changed the November 16 observance to International Check Your Wipers Day to be celebrated in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Asia. Both the May 16 and November 16 observances are a reminder to educate drivers about checking their wiper blades.

    Regular car maintenance includes routinely checking the condition of the wiper blades for optimal performance. It also helps you avoid getting caught in inclement weather. 




    Every year on November 16th, the International Day for Tolerance generates awareness of the dangers of intolerance. Since the inception of this day, it’s been the UN’s goal to strengthen tolerance by fostering mutual understanding among cultures and peoples.

    Just because people don’t agree with one another doesn’t mean they can’t peacefully coexist. It’s called tolerance. Tolerance is the best way for diverse people and mixed communities to survive. In a world where violent extremism and disregard for human life is becoming the norm, tolerance is more important than ever. Tolerance recognizes the universal human rights and fundamental freedom of others.

    UNESCO views tolerance as respect, acceptance, and appreciation of the rich diversity of our world’s cultures. It includes our forms of expression and ways of being human. Intolerance is just the opposite. Injustice, marginalization, and discrimination are all forms of intolerance. Much must be done to counter intolerance.

    Some ways to counter intolerance include:

    • Enforce human rights and punish all instances of hate crimes and discrimination
    • Educate children about tolerance, human rights, and other cultures and ways of life
    • Develop policies that allow access to information and freedom of the press
    • Use nonviolent action to discredit hateful propaganda and end discrimination

    Each individual has the power to end intolerance. They can do this by not allowing bigotry, insults, and racial jokes. To identify intolerance in one’s own life, individuals should ask themselves specific questions. “How tolerant am I of other people, cultures, and societies?” “Do I stereotype people or reject those who are different than me?”

    HOW TO OBSERVE #InternationalDayForTolerance

    Human rights activists, educators, and many international organizations use this day to discuss and educate others about the importance of tolerance. Some people write essays or tell stories of how their life has been affected by intolerance. The UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence is awarded to institutions, organizations, and persons who have made great contributions toward tolerance and non-violence. The award is given every two years on the International Day for Tolerance.

    To participate:

    • Identify scenarios you were intolerant. Ask yourself how you would respond differently today.
    • Talk to your friends and family about why intolerance is so dangerous
    • Think of ways you can improve tolerance in your community, state, and country
    • Watch movies with different viewpoints on understanding. These include Taxi Driver, Far From Heaven, and American History X
    • Read classic books about intolerance including To Kill a Mockingbird and 1984

    Share this day on social media with #InternationalDayForTolerance


    In 1995, the UN observed the United Nations Year for Tolerance. That same year, UNESCO’s Member States adopted a Declaration of Tolerance on November 16, 1995. The date marked the organization’s fiftieth anniversary. On November 16th, 1996, the UN General Assembly invited the UN Member States to observe the first-ever International Day of Tolerance.



  • NATIONAL RURAL HEALTH DAY – Third Thursday in November


    National Rural Health Day focuses on the medical resources rural communities offer and how it impacts small towns and their citizens. The third Thursday in November each year highlights the varied opportunities rural health offers and the benefits it brings to these modest hubs of economic vitality in the heartland.

    Around the nation, over 60 million Americans live and work in rural communities. In these thriving centers of industry, health clinics and hospitals provide much-needed care to a varied population.

    Healthcare improves not only the life of the citizens but the livelihood, too. Increased economic opportunities are just one of the many reasons for maintaining healthcare close to small towns. Emergent care and urgent care increase the timely treatment of critical ailments and injuries. When nursing care is available, grandparents remain near their familiar settings. Primary care provides a remedy for chronic and routine conditions. Other facilities that may be available in some small communities include dental, chiropractic and vision care.

    Altogether, these facilities keep a community running smoothly and healthily. It’s something to celebrate!

    HOW TO OBSERVE #RuralHealthDay

    Get involved. Celebrate National Rural Health Day by letting a local healthcare professional know you appreciate their care. Learn more ways to celebrate at the National Organization of State Offices of Rural.  Share your ideas and learn more by visiting the website. Use #PowerOfRural and #RuralHealthDay to share on social media.


    The National Organization of State Offices of Rural set aside the third Thursday of November to observe National Rural Health Day annually.

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  • NATIONAL INDIANA DAY – November 16


    On November 16th, National Indiana Day revs up its engines for the state that’s the home of the Indy 500 and Hoosier hospitality, too.

    Indiana was the 19th state to enter the Union. James Monroe had just defeated Rufus King in the 1816 presidential race to become the 5th President of the United States. The second state to enter the Union from the Northwest Territory, Indiana grew rapidly.

    As the “Crossroads of American, we can thank the many interstates and railroads transversing the state for getting us across the country. Indiana’s highways and byways do not keep the state from a rural feel in a growing urban world. With an abundance of rivers, streams and farmland, Lake Michigan to the North, words don’t fail Hoosiers.  Her authors, poets and songwriters have a continuous source of inspiration.

    They are also inspired by a sport that started with a peach basket long ago. Basketball fills hearts of Hoosiers, as the movie with the same name would tell you. As far as the citizens of the fine state go, it’s a mystery how they earn their name.

    From miners, farmers, inventors, entertainers, industrialists, and many more, Indiana grows more than corn. There’s plenty to see as the heartland helps keep the country moving right along.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalIndianaDay

    Join National Day Calendar as we recognize Indiana’s pioneering and progressive history. Explore border to border and unearth the most peaceful heartland and entertaining nightlife! Use #NationalIndianaDay to share on social media.

    For a complete list of Indiana State and National Parks & Historic Sites visit and  Check out a few of the featured sites around the state below. 

    Chain O’ Lakes State Park – Albion

    Fort Harrison State Park – Indianapolis

    Indiana Dunes State Park – Chesterton

    McCormick’s Creek State Park – Spencer

    Mounds State Park – Anderson

    Shakamak State Park – Jasonville

    Tippecanoe River State Park – Winamac

    Turkey Run State Park – Marshall

    George Rogers Clark Historic Site – Vincennes


    Conner Prairie – Fishers

    The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis – Indianapolis

    Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum – Auburn

    Evansville Museum of Arts, History and Science – Evansville

    Indianapolis Motor Speedway Museum – Indianapolis

    Museum of Miniature House – Carmel

    Grissom Air Museum – Peru

    James Whitcomb Riley Museum – Indianapolis

    Angel Mounds – Evansville

    Knightridge Space Observatory – Bloomington

    Historic West Baden Springs Hotel – West Baden Springs

    New Harmony Labyrinth – New Harmony

    Gennett Walk of Fame – Richmond
    Born in Northern Indiana, Little Turtle led his tribe of the Miami on a series of successful military campaigns against raiding settlers in the Northwest Territory. From 1774 to 1795 he fought against Revolutionary Patriots or United States military forces until The Treat of Greenville ended Little Turtle’s War in 1795.

    The chief and religious leader of the Potawatomi tribe on a reservation near Plymouth, Indiana, Menominee refused to willingly give up lands in 1838 as part of the 1836 Treaty of Yellow River. Indiana Troops forcefully removed the village to land in Kansas during which 42 members of the tribe died. The removal of the Potawatomi Tribe became known as the Trail of Death.

    Known as the Country Contributor for the Rockville Tribune and the Indianapolis News, Juliet Strass shared her thoughts on daily life and reflected on current events in her column Ideas of a plan Country Woman.

    After being discovered by the editors of the Ladies Home Journal, in 1905 her column received a national audience on a regular basis.
    From a young age, Wilbur Wright and his brother, Orville, developed a fascination with flight. Inspired by a rubber band propelled helicopter created by inventor, Alphonse Penaud, the brothers would dedicate their lives to invention. They first found success manufacturing bicycles including the Van Cleve and St. Clair.

    They never lost interest in flight and continued to develop designs. By 1902, the future aviators were making progress with their gliders and nearing a successful mechanical flight. They sold their bicycle business and on December 17, 1903, achieved their goal.
    James Whitcomb Riley

    The Hoosier Poet, James Whitcomb Riley wrote a wide variety of poetry and short stories about Midwestern life.  He often toured the country reciting his poems to sold-out audiences.

    The Days Gone By
    By James Whitcomb Riley

    O the days gone by! O the days gone by!
    The apples in the orchard, and the pathway through the rye;
    The chirrup of the robin, and the whistle of the quail
    As he piped across the meadows sweet as any nightingale;
    When the bloom was on the clover, and the blue was in the sky,
    And my happy heart brimmed over in the days gone by.

    In the Days gone by, when my naked feet were tripped
    By the honey-suckles tangles where the water-lilies dipped,
    And the ripples of the river lipped the moss along the brink
    Where the placid-eyed and lazy-footed cattle came to drink,
    And the tilting snipe stood fearless of the truant’s wayward cry
    And the splashing of the swimmer, in the days gone by.

    O the days gone by! O the days gone by!
    The music of the laughing lip, the luster of the eye;
    The childish faith in fairies, and Aladdin’s magic ring-
    The simple, soul-reposing, glad belief in everything,-
    When life was like a story, holding neither sob nor sigh,
    In the golden olden glory of the days gone by.

    Source: American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century (The Library of America, 1993)
    Composer and songwriter, Cole Porter is known for his catchy Broadway and Hollywood show tunes such as “I’ve Got You Under My Skin”, “I Get a Kick Out of You” and “Anything Goes.”
    Pulitzer Prize-winning war journalist, Ernie Pyle brought the events World War II to those waiting back home in the United States. He covered conflicts on every front of the war from Normandy to the Pacific. As a war correspondent, Pyle traveled to the midst of war and as a result, was killed by enemy fire on April 18, 1945, on the island of le Shima.
    Gil Hodges’ professional baseball career was interrupted by the bombing of Pearl Harbor. At the time he had signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers. For the duration of the war, he served in the U.S. Navy. Afterward, he returned to the home of the Dodgers to take up first base and go on to be a major hitter for the team.

    Emmy and Tony award-winning choreographer, Twyla Tharp has collaborated with companies around the world and was named a Kennedy Center Honoree in 2008. In 1985, Tharp directed the Broadway stage production of Singin’ In the Rain earning two Tony Awards.

    As the creator of the famous lasagna-loving cat, Jim Davis has been drawing Garfield 1978 and is syndicated in over 2500 publications.

    Originally formed in 1964, the group was formed as a trio with Jackie, Tito and Jermaine as the Jackson Family. When Marlon and Michael later joined, the Jackson Five was founded. Randy Jackson also has been a member. The entire family has had various levels of success, most famously Michael, who died in 2009.

    From “Pink Houses” to “Rain on the Scarecrow,” John Mellencamp has been writing and performing American anthems with the voice of everyman since 1977.
    The small forward for the Boston Celtics, Larry Bird wowed fans for 13 seasons. A dominant player on the court and personable off the court, Bird built attendance at Boston Gardens for a generation of basketball lovers.

  • MADD TIE ONE ON FOR SAFETY HOLIDAY CAMPAIGN – November 16 through December 31


    MADD Tie One On For Safety Holiday Campaign - November


    The MADD Tie One On For Safety Holiday Campaign kicks off the festive season by reminding us that drinking and driving don’t mix.  From November 16 to December 31, their MADD Tie One On For Safety Holiday Campaign urges you to designate a sober driver and to hand over your keys. It’s more important to get home late and alive, than to risk driving drunk or even buzzed.

    Keep your holiday celebrations enjoyable by preventing tragedy. When you designate, you are more likely to get home safely to the ones you love. Every year, hundreds of families receive a knock at the door informing them a loved one was taken from them due to a senseless decision made under the influence of alcohol. The decision is 100 percent preventable.

    Make it a habit when celebrating.

    • Give your sober driver a red ribbon.
    • Hostesses provide non-alcoholic drinks for sober drivers, so your guests get home safely.
    • Offer the spare bedroom or sofa in a pinch.
    • Take turns being the sober driver.
    • Keep a reliable taxi or driver service on your phone.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #TieOneOnForSafety

    Designate a sober driver and don’t drink and drive. Support awareness by donating to MADD. Use #MADDTieOneOnForSafety to share on social media.


    MAAD founded their Tie One On For Safety Holiday Campaign in 1983 to raise awareness and help prevent drunk driving deaths. The number of traffic-related deaths caused by drunk drivers increases during the holiday season.

    There are over 1,500 national days. Don’t miss a single one. Celebrate Every Day® with National Day Calendar®!




    Annually observed on the Wednesday during American Education Week, National Education Support Professionals Day honors the contributions of school support employees. These support professionals provide invaluable services and are essential partners in a child’s education.

    The day honors a long list of professionals who keep schools running smoothly. They include all secretaries, classroom aides, cafeteria workers, maintenance workers, bus drivers, and the others who support educators, school leadership, and the students, too. These professionals do their part in making public schools exceptional for every child so they can be safe, learn, grow and achieve.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #EducationSupportProfessionalsDay

    Who in your school provides a service that needs recognition? They may be education support professionals. Give them a shout-out and show them you appreciate all they do for your school and the students.

    • Organize an event recognizing their achievements.
    • Attend your school’s day to honor the support professionals in your facility.
    • Fill the bulletin boards with their photos and special thank yous.
    • Create opportunities for students to get to know those professionals who work behind the scenes.
    • Include thank yous in the school newsletter. 

    Use #EducationalSupportProfessionalsDay to post on social media.


    The National Educational Association Representative Assembly called for a day to be set aside to salute the schools’ support employees. In 1987, the assembly created National Education Support Professionals Day. 


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  • NATIONAL BUTTON DAY – November 16


    National Button Day on November 16th celebrates the function of buttons and the hobby of button collection. Step aside zippers, laces, and snaps. Honor the button.

    Founded in 1938, the National Button Society recognized button collecting as an organized hobby. Both novice and advanced button collectors celebrate the enjoyment of collecting on this day.

    Do you remember your grandmother or your mother snipping the buttons off shirts headed for the rag basket? Those buttons are often collected in jars or tins. Maybe you even played games or strung them for ornaments and crafts. The buttons were fun to stack into piles, sort by color or size, or scatter and slide across the floor or table making up different games each time.

    Crafters across the country utilize buttons in creative ways, too. They are some of the best at finding new uses for old items. There are thousands of button collectors in the United States. 

    Humans have made buttons from a variety of materials. Ancient humans formed buttons from natural and readily available substances such as stone, shell, bone, clay, or wood. In more modern times, metals, plastics, resins, and acrylics have been used. While buttons were usually functional to fasten two pieces of cloth together, they also served as decoration.  

    While buttons today can be simple disks with two or four holes allowing a needle and thread to pass through, button makers create more elaborate designs. If you can imagine it, there’s probably a button like it. From animals and food to iconic buildings and famous people, button makers make them. They’re colorful and fun. While the fun ones may be less practical, they still function. 

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalButtonDay

    Do you have a fun button collection? Share it on social media. You can also:

    • Start a button collection.
    • Wear a button necklace.
    • Design a craft using buttons.
    • Make an ornament using buttons.
    • Play a game with buttons.

    Use #NationalButtonDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this collector holiday. 

    Button FAQ

    Q. How big is the largest button collection?
    A. In 2001, Guinness World Records certified Dalton Stevens’ collection in South Carolina as the world’s largest button collection in the world. His collection of 439,900 buttons contains no duplicates. He was also known as The Button King. His collection is housed in a museum in Bishopville, South Carolina.  Another button collection can be found at the Waterbury Button Museum in Waterbury, CT.

    Q. Do vintage buttons have any value?
    A. Surprisingly, some antique buttons demand a hefty price tag before being shuffled off to the rag bin. Rare and significantly aged (more than 100 years) buttons have a market. If your grandmother left you her button jar, look for buttons made from just about anything but plastic to get started. Correction, we should say modern plastic. Early plastics like celluloid or Bakelite are both highly collectible. Other materials to look for include:

    • Bone, stone, or wood
    • Glass or metal
    • Mother of pearl, shell, tortoiseshell

    Q. What games can I play with buttons?
    A. Buttons allow us to play simple games. Try these:

    • Tic Tac Toe
    • Checkers
    • Matching games
    • Replace lost pieces for board games


  • NATIONAL FAST FOOD DAY – November 16


    On November 16th, food lovers get a dose of their favorite convenience food. Whether they use the drive-thru, dine-in, or get it to go, National Fast Food Day calls for us to grilled, fried, and broiled menu staples. 

    First popularized in the United States in the 1950s, fast food is considered any meal with low preparation time and served to a customer in a packaged form. The meal makes for quick dine-in, take-out or take-away. Most fast-food restaurants offer drive-thru service.

    Merriam-Webster dictionary first recognized the term “fast food” in 1951.

    Following World War I, automobiles became popular and more affordable. At that time, restaurants introduced the drive-in.

    Much like today’s food trucks, Walter Anderson first began selling hamburgers out of an old streetcar body at a Wichita intersection. Despite the limited menu, the hamburgers were a crowd-pleaser. When the popularity of his hamburgers grew, Anderson partnered with E.W. Ingram and opened the first White Castle in 1921 in Wichita, Kansas. These enterprising restauranteurs opened the first fast-food business, selling hamburgers for 5¢ each.

    The United States hosts the largest fast food industry in the world.  American fast-food restaurants are located in over 100 countries.

    Fun fact: The first Happy Meal was served in June of 1979.

    While fast food began as sandwiches and sides, the menus expanded over time. Today fast food includes fish, a variety of fried chicken, tacos, pizza, and a wide selection of sides. Sodas quench the thirst and desserts sweeten the menu. From ice cream and shakes to pies and cakes, fast food delivers.

    As times changed, restaurants added breakfast items to the menu, too. Expanding their hours increased their workforce and their menu options, as well. However, not all fast-food chains offer breakfast.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalFastFoodDay

    Invite a group out to your favorite fast-food restaurant. Share some rings and a shake. Do you prefer breakfast or lunch? No matter which one you prefer you can get it to go to make it faster, too! 

    Give a shoutout to your favorite fast-food restaurant using #NationalFastFoodDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this speedilious food day.

    Fast Food FAQ

    Q. Which is faster, drive-thru or walking in?
    A. Much of it depends on the time of day. During busy lunch and dinner hours, the line of cars might stretch to the street and it is probably quicker to go in to order at a fast-food restaurant. However, during slower times, the drive-thru will beat the lobby almost every time. Additionally, most restaurants have their drive-thru systems down to a science, shaving off the time it takes to complete an order and increasing the number of customers served through the drive-thru.

    Q. What is the healthiest food to eat from a fast-food restaurant?
    A. That’s a tough question since fast food is unquestionably unhealthy. But when our choices are limited to fast food for whatever reason, here are a few tips:

    • Choose grilled over fried. Grilled will be healthier almost every time.
    • Order a salad.
    • Swap out the fries for a salad.
    • Skip the soda. Drink water.
    • Order a kid’s meal. The smaller portions (and sometimes healthier options) will be a winner over a full-sized meal.
    • Check out their soups. If there are any that are broth-based, order that.
    • If you must have those fries, share them with someone.


    November 16th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) History

    The New York Evening Post published its first issue. Established by Alexander Hamilton as a way to provide a Federalist viewpoint, the Post is now the oldest continuously running newspaper in the United States.


    Pitney Bowes introduces the first commercially available postage meter in the world, the Model M.


    The Soviet Union launches Venera 3 space probe with a mission to land on the planet Venus. On March 1, 1966, the space probe impacted Venus, but due to communication system failure, no data was returned.


    NASA launches Skylab’s third crewed mission from Cape Canaveral, Florida. A three-person crew completed the 84-day space flight, the longest on record until 1995.

    November 16th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Mary Peabody Mann – 1806

    She and her husband, Horace Mann, were proponents of free education for all. Together they studied educational methods and applied them in the schools they established. Even after her husband’s death, she continued the work and even published a book about Friedrich Froebel’s ideas about kindergarten.

    David Kalakaua – 1836

    In 1874, Kalakaua was elected king of Hawaii. However, his reign was marked by corruption and mismanagement. He died in 1891.

    William C. Handy – 1873

    The career of the self-proclaimed Father of the Blues spanned for more than 66 years. In that time, he encouraged other blues musicians and singers while continuing to write and perform.

    Mary Margaret McBride – 1899

    The radio commentator and journalist conducted over 1200 interviews during her career.

    Amy Applegren – 1926

    For nine years, the left-handed pitcher dominated the mound in the All American Girls Professional Baseball League.

    Lawrence Dawsey – 1967

    Dawsey played eight seasons as a wide receiver in the NFL. In 2009, he became the Co-offensive Coordinator for the Florida Seminoles.