Category: March 31


    Each year, on March 31st children and adults alike, pick up their favorite colors for National Crayon Day. Opening up a box of crayons opens up a world of imagination and hours of fun. 


    Wax and chalk-based crayons have been used by artists around the world for centuries. Edwin Binney created the brightly colored crayons we are familiar with today.  He was part owner of Binney & Smith, a company that produced products such as paint, pigments, and slate pencils for schools.

    In 1903, Binney & Smith created the Crayola Division and produced colored wax crayons for children for the first time. Then in 1904, they presented their An-Du-Septic chalk at the Colombian Exposition in St. Louis winning a gold medal. The chalk was designed to be dustless at many teachers’ requests and was an immediate success.


    • Get out your crayons and color away! We’ve provided three color pages for all age levels for you to download and print. We would love to see your final creations!
    • Post them to our Facebook, Instagram or Twitter pages, and we’ll definitely respond. 
    • Celebrate Every Day (Easy)
    • National Crayon Day (Medium)
    • Yin and Yang (Hard)
    • Gather your crayons and create some original art.
    • Show off your crayon collections!
    • Share your favorite colors.
    • Visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for more coloring projects.
    • Use #NationalCrayonDay to share on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues to research the founder of this colorful and fun holiday. In the meantime, we’ll keep finding more ways to #CelebrateEveryDay!

    Crayon FAQ

    Q. Are crayons only used for coloring?
    A. No. In fact, crayons (especially broken and short crayons) can be used in a variety of art projects. They are melted, glued, molded, and shredded for all sorts of artwork.

    Q. Where is the world’s largest crayon?
    A. According to Guinness World Records, Ashrita Furman of Jamaica, New York created the world’s largest crayon in October of 2017. The crayon measured 17 feet 1.1 inches (5.21 meters) long and was 1 foot 5.7 inches (.45 meters) in diameter. Furman created the crayon in honor of Sri Chinmoy’s 86th birthday. What color was the crayon? Blue!

  • NATIONAL PROM DAY – March 31


    On March 31st, National Prom Day honors friendship, cherished memories and celebrates the history, joy, and excitement this milestone event brings.


    The day celebrates this special time in every teen’s life. It is a time filled with fashion, friendship and fun. But at times safety, peer pressure, and insecurity go along with it. too. That is why building a community that encourages confidence, empowerment, individuality and inner beauty is so important. It is also why we celebrate young adults all around the world.

    In 2016, the celebration proudly supported Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD). The organization shares common values and is a long-standing champion in educating young people. While SADD’s core focus remains on traffic safety, it has expanded its mission to include substance abuse, suicide, depression, bullying, violence, body image and more.

    Another focus of the event is supporting youth in need. That’s why the observance also promotes the giving program Garden of Dreams.


    The day encourages all generations to share prom photos. Bring out photos from year’s past and share them on social media. Use the hashtag #NationalPromDay with the tag @promgirlxo and @promguytux. Let’s re-live history by sharing some of the most treasured memories in each of our lives and embrace this special occasion that continues to hold so much tradition. If prom photos are not available, we encourage sharing any image that celebrates confidence and tagging friends who have empowered with confidence.


    PromGirl founded National Prom Day in 2016 to celebrate generations of proms gone by, the fashion, fun, and friendship, and to look forward to the proms ahead of us.

    In the first year, the observance recognized the efforts of SADD with a donation for every sale on March 31st. During the following years, their efforts continued with the promotion of the giving program Garden of Dreams

    In 2016, the Registrar at National Day Calendar® proclaimed the day to be observed on March 31st, annually. 

    Prom FAQ

    Q. Where did the word “prom” come from?
    A. The word “prom” is short for “promenade.” A promenade is a short, formal walk to introduce guests at a party. Many of today’s proms include a grand march, or promenade, introducing each of the couples at the beginning of the dance.

    Q. Do other countries host proms for their students?
    A. Yes. The tradition of a prom has expanded to Canada and the United Kingdom.

    Q. What are some movies that feature prom?
    A. Oh, well, prom is a hot topic for popular teen movies. Check out this promenade of teen prom films:

    • Pretty in Pink
    • Romy and Michele’s High School Reunion
    • Carrie
    • Grease
    • Never Been Kissed
    • Footloose


    Take Down Tobacco National Day of Action is a national day of activism that empowers youth to stand out, speak up and seize control against Big Tobacco. A part of the Kick Butts campaign, the initiative not only empowers students to say no to tobacco and e-cigarettes but also gives them the tools to become a tobacco-free generation.


    However, they cannot do it alone. They require the support and conversations of their families, teachers, and communities at large. These conversations include policies that prevent tobacco products targeted at youth. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, tobacco use by youth increased by 1.5 million users in 2018. 

    Around the United States, teachers, youth leaders, and health advocates organize events raising awareness and providing education for a tobacco-free lifestyle. The Council on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse is participating in this national awareness day in local schools through creative activities aimed at continuing conversations about healthy lifestyles.


    How can you get involved?

    • Empower every generation to be tobacco-free, especially our youth. Build-up their leadership skills so they can be a tobacco-free and resistant generation.
    • Write to policymakers and make yourself heard.
    • Speak out and promote policies proven to reduce tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke.
    • Organize writing campaigns, walks or art contests that inspire students to speak to a tobacco-free tomorrow.
    • Invite youth to share their innovative solutions. It is their generation being impacted and their involvement matters.

    Stand against tobacco and use #TakeDownTobacco to post on social media.


    The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids organizes Take Down Tobacco Day of Action. Each year, the United Health Foundation sponsors the event. In 1995, it began as Kick Butts Day, and then in 2020, the campaign became Take Down Tobacco Day of Action. 

    Tobacco FAQ

    Q. Is there any safe tobacco?
    A. No. According to, every type of tobacco poses risks.

    Q. What is in tobacco that’s harmful?
    A. According to, tobacco contains at least 70 chemicals known to cause cancer. Every year, about 130,180 people die from lung cancer in the United States. However, tobacco use can also lead to several different kinds of cancer including:

    • Throat
    • Larynx
    • Mouth
    • Esophagus
    • Stomach
    • Pancreas
    • Colon
    • Rectum
    • Cervix


    National Clams on the Half Shell Day on March 31st offers clam lovers a day to celebrate one of the world’s most unique dishes. 


    The best variety of hardshell clams (also called Quahogs) for serving on the half-shell is the topneck, but you will find recipes using littlenecks and cherrystone as well. The topnecks run about two inches across, and the meaty clam is enough for a bite-sized morsel of Atlantic saltwater goodness.

    Clams on the half shell can be raw, steamed, grilled or even smoked.

    One popular “on the half shell” recipe originated in Rhode Island.  Often served as an appetizer, Clams Casino is a dish with toasted breadcrumbs and bacon.  Legend has it the recipe for Clam Casino dates back to 1917 and the Little Casino in Narragansett, Rhode Island.  According to Good Housekeeping Great American Classics, maître d’hôtel Julius Keller and Mrs. Paran Stevens developed clams casino for her guests, as she wanted to serve up something special and named it after the hotel.  The dish soon became so successful, word spread, and it began appearing on menus across the nation.


    National Clams on the Half Shell Day is easy to celebrate! Get steaming or grilling, depending on your preferences. Clam lovers dig in and show the rest of the crowd what they’ve been missing! Demonstrate the best way to enjoy them, the flavors and side dishes, too. Order up your favorite clam on the half shell meal. Then, give the restaurant a shout-out. 

    Use #ClamsOnTheHalfShellDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues to research the origins National Clams on the Half Shell Day. It seems all clammed up about it. Either way, we’ll keep digging for more information and keep you posted.

    Clams on the Half Shell FAQ

    Q. Are clams only served on the half shell?
    A. No. Clams are served in many dishes without the shell at all. For example, clam chowder is a delicious soup.

    Q. What other seafood is served on the half shell?
    A. Oysters are another seafood served on the half shell.

    Q. Can clams be frozen?
    A. Yes. In fact, they can be frozen either on or off the half shell.

    March 31st Celebrated History


    Charles Dickens publishes the first issue of the Pickwick Papers.


    Electric lights illuminate Wabash, Indiana. Electricians install four of Charles F. Brush’s 3,000 candlepower lamps atop the courthouse. Once lit they cast a brilliant glow across the city. Because of this, Wabash lays claim to being the first in the world to be entirely lit with electric light. However, historians find the use of the word “first” to lack authenticity or accuracy.


    Oklahoma! opens on Broadway. The Rogers and Hammerstein production would run for five years and although it won no awards (none existed at the time) the show was a critical and popular success.


    The first daylight saving time begins in the United States. This is where the madness started.

    March 31st Celebrated Birthdays

    Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen – 1811

    In 1855, the German chemist introduced the single flame open gas burner commonly used for heating, sterilizing, and combustion in laboratories.

    Octavio Paz – 1914 

    The Mexican poet and author of the essay The Labyrinth of Solitude gained worldwide acclaim for his literature. Throughout his lifetime, his literary prowess has been recognized, most notably with the 1977 National Prize for Arts and Literature in Linguistics and Literature, the 1981 Miguel de Cervantes Prize, the 1982 Neustadt International Prize for Literature, and the 1990 Nobel Prize.

    Gordie Howe – 1928

    The ambidextrous right wing played a phenomenal 26 seasons in the National Hockey League. In 1973, Howe signed a contract to play for the World Hockey League continuing his professional career another seven years. During his entire career, Howe’s performance logged records that in some cases remain unbroken. He is considered one of the NHL’s 100 Greatest NHL Players and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1972.

    Cesar Chavez – 1927

    A former migrant farmworker, Cesar Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association. The organization would later become the United Farm Workers of America and under Chavez’s guidance, it would gain higher wages and benefits for workers.

    Liz Claiborne – 1929

    The pioneering women’s fashion designer launched Liz Claiborne, Inc. on January 19, 1976, with Arthur Ortenberg, Leonard Boxer, and Jerome Chazen. Claiborne’s designs targeted the business woman’s need for easy-wear fashion appropriate for the office.

    Herb Alpert – 1935

    The award-winning trumpeter co-founded A&M records in the 1960s with Jerry Moss. He was also the leader of Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass. His foundation established The Herb Alpert Award in the Arts rewarding risk-taking artists in a variety of fields.

    Rhea Perlman – 1948

    Rhea Perlman is the four-time Emmy-winning actress from the sitcom Cheers. Her previous role was playing opposite Danny DeVito in Taxi.

    Angus Young – 1955

    In 1973, the energetic guitarist co-founded the Australian rock band AC/DC.

    Notable Mentions

    Mary Chestnut – 1823
    Lizzie Miles – 1895
    Shirley Jones – 1934
    Richard Chamberlain – 1934
    Christopher Walken – 1943
    Ewan McGregor – 1971
    Evan Williams – 1972



    National Bunsen Burner Day on March 31st each year honors the birthday of German chemist Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen.


    Named after Robert Bunsen, a Bunsen burner is standard laboratory equipment that produces a single open gas flame. Labs use the Bunsen burner for heating, sterilization, and combustion. The gas can be either natural gas (usually methane) or a liquefied petroleum gas, such as propane, butane, or a mixture.  

    The invention of the Bunsen burner opened up new opportunities for the use of natural gas. A standard tool in chemistry, the Bunson burner is found throughout schools and laboratories worldwide. Most students become familiar with using a Bunsen burner for at least one semester during their high school career. 


    • Share your experiences from science class or in the lab as a scientist using the Bunsen burner.
    • Give a shout-out to your favorite science teacher or lab partner.
    • You can also share your favorite experiments using the Bunsen burner.
    • Learn more about Robert Bunsen, his career, and life.
    • Review the main types of flame produced by the Bunsen burner and what their colors mean. What temperatures does the Bunsen burner reach, and how does this impact an experiment?
    • Use #NationalBunsenBurnerDay to post on social media.


    The day commemorates the birth of Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen and his invention of the Bunsen burner. Amazingly, depending on the source, his birthday is either March 30th or the 31st, 1811. We leave it up to you to decide. 

    Unfortunately, however, our research has failed to find the creator of National Bunsen Burner Day.

    Bunsen Burner FAQ

    Q. Are Bunsen burners still used in laboratories today?
    A. Yes. Laboratories worldwide continue to use Bunsen burners or burners similar to the Bunsen.

    Q. Are Bunsen burners safe?
    A. The Bunsen burner is safe when used correctly. However, any tool not used with the proper safety precautions can cause injury.


    If you like your spuds, National Tater Day on March 31st is for you! The day recognizes all kinds of potatoes which provide us with essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber.


    Potatoes are quite versatile, which might explain why so many people like them. They are the number one consumed vegetable in the United States. And when you consider how many ways we can eat the over 200 different kinds of potatoes in the United States, you shouldn’t be surprised.

    First off, we can bake them. Who doesn’t like a baked potato? Yeah, we see you in back. Put your hand down. The rest of us absolutely love the baked spud. Plus those baked potatoes? You can bake them twice with all sorts of delicious toppings. Twice! Secondly, we can boil them. And from the boiled potatoes we can make soups, salads, or make one of the world’s all-time favorite potato dishes – mashed potatoes. And did you know, mashed potatoes have numerous different recipes, too? You can’t have shepherd’s pie without mashed potatoes. Dice them and slice them and we can make scalloped, fried, or even hashbrowns. And then, there’s potato dumplings and pancakes. 

    Beyond all the ways we use potatoes, this day may have originally had a different meaning. At the beginning of April, parts of Kentucky celebrated the sweet potato (Tater Day). Sweet potatoes are one of the main cash crops in that area. Tater Day started way back in the early 1840s with the trading and selling of sweet potatoes. It is the oldest continuous trade day in the United States.

    Worldwide, there are more than four thousand potato varieties

    Since the time potatoes were shipped from Europe to the colonies in the early 17th century, their consumption has been a major part of the North American diet.


    • Have your potato, tater, or spud the way you like it.
    • Sprinkle them with herbs, cheese, or just a hint of salt.
    • Try a new recipe.
    • What’s really important is that you celebrate this humble vegetable.
    • Share your favorite potato recipe.
    • Use #NationalTaterDay to post on social media.


    The day may have originated in Kentucky where they have celebrated Tater Day for some time. However, our research was unable to find the creator of National Tater Day.

    Tater FAQ

    Q. Where is the world’s largest potato?
    A. Potatoes are a popular record goal for people around the world. Not only do they try to out-grow the competition, but people also try to out-bake, out-peel and out-serve potatoes. Check out these potato-related records:

    2011 – Peter Glazebrook of the UK grows the world’s heaviest potato weighing in at 10 pounds 14 ounces (4.98 kilograms).

    2012 – Have you ever tried to peel a potato in one long, continuous strip? If so, your new challenge is to achieve the longest potato peel. The current record is held by Alastair Galpin of New Zealand. His peel came in at 5 feet 2.28 inches (1.582 meters) long.

    2016 – Feuerwehr Dettingen cooked the world’s largest potato pancake. The Dettinggen, Germany pancake measured 7 feet 11 inches (2.42 meters) in diameter.

    2020 – Patrick Huyskens of Belgium grew the world’s tallest potato plan measuring 57 inches (145 centimeters) tall.