Category: March 25



    National Medal of Honor Day on March 25th recognizes all Medal of Honor recipients. The Medal of Honor is the highest military award for valor in the United States and was created in 1861. 


    On March 25, 1863, Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton presented the first Medals of Honor (Army) to six members of  “Andrews Raiders” for their volunteering and participation during an American Civil War raid in April of 1862.

    The Medal of Honor is awarded only to US military personnel by the President of the United States in the name of Congress for personal acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty.

    There are three versions of the Medal of Honor; one for the Army, one for the Navy, and one for the Air Force; Personnel of the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard receive the Navy version.

    Since its creation, 3,468 Medals of Honor have been awarded to the country’s soldiers, sailors, airmen, Marines, and coastguardsmen.


    • Some federal, state, local, and military organizations may hold events recognizing Medal of Honor recipients. These events may be public or private.
    • Volunteering for your local veteran organization
    • Donate to a veteran service organization
    • Adopt a Medal of Honor gravesite
    • Fly the U.S. flag at your home or business
    • Visit the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
    • Visit local memorial sites
    • Use #MedalOfHonorDay to post on social media.


    In 1990, the United States Congress designated March 25th of each year as National Medal of Honor Day.

    Medal of Honor FAQ

    Q. Have any women received the Medal of Honor?
    A. Yes. Following the American Civil War, President Andrew Johnson presented Dr. Mary Edwards Walker with the Medal of Honor for her volunteer work with the Union Army, often going behind enemy lines to care for civilians.

    Q. Has any U.S. president received the Medal of Honor?
    A. Yes, but only one. Theodore Roosevelt received the honor for his services during the Spanish American War. It was awarded to Roosevelt posthumously by President Bill Clinton in 2001.

    Q. Are the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Medal of Honor the same thing?
    A. Yes, but Medal of Honor is the correct term.

    March 25th Celebrated History


    The British Parliament passed the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act making the slave trade illegal in the British colonies. However, trade continued in the Caribbean until 1811.


    Three years after crews began, the Chicago Lake Tunnel is activated. The tunnel extends two miles into Lake Michigan to collect fresh water and connects to the Water Supply System of Chicago. It is the first water supply tunnel for a U.S. city, and the first of many water supply tunnels for Chicago.


    Hamlet wins Best Picture at the 21st Academy Awards. It’s the first British film to win an Oscar.


    Elvis Presley receives a regulation haircut from the U.S. Army.

    March 25th Celebrated Birthdays

    Gutzon Borglum – 1867

    While Gutzon Borglum may be most known for his massive sculpture, Mount Rushmore, the artist created many more impressive works in his lifetime. Included in his collected works is a bust of President Abraham Lincoln carved directly from marble which is on display in the Crypt of the U.S. Capitol Building. Another is called, “Wars of America” and is displayed in Military Park in Newark, New Jersey. Borlum’s sculpture represents the significant military conflicts the United States had been involved in up to World War I.

    Howard Cosell – 1918

    The Emmy-winning American sportscaster with the distinctive voice and personality was a pioneer in sports journalism during his 32 years with ABC Sports.

    Flannery O’Connor – 1925

    The American novelist is best known for her short story collections. Some of her short stories include “The Life You Save May Be Your Own” and “Good Country People” found in her short story collection A Good Man is Hard to Find.

    James Lovell – 1928

    NASA Astronaut, James Lovell, flew four missions to space including as the commander of the Apollo 13 mission successfully returning the damaged Lunar Module and all onboard safely back to Earth.

    Gloria Steinem – 1934

    Gloria Steinem began her path to activism through freelance writing. Known for expose on New York City’s Playboy Club and launching magazines focusing on significant women’s topics while garnering criticism along the way.

    Aretha Franklin – 1942

    With 18 Grammy Awards, the Queen of Soul earned more than R-E-S-P-E-C-T. Aretha Franklin started singing at a young age in the Baptist church of her father’s congregation. She would go on to be an R&B legend who continues to collaborate with artists across genres today.

    Elton John – 1947

    The award-winning singer-songwriter, musician, and composer has been creating hit songs since the 1970s. His music and his elaborate performances have left an indelible mark on music, fans, and pop culture.

    Sheryl Swoopes – 1971

    In 1997, Swoopes became the first player to sign with the Women’s National Basketball League (WNBA) in its inaugural season. As a guard and forward, Swoopes competed in 14 seasons in the WNBA for the Houston Comets, winning four WNBA championship titles. She also played for the Seattle Storm and the Tulsa Shock.

    Notable Mentions

    Stephen Luce – 1827
    Norman Borlaug – 1914
    Sarah Jessica Parker – 1965
    Debi Thomas – 1967
    Danica Patrick – 1982



    Celebrated around the world on March 25th, Tolkien Reading Day is a favorite among fans of the renowned author. 


    J.R.R. Tolkien (Jan. 3, 1892 – Sept. 2, 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor.  He was best known as the author of the classic works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarrillion as well as Roverandom and Farmer Giles of Ham. However, he has published more than 30 books, several posthumously. The author has sold more than 150 million copies of The Lord of the Rings trilogy and that number continues to grow. 

    The day encourages readers of all ages to explore the writings of J.R.R. Tolkien and learn more about the author. With over 30 published works, he had a lot to say and not just about hobbits, though many are on medieval order.

    Can you doodle like Tolkien? Check out the video below. He was an avid crossword puzzler, too.


    • While reading Tolkien’s amazing adventures, learn more about the master.
    • Take out your markers and pens. Draw up the creatures or doodle an amazing realm from your imagination. What will you create?
    • Create your own map of Middle Earth.
    • Download and print this Tolkien word search puzzle. Can you find all the Middle Earth words?
    • As you’re reading one of Tolkien’s books, make a list of all the new words you encounter.
    • Read some of Tolkien’s works and use #TolkienReadingDay to post on social media.


    The Tolkien Society created this observance in 2003 to encourage the readings of J.R.R. Tolkien. They chose the date of March 25th because it matches the fall of Sauron in Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings.

    Tolkien FAQ

    Q. What does J.R.R. stand for?
    A. Tolkien’s initials, J.R.R., stand for John Ronald Reuel.

    Q. Did Tolkien only write fiction?
    A. No. Tolkien also wrote a great many essays, contributed to the Oxford English Dictionary, and was especially adept at the analysis of language.

    Q. Did Tolkien invent languages?
    A. Yes. Tolkien spoke many different languages (as many as 17!) so he also had a deep understanding of how language evolves and develops. While the languages Tolkien created may not be as complete as modern languages, some of them are quite functional and many people even use them from time to time.



    National Lobster Newburg day on March 25th ushers in a celebration worthy of a sea captain. An American seafood dish, Lobster Newburg includes lobster, butter, cream, cognac, sherry, eggs, and cayenne pepper. 


    Delmonico’s of New York debut Lobster Newburg in 1876. A sea captain by the name of Ben Wenburg developed the elegant and rich dish. After he demonstrated the recipe to restaurant manager Charles Delmonico, Chef Charles Ranhofer made refinements and they added the creation to the restaurant’s menu as Lobster a la Wenburg. It wasn’t long before the dish grew in popularity.

    However, an argument between Wenburg and manager Charles Delmonico caused the dish to be removed from the menu. After many requests from patrons, Delmonico’s returned the dish with a new name. The entree came to be known as Lobster Newburg.

    When is National Lobster Day?

    When Delmonico’s first opened in 1830, Brothers Giovanni and Peter transformed a small café. They created New York’s first customary restaurant with cloth-covered tables and printed menus. Similar to the café’s transformation, Lobster Newburg came about right around the time lobster was transforming from a poor man’s food to a delicacy. You see, before the mid-1800s, people considered lobster to be fish bait or food for prisoners. Lobster hadn’t been elevated to the luxury item it is today. But right around the time Captian Wenburg invented the dish, tourism by train and ship was taking off. Pair that with improved canning options (including lobster), and people were experiencing the seafood for the first time. 

    As dishes like Lobster Newburg, lobster tails, lobster bisque, and others found their way onto restaurant menus, the nation’s love of the crustacean grew. 


    • Enjoy a dish of Lobster Newburg. 
    • Check out the history of Delmonico’s.
    • Learn more about the types of lobsters in the sea.
    • Explore the history of the lobster industry.
    • Who was Captian Wenburg?
    • Make Lobster Newburg. We even have a recipe for you to try.
    • Enjoy this Lobster Newburg recipe.
    • Use #LobsterNewburgDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this seafood holiday. However, we will keep fishing for the answer.

    Lobster FAQ

    Q. How many ways can you cook fresh lobster?
    A. You can cook lobster in as many ways as you cook other proteins. Lobster can be boiled, steamed, baked, broiled, and grilled. You can also use leftover lobster (is that a thing) to make soups, macaroni and cheese, and dips.

    Q. How big does lobster grow?
    A. According to the Guinness World Records, the largest lobster ever caught was in Nova Scotia, Canada, weighing 44.4 lbs. However, lobsters served in restaurants are regulated. Maine lobsters are served between 1 1/4 pounds to 4 pounds.

    Q. Is a langoustine a type of lobster?
    A. No, but they are in the same family as the lobster – Nephrodidae.