Category: March 20

  • WORLD FLOUR DAY – March 20


    On March 20th, World Flour Day recognizes the importance of flour in our daily diets and our health. In every part of the world, products made from flour provide daily sustenance for billions of people.


    Flour is the main ingredient in delicious foods like pasta, cakes, pastries, bread, and biscuits. For thousands of years, humans have consumed grains ground into flour. Ancient humans gathered the oat kernels growing wild around them. Using a stone tool much like a pestle, they crushed the kernels into a coarse flour.

    Today, we continue to enjoy many varieties of domesticated grains. In the Northern Hemisphere, many farms prepare to plant these grain crops around March 20th. The earth is warming and ready to grow. In the Southern Hemisphere, autumn has arrived. The grains have ripened, and harvest is beginning.

    The day honors the farmers and millers, shippers and truckers, processors and bakers who bring the white gold to our tables. It’s a day for gratitude, and one of hope as the seeds are sown, and harvests are reaped.


    • Invite a friend for a meal made with flour. A whole-grain sandwich or a sweet pastry sounds delicious.
    • Don an apron and bake up some cookies; deliver them to your favorite farmer or co-worker.
    • Try a new recipe while you’re at it.
    • Learn about varieties of flour and try baking with one you’ve never used.
    • Practice making a rue. One of the key ingredients is flour, and it makes some of the most amazing sauces and soups.
    • What’s your favorite flour product? Tell us using #WorldFlourDay and share on social media.


    The Flour World Museum founded World Flour Day on March 20th in 2019 to celebrate the global significance of flour in our daily lives.

    In 2019, the Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed World Flour Day to be observed on March 20th, Annually.

    About the Flour World Museum

    The Flour World Museum in Wittenburg near Hamburg, Germany, has set itself the goal of creating a monument to flour in all its globe-spanning significance. After all, some 750 million tonnes of wheat flour are harvested each year and turned into a wide variety of foods.

    Flour FAQ

    Q. What grains are used to make flour?
    A. Almost any grain can be used to make flour. Mills also make flour from seeds, nuts, and beans.

    Q. Can I use all-purpose flour for any recipe that calls for flour?
    A. All-purpose flour is the most versatile flour you can use. However, specialty flours fit a specific purpose. For example, cake flour offers more light, airy textures for cakes.



    On March 20th, the days and nights balance, and National Proposal Day offers an equal opportunity for a marriage proposal. For many, this is the day they’ve been waiting patiently to arrive without success. Others will pop the question suddenly.  


    Observed on both the Vernal and Autumnal Equinoxes, this day of proposal making is an opportunity to let the loved one in your life know you are open to a marriage proposal. Where subtle hints have not worked, a more direct approach may be required.


    • If you’ve identified your one true love and are seeking a marriage proposal, pop the question! 
    • Drop some hints if you prefer to be the one asked. Try these:
      • Show your love pictures of your friend’s new engagement ring.
      • Pick up the latest bridal magazine and leave it lying around.
      • Visit your favorite bakery, and while there, ask what their most popular wedding cake flavors are.
      • Ask your love whether they want a big wedding or prefer to elope.
      • Drive by churches on a Saturday afternoon until you see a bridal party leaving and ask your love for their thoughts on the attire. 
      • Go jewelry shopping. 
      • Get caught singing Chapel of Love by The Dixie Cups.
      • When someone asks when you’re getting married, look to your love to answer the question. 
    • Use #NationalProposalDay to post on social media.


    John Michael O’Loughlin created Proposal Day. For more information, visit

    Proposal FAQ

    Q. Who’s responsible for making a marriage proposal?
    A. These days, either party can pop the question. If you’ve found the love of your life, why wait. Ask!

    Q. What is the longest marriage on record?
    A. According to Guinness World Records, the trophy for longest marriage goes to Herbert and Zelmyra Fisher of Bern, North Carolina. They were married on May 13, 1924, and the marriage lasted 86 years, 290 days. Herbert passed away on February 27, 2011. He lived to 104 years old. Zelmyra died two years later living to 105 years old.

  • SPRING BEGINS – Changes Annually

    Spring begins on the March or vernal equinox, which is when the amount of sunshine is approximately 12 hours long. The amount of sunlight will incrementally increase until the first day of Summer.


    The vernal equinox marks the moment the sun crosses the celestial equator. This is the imaginary line in the sky above the Earth’s equator, from south to north. The vernal equinox happens on March 19, 20, or 21 every year in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere, this same event marks the beginning of fall.  Meteorologists mark the spring from March 1 through May 31st.

    In 2020, spring arrived a little earlier due to it being a leap year. On Leap Day, there’s a short math lesson regarding the Gregorian calendar. To keep our calendar following the seasons so that spring happens when flowers grow and winter arrives when snow falls, an additional day was figured into years divisible by the number four. This caused the 2020 spring to occur earlier than any living human being alive had ever seen. Before 2020, the earliest spring on record took place in 1896.

    For more information, visit


    • Get ready for longer days and increased sunshine.
    • Tune up the lawnmower. More sunshine means the grass will be growing.
    • Spend some time outside.
    • Plan your garden or start planting. 
    • Host a spring party with lots of bright, fresh foods.
    • Use #SpringBegins to post on social media.


    Human beings have been following the sun and creating a calendar based on seasons since the beginning of time.  

    Spring FAQ

    Q. When it’s spring in the Northern Hemisphere what season is happening in the Southern Hemisphere?
    A. When spring begins in the Northern Hemisphere, fall is beginning in the Southern Hemisphere.

    Q. What does vernal equinox mean?
    A. Vernal is Latin for spring, and equinox means equal night. During the vernal equinox, we experience equal amounts of daylight and night. Following the vernal equinox, the days become longer.



    On March 20th, National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day brings many groups across the United States together to increase education and provide support in communities nationwide.


    Over 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV/AIDS. One in seven of them isn’t aware that they have it. Of the nearly 39,000 people diagnosed (CDC) with HIV in 2017, 1% were among the American Indian and Alaska Native populations. While those at the highest risk are gay and bisexual men who are sexually active, anyone not practicing safe sex is at risk. HIV is a virus that causes an infection, and AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a condition that can develop when someone contracts HIV.

    The campaign provides educational information, support options, and more. Clinics, support groups, and others join this National Day campaign to learn more about prevention, testing, and bringing attention to this national health issue. While treatment options have improved over the decades, prevention and testing are still necessary. 


    Organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Native Capacity Building Assistance Network promote the day. They issue press releases, displaying posters, and holding community events for the day. The National Native American AIDS Prevention Center (NNAAPC) also teams up with various organizations nationwide to commemorate the day. Attend the events. Learn more about prevention and testing. Join the conversations and your community in raising awareness.  

    Each year the communities of the American Indians, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiians:

    1. Encourage Native people to get educated, learn more about HIV/AIDS, and its impact on their community.
    2. Work together to promote testing options and HIV counseling in Native communities.
    3. Help eliminate the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.

    Use #NativeHIVAIDSAwarnessDay to post on social media.


    In October of 2006, the National Native CBA Network presented a resolution to the National Congress of American Indians for National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, and it was approved. They held the first observance in 2007.

    For more information on National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day visit:


    Q. Where can I be tested for HIV?
    A. Several facilities offer HIV testing. Look for these facilities where you live:

    • Physician’s office
    • STD or sexual health clinics
    • Medical centers
    • Health department
    • Family planning clinics
    • Treatment programs

    You can also visit for listings.

    Q. Is there a cure for HIV/AIDS?
    A. No. Research continues and several treatment options are available for those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS.

    March 20th Celebrated History


    John P. Jewett and Company publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly by Harriet Beecher Stowe.


    Former Whigs and Free-Soilers meet in Ripon, Wisconsin, and form the Republican Party with the primary goal to prevent slavery from extending into western territories.


    Albert Einstein publishes his Theory of General Relativity in the scientific journal Annalen der Physik.


    The United States Navy commissions its first aircraft carrier, the USS Langley.


    In a race riddled with storms, Libby Riddles claimed victory in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, becoming the first woman to win the famed endurance race.


    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the antiviral drug azidothymidine (AZT) for the treatment of AIDS patients.


    Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones completed the first non-stop circumnavigation of the Earth by balloon.

    March 20th Celebrated Birthdays

    Amanda Clement – 1888

    In 1905, the seventeen-year-old college student became the first woman to be paid to umpire professional baseball games. Having grown up playing the game with her brothers and his friends, Clement was well versed in the game. One reporter from her inaugural year wrote, “Altogether Miss Clement is declared to be the equal if not the superior of most of the league umpires.” – The Creston Statesman (Creston, Nebraska) October 6, 1905.

    Bases loaded. Bottom of the ninth, a tied game between Hudson and Hawarden.

    The batter stepped to the plate. Behind the pitcher, arbiter Amanda Clement leaned forward, prepared to make her call. Sweat dampened her black blouse, a blouse she ironed and folded the night before.

    The pitcher’s delivery rose to the challenge; the batter’s reply – a ricochet to the mound.

    Runners advanced. Men converged at home. Clement’s skirt kicked up dust as the lone woman sped toward the play, scanning the field. The ball shot to the catcher’s glove. Runner slides, dust flies.

    Catcher lays the tag.

    “He’s out!”

    At the Plate by Michele Schaaf

    Sister Rosetta Tharpe – 1915

    Considered the Godmother of Rock & Roll, Sister Rosetta Tharpe’s spiritual gospel vocals against the background of her signature electric guitar inspired many Hall of Fame inductees.

    BF Skinner – 1904

    The American psychologist firmly believed in behaviorism developing his own philosophy called “radical behaviorism.” During his career, he would further develop theories regarding operant conditioning.

    Carl Reiner – 1922

    The award-winning comedic actor, director, and writer began making his mark on pop culture in the 1950s. From The Dick Van Dyke Show to The Jerk and the Ocean’s series, Reiner saw both popular and critical success. He often teamed up with Mel Brooks, creating iconic projects such as “The 2000 Year Old Man.”

    Fred Rogers – 1928

    On February 19, 1968, the Presbyterian minister launched Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood on the National Education Network. The program introduced children to a world of puppets, creativity, and a safe environment to discuss concerns children have. Central to Mister Roger’s daily routine was his iconic sweaters, which he donned at the beginning of every episode.

    Bobby Orr – 1948

    Considered one of hockey’s greatest players, the defenseman for the Boston Bruins played nine seasons in the National Hockey League.

    Notable Mentions

    Vera Panova – 1905
    Bettye Washington Green – 1935
    Pat Riley – 1945
    William Hurt – 1950
    David Thewlis – 1963
    Kathy Ireland – 1963
    Big Bird



    March 20th celebrates a fun-filled and versatile pasta. National Ravioli Day is a food holiday for pasta lovers! So pick your favorite filling and sauce and cook up a meal everyone will love!


    Ravioli are a traditional Italian-filled pasta. Pasta makers fill two layers of thin egg pasta dough with various ingredients. Imagine a small meatball tucked, snug inside two cozy layers of delicious dough. That’s what ravioli is. Some of the fillings include, cheese, meat, vegetables and seasonings. They also usually serve the ravioli in either a broth or with a pasta sauce.

    While ravioli often serves as the main course, it can also be a side dish or appetizer. Many popular recipes bake or deep fry the ravioli. The dish also quickly becomes a dessert with chocolate added to the pasta or cream cheese stuffing and a caramel sauce!

    Ravioli can be homemade or purchased fresh or frozen in grocery stores. In the United States, Chef Boyardee popularized canned ravioli. This ravioli is filled with beef or processed cheese and served in a tomato, tomato-meat, or tomato-cheese sauce.  

    But what about toasted ravioli? Where does this delicious creation come from? Well, we turn to St. Louis, Missouri, for the answer. In the 1940s at Oldani’s, a cook accidentally dropped a ravioli into the fryer. And what a delicious accident this ravioli became! The crisp ravioli earned a place on the menu. Or so the story goes. If so, we think it is a tasty one. 


    • Mix up your favorite sauce and pasta combinations.
    • Try your hand at homemade.
    • Invite family and friends to enjoy a ravioli meal with you.
    • Try this Toasted Ravioli recipe.
    • Use #NationalRavioliDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues to research the origins of this food holiday. We will bring you updates as we find them, pasta included.  

    Ravioli FAQ

    Q. What are large ravioli called?
    A. Large ravioli are called ravioloni.

    Q. What are small ravioli called?
    A. Small ravioli are called ravioletti.

    Q. Are ravioli always square?
    A. No, but most cookies prepare them that way. Ravioli can also be round.