Category: July 20



    National Moon Day on July 20th commemorates the day man first walked on the moon in 1969. NASA reported the moon landing as being “…the single greatest technological achievement of all time.”


    On July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 carried the first humans to the moon. Six hours after landing on the moon, American Neil Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface. He spent two and a half hours outside the spacecraft. Buzz Aldrin soon followed, stepping onto the lunar surface. After joining Armstrong, the two men collected 47.5 pounds of lunar material. Their specimens would make the journey back to Earth to be analyzed. 

    In the command module, a third astronaut waited. Pilot, Michael Collins, remained alone in orbit until Armstrong and Aldrin returned.

    Caught up in the thrill of the adventure, millions of Americans watched the mission from Earth. Televisions around the world tuned in to the live broadcasts. The astronauts had a worldwide audience. As a result, all witnessed as Armstrong stepped onto the moon’s surface and described the event as “one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind.”

    When is Global Sleep Under the Stars Night?

    Unquestionably, putting men on the moon became a tangible achievement in the space race. It placed the United States in a role to go forth and explore into the deeper reaches of the universe, too. In the months and decades that followed, NASA and the Soviets stepped up their missions. 

    The day doesn’t just celebrate the landmark mission. It also celebrates future missions. Private expeditions are taking humans further into space. Armstrong’s “one small step for man” inspired imaginations and sparked innovation, too, for generations to come. Even future moon missions are planned including manned landings. 


    National Moon Day opens up a lot of opportunities to explore and reminisce! Did you watch the first moon landing in 1969? How about the ones that followed? Share your memories of the moon landing. Set up your telescope and explore the moon’s surface. You can even explore the surface with a telephoto lens. As you rediscover the moon, start a discussion about space exploration. How does it impact our world today? Study the plans for future moon landings, too. What are your thoughts on more moon exploration?

    While you’re celebrating, discover the people behind the moon landing. Share their stories and celebrate their achievements, too. You can also celebrate the day by reading books or watching documentaries about the Apollo 11 mission or those leading up to it:

    • In the Shadow of the Moon (2007) directed by David Sington
    • First to the Moon: The Journey of Apollo 8 (2018) directed by Paul J. Hildebrant
    • One Giant Leap: The Impossible Mission That Flew Us to the Moon by Charles Fishman
    • A Man on the Moon: The Voyages of the Apollo Astronauts by Andrew Chaikin
    • Hidden Figures by Margo Lee Shetterly

    Share your discoveries and stories using #NationalMoonDay on social media.

    Educators and Families, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for more ways to celebrate!


    In 1971, President Richard Nixon proclaimed National Moon Landing Day on July 20th to honor the anniversary of man’s first moon landing. However, no continuing resolution followed.

    Enter Richard Christmas. He took up the baton by launching a “Chrismas Card” writing campaign. The Michigan native wrote to governors and members of Congress in all 50 states urging them to create National Moon Day. He achieved some success, too. By July of 1975, 12 states sponsored bills observing Moon Day.

    Another modern-day supporter of National Moon Day is Astronomer James J. Mullaney. He knows a few things about the moon, too. As a former Curator of Exhibits and Astronomy at Pittsburgh’s original Buhl Planetarium, Mullaney is on a mission. He says, “If there’s a Columbus Day on the calendar, there certainly should be a Moon Day!” His goal is a federally recognized holiday.

    In 2019, President Donald Trump proclaimed July 20th as the 50th Anniversary Observance of the Apollo 11 Lunar Landing. However, no National Moon Day has been declared.  

    Explore other out of this world celebrations:


    July 20th Celebrated History


    The opening ceremonies for the first Special Olympics began in Chicago at Soldier Field.


    Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans to land on the moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission.


    Fifty-two years after the first moon landing, Wally Funk became the oldest person in space. Her original goal was to be the first woman in space, but during the space race, NASA required their astronauts to also have jet experience. At the time, very few women pilots were allowed to fly jet planes. But in 2021, during the race of the billionaires, Funk boarded Blue Origin’s New Shepard as a private passenger with Jeff Bezos and other passengers for a trip in space – one she’d been waiting for a lifetime to take.

    July 20th Celebrated Birthdays

    Dr. Clifford Allbutt -1885

    The British physician developed the short thermometer (it was only 6 inches long) that registered a patient’s temperature in 5 minutes making it possible for doctors to make monitoring temperatures more routine. Before his invention, doctors used thermometers that measured 12 inches and took 20 minutes to register the patient’s temperature.

    Mike Ilitch – 1929

    In 1959, the American entrepreneur founded the pizza chain Little Caesars.

    Natalie Wood – 1938

    The award-winning actress is known for her musical talent. Some of her most popular roles were in the films Miracle on 34th Street, West Side Story, and Gypsy.

    Carlos Santana – 1947

    The award-winning Mexican American guitarist gained prominence with his band, Santana. His Latin-Rock fusion is one of the reasons he has won 10 Grammy Awards.

    Omar Epps – 1973

    The American actor, rapper and producer is known for his roles in Fox’s House and the film Love & Basketball. He was most recently cast in the series Power Book III: Raising Kanan.


    In 2017, National Day Calendar® began celebrating each state in the order they entered the union starting the week of Independence Day and ending with Hawaii. We highlight a small part of each states’ history, foods and the people who make up the state. Many states have their own state celebrations, and National Day Calendar’s observances in no way replace them. There’s so much more to explore, we can’t help but celebrate our beautiful country even more!

    National Pennsylvania Day | July 20
    National Pennsylvania Day | July 20


    National Pennsylvania Day on July 20th recognizes the second state to join the Union. Once the home of the temporary capital of the United States in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is also known as the Keystone State. While the source of the nickname has been forgotten, the meaning is not lost. Bridge builders know leaving the vital keystone out of their structure would be folly, leading to collapse.


    Keystone State

    Pennsylvania played many roles that could be considered keystones. To begin with, its vote for independence split between eight delegates. Because of this, the split played a vital role in deciding to move toward independence and cementing the union of the newly formed country.

    Throughout military operations, Pennsylvania provided forces to support the cause. In fact, Valley Forge tells the story of leadership and sacrifice of a young, developing army and citizenry.

    As we know, the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution were signed in Philadelphia during its tenure as the temporary capital. It was geographically centered among the 13 original colonies.

    Pennsylvania Flavor

    We can eat our way through history, too! To understand Pennsylvania’s flavor profile. We start in Lancaster County, which is the heart of the Pennsylvania Dutch country. German and Swiss immigrants brought with them a wide range of hearty recipes that they incorporated into the fresh ingredients available in Pennsylvania countryside. From pork and sauerkraut, to pot pies and scrapple, these dishes filled the tables with the bounty of the land.

    Much of more of the sweeter side of Pennsylvania, Dutch flavor finds its way into restaurants than the savory flavored foods. For example, the whoopie pie, shoofly, and funnel cake are tourist and fair favorites found everywhere. Unfortunately, the home-cooked seasoning of chicken corn chowder or stuffed cabbage rolls are often not found in a restaurant.


    For the best and original Philly Cheesesteak, there is only one place to go. Philadelphia, of course! Made with thinly sliced beef rib eye, sauteed onions, peppers and mushrooms, melted cheese, on a long, crusty Italian roll. A hot dog vendor, Pat Olivieri, created the cheesesteak in the 1930s. One cab driver caught a whiff and soon after Olivieri opened a restaurant. It’s still there with competition across the street, a 24-hour a day rivalry for tourists and cheesesteak lovers to choose along with several others in the area.


    Head on over to Hershey to pick up all variety of chocolate and adventure. Don’t stop there! Pennsylvania’s sweet tooth has deep roots. From Twizzlers to Peeps, confectioners love Pennsylvania. Candy isn’t the only sweet treat on the menu, though. In 1904, the banana split was invented in Latrobe, PA.

    And more…

    If your preference is more on the salty side, Pennsylvania has that covered, too. They’ve mastered soft and hard pretzels. They also have a terrific competition between four regional potato chip brands.

    Full of regional festivals and local cuisine, Pennsylvania is also home to Kennett Square, otherwise known as the Mushroom Capital of the United States. Every year, in celebration, they shut down the town square for a mushroom festival. It’s no wonder Pennsylvanian mushrooms make it into dishes around the world, even into your very own house.


    Join National Day Calendar as we celebrate National Pennsylvania Day by exploring the iconic, historic, and hidden treasures of this enchanting and complex state. Use #NationalPennsylvainaDay to share your experiences on social media.

    The real-life legend that is Daniel Boone began in Pennsylvania on the Boone homestead in what is now Birdsboro.  Today, the homestead is host to historical tours, demonstrations and activities providing a look into young Daniel Boone’s life. Born to Squire and Sarah (Morgan) Boone, he was the fourth son of six children in a Quaker family. It wasn’t until he around 12 years old that his father purchased his first rifle which he soon mastered. The family left Pennsylvania for North Carolina in 1749 where Daniel began his own hunting business.
    While many of us learned in school that Betsy Ross designed the first United States flag, there are no records confirming this. She was indeed a flag maker and roamed the same circles as George Washington. A resilient and resourceful woman, she survived three husbands, managed a business and household during an ever-changing time in history.
    The 15th President of United States, James Buchanan is the only president elected from Pennsylvania.  He is also the only president to remain unmarried for his entire life.

    The only president elected from Pennsylvania, James Buchanan’s tenure as president left the nation in turmoil and on the cusp of war.
    Born in Adams County, Pennsylvania, Mariah Mendenhall delivered 980 babies in Northern Indiana and never lost a mother in her care.  She nursed the people in her communities for more than 40 years.  Mendenhall lived a long 98 years and was an asset to those she provided care to.
    Most known for her known for her novels Little Women and Little Men, the prolific author penned over 30 novels. Louisa May Alcott advocated for women’s sufferage and wrote to the very end of her life.
    [object HTMLBodyElement] Credited with 69 patents, Edward Acheson developed synthetic abrasives, perfected methods for making graphite and producing artificial diamonds. Many of his companies continue today.
    Born Elizabeth Cochran in Cochran Mills, Bly made a name for herself when she went undercover as a mental patient on Blackwell’s Island as an investigative journalist for the New York World. The exposè led to real change in the New York City mental health system.

    The World also sent Bly on a Jules Verne style journey around the world, inspired by the author’s novel Around the World in Eighty Days.
    Journalist, composer and prolific playwright, Maxwell Anderson was born in Atlantic, Pennsylvania and educated in North Dakota and California. Credited with commercial success both on stage and screen, the playwright earned a Pulitzer Prize for Both Your Houses in 1933. The political drama set in Congress with a plot full of pork and deals finds a stage still today. Anderson’s talents as a composer led him to collaborate with Kurt Weill, resulting in the popular standard “September Song” recorded by Frank Sinatra.
    Samuel Barber gained musical recognition for his compositions during the 20th century. His distinctive, modern style earned him two Pulitzer Prizes and an international following.
    The one-time president of Ford Motor Company, Lee Iacocca famously went on to successfully rescue Chrysler Corporation from bankruptcy.
    A professional golfer, Palmer is widely regarded as one of the game’s great athletes and the man who made golf marketable. Palmer won over 90 tournaments over five decades, including four Masters and two British Cups
    One of the 20th century’s most beloved Pulitzer Prize-winning author, John Updike wrote about the human condition in a broad range of formats. He published more than 20 novels, including the Rabbit series, Witches of Eastwick, numerous short stories, poems and essays. He was a frequent contributor to the New Yorker, book critic and art critic.
    Also known as Mr. October for his postseason clutch hitting, Reggie Jackson was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1993. He spent the bulk of his career with the Oakland Athletics with three World Series wins and taking home MVP honors in 1973.

    Then in 1977, after Jackson had signed with the Yankees, he added another series win and MVP honor to his name. Jackson and the Yankees earned another World Series Championship a year later.

    During his career, he hit 563 home runs and 2584 hits with a batting average of .262.
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    Presque Isle State Park“With 11 miles of beaches and some of the world’s greatest sunsets — it is definitely worth mentioning as a highlight of our great state.” ~ Born and raised in Erie, Constance H. shares insight into the hidden treasure that is Presque Isle State Park.


    Mercer Museum & Fonthill Castle – Doylestown
    The Dream Garden – Philadelphia
    Philadelphia Magic Gardens – Philadelphia
    Cave of Kelpius – Philadelphia
    American Treasure Tour – Oaks
    Longwood Gardens – Kennett Square
    Columcille Megalith Park – Bangor


    Leap the Dips – Altoona
    Oldest operating rollercoaster
    Horseshoe Curve – Blair County
    National Watch & Clock Museum – Columbia
    Railroaders Memorial Museum – Altoona
    DelGrosso’s Amusement and Water Park – Tipton


    Living Dead Museum & Gift Shop – Evans City
    Big Mac Museum – North Huntingdon


  • GET TO KNOW YOUR CUSTOMERS DAY – Third Thursday of Each Quarter


    Get to Know Your Customers Day reminds businesses to reach out to patrons and get to know them better. The day is observed annually on the third Thursday of each quarter (January, April, July, October). 


    When businesses get to know their customers, they also get to know more about what they need to grow. Remember when Main Street businesses were locally owned and operated? The owners knew you by name and knew your shopping habits. Additionally, they typically knew what you wanted to buy. Not surprisingly, they were willing to get it in for you if they didn’t have it.

    Unfortunately, with the advent of the Internet and big-box stores, much of the personal attention has gone by the wayside. Get to Know Your Customers Day is a day to turn that around. Make it a point to get to know a little more about your customers. Most importantly, make each of them feel like they are your most important customer of the day.

    Tips for Knowing Your Customer:

    • Ask your customers questions. Find out what services and products they need.
    • Use social media. Get the word out about your specials and new product. Social media is a great tool to find out what your customers like and don’t like about your store. It’s important to respond as quickly as possible. When you do, it will be noticed. remember, fixing a negative customer experience in a positive way can show you stand by your word. In turn, it could transfer into future multiple sales.
    • Follow up on a purchase. Ask your customers how their purchase or service worked for them. Not only will you find out about your product, but you will learn more about your customer and the services they need.
    • Network with other businesses. Learning and sharing best practices for getting to know customers from other successful businesses will also grow your business.


    • Grow your business by taking the time to get to know your customers. In doing so, you’ll be planting a seed that will flourish!
    • Ask your customers what you’re doing right and what they would like to see improved.
    • Use #GetToKnowYourCustomersDay to post on social media.
    • Read about these 7 Ways to Know Your Customers to learn more. 


    We have been unable to find the creator of National Get to Know Your Customers Day.

    Get to Know Your Customers FAQ

    Q. Is this day for online or brick-and-mortar businesses?
    A. It’s for ALL businesses. Knowing your customers and their needs is important to any kind of business, large and small.

    Q. Are there other observances on the calendar dedicated to customers?
    A. Yes! March 19th is International Client’s Day.



    July 20th recognizes National Lollipop Day as a way to celebrate this enduring and ever-popular treat. Pick up your favorite flavor to savor! 


    Ever delightful and sweet, lollipops have satisfied generations of sweet tooths. And it’s possible they’ve been doing that for centuries. However, no one is sure how old the lollipop is. During prehistoric times, a form of lollipop may have preserved nuts and berries in honey. As sugar became plentiful, lollipops appeared much later in 16th century Europe. 

    In the United States, confectionaries and medicine shops as early as the 1860s sold lollipops in various forms. However, George Smith gave this sweet treat an official 20th-century story in 1908. Smith earns credit for inventing the modern style lollipop. In 1931, Smith trademarked the name which he claims came from his favorite racing horse, Lolly Pops.

    Lollipops range in size. For variety, the smaller candies can be purchased by the bagful. Banks, barbershops, and vendors at parades give the sweet treat away to customers, too! Specialty candy shops make giant lollipops in a variety of bright colors, shapes, and sizes. While they are attractive, these lollipops can be cumbersome and often are more than we can handle!

    Lollipops in Pop Culture

    This candy made its mark in pop culture. Movies, TV, and commercials feature the lollipop in various ways.

    • 1934 – In the movie Bright Eyes, Shirley Temple sang the song “On the Good Ship Lollipop.”
    • 1939 – The Wizard of Oz brought us a world of characters, including the Lollipop Guild. Armed with a giant spiral sucker, The Lollipop Guild welcomed Dorothy to the Land of Oz.
    • 1969 – How many licks does it take to get to the Tootsie Roll center of a Tootsie Pop. The Tootsie Pop (the trademark name for Tootsie Roll’s lollipop) commercial debuted on U.S. television. The 60-second advertisement included a boy, cow, fox, turtle, owl, and the narrator.
    • 1973-1978 – How do you make a lollipop look tough? Put it in the hands of Detective Lieutenant Theo Kojak. The lollipop-loving detective was played by Telli Savalis in the TV series Kojak. At the same time, the candy did no harm to the tough guy’s persona. 


    “I want candy! I want candy!” Enjoy a lollipop today to celebrate. You can also explore the magic of candy making. Pick up a bagful and give them out to friends, neighbors, and customers, too. Give a shout out to your favorite candy shop using #NationalLollipopDay on social media.

    Oh! And don’t forget the deals! Find them on our Celebration Deals page. If you have a deal to share, be sure to Contact Us, and we’ll get them added.


    The National Confectioners Association founded National Lollipop Day. 

    Check out these sweet holidays:




    We see a time when you will enjoy a crunchy, sweet treat on National Fortune Cookie Day! Each year on July 20th, Americans celebrate the cookie that is a traditional part of Chinese take-out.


    These crisp, folded cookies have a hint of buttery sweetness. Break them open, and you will find a slip of paper tucked inside with a message on it. The phrase will range from profound words of wisdom or tricky riddles to simple bits of common sense. Some fortunes include quotes from famous philosophers.

    While these nuggets of enjoyment are most often found at the end of a Chinese meal, they didn’t originate in China. The distinctively folded cookie began in Japan, where elegant desserts and folding techniques are quintessentially Japanese. However, in Japan, the fortune was tucked in the fold on the outside of the cookie. Sometime in the late 1800s, the fortune cookie migrated to the United States and made its transition. During World War II, it exploded in popularity, and Americans have never stopped enjoying them.


    Order some Chinese takeout and indulge in some fortune cookie therapy. But that’s not the only way to celebrate. Of course not!

    • Try making your own fortune cookies. Here’s a tasty homemade fortune cookie recipe for you to try.
    • Make origami paper fortune cookies. Yes, we found a link for that, too.
    • We know you save your favorite fortunes. Please share them with us.
    • While you’re sharing, take a turn at writing a fortune. If you’re making fortune cookies, you’re going to need to practice this.

    Share your celebration with us. Use #FortuneCookieDay to post on social media.


    We opened a fortune cookie to see if we could find the origin of this holiday. This was what it said: Ask the Magic 8 Ball.