Category: January 14

  • WORLD LOGIC DAY – January 14


    Every year on January 14th, World Logic Day brings the intellectual history and practical implications of logic to interdisciplinary science communities’ attention. The day also celebrates the idea that logic, as reasoning, is a central feature of human beings.

    Logic is defined as the study of the principles of correct reasoning. Logic was once a philosophical term. Through the years, other disciplines use logic, such as math and computer science.
    There are four general types of logic, which include:

    • Informal logic: used in daily reasoning and arguments during personal exchanges with others
    • Formal logic: used in deductive reasoning with premises that are true
    • Symbolic logic: used to show how symbols relate to each other
    • Mathematical logic: used to apply formal logic to math

    There are many reasons that people around the world celebrate logic. Doing so encourages the development of logical research. Spreading awareness for logic helps to strengthen interactions between people that have an interest in logic. Also, logic based on the advancement of education and science promotes a culture of peace, dialogue, and mutual understanding.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldLogicDay

    Universities, institutes of philosophy, and other organizations around the world hold events on this day. Some of these events include workshops, seminars, and lectures. To participate:

    • Learn more about the different types of logic and their importance in the world today.
    • Read books about logic and reasoning, including A Rulebook for Arguments, Critique of Pure Reason, and Being Logical: A Guide to Good Thinking.
    • Take a philosophy class that teaches critical thinking and logical analysis.

    Spread awareness for this day on social media with #WorldLogicDay


    The Logica Universalis Association encouraged logicians around the world to coordinate independent events on January 14th, 2019. The logician community stepped up and hosted about 66 events in 33 different countries. Thanks to this first World Logic Day’s success, the UNESCO Executive Board proposed a proclamation for this day in the summer of 2019. On November 26, 2019, the 40th General Conference proclaimed January 14th to be World Logic Day.

    The International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences (CIPSH) coordinates the event each year.

  • NATIONAL VISION BOARD DAY – Second Saturday in January


    National Vision Board Day on the second Saturday in January encourages us to set our goals in a visual way. Get out the sticky notes, markers, and inspiration and start plotting your goals for the new year!


    Vision board parties began in 2010 between a group of friends as a way for people to get together in a fun environment to set goals, cast a vision and dream out loud in a tangible way. They then mount on their completed vision boards on their walls where they would see them every day. Seeing their hopes and dreams helps set in motion these visions and ideas to become a reality.

    Many actors, musicians, fashion and entertainment-based people have been participating in this since its inception. Vision boards help people remember their goals and concepts on a daily basis.


    Host a vision party for your friends, family or co-workers. Set goals for the coming year and put them where you can see them. They will help motivate you to attain your goals. Do you have a vision board from last year? How well did it work? Share the results and get ready for an outstanding vision board for this year, too!

    Post photos using #VisionBoardDay on social media.


    Kellan Lutz and Ryan Daly submitted National Vision Board Day in June of 2015.

    In July of 2015, the Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed the day to be observed on the second Saturday in January, annually. 

    Vision Board FAQ

    Q. Who can make a vision board?
    A. Anyone. A vision board helps us to visualize goals and create a plan to meet them. 

    Q. Is National Vision Board Day the only time of year I should commit to making a vision board?
    A. No. The observance creates awareness so that you can choose when and how to make your vision board.

    Q. What kinds of items go on vision boards?
    A. Anything that helps you to reach your goals. Some suggestions include:

    • Lists – This can be to-do lists, shopping or need lists, pros and cons lists, or simply a list of items you’d like to achieve.
    • Inspiration – Think quotes, images, and people who motivate you toward your goal.
    • Timelines – These visual representations of what you’d like to accomplish and when can be both motivating and daunting. Keep them realistic but challenging. 
    • Words – Use big, bold letters for the words that have meaning to you. They may serve as motivation, inspiration, or a reminder of something you need to focus on to achieve your goal. 
  • RATIFICATION DAY – January 14


    Ratification Day on January 14th annually recognizes the act that officially ended the American Revolution. The day commemorates the ratification of the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784, at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland, by the Confederation Congress.


    After the Declaration of Independence was signed, nearly eight years passed before the British and the Americans agreed to a cease-fire. As part of the Treaty of Paris, Great Britain recognized the United States as a sovereign entity.

    It is the most enduring premise of the treaty. The treaty also defined boundaries, specifically the Northwest Territory, which included Ohio and the rich prairie land of Indiana and Illinois. The treaty also included Michigan, Wisconsin, and parts of Minnesota w. Several of the nation’s founding fathers negotiated the peace treaty, including John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin. 

    • The Confederation Congress declared on April 11, 1783,  “the cessation of arms” against Great Britain.
    • Congress approved the preliminary articles of peace on April 15, 1783.
    • The Confederation Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784.


    Learn more about the Treaty of Paris.

    • Visit the Maryland State House.
    • Read more about the Treaty of Paris.
    • Visit the Library Congress.
    • Use #RatificationDay to post on social media.


    Ratification Day recognizes the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Paris. Each year, the State House in Annapolis, Maryland, hosts a ceremony reenacting the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The Old Senate Chamber has been renovated and preserved just as it was at the signing. Every January 14th, the State House also raises a flag the design displayed at the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The flag’s design includes twelve stars forming a circle with one star in the center. 

    Ratification FAQ

    Q. Who negotiated the Treaty of Paris in 1783?
    A. American Peace Commissioners Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams represented the United States during negotiation. Richard Oswarld represented Great Britain. Franklin, Jay, and Adams, and British statesman David Hartley signed the treaty.

    Q. How long did negotiations take between Britain and the United States?
    A. Peace talks began in April 1782. The Revolutionary War formally ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783. However, the Continental Congress didn’t ratify the treaty until January 14, 1784.

    January 14th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History


    Continental Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolution.


    NBC broadcasts the first episode of Today hosted by anchor Dave Garroway. The morning national news show was the first of its kind.


    The King of Rock ‘n Roll performs the first live concert transmitted by satellite around the world. Elvis: Aloha from Hawaii was performed live on location. Estimates vary how many people watched the concert, and it was revolutionary and Elvis Presley’s concert was the most-watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in tv history at that time.

    January 14th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Benedict Arnold – 1741

    The Continental soldier more than once demonstrated his skill and loyalty to the United States cause entered into an agreement with the British in 1779 that branded him a traitor for life.

    Matthew Maury – 1806

    The American naval officer was one of the founders of oceanography and published the first modern text dedicated to its study, The Physical Geography of the Sea.

    Richard Felton Outcault – 1863

    One of America’s pioneering cartoonists, Oucault developed one of the first popular characters known as The Yellow Kid. His cartoons led to the modern-day comic strip.

    Mark Goodson – 1915

    The television producer developed several game shows during his career. Some of his most popular games included, To Tell the Truth, The Match Game, and What’s My Line. Another that still airs today is The Price is Right.

    Julian Bond – 1940

    The civil rights leader was elected twice to the Georgia state legislature and both times, the legislature refused Bond his seat. It wasn’t until the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the exclusion was unconstitutional in December of 1966 that Bond was sworn in a month later.

    Shannon Lucid – 1943

    The American astronaut spent 188 days in space aboard the space station Mir. At the time, it was a record spaceflight for any U.S. astronaut.

    LL Cool J – 1968

    Born James Todd Smith, the Grammy-winning American rapper also pursued a successful acting career. He’s known for his roles on In the House and NCIS: Los Angeles.



    National Dress Up Your Pet Day on January 14th provides a special day to celebrate with your pet and show off their fashion style. Pets do become part of one’s family. Whether you take a visit to the groomer or take it a step further and dress up in matching outfits, be sure your pet companion is safe and comfortable. 


    Please remember to keep your pets safe and comfortable in the pet clothing and costumes that you choose.

    Tips for dressing up your pet:

    • If your pet just doesn’t like dressing up, let them sit this holiday out.
    • Be sure it fits. Restricting movement or ability to breathe can cause injury or illness.
    • Many pets like to chew. Avoid loose or dangling pieces which can cause choking hazards.


    The name of the day tells you how to celebrate it; dress your pets up! Keep your pet’s comfort first and foremost. A visit to the groomer for a bit of polish and trim always improves our pet companion’s appearance. Get a snazzy bandana, bow, or collar to show off the fresh do. How about a sweater for chilly, long walks? If the tutu is too, too much, your pooch will let you know. Be sure to share your favorite pet poses with us. We love to see how you #CelebrateEveryDay. Use #DressUpYourPetDay to post on social media.


     National Dress Up Your Pet Day was founded in 2009 by Celebrity Pet Lifestyle Expert and Animal Behaviorist, Colleen Paige.


    Pastrami lovers across the country look forward to their favorite sandwich on January 14th as they recognize National Hot Pastrami Sandwich Day.


    Popular delicatessen meat, pastrami is usually made from beef. Others make their pastrami sandwich with pork, mutton, or turkey. Before refrigeration, butchers originally created pastrami as a way to preserve meat. To make pastrami, they placed the raw meat in brine. Then they partially dried it and seasoned it with various herbs and spices to be smoked and steamed.

    A wave of Romanian Jewish immigration introduced pastrami (pronounced pastróme), a Romanian specialty, in the second half of the 19th century. Early English references used the spelling “pastrama” before the modified “pastrami” spelling was used. 

    New York kosher butcher, Sussman Volk earns credit for producing the first pastrami sandwich in 1887. He claimed to have gotten the recipe from a Romanian friend in exchange for storing his luggage. Due to the popularity of his sandwich, Volk converted his butcher shop into a restaurant to sell pastrami sandwiches.

    Classic Pastrami

    • When served, the deli typically slices the pastrami and places it between two slices of rye bread. Sometimes, the classic New York deli sandwich (pastrami on rye) is served with coleslaw and Russian dressing.
    • When pastrami and coleslaw combine, it’s called a Rachel sandwich. Similar to a Reuben which is made with corned beef and sauerkraut.  
    • In Los Angeles, they serve the classic pastrami sandwich with hot pastrami right out of the steamer. They slice it very thin and wet from the brine then layered on double-baked Jewish-style rye bread. It is traditionally accompanied by yellow mustard and pickles.
    • In Salt Lake City, in the early 1960s, Greek immigrants introduced a hamburger topped with pastrami and a special sauce. This pastrami burger remains a staple of local burger chains in Utah.


    Serve up your favorite pastrami sandwich. What toppings will you add? Try making several versions. Here are some other suggestions for celebrating:

    • Add sliced green apples and sharp cheddar cheese to your sandwich.
    • Invite friends to build their own sandwiches.
    • Give a shout-out to your favorite restaurant and deli with the best pastrami sandwich.
    • While you’re at it, what’s the best beverage to wash down a hot pastrami sandwich?
    • Are you a master sandwich maker? Share your sandwich stacking tips.
    • When it comes to the bread only the best will do. Pastrami and rye are classic. What other bread makes terrific pastrami sandwiches?
    • Mix up a variety of spreads. Make them hot, spicy, sweet, sour, or creamy, and find out which one compliments pastrami best.
    • Read the Pastrami on Rye: An Overstuffed History of the Jewish Deli by Ted Merwin while munching on your creation.
    • Watch a food show while enjoying your delicious pastrami sandwich. 

    Try this Hot Pastrami Sandwich recipe.

    Use #HotPastramiSandwichDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this sandwich day. While we do, we’re going to make a Dagwood-sized pastrami on rye. 

    Pastrami FAQ

    Q. Is a Reuben made with pastrami?
    A. No. A Reuben sandwich is made with corned beef and sauerkraut. The Rachel sandwich uses pastrami and coleslaw.

    Q. What animal is pastrami made from?
    A. Primarily butchers use beef to make pastrami. However, they also use pork, mutton, or turkey.

    Q. How long is pastrami cured?
    A. Typically, butchers cure their pastrami for 2-4 weeks.

    Q. Can I eat pastrami cold?
    A. Yes. Pastrami is delicious whether it’s hot or cold. Though when it’s hot, pastrami’s flavor really comes through.