Category: January 11



    Every year on January 11th, Heritage Treasures Day raises funds for iconic landmarks around the world. It’s also a day to share one’s heritage, preserve monuments, and conserve wildlife.


    What do you think of when you hear the word “heritage?” Do you think about traditions in your family that have been passed down from generation to generation? Maybe you think about famous monuments that represent our history. Others may view heritage as preserving or collecting old things.

    No matter how heritage is defined, one thing is certain. Our heritage provides clues to our past. Heritage demonstrates the evolution of society. Studying our heritage helps us examine our history. It also helps to explain why we are the way we are.

    So how exactly do we study our heritage? Here are some suggestions:

    • Look at old photographs
    • Volunteer for an excavation dig
    • Begin a collection of old things, such as stamps or coins
    • Visit your local museum
    • Make a family tree
    • Visit your family’s country of origin

    It’s not just your own heritage you can study, however. To truly understand the world around you, study other people’s heritage as well.


    On this day, the Heritage Lottery Fund in the UK encourages people around the world to connect with their heritage. They also promote the idea of sharing their heritage treasures with one another. These treasures might include a collection item, favorite museum, or significant photograph. Another thing people do on this day is visit iconic landmarks. Some of the most famous landmarks include Stonehenge, the Great Barrier Reef, Mount Rushmore, the Eiffel Tower, and Machu Picchu.

    To participate in this day:

    • Discuss with others what the word “heritage” means.
    • Think about ways you can explore and preserve your heritage.
    • Donate to an organization that preserves famous monuments.
    • Plan a trip to an iconic landmark.
    • Help your children learn about other cultures.

    Spread awareness for this day on social media with #HeritageTreasuresDay


    The Heritage Lottery Fund began this day on January 11th, 1994. Since its inception, the fund has donated over 8 billion pounds to 40,000 causes. Eight billion pounds is equivalent to nearly 11 billion dollars in U.S. funds!



    On January 11th, National Arkansas Day recognizes the Natural State and the 25th state to join the union.


    Populated by Osage, Caddo, Quapaw tribes when French and Spanish explorers arrived in the area, Arkansas teems with streams, lakes, and rivers.  Its eastern border is the Mississippi River. Little Rock may be its capital, but Arkansas is also known for big rocks and lots of rocks and minerals. It’s the Quartz Crystal Capital of the World, has the only diamond mine in the U.S., and the Magnet Cove region contains 102 varieties of minerals.

    Arkansas earns the name “Natural State” with over half the state is forested and more than 1 million acres in Ozark National Forest.  But that’s not all that contributes to the apt nickname.

    Hot Springs National Park became America’s first national preserve in what later became the National Park System. When Arkansas was still a territory, officials recognized the unique qualities of the hot springs and requested the area be set aside and protected. President Andrew Jackson signed legislation on April 20, 1832, designating four sections of land which included the hot springs and adjacent mountains “…reserved for the future disposal of the United States (which) shall not be entered, located, or appropriated, for any other purpose whatsoever.”

    What’s in a Name

    When Arkansas first became a state in 1836, how to pronounce the name of the 25th state was up for debate. Was it Arkan-saw or Ar-kansas? The issue was settled in 1881 when the State General Assembly passed Concurrent Resolution No.4. It stated the state’s name would be pronounced Arkan-saw and spelled Arkansas.

    Many who have called Arkansas home have left marks on our hearts and minds. From the legendary Johnny Cash and talented composers, Scott Joplin, and Roberta Martin, to authors Ernest Hemmingway and Maya Angelou and many more found a home at some time in Arkansas.

    Nestled along the Mississippi River, Arkansas swells with delta, Civil War era, the blues and jazz, and Western migration history.  The worst maritime disaster in United States history occurred on the Mississippi River just north of Marion, Arkansas. Greater than the Titanic disaster, the Sultana steamboat exploded on April 27, 1865, just weeks after the end of the Civil War and the assassination of President Lincoln. Over 1,800 souls perished.


    Join National Day Calendar as we recognize Arkansas’ natural beauty and fascinating history. Uncover hidden treasures and soak up all of Arkansas’ impressive views! Use #NationalArkansasDay to share on social media.

    For a complete list of Arkansas State and National Parks & Historic Sites visit and Check out a few of the featured sites around the state below.

    Buffalo – Harrison and St. Joe

    Hot Springs

    Pea Ridge

    Crater of Diamonds State Park – Murfreesboro

    Lake Frierson State Park – Jonesboro

    Louisiana Purchase State Park – Brinkley

    Mark’s Mills Battleground State Park – Fordyce

    Mammoth Spring State Park – Mammoth Spring

    Mount Nebo State Park – Dardanelle

    Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park – Scott


    Sultana Disaster Museum – Marion

    Historic Arkansas Museum – Little Rock

    Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art – Bentonville

    Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum – Pulaski County

    Museum of Native American Histoy – Bentonville

    Delta Cultural Center – Helena

    Gangster Museum of America – Hot Springs

    Arkansas Air & Military Museum – Fayetteville

    Delta Gateway Museum – Blytheville

    Japanese American Internment Museum – McGehee

    Esse Purse Museum – Little Rock

    Tripoints – Arkansas/Missouri/Oklahoma

    John Alexander Hanks was best 1st African American officer to hold a regular command position and the 2nd to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point.

    During World War II, Gen. Douglas MacArthur commanded troops in the Pacific theater. In 1950, Gen. MacArthur temporarily led forces during the Korean War, until President Truman replaced him with Gen. Matthew Ridgeway in 1951.

    One of the founding members of the Ninety-Nines, Louise Thaden, set speed, altitude and endurance records as one of the earliest female pilots. During World War II she served in the Civil Air Patrol.

    Best known as the football coach at the University of Alabama from 1958-1982, Paul William Bryant set a record as the winningest collegiate coach. While the record has since been broken, a majority of those wins came during his time coaching for his alma mater, The University of Alabama.

    Considered the Godmother of Rock & Roll, Sister Rosetta Tharpe’s spiritual gospel vocals against the background of her signature electric guitar inspired many Hall of Fame inductees.

    Publisher and business leader, John Harold Johnson launched his own publishing company in 1942 which produced Negro Digest, Ebony and Jet.

    Drafted by the Detroit Lions in 1940, Maurice Britt’s career headed into high gear. Then in 1941, he was drafted once again – by the United States Army. Britt went on to become the first army man in United States history to receive the three highest combat awards in a single war. He earned the Distinguished Service Cross, the Medal of Honor and the Silver Star among many other awards.

    Following the war, Britt served his home state as Lt. Governor for two terms.

    Samuel Kountz’s pioneering organ donation research took kidney transplants out of the realm of experimental and into standard practice. From extending the life of donor kidneys to innovative devices, Kountz’s work has transformed the lives of those with renal failure.

    Known as the Man in Black, Johnny Cash’s music career spanned more than four decades. While he suffered addiction and setbacks, Cash’s legendary voice and storytelling ability spoke volumes to his fans.
    Nominated as the first African American Surgeon General of the United States, Joycelyn Elders served from September 1993 to December 1994.

    Serving as the 42nd President of the United States, William Jefferson Clinton was elected to two terms in office. He was the first democratic president to serve two consecutive terms since Franklin D. Roosevelt.



    On National Step in a Puddle and Splash Your Friends Day, particular criteria must be present to celebrate. On January 11th, unless the ideal conditions prevail, some areas of the country may have to create them. So, can we really? Well, yes, the name of the day says you can!  Life is short….let’s have fun! And good luck. 


    If you are feeling somewhat mischievous (in a nice kind of way), join in on the celebration that all kids will love and all the young-at-heart adults will love just the same. Put on your boots, raincoats, slickers and grab some rubber duckies, too. Skip along the way. Splashing in puddles can be a terrific way to relieve stress. There’s no right or wrong way to splashing or stepping in a puddle. We’re going to get wet and probably a little dirty no matter how you do it. So splash away. 

    Now, if you live in a more frozen region of the country, we encourage you to find alternative ways to celebrate. We know you’ll be creative and safe. 


    On National Step in A Puddle and Splash Your Friends Day, invite your besties to join you for a fun-filled time reliving those days when you didn’t worry about getting your feet wet. Dance and splash in the puddles! Sing some splashing in puddle songs or check out this great video expressing the joy of splashing in puddles. 

    Use #StepInAPuddleAndSplashYourFriendsDay to post on social media.


    While puddle diving, National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this wet and wild day.

    Puddle FAQ

    Q. What should I wear to splash in a puddle?
    A. Galoshes are recommended footwear for puddle splashing. Water-proof boots that come up past the shin help to protect your feet from a good soaking. 

    Q. Who should celebrate this day?
    A. Anyone who wants to feel like a child again, if only for a few minutes. 

    Q. Where can I find the best puddles?
    A. The best puddles form after a good rain. They form in low spots on trails and paths. You might find them at a park or in your driveway. Whatever you do, don’t go splashing in puddles found in the middle of a street. 



    National Human Trafficking Awareness Day on January 11th brings attention to a crime that leaves a lasting toll on human life, families, and communities around the world. 


    Beginning in 2010, by Presidential Proclamation, each January has been designated National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month.  Following the start of National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, with the help of non-government organizations, National Human Trafficking Day began and is observed annually on January 11th.

    Human trafficking is considered a modern form of slavery. This illegal act involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain labor or sex. Traffickers use violence, manipulation, or false promises to lure their victims into trafficking situations. Trafficking victims usually experience physical and/or psychological abuse. They might also endure sexual abuse, food and sleep deprivation, threats to family members, and isolation from the outside world. Family members of the victim may also get threatened.

    The goal of the day is to bring greater awareness to the crime of sex trafficking. Each year, organizations around the globe provide support to communities, training to volunteers and educational events to increase awareness.


    One way to get involved is through the 31:8 Project. The organization works to equip and challenge society to proactively address issues regarding human trafficking. Human Trafficking takes away the voice of its victims and Project 31:8 aims to speak for them – Proverbs 31:8 – speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves.

    Their work is on track to reach over 25,000 people in 2019 through presentations, training, webinars, and community projects. Visit their website at to learn more.

    • Write or call your legislators and let them know your support policy that combats human trafficking.
    • Support events that improve awareness in your community, schools, and neighborhoods.
    • If you suspect someone is a victim of human trafficking, contact the National Human Tracking Hotline at 1-888-373-7888. You can also contact local law enforcement by calling 911.
    • Empower young people to make the decision to leave an unsafe or suspicious environment.

    Use #HumanTraffickingAwarenessDay to post on social media.

    Also, check out National Inner Beauty Day to discover more ways to be a part of the solution to ending human trafficking.


    The United States Senate designated January 11th as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day in 2007.

    January 11th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History


    Brooklyn, New York, begins delivering milk in glass bottles.


    Doctors give insulin for the first time to treat a diabetes patient. Fourteen-year-old Leonard Thompson receives the life-saving injection developed by Dr. Frederick Banting and Dr. Charles Best. He had an initial allergic reaction likely caused by an impurity in the insulin. After delaying further injections, 12 days later a more pure form of insulin was given by Dr. James Collip, ultimately saving his life.


    Amelia Earhart flies solo from Hawaii to California becomes the first person to complete the transpacific flight.


    For the first time, smoking is publicly and officially recognized as a health hazard by U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry. In a statement, he announced the results of a study ordered by President John F. Kennedy in 1962.

    January 11th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Alexander Hamilton – 1755

    As a Founding Father of the United States, Hamilton served his country defending the U.S. Constitution on and off the battlefield. George Washington trusted him as the country’s first Secretary of Treasury and in that role, Hamilton created enduring financial cornerstones. A rivalry between Hamilton and Aaron Burr dominates the history books, too.

    Ezra Cornell – 1807

    A man of many industries, Cornell founded the Western Union Telegraph Company, co-founded Cornell University, and established the first library in Ithaca.

    Elisabeth Achelis -1880

    Elisabeth Achelis advocated for a perpetual calendar that would replace the Gregorian calendar and in 1930 founded the World Calendar Association.

    Calvin Blackman Bridges – 1889

    The geneticist’s observations of mutations in fruit flies led to a breakthrough understanding of heredity and the chromosome.

    Mary J. Blige – 1971

    The award-winning artist released her first solo album in 1992 with What’s the 411?. Since then, Blige has also pursued an acting career that earned her an Oscar nod for Mudbound in 2017.

  • NATIONAL MILK DAY – January 11


    National Milk Day on January 11th commemorates the day many think the first milk deliveries in glass bottles began in the United States. Alexander Campbell of the New York Dairy Company professed to the New York State Senate that his company was the first to make these deliveries in 1878. 


    The United States and Australia export more milk and milk products than any other country. Those products include cheese, yogurt, ice cream, butter, cream, powdered milk, and much more. Throughout the world, more than 6 billion people consume milk and the products we make from it. One of the reasons is because milk provides nutrients such as calcium, potassium, vitamin B12, and vitamin A. 

    Production History

    During the Middle Ages, people called milk the virtuous white liquor because alcoholic beverages were more reliable than water. In 1863, French chemist and biologist Louis Pasteur made it possible for milk and other food and drinks to be stored for more extended periods. He developed a method of killing harmful bacteria that is now called pasteurization. 

    In 1884, an American doctor, Hervey Thatcher of New York City, developed the first modern glass milk bottle. He called it the “Thatcher’s Common Sense Milk Jar.” He used a waxed paper disk to seal the milk in the glass bottle. Later, in 1932, plastic-coated paper milk cartons were introduced commercially as a consequence of their invention by Victor W. Farris. 

    Modern industrial processes use milk to produce casein, whey protein, lactose, condensed milk, powdered milk, and many other food-additive and industrial products.


    The females of all mammal species can, by definition, produce milk. However, cow milk dominates commercial production. In 2011. FAO estimates cows produced 85% of all milk worldwide. Apart from cattle, many kinds of livestock contribute milk used by humans for dairy products. These animals include buffalo, goat, sheep, camel, donkey, horse, reindeer, and yak. Like cattle, their milk produces cream, butter, yogurt, kefir, ice cream, and cheese, too. 


    The ultimate way to celebrate is with a large glass of milk. However, a serving of anything made with milk would count, too! Does a milkshake sound good to you? We’ve gathered up some other ways to celebrate, too!

    • Make your own cheese
    • Add chocolate, strawberry, and malted flavorings to your milk. Then blindfold the kids and have a milk tasting!
    • Invite a friend for homemade hot chocolate
    • While drinking your milk, learn more about the nutrients in milk

    Use #NationalMilkDay to post on social media.

    Educators and families, visit the National Day Classroom for projects and ideas to help you Celebrate Every Day.


    In 1915, The International Association of Milk Inspectors submitted a request to Congress in October of 1915 for a resolution naming an observance of National Milk Day. Their request did not suggest a date for the observance. We have no record that the incoming Congress ever presented a resolution for National Milk Day, nor did incoming President Woodrow Wilson ever declare the day.

    National Day Calendar continues the search for the creator of the day.

    Relevant Observances

    Milk FAQ

    Q. How many calories are in a cup of whole milk?
    A. One cup of whole milk contains 149 calories.

    Q. Does all milk come from cows?
    A. No. Today you can purchase milk from both cows and goats in the grocery store. There are also a variety of plant-based milk on the market, too.