Category: February 07

  • NATIONAL PERIODIC TABLE DAY – February 7

    NATIONAL PERIODIC TABLE DAY

    On February 7th, National Periodic Table Day recognizes the publication of the first table of elements. We also look at how the periodic table has changed through the years.

    The periodic table has a long history. It and the discovery of elements impacted science in many ways. Ancient man only knew of a few elements. However, by the 1st century A.D., mankind knew about the elements of gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, tin, mercury, sulfur, and carbon. Over time, we added arsenic, antimony, phosphorus, and zinc to our discoveries. By 1809, there were 47 discovered elements. It was time to organize, and Johann Döbereiner made one of the earliest attempts to do that. He organized the elements in 1817 into groups of three, or triads, based on similar qualities.

    John Newlands

    On February 7, 1863, English chemist John Newlands published one of the first table of elements. Newlands divided the known 56 elements into 11 groups based on the “Law of Octaves.” His table suggested that anyone element will have similar properties to elements eight places before and behind it on the table.

    Arranging the elements according to increasing atomic weight, Newlands was one of the first scientists to detect a pattern to the properties of elements. As a result, his table left room for new discoveries. It even predicted future discoveries would complete the table. In fact, Newlands correctly predicted the discovery of Germanium.

    Future Discoveries

    While parts of Newlands’ periodic table contained flaws, so did other later proposed tables. In 1869, chemist Dimitri Mendeleev published a paper developing a new periodic table. Mendeleev’s table also arranged the elements based on atomic mass. By this time, science had only identified 60 of the over 100 elements we know today.

    As on previous tables, inaccuracies were attributed to some of those elements. While Mendeleev corrected some of these inaccuracies, he didn’t correct them all. Mendeleev made assumptions about others causing elements to be placed incorrectly on the table. Like Newlands, Mendeleev also predicted discoveries, and he correctly predicted the properties of five elements and their compounds.

    The discoveries throughout Scot William Ramsay’s career from 1892 to 1910, along with John William Strutt, Morris Travers, and Frederick Soddy led to the identification of the noble gasses. In 1904, the Nobel Prize was awarded to Ramsay for discovering five elements.

    Henry Moseley

    Henry Moseley, an experimental physicist, contributed to the development of the modern periodic table. In 1913, Moseley discovered that each element has a specific number of protons. As a result, four new chemical elements were later found, though not during his lifetime.

    Since the early 20th century, the periodic table remains largely unchanged. However, the 21st century is still young. Some researchers suggest new approaches to the periodic table while maintaining its integrity as one of the most valuable tools in the science of chemistry. The current table tallies a total of 118 elements.  

    HOW TO OBSERVE #PeriodicTableDay

    Test your knowledge of the periodic table. Celebrate with Periodic Table trivia or challenging each other to name the elements. Take it a step further and name the number of protons in each element.  

    Learn more about elements on the periodic table by reading 7 History Making Elements.

    Visit www.PeriodicTableDay.org for more information. Use #PeriodicTableDay to post on social media.

    Educators, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom pages for ways to incorporate National Periodic Table Day into your classroom.

    NATIONAL PERIODIC TABLE DAY HISTORY

    On February 7, 2016, the first National Periodic Table Day was founded. The day serves to promote the challenges overcome to develop the modern periodic table. Mr. David T. Steineker, author, inventor, and chemistry teacher at Jefferson County Public Schools in Kentucky is inspired by those challenges. He took the initiative to celebrate National Periodic Table Day based upon John Newlands’ first table of the elements published on February 7, 1863.

    Periodic Table FAQ

    Q. How many elements are on the periodic table?
    A. The periodic table includes 118 elements.

    Q. What’s the heaviest element on the periodic table?
    A. The heaviest element by atomic weight is oganesson (Og), first synthesized in 2002. It is also one of two elements that have the greatest density. The other is iridium (Ir)

    Q. What is the lightest element on the periodic table?
    A. Hydrogen (H) is the lightest element on the periodic table.

    February 7th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History

    1817

    Baltimore, Maryland becomes the first American city to become lit with gaslight. Market and Lemon Streets (now known as North Holliday Street and East Baltimore Street today) were the first public lighting in the city.

    1964

    The Beatles arrive in (or invade) the United States. Beatlemania begins.

    1971

    Swiss women were granted the right to vote. Since 1868, Swiss women had been demanding the right to vote and every time it was denied. Nearly every two decades women’s suffrage would be brought before the various committees, councils, and Parliament, and the motions were ignored or passed on. The European Convention on Human Rights brought the issue to the table once again and finally, in 1971, Swiss women had a voice. However, there were still many regions in Switzerland that did not allow women the vote at certain levels of Swiss elections. It wouldn’t be until 1991 that women could vote at all levels of Swiss elections.

    1976

    Speedskater Sheila Young becomes the first American to win three Winter Olympic medals. During the Innsbruck Winter Olympics in 1976, Young brought home medals in the following events:

    • Gold in 500 meter speed skating
    • Silver in 1500 meter speed skating
    • Bronze in 1000 meter speed skating
    1984

    The space shuttle Challenger astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart complete the first untethered spacewalk during their STS-41B mission.

    2021

    Sarah Thomas becomes the first woman to referee a Super Bowl championship game. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers defeated the Kansas City Chiefs 31-9.

    February 7th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    John Deere – 1804

    In 1837, the blacksmith and manufacturer launched the Deere & Company in Moline, Illinois after developing a steel plow precisely designed to cut through the prairie clay soils.

    Charles Dickens – 1812

    The British author created some of the world’s most memorable characters. His classic tales of Nicholas Nickleby, Oliver Twist, and David Copperfield are only a few of his beloved titles. Others include A Christmas Carol, Great Expectations, The Pickwick Papers, and The Cricket on the Hearth.

    Laura Ingalls Wilder – 1867

    The American author wrote about her experiences growing up as a pioneer in Midwest. Her Little House books depicted frontier life, the first set in Wisconsin.

    Emma Rochelle Wheeler – 1882

    In 1915, Drs. Emma Rochelle Wheeler and Joseph N. Wheeler opened Walden Hospital, the first hospital to be owned, operated and staffed by African Americans in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

    Sinclair Lewis – 1885

    In 1930, the American writer received the first Nobel Prize in Literature. The author is known for his novels Babbitt, Mainstreet, and Arrowsmith.

    Marth Holmes – 1923

    Life magazine hired the 20-year-old photographer in 1944. Holmes’ pioneering work led her to take photographs of notable public figures.

    Garth Brooks – 1962

    The American country music singer and songwriter earned numerous awards. His self-named debut album included hits such as “Much Too Young (To Feel This Damn Old)” and the Dance.

    Chris Rock – 1966

    Rock began his career as a stand-up comedian in the mid-1980s. In 1990, his star took off when he joined the cast of Saturday Night Live. His acting career includes hits on both the big and small screens.

  • NATIONAL FETTUCCINE ALFREDO DAY – February 7

    NATIONAL FETTUCCINE ALFREDO DAY

    On February 7th, National Fettuccine Alfredo Day celebrates one of the world’s favorite ways to enjoy a plate of fettuccine. 

    Fettuccine alfredo enjoys a history as rich as its flavor. Created in 1908, fettuccine was made out of love and concern by an Italian restauranteur. Alfredo di Lelio’s concern for his pregnant wife’s lack of appetite caused him to put his talents to work. The birth of their first son depended on it. His recipe of noodles, cheese, and butter not only encouraged her to eat but she also inspired him to put it on the menu, too. Since then, the century-old dish has been satisfying pasta lovers around the world ever since. 

    Not only that but fettuccine alfredo lovers experiment with the dish in several ways. Add shrimp, mushrooms or spinach. The meal also pairs well with other vegetables and proteins, too. Cut the richness with a white wine and finish with a fruit dessert. 

    HOW TO OBSERVE #FettuccineAlfredoDay

    Celebrate with a big dish of fettuccine Alfredo! Invite friends and family to join you, too. As you know, it’s not a celebration if you don’t. Make it yourself (we provide a recipe). Or, go to your favorite Italian restaurant. When you do, be sure to give them a shout out.

    While you’re celebrating, share your photos, recipes, and more using #FettuccineAlfredoDay to post on social media.

    NATIONAL FETTUCCINE ALFREDO DAY HISTORY

    The earliest printed record of the observance we’ve found is a January 26, 2005, Akron Beacon Journal article listing upcoming February food holidays. Several newspapers across the nation follow suit, including the list in their food pages. But, none of them included their source or how long the day has been celebrated. However, the grandson of Alfredo Di Lelio contacted National Day Calendar in 2015 to provide the history behind the delicious pasta dish. We provide his letter below.

    From Ines Di Lelio, grandson of Alfredo di Lelio

    The following is the History of Alfredo di Lelio, who created in 1908 “Fettuccine All ‘Alfredo” (Fettuccine Alfredo). It’s now served by his nephew Ines Di Lelio, at the restaurant “Il Vero Alfredo” – “Alfredo Di Roma” in Rome, Piazza Augusto Imperatore 30.

    “With reference of your article (for which I thank you), I have the pleasure to tell you the history of my grandfather Alfredo Di Lelio, who is the creator of ‘Fettuccine all’Alfredo’ (‘Fettuccine Alfredo’) in 1908 in the ‘trattoria’ run by his mother Angelina in Rome, Piazza Rosa (Piazza disappeared in 1910 following the construction of the Galleria Colonna / Sordi).

    This ‘trattoria’ of Piazza Rosa has become the ‘birthplace of fettuccine all’Alfredo’. More specifically, as is well known to many people who love the ‘fettuccine all’Alfredo’, this famous dish in the world was invented by Alfredo Di Lelio concerned about the lack of appetite of his wife Ines, who was pregnant with my father Armando (born February 26, 1908). Alfredo di Lelio opened his restaurant “Alfredo” in 1914 in Rome and in 1943, during the war, he sold the restaurant to others outside his family.”

    Staying in the Family

    “In 1950 Alfredo Di Lelio decided to reopen with his son Armando his restaurant in Piazza Augusto Imperatore n.30 ‘Il Vero Alfredo’ (‘Alfredo di Roma’), whose fame in the world has been strengthened by his nephew Alfredo and that now managed by me, with the famous “gold cutlery” (fork and spoon gold) donated in 1927 by two well-known American actors Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks (in gratitude for the hospitality). See also the website of ‘Il Vero Alfredo’.(with news also about franchising).

    I celebrate every year (as this year) in my restaurant (founded by my grandfather Alfredo Di Lelio) the USA Holiday of. fettuccine all’Alfredo (February 7). I must clarify that other restaurants “Alfredo” in Rome do not belong to the family tradition of ‘Il Vero Alfredo – Alfredo di Roma’ and I inform you that the restaurant ‘Il Vero Alfredo –Alfredo di Roma’ is in the registry of ‘Historic Shops of Excellence’ of the City of Rome Capitale.

    Best regards Ines Di Lelio”

    Fettuccine FAQ

    Q. How many calories are in a serving of fettuccine?
    A. A 2 ounce serving of dry fettuccine contains 211 calories.

    Q. Besides alfredo, what other kinds of sauces go well with fettuccini?
    A. While alfredo tastes delicious on fettuccini there are several other sauces that go well will fettuccini. Try these the next time you make fettuccini:

    • Pesto – Cooks make this herby, pinenut, and garlic sauce ahead. It also adds delicious flavor to chicken and seafood.
    • Marinara – This go-to tomato-based sauce is fresh and light. 
    • Bolognese – Also a tomato-based sauce, Bolognese is easy to prepare. It also adds the heartiness of ground beef with a subtle creaminess.
    • Carbonara – Similar to alfredo, this cream-based sauce is enhanced by the addition of bacon or pancetta.
  • NATIONAL SEND A CARD TO A FRIEND DAY – February 7

    NATIONAL SEND A CARD TO A FRIEND DAY

    National Send A Card To A Friend Day on February 7th reminds us to send friendly cheer through the mail. We do that by sending a note or message on a card to the friends we hold dear. Throughout the year, we often think about our friends. We wonder how they are, miss them, and remember fond memories of times shared. 

    Sending a card to someone for a variety of reasons dates back to ancient times. The Chinese would send elegantly designed messages as well as the Egyptians, though on different types of paper. During the Rennaisance, greeting cards gained popularity for specific holidays and events. Victorian times increased the use of the greeting card for Valentine’s Day, Christmas, birthdays, and more. 

    While our more digital era may turn away from the flowery language of greeting cards, a surprising 80 percent of adults still purchase them. While they may only make these purchases for special occasions and are more likely to include them with a gift when they’re attending an event, they are purchasing. That said, retailers continue to reduce their footprint in the greeting card aisle. 

    All the facts would add up to a faster fading “Just Thinking of You” type of card. However nice it is to receive sweet text, wouldn’t it be less of a chore to go to the mailbox if occasionally you found a notecard from a friend?  

    HOW TO OBSERVE #SendACardToAFriendDay

    Send a card to your friends. You can buy cards at a store, or you can make them yourself. Whichever way you choose, set aside a few minutes to write a short note or a long note in a card and send one to make a friend’s day! Use #SendACardToAFriendDay to post on social media.

    NATIONAL SEND A CARD TO FRIEND DAY HISTORY

    National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this friendly holiday. As we do, we’re also making friends that we need to send cards to, too! 

    Cards FAQ

    Q. Can I send a postcard on Send a Card to a Friend Day?
    A. Yes. Sending a postcard is just as nice as sending a folded card. 

    Q. How much does it cost to mail a card?
    A. The single-piece rate is 58¢ per one ounce. However, if you mail a standard postcard, the current rate is 40¢.