Category: December 07


    In 2017, National Day Calendar® began celebrating each state in the order they entered the union starting the week of Independence Day and ending with Hawaii. We highlight a small part of each states’ history, foods and the people who make up the state. Many states have their own state celebrations, and National Day Calendar’s observances in no way replace them. There’s so much more to explore, we can’t help but celebrate our beautiful country even more!


    On December 7th, National Illinois Day recognizes the Land of Lincoln, home to the Windy City, and fertile prairies.


    As the 21st state to join the United States, Illinois’s distinct political, industrial, agricultural and population densities create an intriguing contrast to other states.

    When farmers began to settle on the Illinois prairie, they found the thick soil challenging to sow. One Vermont blacksmith made the work easier with the invention of the steel plow that cut sod more efficiently than previous tools. John Deere plow was born.

    Railroads and shipping lines grew with farms in the rich prairies as settlers spread across the state. Chicago’s proximity to Lake Michigan has made it a major hub for transportation of goods across the country.

    With the invention of the combustion engine, more reliable public highways became a national goal. U.S. Route 66 would become the iconic ribbon from Chicago to Los Angeles. Officially established in 1926, portions of the route were created from already existing roads.

    Illinois completed the first leg of Route 66 during an era when Prohibition was in full swing. A paved roadway gave illegal transportation of spirits a bootleg up and the state a reputation that has become legendary for this era.

    While Ronald Reagan was the only president born in Illinois, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant and Barack Obama all called Illinois home.

    Traveling around the state, we will glimpse the wonders of nature or the designs of Frank Lloyd Wright.  From tours of his architecture in Oak Park to Starved Rock State Park and Horseshoe Mound, Illinois offers urban and outdoor enjoyment.


    Join National Day Calendar as we recognize Illinois’ history and pioneering spirit. Uncover hidden treasures and explore all Illinois highways and byways! Use #NationalIllinoisDay to share on social media.

    Black Hawk (Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak) led a series of actions against the U.S. disputing the Treaty of St. Louis and their settlement of the Northwest Territory.
    Suffragist, civic leader and president of the Hull-House Association, Louise DeKoven Bowen advocated for both women and children throughout her life.

    As co-founder of Hull House in Chicago, Addams led the country in developing settlement houses. The facilities offered education, social services, and more to those in need. As a peace activist, in 1931 Addams became the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

    The daughter of a prosperous Chicago businessman, Mary Victoria Leiter would marry George Curzon, heir to the Barony of Scarsdale.
    As the first licensed female architect in history, Marion Mahony left her mark all across the Midwest and worked alongside Frank Lloyd Wright.
    Animation pioneer and entrepreneur, Walt Disney took his chances and with his brother launched an enterprise on the image of a mouse.
    The 40th president of the United States served two terms from 1981 to 1989. The president survived an assassination attempt two months into his first term. Reagan’s second term was highlight by the end of the Cold War.
    One half of an ice cream shop, Burt Baskins along with his brother-in-law Irvin Robbins began making cold hard cash from 21 flavors and franchises around the world.
    Martin Cooper led the Motorola team that developed the modern mobile phone. In 1973, he placed the first cellular call on a DynaTAC phone in New York City.
    Lorraine Hansberry wrote the award-winning Broadway play A Raisin in the Sun.
    First lady and wife of the 44th President, Michelle Obama is a graduate of Harvard Law School. She was the first African-American first lady.
    For a complete list of Illinois State and National Parks & Historic Sites visit and  Check out a few of the featured sites around the state below.

    Lewis & Clark

    Mormon Pioneer


    Mississippi Palisades State Park – Savanna

    Illinois and Michigan Canal State Trail – Northwestern Illinois

    Weldon Springs State Park – Clinton

    Illinois Caverns – Waterloo


    Cave-in-Rock State Park

    Trail of Tears State Forest – Jonesboro


    Postville Courthouse State Historic Site – Lincoln

    Lincoln’s New Salem State Historic Site – Petersburg

    Wood River Camp Dubois – Wood River

    Elijah P. Lovejoy Monument – Alton

    Original Historic Route 66 Brick Road – Auburn

    Blackhawk War Monument – Kent

    Illinois State Museum – Springfield

    Field Museum of Natural History – Chicago

    Adler Planetarium – Chicago

    Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center – Skokie

    McLean County Museum History – Bloomington

    Route 66 Association Hall of Fame and Museum – Pontiac

    Morton Arboretum – Lisle
    The Awaking Muse – Schaumburg

    Gold Pyramid – Wadsworth

    Rockmen Guardians – Rockford

    Popeye Character Trail – Chester

    Gemini Giant – Wilmington

  • CHANUKAH – changes annually


    Chanukah also spelled Hanukkah and known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the re-dedication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple) in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt of the 2nd century BCE. Hanukkah (Hebrew: חֲנֻכָּה, usually spelled חנוכה pronounced [χanuˈka] in Modern Hebrew, also romanized as Chanukah or Chanuka), is observed for eight nights and days. According to the Hebrew calendar, it starts on the 25th day of Kislev, which may occur from late November to late December in the Gregorian calendar.


    Did you know these facts?

    • Hanukkah is less religiously significant than other Jewish holidays.
    • The menorah holds nine candles. In the center stands the shamus or servant. The shamus lights the eight other Hanukkah candles.
    • The Hanukkah candles are strictly for pleasure. They are not to be used for any useful or productive purpose. The shamus is available, so the Hanukkah candles are not accidentally used to light a fire in the fireplace or for another useful purpose.
    • Gift-giving is not traditionally a part of the Hanukkah holiday.
    • Playing dreidel is a gambling game popular during the Hanukkah holiday.
    • Fried foods are traditional during the holiday, representing the oil used to light the lamps.


    While learning more about Chanukah, celebrate the holiday with a few of these traditions:

    • Light the menorah for the eight nights of the celebration.
    • Play the dreidel game. Teach others how to play, too.
    • Give gelt or chocolate coins.
    • Don’t forget the fried food! Pastries, donuts, and latkes come to mind. There are so many kinds of latkes to try, too! Check out the recipes at My Jewish Learning for more ways than you can imagine.
    • Invite friends to join you in your traditions.
    • Retell the Chanukah story.

    Share your Chanukah traditions with others. See Use #Chanukah to post on social media.


    During the time of Alexander the Great, Jewish culture began to blend with the Greek culture. Jews who accepted Greek culture at the expense of their religion became known as Hellenists. Alexander and the Jews had a mostly peaceful relationship; the Jews were loyal to his rule, and Alexander didn’t destroy and abuse them.

    Around 190 BCE, when Alexander left Israel and Antiochus IV took over, most Jews had assimilated to Greek culture but continued to practice their faith. However, Antiochus expected more from the Jews.

    Antiochus forced Greek culture on the devout Jewish people by placing Hellenistic priests in the Temple. He also desecrated the Temple by sacrificing pigs at the altar, prohibiting Jews from practicing their faith, killing their faithful, and levying heavy taxes upon them.

    A rebel force of Jews formed around the year 166 BCE. They revolted against Antiochus’ government and took back the Temple. So that they could rededicate the Temple, oil was needed for the menorah. But there was only enough undefiled oil to last one night. Miraculously, it lasted eight days. Hanukkah is the eight-day Festival of Lights commemorating this miracle of the oil.

    Chanukah FAQ

    Q. What is gelt?
    A. Hanukkah gelt is a gift of chocolate coins given during the Hanukkah holiday. The money is often given during the Dreidel game.

    Q. What do the symbols mean on the dreidel?
    A. Four symbols appear on the four-sided top called a dreidel. Players take turns spinning a dreidel during the game. The symbols represent letters from the Hebrew alphabet: Nun, Gimmel, Hey, and Shin. Each letter determines the action to be taken on a player’s spin.

    18 December  2022, at sundown
    7 December  2023, at sundown
    25 December 2024, at sundown
    14 December 2025, at sundown
    12 December 2026, at sundown
    1 December 2027, at sundown
    20 December 2028, at sundown
    9 December 2029, at sundown
    20 December 2030, at sundown
    9 December 2031, at sundown




    International Civil Aviation Day on December 7th generate awareness about the importance of international civil aviation. The annual observance also recognizes the unique role civil aviation plays in creating a rapid transit network around the globe.

    Civil aviation represents all non-military aviation. It includes flight activities conducted by the private and commercial sectors. Civil aviation helps to improve the social and economic developments of States. The United Nations recognizes that international flight is also an important component of global peace and prosperity.

    The importance of international civil aviation cannot be understated. Consider the following statistics:

    • The International Civil Aviation network carries over 4 billion passengers a year
    • The global Air Transport sector supports 65.5 million jobs
    • It creates a global economic activity worth 2.7 trillion dollars
    • Each day, 120,000 flights carry 12 million passengers safely to their destination
    • 3.6 percent of the global economic activity is supported by this industry

    HOW TO OBSERVE #InternationalCivilAviationDay

    Countries throughout the world hold a variety of events on this day. Some of these include air shows, educational seminars about aviation, and special airport tours.

    Since aviation fascinates all ages, celebrating will be a breeze.

    • Thank a pilot, flight attendant, traffic controller, or anyone else you know who works in the aviation industry.
    • If you’re thinking about a career path, consider working one of the many jobs in the aviation industry. And just how many careers are there in aviation? Well, mechanics, engineers, pilots, computer technicians, flight attendants only skim the surface. Explore the world of aviation from the ground to the sky.
    • How would your life be affected without being able to fly? Share your thoughts in an essay or blog post.
    • Discuss with family or friends one of your favorite traveling experiences that involved flying in a plane.
    • Study the history of aviation in the United States and around the world.
    • Watch one of these documentaries about aviation: One Six Right, City in the Sky, Flying the Feathered Edge, Ice Pilots NWT, and Airbus vs. Boeing: The Jumbo Jet Race.
    • While you’re at it, host a party with an aviation theme. Include model-building competitions and aviation trivia. Give prizes to those who’ve traveled on the longest flight and logged the most hours in the air.
    • Aviation museums offer a wealth of information. Due to the remarkable size of even the smallest planes, they leave quite an impression on visitors touring museums. The stories behind them compel us to learn more, too. Take your family and friends for an adventure.

    Share this day on social media with #InternationalCivilAviationDay


    In 1944, delegates from 54 nations gathered in Chicago. They signed the Convention on International Civil Aviation. Additionally, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) formed during this time. To mark its 50th anniversary, the ICAO established International Civil Aviation Day in 1994. Two years later, in 1996, the U.N. General Assembly adopted a resolution officially recognizing December 7th as International Civil Aviation Day.




    National Cotton Candy Day celebrates the spun sugar treat that delights candy fans of all ages. On December 7th get your favorite flavor of this sweet delight that dates back to the 1400s.


    Originally called spun sugar, cotton candy is still a staple at carnivals, fairs, and the circus. While it may be reminiscent of childhood days, fairy floss also reminds us of fluffy clouds. Since the heated sugar gets spun into thin strands of fine sugar and blown into fat puffs twirled onto paper sticks, it’s a bit like magic.

    We associate it with other magical occasions, too. Carnivals and fairs, the zoo, and the circus delight us. We associate a bit of joy and magic with cotton candy. Nostalgic memories of bustling crowds and the music of the calliope bring a smile to our faces. Cotton candy comes with adventure!

    Cotton candy is also called candy floss or fairy floss.

    During the 18th century, cotton candy (spun sugar) was first recorded in Europe. At that time, it was very expensive and labor-intensive. Generally, the average person could not afford to purchase cotton candy.  

    Then in 1897, Dentist William Morrison and confectioner John C. Wharton invented machine-spun cotton candy. Their invention introduced cotton candy to a wider audience at the 1904 World’s Fair as Fairy Floss. Fairgoers loved it and bought over 68,000 boxes for 25¢ a box.


    When it comes to celebrating this sweet treat, there are many routes we can take. Try creating an adventure by exploring all the ways cotton candy used to be made and how it’s made today. Share your favorite memories of cotton candy treats while enjoying some cotton candy with those you love. Use #NationalCottonCandyDay to post on social media.

    Do you want to learn more about this fascinating candy? Read 5 Sweet Facts About Cotton Candy.


    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this sweet food holiday.

    Cotton Candy FAQ

    Q. What is the most popular color of cotton candy?
    A. The most popular color of cotton candy is pink followed by blue. Candy makers add a type of food coloring to achieve the pastel colors.

    Q. What happens if I squeeze cotton candy?
    A. Because cotton candy is made from 70% air, squeezing it forces the air out and the sugar molecules to stick together.

    Q. Can you use any kind of sugar to make cotton candy?
    A. Cotton candy sugar can be made from granular sugar. However, several brands make flavored sugars and syrups specifically for making cotton candy.

    December 7th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) History


    Patent No. 942,699 issued to Leo Hendrik Baekeland of Yonkers, NY for Bakelite. The plastic is the first of its kind resistant to melting when heated.


    Japan attacks the U.S. Naval Station Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The attack draws the United States into World War II.


    Elvis Presley’s “Are You Lonesome Tonight?” is the number 1 song in the country.


    Apollo 17 launched from Cape Canaveral on the sixth and final moon mission under the command of Eugene Cernan. The crew also included geologist Harrison Schmitt and pilot Ron Evans. Cernan and Schmitt spent explored the lunar surface while Evans stayed aboard the lunar module, America. During the mission, the crew takes a photo of the Earth that is known today as the “blue marble” photo.


    Star Trek: The Motion Picture has its Los Angeles, CA premiere. Based on the Gene Roddenberry television series, the movie starred William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, Deforest Kelley, James Doohan, George Takei, Majel Berrett, Walter Koenig, and Nichelle Nichols.

    December 7th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Richard Warren Sears – 1863

    The rail station agent started a catalog company selling jewelry and by 1893 he joined Alvah Roebuck and co-founded Sears, Roebuck and Co.

    Willa Cather – 1873

    The author’s works recorded the pioneer and frontier life in novels such as My Antonia, O Pioneers, and many of her short stories.

    Clarence Nash – 1904

    The voice actor was the original and most distinctive, sputtering voice of the animated character, Donald Duck.

    Benjamin Eisenstadt – 1906

    Before developing the product Sweet ‘n Low, Eisenstadt invented individual sugar packets. When he began producing his zero-calorie sweetener, Eisenstadt packaged it in individual pink packets so consumers could easily distinguish the Sweet ‘n Low from the sugar packets.

    Reginald Lewis – 1942

    Following Harvard Law School, Lewis launched Wall Street’s first African American law firm. By the time he was 41, he was the richest black man in American and the first to become a billionaire.

    Larry Bird – 1956

    Bird played professional basketball for the Boston Celtics for 13 seasons bringing home 3 NBA championships.



    Each year in the United States, National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day honors all those who lost their lives when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. More than 3,500 Americans lost their lives or were wounded on that solemn day.


    The day marked a turn in the United States’ position regarding involvement in World War II. The Japanese attack damaged several battleships, permanently sinking both the USS Arizona and USS Oklahoma. Still, others capsized, taking crew members with them. One noted ship was the USS Utah. Along with naval vessels, the attack destroyed aircraft, too. As a result, the attack forced the U.S. into a war that had been raging for two years.

    The day is also sometimes referred to as Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day or Pearl Harbor Day.


    Organizations across the country honor the memory of Pearl Harbor with tributes; survivors share their stories and join in reunions. Traditionally the Flag of the United States is flown at half-staff until sunset to honor those who lost their lives serving this nation at Pearl Harbor. 

    Today, Pearl Harbor offers several sites in memory of those who served during the bombing. The Pearl Harbor National Memorial dedicates sites in memory of the crews lost on December 7th, 1941. For many of the crew of the USS Utah, USS Arizona, and USS Oklahoma, Pearl Harbor is their final resting place. The memorials serve as a place of honor to those service members lost during the attack. They also provide a moving reminder of the loss war causes. 

    Use #PearlHarborRemembranceDay to post on social media.


    On August 23, 1994, the United States Congress by Pub L 103-308, designated December 7th, of each year, as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.

    Pearl Harbor FAQ

    Q. Why was the bombing of Pearl Harbor so pivotal?
    A. Until December 7, 1941, The United States had practice isolationism with regards to the war. The country had no interest in joining the war with the exception of providing some resources for those Allied countries already battling the war. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, though, The United States had no option but to join the fray.

    Q. When was Pearl Harbor built?
    A. The U.S. Navy established the Naval Station at Pearl Harbor in 1908.

    Q. How did Pearl Harbor get its name?
    A. A variety of pearl oysters were once abundant in the harbor that Hawaiians named the harbor Wai Momi which means “Pearl Waters.”