Category: December 28



    On December 28th, National Short Film Day commemorates the day the motion picture industry was born, when the Lumière brothers projected a program of short films to a public audience for the first time.


    In 1895 at the Grand Café in Paris, two brothers sparked the world’s love of cinema. Auguste and Louis Lumière brought that fascination to life first in a paying audience of 33 customers. That day, the film pioneers presented 10 short films, each about 50 seconds in length. To the amazement of all those in attendance, the brothers captured everyday events on film and played them back as moving pictures. The experience of “watching movies” came alive that day. And it all began with those first 10 short films.

    Today, short films come in many genres, lengths, and styles. They entertain us with animation, fantasy, comedy, and drama. They also inform and educate us through documentary subjects that provide revealing insights into real-life stories we may have never known before.

    In short, short films continue to move us, just as they did that first time over 120 years ago!


    Watch short films all day. Share your favorite short films and use #NationalShortFilmDay on social media.

    If you’re looking for something to watch, check out these 8 Remarkable Short Films and celebrate the day!


    Film Movement +_logo_color_black+

    Film Movement founded National Short Film Day in 2019 and celebrated its first observance on December 28th, 2019. They created the day to celebrate the impact of the short film and to commemorate its long and enduring history.

    In 2019, Film Movement registered the observance with National Day Calendar®, and the Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed the day to be observed on December 28th, annually.

    Each year on that day, Film Movement will stream 10 short films for free on their exclusive streaming service, Film Movement Plus (, and offer new subscribers exclusive membership discounts.



    National Card Playing Day on December 28th encourages us to invite our friends to deal out a hand and play a game or two.  


    In the 9th century, the Chinese began developing games using money and other paper objects. These early playing cards bear no resemblance to the sturdier European playing cards that emerged a few centuries later.

    Card games spread around the world in a variety of shapes and styles. From the elaborate Mamluk designs of Egypt to the appearance of the first playing cards during the Early Renaissance in Europe, the decks were divided into four suits of coins, cups, swords, and sticks or batons.

    When is National Solitaire Day?

    It is from these four suits that today’s modern decks of playing cards developed. Theories range how the suits converted to hearts, spades, diamonds and clubs. One theory suggests the suits represent the different classes of the era – clergy, aristocracy, military, and peasantry.

    In India, the ten suited card game of Ganjifa became popular during the Moghul period. Traditionally, artists hand-painted a stunning scene on each of the 120 cards in the deck.

    A standard pack of cards may be used for playing a variety of card games, with varying elements of skill and chance, some of which are played for money. Some of the top card games include Spades, Poker, Solitaire, Spite and Malice, Hearts, Spoons, Gin Rummy, Ridge, Black Jack, and Texas Hold’em. Of course, there are thousands of card games, some of which are regional favorites.


    What’s your favorite card game? There are so many to play. Celebrate the day by:

    • Organizing a card tournament
    • Trying out a new card game
    • Inventing a new card game
    • Teaching someone how to play
    • Learning the history of your favorite games

    Get playing and show us your hand using #CardPlayingDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar has a full deck and we’re busy playing Euchre or Hearts. Someone holds all the cards and has a good poker face, but we’re not saying who. As soon as we know more about the origin of this day, you’ll be the first to know!

    Card Playing Day

    Q. What is a card sharp?
    A. A card sharp, or the more modern variation card shark, describes a skilled or deceptive card player. They may use sleight of hand or other methods of cheating to win a game.

    Q. What is the largest card maker in the world?
    A. The United States Playing Card Company (and the maker of Bicycle brand playing cards) is the largest playing card maker in the world.

    Q. How many decks of cards are used in Las Vegas each year?
    A. Sin City uses approximately 27 million decks every year.

    Q. What are the four suits in a standard deck of cards?
    A. The four suits in a standard deck of cards are hearts, clubs, diamonds, and spades. Each of them contains thirteen cards: ace, two through ten, and three face cards. The two jokers bring the deck to 54 cards.




    National Chocolate Candy Day offers an opportunity for us to polish off the last of the specialty candies we received as gifts. Celebrated on December 28th, the day points us to the truffles and chocolate oranges tucked into stockings. Check those boxes of candy that may or may not have guides to help us choose cream-filled or ganache.  


    The word “chocolate” comes from the word “xocoatl” or “chocolatl.” Mayan “school” means hot or bitter, and the Aztec “atl” means water. Chocolate comes from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao tree. Cacao has been cultivated for at least three millennia and grows in Mexico, Central America, and Northern South America. The earliest known documentation of using cacao seeds is from around 1100 BC.

    Question Mark 4 mulitple
    When is National Chocolate Day?

    But before it was ever made into a sweet candy, it was ground into a beverage. In the ruling class society, the beverage was used for medical purposes. 

    In 1828, Dutch inventor and chemist, Coenraad Van Houten, developed a way to produce chocolate in solid form. His hydraulic press made it possible to remove the cocoa butter from the cacao. His invention leads to producing a powder opening the way for the first chocolate confections. It’s thanks to Van Houten we can enjoy the variety of chocolates we do today. 

    Chocolate Facts
    • Whitman’s produced their first box of chocolate in 1842.
    • In 1847, British chocolate company J.S. Fry & Sons combined cocoa butter, cocoa powder, and sugar-producing the first edible chocolate bar.
    • The invention of the conching machine by Rodolphe Lindt in 1879 ushered in the mass production of the creamy treat.
    • The first chocolate Easter egg was made sometime in the early 19th century. In 1875 John Cadbury introduced his first chocolate egg.
    • When Allied troops stormed the beach of Normandy on D-Day, part of emergency rations and in soldiers’ packs included the D ration bar designed by Hershey Chocolate company for the U.S. Army.
    • Americans consume 12 pounds of chocolate each year.


    There are so many different kinds of chocolate candy. What’s your favorite? Enjoy a piece or two. Do you have leftovers? Host a chocolate candy party. Taste and sample all the varieties. Discover new favorites. Trade out the ones you don’t like. Bring some to work to share. How will you celebrate? Let us know by using #ChocolateCandyDay to post on social media.


    While we finish our bonbons and chocolate-covered cherries, National Day Calendar continues researching the origins of this chocolate holiday. 

    Chocolate Candy FAQ

    Q. Where is the world’s largest candy store?
    A. M&M’s Leicester Square location in London, England, is the world’s largest candy store.

    Q. What is a chocolate map?
    A. Did you receive a box of chocolates as a gift? Well, most boxed chocolates include a map that labels the kinds of chocolates in each section. It comes in handy when you are craving chocolate but don’t want to eat mom’s favorite by accident or if you don’t like cherry-flavored fillings.




    Pledge of Allegiance Day on December 28th commemorates the date Congress adopted the “The Pledge” into the United States Flag Code. 


    Congress formally gave recognition for the Pledge of Allegiance on December 28, 1945. Francis Bellamy receives credit for writing the Pledge of Allegiance. The Youth’s Companion, a magazine for young people, first published it anonymously on September 8, 1892, under the title “The Pledge.” It was written in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America.

    In 1923 and 1924, the National Flag Conference inserted text of the pledge into legislation. Though modifications were made, the pledge remained nearly the same. At the same time, the conference didn’t designate it as the official pledge. In its original form, it read:

    “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

    The small changes resulted in this version:

    “I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

    On Flag Day in 1954, Congress added the words “under God” in response to the anti-Communist opinion sweeping the country during the Cold War.


    Learn more about the Pledge of Allegiance, its history and what it means. Recite the pledge. Use #PledgeOfAllegianceDay to post on social media.


    Over the years, various attempts to create a national day honoring the Pledge of Allegiance have reached Congress. Others have failed. Around the country, Pledge Days, large and small, focused on the history of the pledge, the flag, and the Nation as a whole. We recount some of those efforts below. Interestingly, none of the exercises in patriotism point to a holiday taking place on December 28th. 

    Grade School Movement

    In the 1970s, a movement took root aimed to set Pledge of Allegiance Day on April 30th. The significance of the date points to President George Washington’s inauguration on April 30, 1789. The third-grade students and their teacher, Mrs. Priore from Cleveland Hill School in Cheektowaga, NY, launched the campaign. Their campaign gained some ground with editorials and articles published across the country. However, their efforts never resulted in any continuing observance.

    Congressional Designations

    In 1982, Congress received a submission for National Pledge of Allegiance Day, but they took no action.

    That same decade, the House reviewed a Joint Resolution to designate September 8, 1988, as Francis Bellamy Pledge of Allegiance Day. While they referred the document to the Post Office and Civil Service Committee for review, no further action resulted.

    The following year, National Pledge of Allegiance Day returned. The House passed H.J.Res. 253 designating September 8, 1989, as National Pledge of Allegiance Day in commemoration of the first day “The Pledge” appeared in print. The resolution also called for the Pledge of Allegiance to be included in the 500th anniversary commemorative activities celebrating the discovery of America. The anniversary took place in 1992. That year, a commemorative stamp was issued.

    In 2004, the Senate passed Resolution 378 designating June 14, 2004, as National Pledge of Allegiance as a way to reaffirm the United States flag as a unique symbol of the United States and its ideals.


    December 28th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History


    The U.S. Patent Office issued patent No. 98,304 to William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio for chewing gum. However, the first person to commercially produce chewing gum was John B. Curtis of Maine.


    The U.S. Patent Office issued patent No. 355,139 to Josephine Garis Cochran for her invention of the “dish washing” machine. She is the first inventor to successfully produce a commercially marketable dishwasher. The inventor soon established the Cochran’s Crescent Washing Machine Company. In later years, the company would become part of KitchenAid.


    Pioneering filmmakers, brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière presented 10 short films in their first public performance.


    Elizabeth Jordan Carr was born at Norfolk General Hospital. She was the first American baby conceived using in vitro fertilization.

    December 28th Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) Birthdays 

    Woodrow Wilson – 1856

    The 28th President of the United States saw the country through World War I and established his Fourteen Points to guide the nation into peace. His efforts following the war earned Wilson the 1919 Nobel Prize for Peace.

    Stan Lee – 1922

    The comic-book writer and editor became the executive vice president and publisher of Marvel Comics in the 1970s. Throughout Lee’s career, he created some of the comic-book world’s most iconic characters including Spiderman, Hulk, Doctor Strange and Black Panther.

    Maggie Smith – 1934

    The award-winning actress of stage and film began her career in 1956. Since then, Smith has developed a considerable portfolio of work. The English actress is most recently recognized for her roles in the Harry Potter films and the Downton Abbey television series.

    Kary B. Mullis – 1944

    The Nobel Prize-winning chemist is recognized for inventing the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique that is used to replicate and analyze DNA rapidly.

    Linus Torvalds – 1969

    In 1991, the programmer developed the operating system known as Linux.

    John Legend – 1978

    The award-winning singer-songwriter rose to stardom with his 2004 debut album, Get Lifted.

  • HOLY INNOCENTS DAY – December 28


    Holy Innocents Day, observed annually on December 28th. The day commemorates the execution of the innocent, male children in Bethlehem as told in Matthew 2:16. 


    Also known as the Feast of the Holy Innocents (and referred to as Childermas), the day refers to King Herod’s order found in Matthew’s account of the king’s reaction to the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecy. This day is observed in the Western churches on December 28th and Eastern churches on December 29th. These children are considered martyrs, Saints of God, by the Church.  


    On this day it is custom to give the youngest child in the household the power to rule the day. From what to eat, where to go, and what to do, the youngest is in charge. In Mexico, it is a day for children to play practical jokes and pranks on their elders. Use #HolyInnocentsDay to post on social media.


    Herod was born around 74 B.C. The Romans appointed him King of Judea in 37 B.C. 

    Upon hearing of the birth of the King of the Jews – a threat to his rule and the fulfillment of an Old Testament prophecy – Herod ordered the execution of all the male children in Bethlehem. While scholars debate the exact date and even dispute whether the massacre happened, the feast has been celebrated since before the end of the fifth century.