Category: December 14



    Every year on December 14th, the country of Bangladesh observes Martyred Intellectuals Day. This is a day of remembrance for the large number of intellectuals who were killed by Pakistani forces in 1971.

    In March of 1971, a major conflict erupted due to elections in East Pakistan. A political party called the Awami League had won the elections. Arguments arose during the formation of a new government. Things were especially tense between the Bengalis and West Pakistanis. Violence ensued as the Awami League launched a campaign of civil disobedience. Supporters attacked many non-Bengali civilians. This was the beginning of the Bangladesh Liberation War.

    On December 14, 1971, the Pakistani forces began sensing defeat. As a result, they abducted and killed Bengali intellectuals and professionals. They did so as a way to intellectually cripple the newly liberated country of Bangladesh. These intellectuals included teachers, lawyers, scientists, doctors, engineers, and journalists. They were forced out of their homes, blindfolded, and killed.

    According to the Provisional Government of Bangladesh, 360 intellectuals were killed. This number has been disputed. Some say over 1,000 intellectuals were killed. Even though a comprehensive list of those who were killed has been promised by the government, that list has yet to be produced.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #MartyredIntellectualsDay

    Government officials in Bangladesh commemorate the day by laying wreaths at the memorial site in Dhaka for the martyred intellectuals. Many people in the country also have a moment of silence or hold candlelight vigils. Even though this day is observed in Bangladesh, there are some ways for you to participate:

    • Study the history of Bangladesh and how it became an independent nation in 1971
    • Watch “1971” a documentary about the Bangladeshi Liberation War
    • Think about what it is like for family members of the martyred intellectuals do not have any closure after so many years

    Share this solemn day of remembrance on social media with #MartyredIntellectualsDay


    In 1993, the government of Bangladesh had the idea of building a memorial in Dhaka for the martyred intellectuals. Construction for the Martyred Intellectuals Memorial began in 1996 and was completed in 1999. Before the memorial was built, family members and loved ones of the martyred intellectuals visited the site of a mass grave where their loved ones were believed to have died.

    Our team is still researching the exact date that the Martyred Intellectuals Day was officially created.


  • NATIONAL ALABAMA DAY – December 14


    On December 14th, National Alabama Day recognizes the Heart of Dixie.


    The 22nd state to join the union, Alabama has played pivotal roles in U.S. history, scientific advancements and its magnificent landscapes attract visitors from far and wide.

    Alabama enjoys 60 miles of shoreline along the Gulf Coast. While the coastal region is dotted with swamps and bayous, it also includes beautiful sandy beaches. Move northward from the coast, and the lowlands provide the fertile soils of the Black Belt, land that long yielded productive cotton crops. The Northern half of the state is dominated by the forested hills and valleys of the Appalachians.

    As the original capital of the Confederacy until May of 1861 during the American Civil War, the small town of Montgomery set the stage for the secessionist government. Nearly 100 years later, the Civil Rights Movement would find a home and erupt across the state marching its vision to the rest of the country.

    Agriculture, Military and Meat & Three

    Bringing diversity to agriculture at a time when the boll weevil was wreaking havoc on cotton crops, George Washington Carver provided the opportunity for successful planting and harvesting of a legume that continues to be popular not only in the south but across the United States. The peanut brought new farming methods and agricultural stability to a suffering southern industry.

    Home of the 332nd Fighter Group, the first African American military aviators, the science team that helped put man on the moon, and the first African American woman in space, Alabama is another state that keeps looking to the sky.

    In Alabama, and all across Southern states, the meat and three will fill you up with more satisfying comfort food than you can find anywhere other than your mother’s kitchen. The restaurant style includes a mouth-watering homemade meat of your choosing – crispy fried chicken, juicy sweet ham or tender roast beef – and then a selection of three sides. A roll and dessert are usually included as well. All this is served in a relaxed, downhome atmosphere.


    Join National Day Calendar as we explore Alabama’s rich history and remarkable landscapes. Get to know their people, culture and uncover the hidden places of Alabama! Use #NationalAlabamaDay to share on social media.

    For a complete list of Illinois State and National Parks & Historic Sites visit and  Check out a few of the featured sites around the state below.

    Birmingham Civil Rights

    Muscle Shoals

    Selma to Montgomery

    Buck’s Pocket State Park – Grove Oak
    Cathedral Caverns State Park – Woodville
    Chewacla State Park – Auburn
    Gulf State Park – Gulf Shores
    Lake Guntersville State Park – Guntersville
    Monte Sano State Park – Huntsville


    Old Alabama Town – Montgomery
    Alabama Museum of Natural History – Tuscaloosa
    Moundville Archaeological Site – Moundville
    Birmingham Civil Rights Institute – Birmingham
    Museum of Alabama – Montgomery
    The Hank Williams Museum – Montgomery
    GulfQuest Maritime Museum – Mobile
    Rosa Parks Museum – Montgomery
    Southern Museum of Flight – Birmingham
    Fort Conde – Mobile
    U.S. Space & Rocket Center – Huntsville
    Pioneer Museum of Alabama – Troy
    Fort Gaines – Dauphin Island
    F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald Museum – Montgomery

    Never Sink Preserve – Fackler

    Alabama Booksmith – Homewood

    Tinglewood Carvings – Montevallo

    William Weatherford was a respected Creek Chief who surrendered to Andrew Jackson to save his people during the Creek War of 1813 and 1814.
    After illness took her sight and her hearing, Helen Keller found her voice and became an advocate for the blind and deaf, an author and lecturer. Her story and the challenges she faced along with her mentor and teacher, Anne Sullivan, have been told through novels, plays and film.
    As a military surgeon, Lafayette Guild studied how yellow fever spread. After serving in the Confederate Army, he continued his studies which aided research into combatting the disease.
    Founder of the Political Equality Association, Alva Belmont used her fortune to serve the Women’s Rights Movement by becoming one of the National American Women Suffrage Association’s benefactors. Belmont believed firmly in a more aggressive approach than the more sedate methods to creating change other activists preferred. She also organized labor groups and supported addressing women’s rights in the courts.
    One of the pioneers of the 4-H Clubs, Luther Duncan also served as the Alabama Extension Service director and Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) president.
    In December of 1955, Rosa Parks sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott when she refused to give up her seat to a white passenger after a long day of work. The boycott shined a light on the issue of segregation and propelled the Civil Rights Movement into the headlines.
    In 1936, Jesse Owens won four track and field gold medals at the Berlin Olympics amid the rise of Adolph Hitler and his Nazis regime.
    Joe Louis dominated the boxing ring and earned his first heavyweight crown in 1937 when he knocked out James J. Braddock in the eighth round.
    Best known for her Pulitzer Prize-winning novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1960), Harper Lee later accepted a post to the National Council of the Arts. While Mockingbird brought celebrity and wealth to Lee, she didn’t publish another novel until 2015. Originally written in 1957, Go Set a Watchman follows up on the main characters in Mockingbird.
    Known for his role as Gomer Pyle on the Andy Griffith Show and his baritone singing voice, Jim Nabors performed comedy on several variety shows.
    Hank Williams left a country music legacy in a short period of time. Williams’ life played much like his songs, full of turbulence and heartache, but he still inspires many of today’s country and western performers.
    Condoleezza Rice broke several barriers for African American women when she became the first to serve as national security advisor and U.S. Secretary of State.
    Best known as the acrobatic shortstop of the St. Louis Cardinals, Ozzie Smith earned the nickname “The Wizard of Oz” for his magical defensive plays in the infield. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2002.
    After becoming the first African-American woman in space in 1992, Mae Jemison continued to share her science and technology knowledge through the founding of the Dorothy Jemison Foundation, authoring books and teaching.



    National Bouillabaisse Day on December 14th gives seafood lovers everywhere a reason to celebrate. This flavorful fish stew hits the spot on cold winter’s day, too. 


    The French are known for many great recipes. Their food inspires travel to France for a taste of authentic dishes. Bouillabaisse tops the list of must-have cuisine while visiting France. The tasty stew originates in the port city of Marseille. It is traditionally made using bony rockfish, saffron, fennel seed, and orange zest.

    However, in the culinary world, strong opinions bounce around about the proper ingredients for an authentic bouillabaisse. Those opinions include the type of fish. Typically, cooks use red rascasse, sea robin, or European conger. They also debate the type of wine (red or white). Both topics are hotly debated. They even argue about the soup’s origins. Did a Greek goddess create the stew? Or does the credit belong to coastal fishermen who threw the ingredients together from unsold bony rockfish? Perhaps these spicy debates add a little flavor to the stew, too. Your guess is as good as ours.

    Regardless, cooks use a variety of fresh fish as their first step to a delicious bouillabaisse. It is especially important if you can’t get to the south of France to order it made for you.


    Travel to France to enjoy the authentic taste of bouillabaisse. No time? Visit a French restaurant near you or even try making it yourself. Explore a variety of recipes for bouillabaisse. For inspiration, watch Julia Child while she prepares her Bouillabaisse A La Marseillaise. Invite friends to join you.

    We’ve also provided this Bouillabaisse Recipe for you to try. Add a baguette and watch a French movie (or any movie about food) for additional flair. We have a few suggestions to get you started:

    • The Hundred-Foot Journey (2014)
    • Julie and Julia (2009)
    • Kings of Pastry (2010)
    • Ratatouille (2007)
    • Big Night (1996)

    You can also take a cooking class to master this delicious stew. Let us know how it turns out! However you celebrate be sure to use #BouillabaisseDay to post your experiences on social media.


    Undeterred by our research, National Day Calendar® continues seeking the origins of this flavorful holiday.

    Bouillabaisse FAQ

    Q. Can I freeze leftover bouillabaisse?
    A. Yes. Seal the soup in a freezer-safe container. The soup should be good for up to 4 months in the freezer.

    Q. How many calories are in bouillabaisse?
    A. A 1 cup serving of bouillabaisse contains approximately 232 calories.

    Q. What are some other kinds of fish soups?
    A. Fish and soup go well together. Explore these soups to get started:

    December 14th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) History


    The first trans-pacific cable line is completed by the Commercial Cable Company. It connected San Francisco, CA to Honolulu, HI.


    The first team of explorers reaches the South Pole. Roald Amundsen and his team left his base camp at Antarctica’s Bay of Whales in October using sleigh dogs. The team arrived at the pole ahead of Robert F. Scott by more than a month.


    Marvin Gaye’s “I Heard It Through The Grapevine” is #1 on the music charts. Interestingly, several other artists recorded the song, too. Smokey Robinson & the Miracles recorded the song in 1966. However, it wasn’t released until 1968, the same year as Marvin Gaye’s version. Others who have recorded the song include Gladys Knight & the Pips and Creedence Clearwater Revival. The song was written by Barret Strong and Norman Whitfield.


    Pilots Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager take off from Edwards Air Force Base in Voyager. Burt Rutan designed the honeycombed, lightweight aircraft from composite materials. The design allowed the plane to carry more fuel. As a result, the pilots completed the nonstop flight around the world without refueling in 9 days.

    December 14th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Morihei Ueshiba – 1883

    During the 1930s, Ueshiba developed the martial art known as Aikido.

    Jimmy Doolittle – 1896

    The American pilot led many missions during World War II. His efforts earned him both the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

    Margaret Madeline Chase Smith – 1897

    The American politician was the first woman elected to Congress in both the House and Senate. In both instances, she was also the first woman representing Maine in Congress.

    Don Hewitt – 1922

    In 1968, the news producer created the television news magazine 60 Minutes.

    Junior J. Spurrier – 1922

    The American soldier received the Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions at Achain, France, during World War II.

  • MONKEY DAY – December 14


    Every year on December 14th National Monkey Day celebrates the unique characteristics of simians. The day also focuses on other non-human primates such as apes, tarsiers, and lemurs. 


    Monkeys, also known as simians, live all over the world. More than 260 species of monkeys populate Africa, Central America, South America, and Asia. They range in size from mere ounces like the pygmy marmoset to the mandrill at a heavier 80 pounds. Monkeys tend to walk on all four limbs. As a member of the primate family, they are considered a lesser ape. Most monkeys have a tail, though not all do. Monkeys are divided into two categories – Old World monkeys and New World monkeys.

    When is National Sea Monkey Day?

    Their personalities and habits capture the attention of humans on many levels. These intelligent mammals with opposable thumbs live in family groups, too. However, many species of monkeys are endangered. Some endangered species from around the world include:

    • Indri – Found in Madagascar, this lemur faces hunting due to hunting and deforestation.
    • Roloway monkey – This bearded monkey found in Cote D’Ivoire and Ghana lives in tropical forests. They’re hunted for their meat.
    • Western chimpanzee – Another monkey threatened by hunting, it has a larger territory. They live in the rainforests and savannahs of western Africa.
    • Ecuadorian White-Fronted Capuchin – Locals hunt them because the White-fronted Capuchins threaten local crops. The Capuchins range through Ecuador and Peru.


    Discover more about these fascinating primates. Learn about monkeys who live through all kinds of weather in Nature’s Snow Monkeys. Disney’s documentary Monkey Kingdom about the monkeys of South Asia follows a family and shows us the social hierarchy that exists among the community.

    Read about monkeys and their habitats. Children’s books we suggest include:

    • Meet the Howlers! by April Pulley Sayer and illustrated by Woody Miller
    • Monkey Colors by Darrin Lunde and illustrated by Ms. Patricia J. Wynne
    • No Monkeys, No Chocolate by Melissa Stewart

    Consider donating to conservation efforts. The World Wildlife Fund combats the destruction of rainforests which is vital habitat for the black spider monkey, a vulnerable species. 

    Educators and families, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for projects and ideas to help you Celebrate Every Day!

    Use #MonkeyDay to post on social media.

    See more jingles from The Knits on YouTube.


    A Michigan State University art student, Casey Sorrow, created National Monkey Day when he wrote Monkey Day on his friend’s calendar. A celebration followed and grew.

    Monkey FAQ

    Q. Where do Old World and New World Monkeys live?
    A. Old World monkeys live in Africa and Asia while New World monkeys live in South America.

    Q. Are apes monkeys?
    A. No. Apes are not monkeys but they are primates.

    Q. Are there other monkey celebrations on the calendar?
    A. Yes. However, they don’t necessarily celebrate monkeys.

    National Sea Monkey Day
    World Lemur Day

    It’s also interesting to note that the Chinese calendar includes the monkey in zodiac signs. There are five different types of monkeys featured every 12 years:

    • Water
    • Wood
    • Fire
    • Earth
    • Gold

    In 2028, it will be the year of the Earth Monkey again.