Category: December 10

  • NATIONAL LAGER DAY – December 10

    National Lager Day on December 10th raises a glass to the third most popular beverage after water and tea. While lager is typically characterized as a light, summer beer we believe that every season deserves to be celebrated with a few of your favorite things.

    #NationalLagerDay

    Lagers are distinguished from other beers by using a cold-conditioning process. The types of yeast used are referred to as “bottom-fermenting” yeast or yeast that can develop at colder temperatures. Before the advent of refrigeration, brewers perfected this process in cellars dug into the ground and filled with ice. Those who taste the delicious results described the lager as “crisp” and “refreshing.” It is no wonder that this method caught on and produced a wide variety of brews synonymous with regional and national brands.

    With so many choices from pale, amber or dark, not to mention the many craft varieties there is are endless possibilities for your enjoyment. So, grab some friends and celebrate this midwinter season with the taste of Summer.

    HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL LAGER DAY

    National Lager Day offers a variety of ways to celebrate. You can start by ordering a flight to discover delicious new lagers. While you do that, invite a few friends to join you. We know that’s one of the best ways to Celebrate Every Day!

    • At home, you can explore homebrew lagers.
    • Learn about the brewing process firsthand by taking a tour of a local brewery. The brewmasters invest a lot of time in getting their lagers just right and take a lot of pride in their craft. 
    • Do some reading. We suggest the Little Book of Lager: A guide to the world’s most popular style of beer by Melissa Cole or A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer by Mark Dredge.  
    • Bake some homemade beer bread. Try this Veggie Beer Bread recipe and enjoy it with your favorite lager. 

    While enjoying your favorite lager, order a pair of beer socks for you and your friends. Be sure to use #NationalLagerDay to post a photo of you wearing them on social media.

    Order another pint and discover 5 Surprising Beer Changed the World, too. 

    5 O Clock

    NATIONAL LAGER DAY HISTORY

    National Day Calendar® continues researching the origins of this fermented holiday. 

     

    Lager FAQ

    Q. Is there a difference between lager and beer?
    A. No. Lager is a type of beer made from yeasts, cold and bottom fermented.

    Q. Is there a difference between ale and lager?
    A. Yes. Several differences between these beers make them unique.

    The first and most distinct difference is the types of yeast used to make lager vs. ale. The yeast in ale is Saccharomyces cerevisiae. If ale smells like baked bread to you, that is why. It’s the same species of yeast. However, the yeast used in lager, Saccharomyces pastorianus, prefers a cold fermenting process which leads us to another difference between the two beers. A lager requires a cold phase called cold conditioning. The process can last weeks to months depending on the variety. Lagers are also fermented cold while ales are fermented warm.

     

  • NOBEL PRIZE DAY – December 10

    NOBEL PRIZE DAY

    On December 10th, Nobel Prize Day recognizes the annual award established by Alfred Nobel. Alfred Nobel signed his third and last will at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris on November 27, 1895. When it was opened and read after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both in Sweden and internationally, as Nobel had left much of his wealth to establish a prize. His family opposed creating the Nobel Prize, and the prize awarders he named refused to do what he had requested in his will. It was five years before the first Nobel Prize could be awarded in 1901.

    #NobelPrizeDay

    Who Funds the Awards?

    At the age of 17, Swedish Alfred Nobel spoke five languages fluently and became an inventor and businessman. At the time of his death on 10 December 1896, he had 355 patents worldwide – one of them was the patent on dynamite. Furthermore, he had started 87 companies all over the world. In his will, Nobel directed his enormous fortune to be used to establish prizes to award those who had done their best to benefit humankind. Each prize would recognize the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. In 1901, the Nobel Prize committee awarded the first prizes five years after Nobel’s death. The committee added another prize in 1969: “The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.”

    The Award Ceremonies

    Each year on 10 December, a ceremony is held in Stockholm, Sweden on the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. In 1901, the committee kept the first winners secret until the 10 December ceremony. Since then, the committee announces the Nobel Laureates in October each year. In December, they gather in Stockholm for the ceremony and receive their prizes from the Swedish King. The winners receive a Nobel diploma, a medal, and 10 million Swedish crowns per prize. All Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, with the exception of the Peace Prize. The recipient of the Peace Prize receives the award in Oslo, Norway. (When Alfred Nobel was alive, Norway and Sweden were united under one monarch. In 1905, Norway became an independent kingdom with its own king.)

    This information was obtained from www.NobelPrize.org.  For more information or to watch the Nobel Awards, go to www.NobelPrize.org.

    HOW TO OBSERVE NOBEL PRIZE DAY

    Watch the ceremonies live online. You can also discover more about the prize and Alfred Nobel himself. 

    • Read Alfred Nobel: A Biography by Kenne Fant or Nobel: A Century of Prize Winners edited by Michael Worek.
    • Watch Mr. Dynamite directed by Olle Häger and Hans Villius, or Alfred, directed by Vilgot Sjöman.
    • Learn more about past winners and how their contributions impact humanity.
    • What criteria does the committee use to select the winners?
    • Discuss the controversy behind these prizes.

    Use #NobelPrizeDay to post on social media.

    HISTORY

    Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been awarded annually on December 10th.  

  • HUMAN RIGHTS DAY – December 10

    HUMAN RIGHTS DAY

    Human Rights Day on December 10th annually seeks to honor the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

    #HumanRightsDay

    Representatives from different cultural backgrounds all over the world drafted the UDHR. Once the United Nations formed, it was one of its first significant achievements. The UDHR contains a preamble along with 30 articles that discuss specific human rights. The entire document discusses universal values for all peoples and all nations.

    Some of the rights discussed include:

    Right to:

    • equality
    • life, liberty, personal security
    • be considered innocent until proven guilty
    • marriage and family
    • own property
    • rest and leisure
    • education

    Freedom from:

    • discrimination
    • slavery
    • torture
    • arbitrary arrest and exile

    Freedom to:

    • belief and religion
    • opinion and information

    Another right, freedom from the state or personal interference, protects all the other rights.

    Many of the promises included in the UDHR have yet to be realized. However, the document has stood the test of time. The document’s importance empowers every human being in the world. Along with empowering individuals to stand up for their own human rights, it seeks to enable them to stand up for the rights of others.

    HOW TO OBSERVE HUMAN RIGHTS DAY

    Traditionally, the five-yearly United Nations Prizes in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded on Human Rights Day. High-level political conferences and meetings meet on this day. Additionally, organizations host cultural events and exhibitions focusing on human rights issues. Around the world, many governmental and non-governmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day. 

    To participate:

    • Think about a time your human rights were violated or taken away
    • Discuss with someone or write about the importance of protecting human rights
    • Watch a movie that focuses on human rights, including Selma; Dukhtar; I am Slave; and Beasts of No Nation.
    • Learn about the history of human rights
    • Ask your children or other youth what human rights mean to them
    • Read a copy of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    Use #HumanRightsDay to post on social media.

    HUMAN RIGHTS DAY HISTORY

    On December 10th, 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This milestone document proclaimed the inalienable rights that every human being is entitled to. These human rights exist regardless of race, color, religion, sex, language, opinion, origin, or another status. The UDHR is the most translated document in the world. It has been translated in over 500 languages.

    December 10th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) History

    1869

    Wyoming Territory Governor John Campbell signs legislation granting women the right to vote and hold office. It’s the first law in United States history explicitly granting women voting rights. The legislation carries forward into Wyoming statehood.

    1884

    Chatto & Windus / Charles L. Webster And Company publish Mark Twain’s novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in the United Kingdom and Canada. They would publish the novel a year later in the United States.

    1901

    The Nobel Prize committee hosted the first Nobel Prize ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden. They presented four of the five prizes for Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, and Literature according to Alfred Nobel’s will five years after his death. The fifth prize, the Peace Prize, was presented in Christiana, Norway (today known as Oslo.)

    1978

    Starring Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Margot Kidder and Gene Hackman, Superman premiered in Washington, D.C. Richard Donner directed the superhero movies that paved the way for more superhero movies.

    December 10th Celebrated (And Not So Celebrated) Birthdays

    Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet – 1787

    In 1817, Gallaudet along with Laurent Clerc opened the first school for the deaf in America.

    Emily Dickinson – 1830

    The brilliant New England poet wrote nearly 1,800 poems throughout her life. She is considered one of America’s greatest poets and yet she received little recognition during her lifetime.

    Ada Lovelace – 1815

    The gifted mathematician wrote an algorithm that led to her being called the first computer programmer.

    Melvil Dewey – 1851

    The librarian invented the Dewey Decimal system of library classification.

    Michael Clarke Duncan – 1957

    In 1999, the actor co-starred opposite Tom Hanks in The Green Mile. Written by Stephen King, Duncan played John Coffey, a man on death row with miraculous abilities.

  • DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM DAY – December 10

    DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM DAY

    Dewey Decimal System Day December 10th celebrates a system of classification and the man who invented it. On December 10, 1851, Melvil Dewey (1851-1931) was born. The librarian invented the Dewey Decimal system of library classification.

    #DeweyDecimalSystemDay

    As the most widely used library classification system, the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) or Dewey Decimal System has been in use since 1876, the year when American Librarian Melvil Dewey developed and established it. Divided into ten main categories, the numerical system arranges mostly non-fiction publications.

    Since its inception, modern libraries maintain the system using modern technologies. A schedule of expansions and revisions helps keep the system current and progressive, too. The DDC is the most widely used classification system in the world. Libraries in 135 countries around the world have translated the DDC into 30 different languages.

    It is currently published by the Online Computer Library Center, Inc., and its editorial offices are located within the Decimal Classification Division of the Library of Congress.

    Melvil Dewey

    Dewey’s interest in simplification led him to create a system that revolutionized library science. Born Melville Louis Kosuth Dewey in update New York, he was only 21 when he invented the Dewey Decimal Classification system.

    He also established library standards and advanced library education. Dewey went on to help develop the American Library Association and founded and edited the Library Journal. As an entrepreneur, he sold library supplies. Dewey paved the way for new librarians by establishing the first library school at Columbia College in New York City and later became the director of the New York State Library in Albany.

    HOW TO OBSERVE DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM DAY

    Visit a library and explore using the Dewey Decimal System.

    • Read about library organization or take a tour of your local library to learn more about the technology it uses.
    • Learn about library sciences.
    • Read a book about Melvil Dewey such as The Efficient, Inventive (Often Annoying) Melvil Dewey by Alexis O’Neill and illustrated by Edwin Fotheringham.
    • Discover different professions in a library degree program. The Dewey Decimal System is one tool librarians use. There are so many more!

    Use #DeweyDecimalSystemDay to post on social media.

    DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM DAY HISTORY

    While the observance commemorates the anniversary of Melvil Dewey’s birth, National Day Calendar® continues searching for the introduction of the first celebration. 

    Dewey Decimal FAQ

    Q. Where does science fiction fall in the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC)?
    A. There are 10 broad classifications in the DDC. Science fiction as well as other works of literature fall under the 800-899 Literature classification.

    Q. I’m writing my memoirs. How will the DDC classify my book?
    A. Memoirs are usually found under 900-999 History and Geography classification.

    Q. Is there another classification system used?
    A. Yes. Many libraries use the Library of Congress Classification System (LC).