Category: August 20



    On August 20, National Accessible Air Travel Day focuses on the need for accessible air travel for people with disabilities.


    Today, we highlight the need for accessible air travel for people with disabilities. While providing education and recognizing achievements made to assist people with disabilities, the day also encourages everyone to recognize how airplane accommodations are necessary for millions of people with disabilities to travel safely.

    Air Carrier Access Act

    People with disabilities are entitled to the same accommodations as any other individual when traveling, including air travel. All airlines are required to follow the Air Carrier Access Act (ACAA), which provides all passengers disability assistance with:

    • Wheelchairs
    • Boarding and deplaning
    • Connecting flights
    • Personal belongings
    • Assistance with service animals
    • Interpreters
    • Technology (TTY) to communicate

    Airline carriers are required to follow the ACAA, which became law in 1986. The federal law prohibits discrimination against any individual with a disability during air travel. It also ensures people with disabilities have the same rights as other passengers when flying. In 2022, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) published the Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights. This Bill of Rights describes the fundamental rights of air travelers with disabilities under the ACAA and its implementing regulation, 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 382.

    The Air Carrier Access Act makes it illegal for airlines to discriminate against any passenger with a disability.



    • Join an organization that is raising awareness and funding projects to develop innovative technologies making air travel accessible for people with disabilities.
    • Donate to an organization who fund projects that provide feasibility, safety and economic studies to create and make accommodations, including those required by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), airline carriers and legislators.
    • Participate and create an event in your community to promote awareness or raise funds to support a nonprofit.
    • Petition your local congressperson and write the FAA.
    • If you’re an individual with a disability, share your travel stories to help raise awareness for others.
    • Post on social media using #NationalAccessibleAirTravelDay.


    All Wheels Up (AWU), is a nonprofit organization that works to raise awareness for safe and dignified air travel for people with disabilities The organization founded National Accessible Air Travel Day in 2022 and recognizes the need to raise awareness about the need to improve accessible air travel for people with disabilities. As the only organization to crash test wheelchairs for commercial flight for a wheelchair spot, AWU focuses on funding research and advocating for safe accessible air travel with an emphasis on securing a wheelchair spot on airplanes.

    AWU is dedicated to improving how people with disabilities travel, with a focus on:

    • Funding more wheelchair and wheelchair securement crash testing specific to FAA seat standards.
    • Working with regulators, such as the FAA, Congress, airplane manufacturers, and airlines, to secure a wheelchair spot on airplanes.
    • Developing educational tools and resources showing how to support wheelchair accessible air travel.
    • Making worldwide air travel fully accessible for millions of people who use wheelchairs.
    • Creating an annual awareness day on August 20 to encourage communities to join together and recognize the needs and achievements in air travel for people with disabilities.


    According to All Wheels Up, there are currently 4 million wheelchair users in the U.S. and growing. Adults with disabilities spend $17 billion on travel annually, with $4 million in European travel, plus millions more in other developing world countries. Sadly, there are NO wheelchair spot on planes, like there are on buses or trains.

    The FAA projects U.S. airline passenger growth to average 2% every year. In addition, the U.S. air travel demand to go from 756.3 million passengers in 2014. By 2035, those numbers will double and reach 1.14 billion passengers. The International Air Transport Association projects world airline passenger growth to average 3.8% ever year. In fact, world air travel demand will double from 3.5 billion passengers in 2015 to 7 billion by 2034.

    Accessible Air Travel

    Normally, when booking a flight, the customer is asked if they require special assistance. Oftentimes, these questions do not specify in detail what type of services might be needed. Because people with disabilities do not require the same types of services, it’s very hard for people to make further arrangements. Understanding what services are available is just as important as the services themselves.

    The Department of Transportation has a variety of easy-to-use material available for passengers with disabilities. This material is specifically designed to assist and make travel enjoyable.

    Join us each year on August 20 as we celebrate National Accessible Air Travel Day to raises awareness with need for accessible air travel for people with disabilities.



    Every year on August 20th, International Day of Medical Transporters honors ambulance drivers and the important work they do. The day also encourages us to learn more about the job of a medical transporter.

    A medical transporter has the important job of getting a sick or injured person to a hospital, and they work in high-stress situations. Sometimes getting their patient to the hospital is a matter of life or death. Patients with traumatic injuries most commonly receive medical transport.

    Other reasons include patients who have abdominal pain, respiratory distress, chest pain, loss of consciousness, or a seizure. In addition, in some cases, patients with a behavioral disorders, such as violent outbursts and other kinds of psychiatric problems receive medical transport. Unfortunately, it’s not uncommon for medical transporters to get physically assaulted in these types of scenarios.

    As part of their job, medical transporters also do the following:

    • Offer comfort and support to patients
    • Respond to 911 and other emergency calls
    • Lift patients in and out of bed
    • Establish communication with patients
    • Maintain a secure and healthy work environment
    • Respect patient confidentiality
    • Move deceased patients and their belongings to the mortuary.

    Medical transporters must be able to lift at least 50 pounds. They also need to know CPR and operate different types of medical equipment, such as an automated external defibrillator (AED). Other names for a medical transporter include ambulance driver and emergency medical services (EMS) provider. Many people also call them the unsung heroes of everyday life.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #DayOfMedicalTransporters

    Places that employ medical transporters have a special day of recognition for them and other emergency responders. Health care organizations also take time to recognize medical transporters and the important work they do. To participate:

    • Learn more about the qualifications of a medical transporter.
    • If you know a medical transporter, buy them lunch or a coffee and thank them for their work.
    • Educate yourself on what to do before the medical transporter arrives.
    • Commit to learning CPR.
    • Donate funds so that your church, school, or workplace can buy an AED.

    Share this day on social media with #DayOfMedicalTransporters.


    The medical transporter profession can be traced back to World War I.  At that time, they made history when the first field ambulances transported injured people to medical care facilities

    Our team is still researching the history of who created this day and its first observance.


  • WORLD MOSQUITO DAY – August 20

    WORLD MOSQUITO DAY – August 20


    August 20th recognizes World Mosquito Day marking the occasion when Sir Ronald Ross discovered that female mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans.

    During Ross’s work with the Indian Medical Service, he made his groundbreaking discovery. The malarial parasite was found in the gastrointestinal tract of a female mosquito. The discovery allowed scientist to better understand the role of mosquitoes in the disease. It also provided a starting point for prevention.

    In 1902. Ross became the first British person to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine.

    There are over three thousand species of mosquitoes in the world today. Of those, only about three cause serious diseases.

    Some of the most prevalent diseases are:

    • malaria
    • dengue fever
    • West Nile
    • yellow fever
    • Zika virus
    • encephalitis

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldMosquitoDay

    Since the advent of World Mosquito Day, scientists and health agencies have pursued the prevention of mosquito-borne diseases. The most recommended approaches are:

    • Use insect repellent with DEET. Other active ingredients that repel mosquitoes include:
      • Picaridin
      • IR3535
      • Oil of lemon eucalyptus
      • Para-menthane-dio
      • 2-undecanone
    • Wear long sleeves and pants.
    • Keep windows and doors closed. Use screens and air conditioning when available. Sleep under mosquito netting.

    Take precautions. Learn the symptoms of mosquito-borne illnesses. Remove standing water from around your yard and keep lawns trimmed. Explore how researchers discover new approaches to dealing with mosquito issues. Find out what you can do for your community, home, and the environment. Visit the CDC website for more information.

    Use #WorldMosquitoDay to share on social media.


    Soon after his discovery, Sir Ronald Ross declared that August 20th would become known around the globe as World Mosquito Day.




    On August 20th, National Chocolate Pecan Pie Day lets you have your chocolate and pie, too! (National Pecan Pie Day is observed each year on July 12th if chocolate isn’t your flavor, but we don’t know anyone like that.) 


    Just like the original, chocolate pecan pie goes well with ice cream. Another southern delight, this treat features crisp pecans. Pecan pies fall under the sugar pie category which gives them a gooey, almost caramel center. Depending on the recipe, different sugars make the sweet batter for the pie. Both brown and white sugars can be used, but so can molasses. Corn syrup is a common ingredient as well. Even honey is used.

    When is National Pumpkin Pie Day?

    There is one ingredient that pops up from time to time that shouldn’t surprise some cooks. Some recipes call for a little bit of bourbon, rum or whiskey. Since these spirits hail from the southern parts of North America, seasoning with them is a natural method.

    While pecan pies include eggs in the recipe as a binder, it’s interesting to note another sugar pie that was made when eggs were out of season. The pie is called a sugar cream pie. Though we can’t imagine there being a season for eggs, birds lay more eggs in spring and summer than they do in the fall and winter. Chickens rely on the sun to know when to lay eggs. When the days are shorter, they lay fewer eggs. In the winter, they may lay no eggs at all.

    So, on small farms when the hens stopped laying, a sugar cream pie offered an alternative since no eggs are required to make it. Both chocolate pecan pie and sugar cream are delicious!


    There are so many ways to celebrate the day. Whether you visit your favorite bakery and pick up a pie or bake it yourself, be sure to share with friends and family. Experiment with a new recipe or bake up an old favorite. We even have some recipes for you to try. 

    Chocolate Pecan Pie
    Chocolate Pecan Pie Bars

    Use #ChocolatePecanPieDay to post on social media. Tell your friends about this wonderful dessert. National Day Calendar also has a Recipe page filled with much more than just desserts, so have a look-see!


    We were unable to find the creator of the observance.

    Pie FAQ

    Q. How many pie days are on the calendar?
    A. There are 19 pie days on the calendar.

    Q. Does every month have a pie day?
    A. Yes. There is at least one pie celebration each month of the year.

    Q. How many cream pie days are on the calendar?
    A. There are 7 cream pie days on the calendar if you include National Ice Cream Pie Day.

    Q. What’s the difference between a pie and a tart?
    A. The primary difference between a pie and a tart is that a tart has only a bottom crust while a pie typically has both a top and bottom crust. Also, a tart’s crust is firmer than a pie crust and is baked in a shallower pan with a removable bottom. A pie crust is flaky and baked in a one-piece pan.

    Q. How many types of pies are there?
    A. There are four types of pies based on their filling. They include cream, custard, fruit, and savory.

    Q. What is the difference between a cream pie and a custard pie?
    A. A custard pie is baked while cream pies are not.


  • NATIONAL RADIO DAY – August 20


    On August 20th, National Radio Day recognizes the great invention of the radio. Celebrate the news, information, music, and stories carried across the airwaves.


    Several inventors participated in the invention of the radio in the late 1800s. Amazingly, not just one person can be credited with its beginning. Instead, each component developed through invention and discovery. As these technologies converged, the radio came to life.

    Who invented the radio?

    The paragraphs that follow describe a noted international effort that contributed to the conception of the radio. In Germany, Heinrich Hertz’s research proved electricity could be transmitted wirelessly. Elsewhere, the prolific inventor Nicola Tesla patented multiple inventions. He provided the radio with the Tesla coil. Born in Croatia, Tesla also contributed many patents involving alternating current. Not only did Tesla make the radio possible, but he also advanced the science and production of numerous other inventions. However, when it comes to the first commercially available wireless, Italian, Guglielmo Marconi receives the honor.   

    Quote mark


     In radio, you have two tools. Sound and silence. ~ Ira Glass


    Entertainment and music did not always fill the airwaves. In fact, the radio’s first function was much more practical. First, the wireless radio served the military. The radio also provided a regular public service role. Much like the dits and dots of a telegram, the wireless transmitted information. It also served in an emergency capacity. In 1912, a Marconi wireless broadcast the Titanic’s distress signal.

    In 1906, Reginald Fessenden created the first radio broadcast of voice and music purely for entertainment purposes aired. He transmitted the program from Brant Rock, MA, for the general public to hear. The Canadian-born scientist would go on to many more successes in his lifetime.  

    An American contributor to the radio, Lee de Forest, invented the Audion vacuum. This invention made live broadcasting possible. Born in Iowa in 1873, de Forest would become the chief scientist for the first U.S. radio firm, American Wireless Telephone, and Telegraph.    

    When did the first radio stations broadcast?

    The 1920s brought the first broadcast stations to the forefront. Around the world, listeners tuned in for news and world events for the first time. Other radio facts include:

    • Radio ownership grew. In 1931, two out of five homes owned a radio. By 1938, four out of five owned a radio.  
    • According to FCC statistics, at the end of 2012, more than 15,000 licensed broadcast radio stations were operating in the U.S.
    • On October 1, 1999, the first satellite radio broadcast occurred. Worldspace aired the broadcast in Africa. 

    The Tech Ranch Podcast

    The founder of National Day Calendar hosts a radio talk show. The “Guru of Geek” Marlo Anderson hosts the Tech Ranch, featuring discussions on technology for everyday life. Click here to listen.


    To celebrate National Radio Day, listen to your favorite radio station. Give special recognition to the station, radio personalities, and the programs that make your days better. Use #NationalRadioDay to post on social media. 

    Educators and families, visit the National Day Calendar Classroom for more ways to Celebrate Every Day.  


    We were unable to find the creator and the origin of National Radio Day. However, it is interesting to note that the first commercial radio station began broadcasting on this date in 1920. Keep reading for more history on this day. 

    Radio FAQ

    Q. When was the first radio signal broadcast?
    A. On December 12, 1901, Guglielmo Marconi transmitted the first radio signal across the Atlantic Ocean.

    Q. When was the first commercial radio broadcast?
    A. On November 2, 1920, Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing broadcast the voter returns for the 1920 presidential election. They broadcast out of Pittsburgh, PA, under the call sign KDKA.

    Q. What’s the difference between traditional radio and online radio?
    A. Traditional radio is broadcast over airwaves and has a limited range. Online radio is broadcast through the internet and is limited only by the availability of the internet.


    August 20th Celebrated History


    Charles Darwin and Arthur Wallace both publish their theories on evolution in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London.


    Nearly a year after the end of hostilities, President Andrew Johnson formally declares the end of the American Civil War.


    William Robinson receives patent No. 130,661 for his open circuit signaling system for railroads.


    Pyotr Tchaikovsky debuts his 1812 Overture in a specially built concert hall in Moscow.


    Sir Ronald Ross dissects an anopheline mosquito and discovers malaria parasites. His discovery went on to prove how anopheline mosquitoes spread malaria.


    The New York Times sends the first telegram around the world. Using a commercial service, they aimed to determine the speed of a message sent around the world by telegraph. The message was relayed by 16 different operators over 28,000 miles and was received 16.5 minutes later. What did it say? “This message sent around the world.”


    The American Professional Football Association forms. They elect Jim Thorpe as their first president.


    The first commercial radio station begins airing. Started by The Detroit News, the station’s original call sign was 8MK.


    La Choy receives a registered trademark for its brand name products – registration number 0260241.


    The Soviet’s Sputnik 5 with two dogs, mice, rats and plants return to Earth after a 1-day venture in space. Belka, Strelka and the other living creatures were unharmed during their voyage.


    Rolling Stones release the single “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” in the United Kingdom.


    NASA launches Voyager II into space with a record including greetings in 60 languages as well as scientific information, music and Earth sounds.


    Dwight Gooden becomes the first National League pitcher to strike out more than 200 batters in his first 2 seasons.


    The Supreme Court of Canada reaches a decision regarding the legality of Quebec succeeding from Canada. After two failed referendum attempts to vote for sovereignty by the governing party, Parti Quebecois, the Canadian government brought the issue to the courts.


    August 20th Celebrated Birthdays

    Thaddeus S.C. Lowe – 1832

    Known as the grandfather of the United States Air Force, Lowe served Union Army during the American Civil War. His contributions to aeronautics come in the form of hydrogen balloons and other aerial tools used to spy on the Confederates.

    Benjamin Harrison – 1833

    Benjamin Harrison served as the 23rd president of the United States and the only president from the state of Indiana.

    HP Lovecraft – 1890

    The prolific writer of horror and the bizarre never lived to see the success of his work.

    Roger Wolcott Sperry – 1913

    Sperry’s research in the nervous system led to several breakthroughs. One included a better understanding of the optic nerves.

    Jacqueline Susann – 1918

    Writer Jacqueline Susann is best known for her novel Valley of the Dolls.

    Jim Reeves – 1923

    Known as “Gentleman Reeves,” the country music artist gained a huge following overseas.

    Don King – 1931

    The flashy boxing promoter is known for organizing bouts for Mohammad Ali, Joe Frazier, Sugar Ray Leonard, and Mike Tyson to name a few.

    Connie Chung – 1946

    As a journalist, Chung reported on several television news shows. In 1993, she broke into the national networks when she was hired as co-anchor for CBS Evening News. Chung was the first woman to hold this role and only the second woman to anchor a major network newscast in the United States.

    Al Roker – 1954

    Before replacing Willard Scott presenting the weather and other segments on the Today show, he started with smaller venues and filling in for Scott.

    Joan Allen – 1956

    The television and Broadway actor has appeared in numerous roles including Pleasantville, The Bourne film series, and The Notebook.

    Patricia Rozema – 1957

    The film director, writer, and film producer is best known for her work on the films Grey Gardens and A Wrinkle in Time.

    Sally Yates – 1960

    The former deputy attorney general was also the lead prosecutor of the Atlanta Centennial Park bomber, Eric Rudolph.

    Amy Adams – 1974

    The versatile comedic and dramatic actor has played several starring roles since her breakthrough in Enchanted in 2007.