Category: August 15

  • V-J DAY (Europe) – August 15

    V-J DAY (Europe)

    Also known as Victory Over Japan Day, V-J Day is held every year on August 15th in Europe to remember the day Imperial Japan surrendered in WWII. Subsequently, the surrender of Japan brought WWII to an end.
    The Allies had warned Japan to surrender on July 28th, 1945 but they refused. Due to their refusal the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, thus ending the war.

    The first person to break the news of Japan’s surrender was U.S. President Harry S. Truman. He made the announcement at a press conference at the White House on August 14th, 1945. At midnight the UK’s Prime Minister Clement Atlee confirmed the end of WWII. He stated, “The last of our enemies is laid low.”

    In 1945, the number of British soldiers had risen to nearly 3 million. About 340,000 of these British soldiers died. An estimated 71,000 soldiers from Britain and the Commonwealth died fighting Japan. This includes more than 12,000 prisoners of war who died in Japanese captivity. The United Kingdom also endured a high number of civilian casualties, with 70,000 of them killed. Most of them died during the German bombing raids, which was known as the Blitz. Also during the Blitz, 87,000 were seriously injured, many of them women and children. Two million houses were destroyed during the Blitz as well.

    The country suffered greatly during WWII. Many people in the United Kingdom and elsewhere celebrated when the war ended. However, they also grieved for the many lives that were lost. This is why this day is an important day of remembrance.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #VJDay (Europe)

    The United Kingdom holds several remembrance events in observance of the day. In past years, the Royal British Legions has held a commemoration ceremony at the National Memorial Arboretum. The event gets broadcast on the BBC and includes testimonies of veterans and music from military musicians. Wreath-laying events are also held across the country.

    You can help spread awareness for this day by sharing #VJDay or #VictoryOverJapanDay on social media.


    The United Kingdom has recognized August 15th as V-J Day since 1945, when WWII ended. Other countries that celebrate V-J Day on this date include Australia, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Korea, and South Korea. August 15th was the date of the official announcement that Japan surrendered. Due to time zone differences, the announcement was made in the United States and the rest of the Americas on August 14th. However, the surrender document wasn’t signed until September 2, 1945. This is why the United States celebrates National V-J Day on September 2nd.




    National Leathercraft Day on August 15th honors the rich heritage, artistry, and skill of leathercrafting. 

    The versatility of leather has proven to be artistic and utilitarian since ancient times. In the hands of a skilled craftsperson, leather transforms. Some of the most durable and usable products come from leather. A supple leather belt or a hard-working saddle hold up to their intended purpose. Stylish boots and clothing often do double duty making us look good and keeping us safe. The options are endless. Perfected over time, specialty techniques and designs give leather products long-lasting wear and use. And today, leather continues to be as fashionable as ever. 

    National Leathercraft Day recognizes the dedication and creativity of leather workers. Passionately, their inspiration comes alive through their designs and time-honored traditions. When a leatherworker designs a piece, expect outstanding quality and skill. 


    So many options are available on National Leathercraft Day.

    • Take a leathercrafting class to create your own cherished pieces that will become family heirlooms.
    • Appreciate the leatherwork around you from luxurious upholstery to classic clothing, taking note of the finest details.
    • Admire the stitching and the smoothly burnished edges, too.
    • Order a custom piece from a local leathercrafter.
    • Wear the durable, superb quality of leather.

    Share your preferred leather styles and stitches. Do you have a favorite leather piece? Use #NationalLeathercraftDay to share on social media.


    Tandy Leather logoTandy Leather created National Leathercraft Day on August 15, 2018, to recognize the art of leathercrafting and to encourage everyone to become interested in the craft.

    The Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed National Leathercraft Day to be observed on August 15th, annually.

    About Tandy Leather

    Founded in Fort Worth, Texas, in 1919, Tandy has become synonymous with leather and leather crafting. A century later, the company, sitting headquartered in Fort Worth, lives by its mission statement “to teach and inspire the art of leather crafting one person, one class, one neighborhood, one community at a time.”

    For more information, go to

    Leather FAQ

    Q. Which is stronger, hand-stitched or machine-stitched leather?
    A. Hand-stitched products are studier due to the nature of the stitches used. However, since hand stitching is time-consuming, it is more expensive.

    Q. How do I protect leather shoes from water?
    A. You can waterproof leather to a limited extent by using a spray or wax made for leather. It will help the water bead up and roll off. However, this approach offers only limited protection against water. Another solution is to wear a waterproof overshoe to protect your leather footwear during a rainy spell.

    Q. What is the most common type of leather?
    A. The most common type of leather is harvested from cattle.




    National Lemon Meringue Pie Day on August 15th gives pie lovers and lemon lovers a chance to celebrate. Tart lemon curd and delicate meringue sing together in this deliciously bright pie. 


    When making a lemon meringue pie, the crust is usually made with a shortbread pastry. The filling for the pie is lemon curd. Of course, the topping is a fluffy and crisp meringue.

    Whip egg whites to stiff peaks to make a meringue. Add sugar to make it sweet. Meringues are baked in a slow oven so when they’re finished, they come out crisp and golden. 

    Quote markWhen life throws you lemons, make lemon meringue pie!

    Since meringue is versatile, it can be baked into individual servings with fruit fillings. Pastry chefs also like to make meringue cookies, too. By adding cocoa, coffee or any number of flavorings, the light, airy cookies melt in your mouth. The same applies to meringue pies. 

    The meringue was perfected in the 17th century. Meanwhile, lemon meringue pie as we know it today was developed in the 19th century.


    As the first pie day in August, be sure to get in on this celebration! Whether you make a pie yourself or go out for a pie, invite someone to join you. Pie is so much better when there is someone to share it with you. Have a cup of tea or coffee with it and some good conversation. Try this Lemon Meringue Pie recipe.  Be sure to share your favorite recipes with us and use #LemonMeringuePieDay to post on social media.


    While our research was unable to locate the creator of the day, we do have so many more pie days to celebrate!




    National Relaxation Day on August 15th encourages us to slow down and unwind. It’s a day to focus on taking care of ourselves and take a moment to relax. 


    National Relaxation Day is an important day as we all need a break from the fast-paced and often hectic lifestyles we live. Taking time to recuperate and rejuvenate our tired minds and bodies may help prevent many health risks, too. Like the founder of this day suggested, too much work can make us sick, run-down, tired and that’s just wrong.  

    But he was right! It has been proven that stress can be harmful to our health, both mentally and physically. Most doctors will agree that finding ways to relax and finding ways to reduce stress will improve overall health.

    What is your favorite relaxation activity?

    • Reading a book
    • Fishing with a friend
    • A picnic in the park
    • Walking along the beach
    • Taking a drive in the country
    • Spa
    • Golfing
    • Photography
    • A movie
    • Window shopping
    • Lunch with friends
    • Drinks with friends
    • Watching sports
    • Swimming

    These are just a few of the many possible relaxation ideas that you may want to use to celebrate this holiday.


    Take a deep breath, unwind while viewing your favorite TV show, or just find a quiet spot in a park and enjoy the summer breeze. Use #NationalRelaxationDay to post on social media and spread the word.

    We also have 8 More Chill Ways to Relax that you might find helpful.


    Sean Moeller founded National Relaxation Day in 1985 as a fourth-grader. In an interview with Valerie Monson in The Des Moines Register Sean suggested people shouldn’t do anything of real value.  Cleaning and real work are not part of relaxation.

    Relaxation FAQ

    Q. How do I reduce stress at work?
    A. The American Psychological Association recommends several tips for lowering stress at work. Similar to how we approach stressing our personal lives, it’s important to know what causes our stress. Once we know what those triggers are, we can develop ways to reduce our stress response. Taking deep breaths, stretching, reducing our workloads or even speaking to our supervisor can improve the kinds and amount of stress at work. In turn, we can learn to relax more easily. 

    Q. What’s the most relaxing job in the United States?
    A. We’re fairly confident you can rule out President of the United States. However, doing something you love improves your job satisfaction. For example, working in an environment that is relaxing to you will be less stressful. If you don’t love the outdoors but you spend most of your workday outdoors, you might find your job more stressful than someone who loves the outdoors. So, it’s a matter of perspective. 


    August 15th Celebrated History


    Tivoli Gardens opens in Copenhagen, Denmark. The amusement park is the second-oldest running amusement park in the world.


    Julian Carlton sets fire to Taliesin, the home Frank Lloyd Wright shares with his mistress, Mamah Chaney. Carlton and his wife were working as servants in the home and the blaze killed seven people, including Chaney and two of her children.


    The Panama Canal, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans opens to traffic.


    A plane crash near Point Barrow Alaska kills aviator Wiley Post and humorist Will Rogers.


    The Metro Goldwin Meyer film, The Wizard of Oz, premiers at Grauman’s Chinese Theater.


    The birth of stadium rock begins when The Beatles perform for a crowd of 60,000 at Shea Stadium in New York.


    The three-day Woodstock Music and Art Fair opens. The festival hosted 32 acts and an estimated 1/2 million attended the fair.


    Astronomer Jerry Ehman discovers a signal from the Big Ear Radio Observatory located in Ohio. The signal earned the name “Wow!” due to the note Ehman wrote on the data log.


    Francis Ford Coppola’s Apocalypse Now opens in theaters.


    The Los Angeles Dodgers retire the number of Hall of Famer Tommy Lasorda.

    Ryan Lochte swims world record backstroke at the Beijing Olympics

    The mammal named olinguito is discovered in the Andes. Related to the raccoon family, it is the first carnivore discovered in the Americas in 35 years.

    August 15th Celebrated Birthdays

    Napoleon Bonaparte – 1769

    The French military leader and emperor rose to power during the early 17th century.

    Edith Nesbit – 1858

    The poet and children’s author published more than 60 books under the name E. Nesbit.

    Florence Harding – 1860

    Before becoming the 29th First Lady of the United States, Florence Harding helped run the Marion Star newspaper owned by her husband and future president, Warren Harding.

    Edna Ferber – 1885

    The Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist and playwright published notable works such as So Big.

    Elizabeth Bolden – 1890

    When Lizzie Bolden died at the age of 116 years and 118 days, she had lived through 21 U.S. Presidents. At the age of 30, the passage of the 19th Amendment would provide Bolden with her first opportunity to vote in a Presidential election. The supercentenarian was the oldest living person in the world at the time of her death.

    Julia Child – 1912

    Child revolutionized television with her cooking shows. The chef hosted several cooking shows and published several cookbooks, most notably Mastering the Art of French Cooking. She was also known as “The French Chef.”

    Paul Rand – 1914

    As a graphic designer, Rand became known for his corporate designs. Many are recognizable today, including logos for UPS, Google and IBM.

    Stieg Larsson – 1954

    Best known for his crime novels, Larsson’s novels were published after his death. The first book in his Millennium series was Men Who Hate Women. The novel was marketed under the title The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo when it was published in English.

    Debra Messing – 1968

    Best known for her role as Grace Adler in the TV sitcom Will & Grace, Messing was nominated nine times for a Golden Globe but has never won. She did, however, win an Emmy in 2003.

    Ben Affleck – 1972

    Since his breakthrough role in the film Good Will Hunting, Affleck has acted in and produces several films. Films to his credit include Argo, Gone Girl, Pearl Harbor.

    Kerri Walsh Jennings – 1978

    In 2016, Walsh-Jennings earned her fourth Olympic medal, making her the most decorated beach volleyball Olympian. She won three golds with Misty May-Treanor and one bronze with April Ross.

    Carl Edwards – 1979

    The retired professional stock car driver, Carl Edwards, was nominated to the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2020.

    Joe Jonas – 1989

    The singer/songwriter and actor first gained fame in the music world with the band the Jonas Brothers.

    Jennifer Lawrence – 1990

    Actress, Jennifer Lawrence, is best known for her role as Katniss Everdeen in the dystopian series The Hunger Games.