Category: August 14

  • NATIONAL NAVAJO CODE TALKERS DAY – August 14

    NATIONAL NAVAJO CODE TALKERS DAY | AUGUST 14

    Each year on August 14th, National Navajo Code Talkers Day honors the contributions of the Native Americans who brought their unique abilities to the World War II effort. The day also highlights their impact on U.S. code and the Native American language that made it possible.

    #NavajoCodeTalkersDay

    While code talkers were instrumental during World War II, the United States military used the Native American language in their coded messages before. During World War I, the Choctaw tribe’s language was called upon to relate coded messages.

    One member integral in creating the military code was Philip Johnston. While he was not Navajo, Johnston did speak the language fluently. He also recruited the native speakers necessary to the Code Talker’s success.

    Initially, there were 29 Code Talkers, including Charlie Sosie Begay, Roy Begay, Samuel H. Begay, Eugene Crawford, Oscar Ilthma, and Lloyd Oliver, to name a few. However, that number would grow. Until 1968, the program remained classified. At that time, the United States presented the original 29 Navajo Code Talkers with Congressional Gold Medals. Additionally, the remaining Navajo Code Talkers were presented with Congressional Silver Medals.

    HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL NAVAJO CODE TALKERS DAY

    Celebrate the Navajo language. Recognize the incredible efforts of the Navajo Code Talkers by attending online and public events. While celebrating their invaluable contributions, also discover more about their history:

    • Explore their history by reading Navajo Code Talkers by Nathan Aaseng or Unsung Heroes of World War II: The Story of the Navajo Code Talkers by Deanne Durrett.
    • Watch a documentary with interviews and backstories.
      • Navajo Code Talkers: The Epic Story directed by Allan Silliphant
      • True Whispers: The Story of the Navajo Code Talkers produced by Yvonne Russo.
    • Visit a museum with some up close and personal details. The World War II Museum in New Orleans and the Navajo Code Talker Museum in Tuba City are two great places to start.

    Don’t forget to share stories and experiences using #NavajoCodeTalkersDay on social media.

    NATIONAL NAVAJO CODE TALKERS DAY HISTORY

    In 1982, President Ronald Reagan proclaimed National Navajo Code Talkers Day to recognize all the tribes for their contributions during the war. In his address, Reagan recognized other tribal nations for their contributions to war efforts, mentioning the Choctaw, Chippewa, Creek and Sioux by name.

     

  • WORLD LIZARD DAY – August 14

    WORLD LIZARD DAY

    Every year on August 14th, World Lizard Day celebrates a specific type of reptile. The day also encourages us to show appreciation for lizards and to learn more about them.

    A lizard is considered a reptile, which is characterized by its scaly skin. Other features all reptiles have include long bodies and tails, four legs, and moveable eyelids. Most lizards lay eggs. However, there are some lizards that give birth to live babies.

    Here are some more interesting facts about lizards:

    • There are about 6,000 species of lizards.
    • Lizards are found on every continent except Antarctica.
    • Most kinds of lizards absorb water from their food, which means they don’t need to be near water.
    • Lizards are cold-blooded, which means they need sunshine in order to survive.
    • A lizard diet consists of a variety of foods including plants, insects, and eggs of small animals.
    • Lizards range in size from two inches in length to over eleven feet.
    • A lizard has a tail that regenerates, which means it grows another one if it breaks off.
    • Some lizards can change colors.

    To protect themselves, lizards have many different defense mechanisms. Some of them can run very quickly in order to escape danger. Others can make themselves appear larger when confronted by an enemy. Some lizards, like the Gila monster and Mexican beaded lizards, have venom. The venom of the Komodo dragon is so strong it can kill a human. This makes the Komodo dragon the most dangerous lizard in the world. This large lizard is found on Komodo Island in Indonesia.

    There are many people who keep lizards as pets. In fact, over 9 million people in the United States have a lizard as a pet. Some of the most common pets include the African fire skink, chameleon, gecko, green iguana, long-tailed lizard, Chinese water dragon, and the bearded dragon.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldLizardDay

    Zoos across the world celebrate this day with special lizard exhibits. Science and nature centers also hold events such as live lizard presentations and educational seminars.

    To participate:

    • Go to your local zoo and check out the lizard exhibit.
    • Consider getting a lizard for a pet.
    • Read your child a book with lizards in it, such as Lizards, Frogs, and Polliwogs or The Mixed-Up Chameleon Board Book.
    • Learn about famous lizards like Godzilla, Puff the Magic Dragon, and Spider-Man’s enemy, The Lizard.

    Don’t forget to share pictures and videos of your favorite lizard on social media with #WorldLizardDay

    WORLD LIZARD DAY HISTORY

    Our team is still researching the origin of this fun animal day.

     

  • NATIONAL SPIRIT OF ’45 Day- Second Sunday in August

    NATIONAL SPIRIT OF ’45 DAY | AUGUST 14

    National Spirit of ’45 Day honors the can-do attitude of an entire generation affected by the trials and hardships of World War II. Observed every year on August 14, communities around the country hold events and memorials. Each one honors those who have inspired us, sacrificed, and preserved our nation for future generations.

    #SpiritOf45Day

    The day ideally sets out to illustrate the people of the Greatest Generation. Over the years, iconic images have been imprinted on our minds. However, they only tell a part of the story. Still, thousands more remain to be told. Spirit of ’45 Day urges us to explore the history. Listen to the stories. Get involved and help preserve the memories of those who lived it.

    Around the world, servicemen and women stepped up to the task in the Pacific, Europe, the Mediterranean or Africa. At home, men and women provided valuable food, parts, and labor. Everyone did their part. The youngest of them managed farm work and took on duties on the homefront. Often, supplies of certain items were low – rubber for tires or leather for shoes for example. And gas, too. Rationing was not uncommon.

    The generation innovated. They sacrificed. And roles shifted. While they did, technology advanced, too. As a result, manufacturing faced a new horizon.

    Those motivated to do their duty often did so a personal cost. While migrating great distances, sometimes the only means of communication was the post office. Journalists filled in the blanks via radio and newspaper. Their words filled the airwaves or emptied bottles of ink onto pages with their stories. And the nation paid attention.

    HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL SPIRIT OF ’45 DAY

    Even though 75 years have passed, so much can be learned from those who endured World War II. Some of those lessons are still being learned today. The Spirit of ’45 Organization provides a place to register and find events for the upcoming Spirit of ’45 Day. They also share past Spirit of ’45 events to keep the inspiration, honor, and preservation alive.

    • Visit with one of the Greatest Generation and record an interview.
    • Dive into history and uncover the untold stories by touring the National World War II Museum in New Orleans.
    • Learn about people like Betty Wason or the contributions of the USO.
    • Help create a wall of honor with the Spirit of ’45 organization.
    • Share using #NationalSpiritOf45 on social media.

    NATIONAL SPIRIT OF ’45 DAY HISTORY

    In 1996, a project paired children with seniors to document their memories from World War II. Started by Warren Hegg and the Spirit of ’45 Organization, the project grew. Soon they realized many shared a common story.

    In 2009, spokesman Ernest Borgnine and Edith Shain* talked about a day honoring the World War II generation. A year later in  2010, Congress passed a joint resolution in commemoration of the 65th anniversary of the day President Truman announced the end of World War II.

    *Edith Shain is one of the women who claims to be the woman kissing the sailor in the iconic Times Square photo.

  • NATIONAL V-J DAY

    NATIONAL V-J DAY | SEPTEMBER 2

    On September 2nd, National V-J Day (Victory over Japan Day) recognizes Allied Forces’ victory over Japan during World War II.  Officials announced the surrender of Japan to the Allies on August 15, 1945. The official signing of surrender took place on September 2, 1945, officially ending World War II.  

    #NationalVJDay

    Between 50 to 80 million lives were lost during World War II. These numbers include both military and civilian lives. Fought on every continent except Antarctica, the war consumed entire cities. More than 50 countries took up arms. Even those who maintained isolationist stances held sympathies for one side or another.

    Militaries fought on the land and sea and in the air. Civilians often had front row seats to the devastation. When they didn’t, technology brought reports to them more quickly. Radio broadcasts and war correspondents informed the public with first-hand details. 

    For six long years, the world endured rations, victory gardens, evacuations, drills, and an entirely different way of life – an uncertain future. 

    Six-years of sacrifice and horrors preceded this moment. All around the world, celebrations erupted. However, there would be years of reconciliations, discoveries, and coming to terms with the damage done to relations and humanity.

    HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL V-J DAY

    Learn more about World War II, the people who served and sacrificed and how life changed after the war ended. Take time to visit with those who lived through it. Read their memoirs and discover the stories you’ve never heard before. Use #NationalVJDay to post on social media. Share photos of friends and family who served in World War II. Honor those who sacrificed to maintain our freedom.

    HISTORY OF V-J DAY

    The formal signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender took place on board the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. At that time, President Truman declared September 2nd to be the official V-J Day. However, over the years, many citizens of the United States celebrated August 14 as V-J Day in conjunction with the European observation on August 15th.  

     

  • NATIONAL CREAMSICLE DAY – August 14

    NATIONAL CREAMSICLE DAY | AUGUST 14

    National Creamsicle Day on August 14th celebrates the creamy citrus dessert on a stick. During the height of summer, what better way to enjoy refreshment than with a creamsicle!

    #NationalCreamsicleDay

    “Creamsicle” is the brand name of an ice cream treat. It consists of vanilla ice cream on a Popsicle stick with an outer coating of sherbert. While many other flavors now exist, the original flavor was orange.  

    Today, recipes abound with creamsicle flavors. From beverages to desserts, the flavor has long been a favorite.

    An 11-year-old Frank Epperson inspired the creation when he invented the original popsicle back in 1905. After mixing up a powdered soda, he left the beverage overnight with the stirring stick in it. Temperatures dropped unusually low that night and the next morning, Epperson found the liquid frozen on the stick. He dubbed the creation the Epsicle. Sometime later, he changed the name to Popsicle.

    Several generations have enjoyed the fruity, frozen treats and they continue to do so!

    HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL CREAMSICLE DAY

    Pick up some creamsicles and share them with some friends. Try making a creamsicle-inspired recipe. We’ve provided a couple for you to make. Share your perfected recipes.

    Three Ingredient Low-Fat Creamsicle Cake
    Orange Creamsicle Cupcakes

    Be sure to share using #NationalCreamsicleDay to post on social media.

    NATIONAL CREAMSICLE DAY HISTORY

    We have been unable to find the origins of this holiday.

    Creamsicle FAQ

    Q. How many calories are in a Creamsicle?
    A. 100 calories.

    Q.  Are there different sizes of Creamsicle?
    A. Yes. They also come in sugar-free.

    Q. Can I make a Creamsicle at home?
    A. Yes. We found several recipes online. One you might try is this homemade one from Cindy Shopper.

     

    August 14th Celebrated History

    1756 

    Daniel Boone and Rebecca Bryan marry in North Carolina. They would later move west, blazing trails and leading a pioneer life.

    1820 

    Edward Delafield and John Kearney Rodgers found the first specialty hospital in the United States. The New York Eye Infirmary treated both eyes and ears and in 1964 the name changed to The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary to include the otology specialty.

    1846 

    A meteorite weighing 2.3 kilograms (approximately 5 pounds) falls in Cape Girardeau, Missouri.

    1885 

    The first patent ever issued in Japan went to Hotta Zuisho. Along with Zuisho’s anticorrosive paint, Japan issued seven other patents that day. Zuisho would go on to obtain a U.S. patent for his paint as well.

    1908 

    Folkestone, Kent, England hosted the first international beauty pageant, Miss European. The event still takes place and travels from city to city. In 2019, Naples, Italy hosted the pageant.

    1935 

    Congress passes and President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act. The sweeping legislation created a pension program based on and supported by workers’ income.

    1937 

    After 10 years of work, the Appalachian Trail from Georgia to Maine is completed. More than 2,000 miles of trails and paths entice hikers from all over the country.

    1938 

    The Student of Prague becomes the first feature-length film to broadcast on BBC television. Many of the themes and subplots are mirrored in the animated film series Shrek.

    1939 

    The White Sox win their first night game at Comisky Park.

    1945 

    Japan surrenders and the announcement becomes known as V-J (Victory in Japan) Day.

    1964 

    Muhammad Ali and Sonji Roi marry. They divorced less than two years later.

    1986 

    After a 43 year military career, Rear Admiral Grace Murry Hopper retires from active duty in the U.S. Navy. Known as the “grandmother of the computer age,” Hopper was a pioneer of computer language.

    1993

    The New York Yankees retire the number of left-handed outfielder Reggie Jackson. Known as Mr. October for bringing in the big hits in the postseason, Jackson earned 5 World Series Championships.

    1995

    After challenging the all-male admittance, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first woman cadet to attend the Citadel in its 152-year history. However, 6 days later to would leave the military college located in Charleston, South Carolina.

    August 14th Celebrated Birthdays

    Doc Holliday – 1851

    Known as a gambler and dentist, Holliday’s given name was John Henry. His associations with Wyatt Earp and other colorful characters earned him a reputation as a gunfighter, too.

    Ernest Thayer – 1863

    Best known for his baseball poem “Casey,” Thayer also worked as a columnist and pursued philosophy.

    Ernest Everett Just – 1883

    As a biologist and educator, Just was a pioneer in embryology. He graduated from Dartmouth University and after joining the faculty at Howard University, he would go on to many achievements as the director of the biology department.

    John Ringling North – 1903

    While his uncles founded the Ringling Brothers Circus, North made the circus the glamorous show it became.

    Ethel Lois Payne – 1911

    Known as the “First Lady of the Black Press,” Payne reported on the Civil Rights movement in the Chicago Defender. Her journalism and activism eventually gained her entry as the first African American woman in the White House Press corps.

    Russell Baker – 1925

    Humorist, journalist and satirist, Baker wrote for The Baltimore Sun and The New York Times. In 1979, he earned the Pulitzer Prize for commentary.

    Thomas Meehan – 1929

    Playwright Thomas Meehan wrote the books for popular musicals. Three of them, Annie, Hairspray and The Producers, earned him Tony Awards.

    Steve Martin – 1945

    Actor and comedian Steve Martin began his career writing comedy sketches that earned him an Emmy Award. He appeared on The Tonight Show and Saturday Night Live several times. His acting credits include The Jerk, All of Me, ¡Three Amigos!, Father of the Bride, and many others.

    Danielle Steel – 1947

    As an author of romance novels, Steel holds the title of the bestselling author alive. She published her first novel in 1972.

    Gary Larson – 1950

    The cartoonist Gary Larson is best known for his syndicated Far Side cartoons.

    James Horner – 1953

    Horner is one of the best-known composers in the world thanks to his contributions to the movie industry. He earned an Academy Award for Best Music for Titanic. Some of his other scores include Apollo 13, An American Tail, Glory, just to name a few.

    Magic Johnson – 1959

    For 13 seasons, Earvin “Magic” Johnson played point guard for the L.A. Lakers. He was also a member of the U.S. Olympic Dream Team. His roles on both teams earned him two inductions into the National Basketball Hall of Fame.

    Halle Berry – 1966

    Berry has earned both critical and commercial success with a variety of roles in movies and television. Her Best Actress Oscar award came after her role in Monster’s Ball. She also starred in Catwoman, the James Bond film Die Another Day, and Spike Lee’s Jungle Fever.

    Tim Tebow – 1987

    The former NFL quarterback turned baseball player in 2016 when he attended open tryouts. He has spent the following years playing on New York Mets minor league teams.