Category: April 02

  • GEOLOGISTS DAY – First Sunday in April


    From the Earth’s crust to deep into its core, we recognize Geologists Day on the first Sunday in April.

    Geologists study the history, structure, and impact of other processes on the Earth. Their discoveries and research play an essential role in our daily lives. Geology blends well with other sciences such as chemistry and physics. In fact, they are necessary for agriculture, architecture, and weather prediction.

    Those who pursue a geology degree open up a wide range of careers. From oceanography to NASA, education, government, and research, geology offers a worldview to applicants.

    Hobbyists and enthusiasts have a place in geology, too. Even amateur geologists contribute to the science from time to time. That is part of the intrigue of geology and why we celebrate the day.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #GeologistsDay

    • Learn something from a geologist or about one of their discoveries.
    • Visit a museum to learn about paleontology or how our Earth is changing.
    • If you’re a geologist, share your knowledge and skills with someone interested in geology.
    • Families and educators, challenge students to identify these rocks and minerals. Download and print the worksheet or view it on the web. When you finish, discover other rocks and minerals and keep the fascination alive.
    • Use #GeologistsDay to share on social media.


    The USSR first declared Geologist Day in 1966. From there, the observance spread around the world.

    Geologist FAQ

    Q. What kinds of jobs are available for geologists?
    A. Geologists work in many areas of industry and science. Some areas include:

    • Engineering
    • Astronomy
    • Chemistry
    • Education
    • Oceanography
    • Paleontology
    • Seismology

    Q. How much education is needed to be a geologist?
    A. Geologists obtain a four-year bachelor’s degree. However, many also seek advanced degrees depending on their career and job requirements.

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    World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD), on April 2nd each year shines a bright light on a growing global health crisis.

    According to the National Autism Association, Autism affects 1 in 59 children. The bio-neurological developmental disability usually presents itself by the age of three, and it is more prevalent in boys than girls.

    As children with autism grow older, they face all sorts of obstacles. Because many don’t speak or use social cues as you or if do, they become targets for bullies or are excluded altogether. Children with autism are also vulnerable to drowning because they wander from their homes and schools. Due to their inability to communicate, they cannot tell someone their name or where they live, either. Additionally, adults are more likely to be unemployed or underemployed.

    However, resources are available for families and schools to help keep children safe and to support them lead happy and healthy lives. Visit the National Autism Association website for resources, guides, and tips for families and schools.

    The day also focuses on the growing need for programs designed to support those with autism now and in the future. 

    HOW TO OBSERVE #WorldAutismAwarenessDay or #WAAD

    • Host an event supporting autism awareness.
    • Attend an event and show your support for someone you know.
    • Share your story and make your voice heard.
    • While the day also celebrates the stories and lives of those with autism, it’s also important to remember that autism is a lifelong condition with varying degrees of severity. It’s important to continue to support research for treatment and therapies that will improve the lives of those with autism.
    • Speak out about autism to help eliminate the stigma associated with it.
    • And use #WorldAutismDay to share on social media.


    The United Nations General Assembly declared April 2nd as World Autism Awareness day in 2008 to draw attention to the growing need for innovative programs designed to support those with autism.

    Autism FAQ

    Q. Who diagnoses autism?
    A. Only a doctor can diagnose autism.

    Q. Is there a test to diagnose autism?
    A. Doctors diagnose autism using a set of criteria based on behaviors. There are no blood tests to diagnose autism.

    Q. What does “spectrum disorder” mean?
    A. Autism symptoms vary from mild to severe. Additionally, the types of symptoms vary, too. That is why it is called a spectrum disorder.

    April 2nd Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History


    RMS Titanic with a skeleton crew on board begins sea trials to determine her seaworthiness.


    The science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey premiers in Washington, D.C. Stanley Kubrick directs the movie he co-wrote with fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke. A journey to Jupiter brings astronaut Dr. Dave Bowman and a malfunctioning HAL (Heuristically programmed Algorithmic computer) together in a race for evolutionary advancement. The film received four Oscar nominations, winning Best Effects, Special Visual Effects.


    The NCAA changes the game of men’s college basketball with the adoption of the three-point shot. A game-changer that had already been adopted by professional leagues decades earlier, the three-point goal is a strategy that is commonplace today.


    Rita Johnston succeeds William Vander Zalm as Premier of British Columbia becoming the first woman to serve a Canadian province in this capacity.

    April 2nd Celebrated (and Not So Celebrated) History

    Hans Christian Andersen – 1805

    The most famous and prolific writer of fairytales in history, Andersen first published in 1829 and brought to us written versions of the “Princess and the Pea,” “The Ugly Duckling,” “The Little Mermaid,” and many more. Where Grimm’s tales could take on a darker cast and unmistakably written with adults in mind, Andersen’s stories are sweet and warm.

    Walter Chrysler – 1875

    Before launching his own company, Walter Chrysler’s automotive career began at Buick and Maxwell Motor Company. On June 6, 1925, Walter Chrysler established the Chrysler Corporation, bought out Maxwell, and started two new brands – Plymouth and DeSoto.

    Buddy Ebsen – 1908

    Probably best known for his roles as Jed Clampett in The Beverly Hillbillies and the title character in Barnaby Jones, Ebsen began his career on stage. In 1938, Victor Fleming cast Ebsen as the Scarecrow in the MGM musical The Wizard of Oz. However, due to a casting change, Ebsen’s new role became the Tin Man. Unfortunately, the aluminum dust in the Tin Man makeup caused an allergic reaction making it impossible for Ebsen to return to the set. Jack Haley replaced Ebsen in the role as Tin Man.

    Charles White – 1918

    Born in Chicago, Charles White was introduced to the world of art at a young age. The Art Institute of Chicago recognized his talent in the seventh grade when he earned a grant. White left a legacy of work illustrating Black America through several generations. While working in several mediums, his most noted piece is a mural at Hampton University called “The Contribution of the Negro to American Democracy.”

    Ruth Heller – 1924

    The Canadian author and graphic artist is best known for her colorful children’s educational books including Up, UP and Away: A Book About Adverbs, and Fantastic! Wow! and Unreal! a Book About Interjections and Conjunctions.

    Paul Avery – 1934

    Paul Avery provided his journalistic skills to aid detectives in the search for the infamous Zodiac killer. From the office of the San Francisco Chronicle, Avery would also become a target, and his sleuthing never revealed the identity of the serial killer.

    Marvin Gaye – 1939

    Marvin Gaye’s silky baritone voice earned him the nickname “Prince of Motown” in the 1960s and 1970s. Hits like “How Sweet It Is To Be Loved By You” and “What’s Going On” transcended genres and audiences.

    Emmylou Harris – 1947

    The award-winning folk and country artist joined the Grand Ole Opry in 1992. At the time, some of her hits included “Together Again,” “Two More Bottles of Wine,” and “If I Need You.”

    Rodney King – 1965

    Following a high-speed chase in 1991, four L.A.P.D. officers pulled Rodney King from his car and brutally beat him. The incident is recorded by George Holliday. When the four officers are acquitted nearly a year later, six days of riots follow.

    Notable Mentions

    John Edward Brown – 1879
    Irene Mayer Selznick – 1907
    Jesse Plemons – 1988




    National Education and Sharing Day is observed annually on the 11th day of the month of Nisan on the Jewish calendar – or 4 days before Passover begins.  

    In his 2009 proclamation on Education and Sharing Day, President Barack Obama wrote:

    “Few have better understood or more successfully promoted these ideas than Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, who emphasized the importance of education and good character. Through the establishment of educational and social service institutions across the country and the world, Rabbi Schneerson sought to empower young people and inspire individuals of all ages. On this day, we raise his call anew.”

    On March 21, 2013, while making his first trip to Israel as president, a proclamation was issued, and President Barack Obama declared March 22, 2013, Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A. That year was the 111th anniversary of the birth of the Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson. Reinforcing the importance of education, in this proclamation, the President stated:     

    “We also know that learning does not stop when students leave the classroom. Whether at the dinner table or on the field, it is our task as parents, teachers, and mentors to make sure our children grow up practicing the values we preach. We have an obligation to instill in them the virtues that define our national character — honesty and independence, drive and discipline, courage and compassion.” 

    HOW TO OBSERVE #EducationAndSharingDay

    • Learn about the Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson.
    • Demonstrate how education and sharing is universally important.
    • Use #EducationAndSharingDay to post on social media.


    President Jimmy Carter first inaugurated this day on April 18, 1978, by President Jimmy Carter and the presiding U.S. President proclaims the day annually. The U.S. Congress first established National Education and Sharing Day in honor of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson (1902 – 1994). It acknowledges his efforts for education and sharing for Jews and non-Jews alike. During his lifetime, the Rabbi opened many centers of education. These centers were called “Chabad Houses.”


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    On April 2nd, Hob and Jill went up the hill with their little Kits to celebrate National Ferret Day because that’s some serious business. Male ferrets are called Hobs, and female ferrets are called Jills. Their offspring are called Kits. The whole family is called a business. These carnivores join the mustelid family, including the otter, badger, weasel, marten, mink, and wolverine.

    Humans domesticated these crafty hunters over 2,000 years ago, specifically for their hunting abilities. Landowners used them to “ferret” out and kill vermin that would otherwise grow out of control. Their cunning and wile made ferrets a valuable tool for many. There’s no questioning whether a ferret is a carnivore once you examine their razor-sharp teeth.

    In North America, the black-footed ferret is one of the most endangered North American mammals. Once thought to be completely decimated, a rancher discovered a small population on his ranch in Wyoming in 1981. Since then, conservationists, breeding programs, and landowners’ efforts are bringing the population back from the brink of extinction. Today the population wavers around 500 ferrets alive in the wild, with more breeding programs preparing to reintroduce more ferrets into the wild. 

    People also domesticated some breeds of these wildly curious creatures as pets. While their skill in the wild may be considered masterful, as a pet, they are a mischievous handful if not properly trained. Since they are highly intelligent, they learn to do an assortment of tricks and use a litter box. As social animals, they do require attention and preferably a ferret companion. Take note – ferrets have scent glands and produce a musky, often offensive odor. 

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalFerretDay

    • Learn more about the conservation of the black-footed ferret and its rediscovery. Watch the movie Ferret Town to learn more.
    • Have you invited a ferret to share your home? Share your experiences with your ferret companion.
    • Celebrate by learning more about ferrets and how they live and grow.
    • Families and classrooms, download and print this ferret coloring sheet.
    • Use #NationalFerretDay to post on social media.


    For decades, ferret lovers celebrated National Ferret Day. However, recognition didn’t come until 2014 when Carol Roche of New York and the American Ferret Association made it possible. At that time, Chase’s Calendar of Events formally recognized the observance.

    Ferret FAQ

    Q. How much does a ferret weigh?
    A. An adult ferret can weigh up to five pounds. A female ferret weighs up to three pounds.

    Q. Do wild ferrets and domesticated ferrets eat the same things?
    A. Both wild and domesticated eat the same things – meat. In the wild, they usually eat small animals such as mice, shrews, snakes, and birds. And they eat frequently since they have such high metabolisms. That means anyone who decides to welcome a domesticated ferret into their home should be prepared to feed them lots of meat and often.




    On April 2nd each year, National Peanut Butter and Jelly Day celebrates a classic food favorite. The average American will have eaten over 2000 peanut butter and jelly sandwiches by the time they graduate from high school.

    Peanut butter was considered a delicacy in the early 1900s and was only served in New York City’s finest tea rooms. In a May 1896 article published in the Good Housekeeping magazine, a recipe “urged homemakers to use a meat grinder to make peanut butter and spread the result on bread.”  That same year, in June, the culinary magazine Table Talk, published a “peanut butter sandwich recipe.”

    It is thought that Julia Davis Chandler issued the first reference to peanut butter (or paste) paired with jelly on bread in the United States in 1901. Her article is found in the Boston Cooking School Magazine of Culinary Science and Domestic Economics. In the late 1920s, the price of peanut butter declined, and the sandwich became very popular with children.

    According to the Peanut Board, during World War II, both peanut butter and jelly were part of the United States soldiers’ military ration list.

    In 1968, The J.M. Smucker Co. introduced Goober, a jarred product that combined alternating vertical stripes of peanut butter and jelly.

    HOW TO OBSERVE #PeanutButterAndJellyDay

    • Eat something with peanut butter and jelly.
    • It may be a good day to try something different. The following are a few peanut butter and jelly ideas to help you out!
      • Cupcakes
      • French Toast
      • Pie
      • Sushi
      • Cookies
      • Donuts
      • Pancakes
      • Fudge
    • We’ve also created a hidden picture puzzle. Find the hidden peanuts in the picture. We’ve included the key if you think you’ve found them all.
    • Also, we turned the image into a coloring page. Download and print it off. Have fun! Use #PeanutButterAndJellyDay to post on social media.


    National Day Calendar continues to research the origins of this nutty and sweet holiday.

    Peanut Butter and Jelly FAQ

    Q. Does peanut butter and jelly have to be on bread?
    A. No. Peanut butter and jelly go well on crackers, in ice cream, and many other foods. Give it a try!

    Q. Does it matter what kind of jelly I use?
    A. No. Though many people like grape jelly, strawberry, raspberry, or peach. Apple butter even tastes delicious with peanut butter. However, a 2022 poll by National Day Calendar reveals that 43% of respondents prefer strawberry over grape.

    Q. Which is better, crunchy or creamy peanut butter?
    A. When it comes to making the best peanut butter and jelly sandwich it is important to make it with the peanut butter you prefer! However, a recent National Day Calendar poll showed creamy peanut butter being the clear choice by respondents.




    National Reconciliation Day on April 2nd each year urges us to repair relationships we have damaged through words or actions. While many different “Days of Reconciliation” are held worldwide, this specific observance takes place on April 2nd.

    We all know of a relationship where a misunderstanding caused friction. Eventually, or suddenly the relationship was destroyed. Time passes, and before long, years pass, and not two words have been spoken between the two people. They may be siblings or parent and child. Childhood friendships dissolve in an instant over angry words. Friends often immediately regret the cause of the quarrel but don’t know how to start over.

    This day aims to patch up relationships. Misunderstandings, unintended words or actions, and simply an unforgiven mistake can tear apart relationships. Over time, feelings of resentment, bitterness, and anger cause more than the loss of friendship. These feelings add to health problems and also infect other relationships in our lives. 

    The act of reconciliation requires some giving to achieve a peaceful balance. Someone must make the first move to break down the barriers that have been built. And while forgiveness may be a part of the conversation, it isn’t necessarily a requirement. 

    HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalReconciliationDay

    • Take that step and make amends.
    • It’s not too late. Reach out to that friend or loved one and make a fresh start.
    • Accept the olive branch when it is offered.
    • Share your experiences of reconciliation.
    • Use #ReconciliationDay to post on social media.


    Our research has found several references to Reconciliation Day throughout the year. However, many give credit to newspaper columnist Ann Landers, who in 1989, in response to one of her reader’s letters, began annually promoting April 2nd as Reconciliation Day. She encouraged her readers to repair their broken relationships and dedicated each April 2nd column to letters concerning just such relationships.

    Reconciliation FAQ

    Q. How does one reconcile with another?
    A. It may not seem like an easy task. Fear and bitterness often prevent us from taking the necessary steps. One of the best ways can be by sending an invitation for coffee. Choose a neutral place to talk. Sometimes it takes an apology but don’t expect one. It’s more important to try to repair the relationship than to dredge up history.

    Q. What gets in the way of reconciliation?
    A. There are many reasons why reconciliation fails. Some of them include:

    • Pride
    • Lack of forgiveness
    • Lack of perspective
    • Resentment
    • Living in the past