NATIONAL AVIATION DAY
National Aviation Day on August 19th recognizes the pioneers of human flight.
For centuries, humans have been fascinated by flight. In ancient China, kites few to investigate the weather. Inventors such as Leonardo da Vinci developed many ideas about flight, too. Gliders and balloons lifted humans into the sky, but none of the inventions gave a person control of where they flew.
Before Powered Flight
The physics of flight and propulsion play key roles in who became pioneers. George Cayley used aerodynamics while designing fixed-wing aircraft. His designs would later inspire Orville and Wilbur Wright.
Since propulsion is one of the primary requirements to lift a human into the sky for flight, it would make sense that an engine could provide that power. Samuel Langley, an astronomer from Boston, designed a steam-powered model called an aerodrome in 1891. It flew for 3/4ths of a mile.
After receiving a grant to build a full-sized aerodrome, Langley’s first test crashed. He never made another attempt.
First Powered Flight
In a bicycle shop in Dayton, Ohio, two inventors eagerly began testing their ideas about flight. Brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright, had studied Octave Chanute’s 1894 Progress in Flying Machines. The brothers set to work testing their designs, first with gliders. Eventually, they sought to add an engine.
Two American inventors and aviation pioneers, the Wright brothers are credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane and making the first controlled powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight on December 17, 1903.
In 1902, Charles Edward Taylor joined their team in pursuit of powered flight. Since automobile companies couldn’t supply an engine light enough and powerful enough, they would have to build it. Taylor, a machinist, set to work building the 12-horsepower engine. It took Taylor 6 weeks to build the engine.
After completing the design in September of 1903, the Wrights returned to Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Just months before, they had successfully tested their glider. However, setbacks and weather postponed the powered flight.
It wasn’t until mid-December that the brothers finally felt all was in order. After flipping a coin to decide who would pilot the machine, Wilbur climbed aboard. The first attempt failed, only flying 3.5 seconds. However, the brothers learned what worked.
The next attempt on December 17, 1903, Orville took the controls. After launching, the machine flew for 120 feet. Man flew.
Since that day, aviation exploded into the skies. Its applications became immediately apparent to the military. The Wrights consulted with the Army for several years after their success.
HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalAviationDay
Explore the world of aviation. There are so many ways to do it, too!
- Read about firsts in flight. Read the memoirs and other books about aviation’s pioneers. Here are a few to start with: A Dream of Wings by Tom D. Crough, The Fun of It by Amelia Earhart, Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg, Fly Girls: How Five Daring Women Defied All Odds and Made Aviation History by Keith O’Brien, or Three-Eight Charlie: 1st Woman to Fly Solo by Jerrie Mock.
- Watch a documentary such as The Making of the Boeing 747 or Kitty Hawk: The Wright Brothers’ Journey of Invention.
- Explore aviation museums.
- Take a flight.
- Learn to fly.
- Build a model plane.
Use #NationalAviationDay to post on social media and spread the word.
NATIONAL AVIATION DAY HISTORY
In 1939, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt established National Aviation Day by presidential proclamation designating the anniversary of Orville Wright’s birthday for the observance. Born August 19, 1871, Orville Wright was still living when President Roosevelt issued the proclamation. Orville Wright continued living for nine more years until his death in 1948.
Proclamation USC 36:I:A:1:118 allows the sitting United States President to proclaim August 19th as National Aviation Day each year. If desired, the President’s proclamation may direct all federal buildings and installations to fly the U.S. flag on that day. The President may encourage citizens to observe the day with activities that promote interest in aviation.
NATIONAL SOFT ICE CREAM DAY
National Soft Ice Cream Day on August 19th gives us a tasty way to cool off on a hot summer day. Whether you enjoy it in a bowl or on a cone, grab some soft serve and enjoy!
Melting Ice Cream
In 1934 on Memorial Day weekend in Hartsdale, New York, Tom Carvel had a flat tire. After pulling his ice cream truck into a parking lot, the businessman knew his product was melting. As vacationers drove by, Carvel sold the softened ice cream to them. Surprisingly, they loved the soft ice cream! The potential for a new dessert was not lost on the salesman. Instead of a roving ice cream truck, Carvel could have a fixed location with soft ice cream.
Two years later, Tom Carvel opened his first ice cream store on the site where his truck broke down. In the preceding years, Carvel patented a super low-temperature ice cream machine and created a secret formula ice cream.
It wasn’t long before other businesses began to crop up. The hard ice cream industry began to object. Despite both products providing similar flavors, servings, and enjoyment, they were different. Hard ice cream business did suffer a reduction in revenue during the first years of soft ice cream’s popularity. Even the Minnesota legislature passed laws prohibiting the sale (technically by law it was considered to be ice milk) of soft-serve ice cream from a machine. It had to be sold pre-packaged. The law was later changed. (Star Tribune, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 19 Aug 1951)
Soft vs. Hard Ice Creams
How different are soft and hard ice creams? While they are made with the same ingredients, soft ice cream has less milk fat. It also has more air than hard ice cream. Both of these factors contribute to the ice cream being more delicate and smoother. The milk fats in the hard ice cream cause it to be firmer when frozen.
Another difference is the temperatures the ice creams are kept frozen. Soft ice cream machines keep a temperature of -6°C. However, hard ice cream is kept at a temperature of -12°C. While that might not seem like a big difference, the evidence is in the ice creams.
HOW TO OBSERVE #NationalSoftIceCreamDay
There are many ways to enjoy soft ice cream. Order a dipped cone or have a sundae. Soft ice cream comes in a variety of flavors. One that seems to taste better as soft serve is chocolate mint. However, that may just be an opinion. Go out for some soft ice cream and use #NationalSoftIceCreamDay to post on social media.
NATIONAL SOFT ICE CREAM DAY HISTORY
We were unable to find the creator of National Soft Ice Cream Day.
INTERNATIONAL BOW DAY
On August 19, International Bow Day recognizes the accessory that has been changing fashion for centuries – bows! Adding accessories makes just about any look so much better.
During the 18th century, men primarily wore bows. However, as fashion trends changed, women began to wear the accessory, too. They chose a variety of fabrics, styles, sizes to compliment their wardrobe. Throughout the generations, bows continue to maintain their fashion power. While they never went out of style, designs and place dictated the fashion trends.
On International Bow Day, celebrate your style with bows. Whether you chose to where them in your hair on as a clothing accessory, there’s something for everyone!
HOW TO OBSERVE #InternationalBowDay
Whether you’re adding to your style or reinventing it, be sure to accent it with a bow! While wearing your favorite bow accessories, use #InternationalBowDay and #itsatclaires to share on social media.
Tag us on Instagram:
@ClairesPress @clairesstores @claireseurope @icingstores
INTERNATIONAL BOW DAY HISTORY
Claire’s founded International Bow Day to celebrate and share the versatile, lasting global trends of the bow. Claire’s has a full range of bow accessories for girls no matter what their style! Customers can find bow themed products in almost every category carried by Claire’s.
The Registrar at National Day Calendar declared International Bow Day to be observed annually beginning in 2017.
Claire’s® is seen as one of the world’s leading specialty retailers of fashionable jewelry and accessories for young women, teens, tweens, and kids. Our goal is to be the emporium of choice for all girls (in age or attitude) across the world. We deliver this by offering a range of innovative, fun, and affordable products and services catering to all of her activities, as she grows up. Whenever and wherever Claire’s becomes a “Girl’s Best Friend” and her favorite shopping destination! Our broad and dynamic selection of merchandise is unique, and over 90% of our products are proprietary.
As of January 31, 2017, Claire’s® had a presence in 49 countries through the 2,414 company-operated Claire’s® stores in North America and Europe, 933 concession store-in-stores and 584 franchised stores in numerous other geographies, namely the Middle East, Central and Southeast Asia, Central and South America, and South Africa.
On August 19 in History
At a joint session of the Académie des Sciences and the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Louis Daguerre reveals the process for his photographic process.
Gail Borden patents his process for making condensed milk – patent no. 15,553.
James Tyndall completes the first ascent of the Weisshorn – the 5th highest peak in the Alps.
Paul Boynton and George Fearn compete in an International swimming race. The race required Boynton to swim 12 miles and Fearn to swim 10. Boynton wins due to Fearn suffering cramps.
Dmitri Mendeleev (founder of the modern-day periodic table) makes a solo ascent by balloon for the sheer purpose of observing a solar eclipse.
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway hosts its first race. The Indianapolis Motor Speedway hosts its first race. While several records were broken, two men (one driver and one mechanic) were killed during the 250-mile race.
Clarence Crane registers the Life Savers trademark for the first time.
William B. Ward registers the trademark for Hostess.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) begins airing Saturday morning television shows for children – and none of them were cartoons either. The two featured shows were Animal Clinic and Acrobat Ranch.
The Smithsonian Museum of American History puts Julia Child’s kitchen on display.
Carly Patterson wins the all-round gold medal in gymnastics at the Olympic Games in Athens, becoming the second American to do so. The first? Mary Lou Retton. However, since Retton won her all-round under a boycotted Olympics, Patterson’s gold is the first at a non-boycotted Olympics.
Lady Gaga releases her first album – The Fame.
At the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics, a six-way tie for first in the equestrian individual jumping competition leads to a jump-off to name the winner.
Recipe of the Day
Prep: 10 minutes
Cook: 40 minutes
Total Prep: 50 minutes
5 peaches, peeled, cored, and sliced (about 4 cups)
3/4 cup granulated sugar
1/4 teaspoon salt
6 Tablespoons melted butter
1 cup all-purpose flour
1 cup granulated sugar
2 teaspoons baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
3/4 cup milk
Preheat over to 350 degrees F.
Place melted butter in a 9 x 13 inch baking dish and set aside.
Cook sliced peaches, sugar and salt in a medium saucepan over medium heat until sugar is dissolved.
In a large mixing bowl, stir together flour, sugar, baking powder and salt.
Add milk until just combined.
Spoon mixture over the butter in the baking dish into an even layer.
Add peaches and juice.
Sprinkle with cinnamon.
Bake for 38-40 minutes.
Serve with a scoop of vanilla ice cream.
Born on August 19
Seth Thomas – 1785
Thomas pioneered the mass production of clocks.
Charles Hires – 1851
The Philadelphia pharmacist developed a drink he called root beer.
Charles Comiskey – 1859
Beginning his professional baseball career as first baseman for the St. Louis Brown Stockings, Comiskey would go on to be a founding owner of the Chicago White Sox.
Orville Wright – 1871
As a Dayton, Ohio native, Wright, along with his brother Wilbur, would be the first to successfully fly a motor-powered plane.
Gabrielle Coco Chanel – 1883
Founder of the Chanel brand, the French fashion designer’s line of products lives on.
Ogden Nash -1902
Nash’s light-hearted poetry brought a particular style of humor to the poetry world. He also worked at the publishing house Doubleday and on the staff of the New Yorker. Some examples of Nash’s twists of phrase include:
Develops the jaw,
But celery, stewed
Is more quietly chewed.
Reflection on Babies
A bit of talcum
Is always walcum.
Reflections on Ice-Breaking
Saint Alphonsa – 1910
Born Annakkutty in present-day Kerala, India, she would become a religious teacher at Vakakkad. She died at the convent of the Franciscan Clarists at Bharananganam in 1946. In 1986, Pope John Paull II proclaimed her St. Alphonsa, the first saint of Indian origin.
Rose Heilbron – 1914
As an attorney and barrister, Heilbron became the first woman appointed to the Kings Counsel. She broke several other barriers as well, one such first was as a woman judge in 1972.
Ring Lardner, Jr. – 1915
As a journalist and screenwriter, Lardner won two Oscars. The first was for the 1943 film Woman of the Year and the second was for the 1970 film MASH.
Malcolm Forbes – 1919
The businessman and editor took over the publication of Forbes in 1954 after the death of his father, B.C. Forbes.
Bill Shoemaker – 1931
One of the best-known jockeys in racing history, Shoemaker was the winningest jockey of his time.
Bettina Cirone – 1933
The one-time fashion model became a photographer in her own right.
Charles Wang – 1944
The entrepreneur is co-founder and CEO of the multibillion-dollar software company Computer Associates International.
Bill Clinton – 1946
Clinton served two terms as the 42nd President of the United States.
Gary Gaetti – 1958
The professional baseball player, Gary Gaetti, played third base for several MLB teams including the Minnesota Twins, St. Louis Cardinals, and Boston Red Sox.
John Stamos – 1963
The actor is best known for his roles in television sitcoms including Full House, Fuller House and Grandfathered.
Lee Ann Womack – 1966
The country music singer is best known for her hit song “I Hope You Dance” for which she earned an Academy of Country Music Award for single record of the year in 2001.
Chynna Clugston – 1975
The comic book creator is known for her works Blue Monday and Queen Bee.
About National Day Calendar
National Day Calendar® is the authoritative source for fun, unusual and unique National Days! Since our humble beginnings on National Popcorn Day in 2013, we now track nearly 1,500 National Days, National Weeks and National Months. In addition, our research team continues to uncover the origins of existing National Days as well as discover new, exciting days for everyone to celebrate.
There’s a celebration for everyone. While National Road Trip Day satisfies the itch to wander, many pet days let us share our love of animals. National 3-D Day and National Astronaut Day honor the advancement of technology, too. Every food day you can imagine (National Avocado Day, for example), will keep you celebrating, also!
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