DECEMBER 13 – NATIONAL COCOA DAY – NATIONAL DAY OF THE HORSE – NATIONAL VIOLIN DAY – PICK A PATHOLOGIST PAL DAY
NATIONAL COCOA DAY
A cold December day is the perfect time to make yourself a cup of hot cocoa and enjoy National Cocoa Day. Each year on December 13, people across the country celebrate their favorite cold weather comfort drink.
Hot cocoa is a warm beverage made with cocoa powder, heated milk or water and sugar. The terms hot chocolate and hot cocoa are often used interchangeably by Americans causing a bit of confusion. To make hot chocolate, we use ground chocolate which contains cocoa butter. It’s mixed with hot milk and is actually a drinking chocolate.
Hot chocolate is a richer beverage made from ground chocolate which contains cocoa butter. Mixed with hot milk, the resulting mug is full of chocolate flavor and the fat and calories that come with it.
Hot chocolate is also known as drinking chocolate.
Hot cocoa is made from cocoa powder. Through the fermentation, drying, roasting and grinding process of cocoa beans a paste called chocolate liquor is produced. Through another process, the cocoa butter is separated leaving cocoa powder. It is this cocoa powder that we use to make hot cocoa. It has very little fat and calories and is mixed with either hot milk or water.
Both are enjoyed in a variety of combinations, topped with whipped cream or marshmallows. Sometimes a sprinkle of cinnamon or a dash of peppermint makes the chocolate extra special.
For more information, visit the National Day Calendar page for National Cocoa Day.
NATIONAL DAY OF THE HORSE
National Day of the Horse is observed annually on December 13.
National Day of the Horse encourages people of the United States to be mindful of the contribution of horses to the economy, history and character of the United States.
The domesticated horse we know today, also known as Equus caballus was introduced into North America by Spanish explorers. Escaped horses eventually spread across the American Great Plains.
Interestingly, there is a debate about the origin of E. caballus. There have been recent mitochondrial studies of an ancient horse called Equus lamei. E. lamei once populated North America and died out more than 11,000 years ago. The studies suggest it is genetically equivalent to what we know as the modern, domesticated horse. This could mean that E. caballus is technically a native species and its evolutionary origin is North America.
Aside from the anthropological debate, the horse has contributed greatly to the advancement of civilization in North America. From clearing forests for farmland and a form of travel bringing pioneers to the west to diversifying Native American’s hunting habits and rounding up livestock on ranches, the horse is embedded in American history and legend.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Use #NationalDayoftheHorse to post on social media.
On November 18, 2004, United States Senate Resolution 452 recognized December 13 as the National Day of the Horse.
NATIONAL VIOLIN DAY
Observed annually on December 13, National Violin Day honors that bowed string instrument, which is also known as the fiddle.
Through a variety of techniques, a violinist produces music from the violin. By drawing the bow across the strings, the violinist manipulates the sound in a variety of techniques providing a broad range of music. Violinists have demonstrated over the generations the versatility of the violin by the extensive use in many genres such as baroque music, classical, jazz, folk music, rock and roll and soft rock.
“Violin” comes from the Medieval Latin work “vitula” which means stringed instrument.
Although having ancient origins, the violin got most of its modern characteristics in Italy during the 16th century with further modifications in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The person who makes or repairs violins is called a luthier.
It is believed that Turkic and Mongolian horseman from Inner Asia were the world’s earliest fiddlers. Their two-stringed upright fiddles were strung with horsehair strings. They played them with horsehair bows and often featured a carved horse’s head at the end of the neck. The violins that we play today, (also the violas and cellos) and whose bows are still strung with horsehair, are a legacy of the nomads.
- It is supposed that the oldest documented four string violin, like the modern violins, was constructed by Andrea Amati in 1555.
- The record dollar amount paid for a Stradivari violin, when the “Lady Blunt” was sold on an online auction on June 20, 2011, was $15.9 million.
- Violins made by Stradivari are one of the most sought-after instruments by both collectors and musicians alike.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Listen to some violin music and use #NationalViolinDay to post on social media.
Within our research, we were unable to find the origin or creator of National Violin Day.
PICK A PATHOLOGIST DAY
Pick a Pathologist Day is observed annually December 13th. This day was created to encourage us to make friends with a pathologist or coroner because we never know what tomorrow holds.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Make friends with a pathologist or a coroner. Use #PickAPathologistPalDay to post on social media.
Pick a Pathologist Day was created by Thomas and Ruth Roy at Wellcat.com.
ON DECK for December 14 –
National Bouillabaisse Day
There are over 1,200 national days. Don’t miss a single one. Celebrate Every Day with National Day Calendar!
About National Day Calendar
Founded in 2013 in the historic town of Mandan, North Dakota, National Day Calendar began as a kernel of curiosity that exploded into a growing collection of ways to Celebrate. Every Day, founder Marlo Anderson and his team seek out all the daily, weekly and monthly observations and celebrations to keep you up to date and informed. Through daily updates, social media, mobile applications and much more, National Day Calendar helps you #CelebrateEveryDay!