About these ads

The Smurfs, Johnny Carson’s Birthday & Christian Dior’s Death on This Day in History – October 23

27 Oct

October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 69 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events

42 BC – Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus’s army. Brutus commits suicide.
425 – Valentinian III is elevated as Roman Emperor at the age of 6.
502 – The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
1086 – At the Battle of az-Zallaqah, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI.
1157 – The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
1295 – The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.
1641 – Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641.
1642 – Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
1694 – British/American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec from the French.
1707 – The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.
1739 – War of Jenkins’ Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
1812 – Claude François de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he is now the commandant of Paris.
1850 – The first National Women’s Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States.
1861 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Westport – Union forces under General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate troops led by General Sterling Price at Westport, near Kansas City.
1867 – 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz concludes with a decisive Prussian victory.
1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
1911 – First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
1915 – Woman’s suffrage: In New York City, 25,000-33,000 women march on Fifth Avenue to advocate their right to vote.
1917 – Lenin calls for the October Revolution.
1929 – Great Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic.
1935 – Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard “Lulu” Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.
1939 – The Japanese Mitsubishi G4M twin-engine “Betty” Bomber makes its maiden flight.
1941 – World War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the Wehrmacht from capturing Moscow.
1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein: – At El Alamein in northern Egypt, the British Eighth Army under Field Marshal Montgomery begins a critical offensive to expel the Axis armies from Egypt.
1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”, “Love in Bloom”, “Blue Hawaii”).
1942 – World War II: The Battle for Henderson Field begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on October 26.
1944 – World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf – The largest naval battle in history begins in the Philippines.
1944 – World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
1946 – The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
1956 – Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
1958 – The Springhill Mine Bump – An underground earthquake traps 174 miners in the No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, the deepest coal mine in North America at the time. By November 1, rescuers from around the world had dug out 100 of the victims, marking the death toll at 74.
1958 – The Smurfs, a fictional race of blue dwarves, later popularized in a Hanna-Barbera animated cartoon series, appear for the first time in the story La flute à six schtroumpfs, a Johan and Peewit adventure by Peyo, which is serialized in the weekly Spirou magazine.
1965 – Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launches a new operation seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).
1970 – Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
1972 – Operation Linebacker, a US bombing campaign against North Vietnam in response to its Easter Offensive, ends after five months.
1973 – The Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations.
1973 – A United Nations sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.
1983 – Lebanon Civil War: The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut is hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. military personnel. A French army barracks in Lebanon is also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
1989 – The Hungarian Republic is officially declared by president Mátyás Szűrös, replacing the communist Hungarian People’s Republic.
1989 – Bankruptcy of Wärtsilä Marine; the biggest bankruptcy in the nordic countries until then.
1993 – The Troubles: A Provisional IRA bomb prematurely detonates in the Shankill area of Belfast, killing the bomber and nine civilians. Ulster loyalists retaliate a week later with the Greysteel massacre.
1995 – Yolanda Saldívar is found guilty of first degree murder in the shooting death of popular Latin artist Selena. Three days later, Saldívar was sentenced to life in prison, eligible for parole in 2025
1998 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement.
2002 – Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen terrorists seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
2004 – A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.
2007 – A powerful cold front in the Bay of Campeche causes the Usumacinta Jackup rig to collide with Kab 101, leading to the death and drowning of 22 people during rescue operations after evacuation of the rig.
2011 – A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands.
2011 – The Libyan National Transition Council deems the Libyan civil war over.
2012 – After 38 years, the world’s first teletext service (BBC’s Ceefax) ceases broadcast due to Northern Ireland completing the digital switchover.

Births

64 BC – Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Roman general and statesman (d. 12 BC)
1516 – Charlotte of Valois (d. 1524)
1634 – Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp (d. 1715)
1654 – Johann Bernhard Staudt, Austrian composer (d. 1712)
1698 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect, designed the École Militaire (d. 1782)
1705 – Maximilian Ulysses Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)
1713 – Pieter Burman the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)
1715 – Peter II of Russia (d. 1730)
1752 – Maria Anna Adamberger, Austrian stage actress (d. 1804)
1762 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)
1766 – Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy, French general (d. 1847)
1771 – Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
1790 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)
1796 – Stefano Franscini, Swiss politician (d. 1857)
1801 – Albert Lortzing, German composer (d. 1851)
1805 – John Russell Bartlett, American historian and linguist (d. 1886)
1813 – Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer (d. 1848)
1815 – João Maurício Vanderlei, Baron of Cotejipe, Brazilian politician (d. 1889)
1817 – Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875)
1835 – Adlai Stevenson I, American politician, 23rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
1844 – Robert Bridges, English poet (d. 1930)
1857 – Juan Luna, Filipino painter (d. 1899)
1865 – Neltje Blanchan, American historian and author (d. 1918)
1869 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (d. 1936)
1870 – Francis Kelley, Canadian-American bishop (d. 1948)
1873 – William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (d. 1975)
1875 – Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
1876 – Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
1880 – Una O’Connor, Irish actress (d. 1959)
1885 – Lawren Harris, Canadian painter (d. 1970)
1888 – Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1961)
1893 – Gummo Marx, American actor (d. 1977)
1894 – Rube Bressler, American baseball player (d. 1966)
1896 – André Lévêque, French engineer (d. 1930)
1897 – Marjorie Flack, American author (d. 1958)
1900 – Douglas Jardine, English cricketer (d. 1958)
1904 – Harvey Penick, American golfer (d. 1995)
1905 – Felix Bloch, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
1905 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
1908 – Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
1909 – Zellig Harris, American linguist (d. 1992)
1910 – Richard Mortensen, Danish painter (d. 1993)
1910 – Hayden Rorke, American actor (d. 1987)
1918 – James Daly, American actor (d. 1978)
1918 – Peggy Moran, American actress (d. 2002)
1918 – Paul Rudolph, American architect, designed the Lippo Centre (d. 1997)
1919 – Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist and academic (d. 1992)
1920 – Ted Fujita, Japanese meteorologist (d. 1998)
1920 – Bob Montana, American cartoonist (d. 1975)
1921 – R. K. Laxman, Indian cartoonist
1922 – Coleen Gray, American actress
1923 – Aslam Farrukhi, Pakistani scholar, author, and poet
1923 – Ned Rorem, American composer
1923 – Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)
1925 – Johnny Carson, American television host (d. 2005)
1925 – Manos Hadjidakis, Greek composer (d. 1994)
1925 – Fred Shero, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1990)
1927 – Sonny Criss, American saxophonist (d. 1977)
1927 – Dezső Gyarmati, Hungarian water polo player (d. 2013)
1927 – Leszek Kołakowski, Polish philosopher (d. 2009)
1928 – Bella Darvi, Polish-French actress (d. 1971)
1929 – Shamsur Rahman, Bangladeshi poet and journalist (d. 2006)
1931 – Jim Bunning, American baseball player and politician
1931 – William P. Clark, Jr., American politician, 12th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2013)
1931 – Diana Dors, English actress (d. 1984)
1932 – Vasily Belov, Russian poet (d. 2012)
1933 – Carol Fran, African American soul blues singer, pianist and songwriter
1935 – Juan “Chi-Chi” Rodríguez, Puerto Rican golfer
1936 – Philip Kaufman, American director
1937 – Carlos Lamarca, Brazilian guerrilla leader (d. 1971)
1939 – Stanley Anderson, American actor
1939 – C. V. Vigneswaran, Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, judge and politician
1940 – Pelé, Brazilian footballer
1940 – Ellie Greenwich, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Raindrops) (d. 2009)
1940 – Jane Holzer, American model, actress, producer, and art collector
1941 – Mel Winkler, American actor
1941 – Igor Smirnov, Moldovan politician, President of Transnistria
1942 – Michael Crichton, American author, screenwriter, director, and producer (d. 2008)
1942 – Bernd Erdmann, German footballer and manager
1942 – Anita Roddick, English businesswoman and activist, founder of The Body Shop (d. 2007)
1943 – Alida Chelli, Italian actress and singer (d. 2012)
1944 – Mike Harding, English singer-songwriter and comedian
1945 – Maggi Hambling, English sculptor and painter
1945 – Kim Larsen, Danish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Gasolin’)
1946 – Mel Martinez, American politician
1948 – Hermann Hauser, Austrian-English businessman, co-founded Acorn Computers and Olivetti Research Laboratory
1948 – Brian Ross, American journalist
1949 – Würzel, English singer and guitarist (Motörhead) (d. 2011)
1949 – Nick Tosches, American journalist, author, and poet
1950 – Maths O. Sundqvist, Swedish businessman (d. 2012)
1951 – Charly García, Argentine singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Sui Generis, Serú Girán, and La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros)
1951 – Fatmir Sejdiu, Kosovan politician, 2nd President of Kosovo
1952 – Pierre Moerlen, French drummer (Gong) (d. 2005)
1953 – Taner Akçam, Turkish historian and sociologist
1954 – Ang Lee, Taiwanese-American director
1956 – Dianne Reeves, American singer
1956 – Dwight Yoakam, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
1957 – Paul Kagame, Rwandan politician, 6th President of Rwanda
1957 – Martin Luther King III, American activist
1958 – Michael Eric Dyson, American activist, academic, and author
1958 – Rose Nabinger, German singer
1959 – Nancy Grace, American journalist and television host
1959 – Sam Raimi, American director
1959 – “Weird Al” Yankovic, American singer-songwriter, comedian, and actor
1960 – Mirwais Ahmadzaï, Swiss-French keyboard player, songwriter, and producer (Taxi Girl and Y.A.S.)
1960 – Katoucha Niane, French model (d. 2008)
1960 – Randy Pausch, American academic and author (d. 2008)
1960 – Wayne Rainey, American motorcycle racer
1961 – Laurie Halse Anderson, American author
1961 – Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer
1962 – Doug Flutie, American football player
1963 – Gordon Korman, Canadian-American author
1964 – Robert Trujillo, American bass player and songwriter (Metallica, Black Label Society, Suicidal Tendencies, and Infectious Grooves)
1965 – Augusten Burroughs, American author and screenwriter
1965 – Al Leiter, American baseball player
1966 – Alex Flinn, American author
1966 – Alex Zanardi, Italian race car driver
1967 – Dale Crover, American singer-songwriter, musician, and producer (Melvins, The Men of Porn, and Altamont)
1969 – Trudi Canavan, Australian author
1969 – Bill O’Brien, American football coach
1969 – Brooke Theiss, American actress
1970 – Grant Imahara, American engineer
1970 – Steve Wilder, American actor
1970 – Zoe Wiseman, American model and photographer
1971 – Carlo Forlivesi, Italian composer
1971 – Christopher Horner, American cyclist
1972 – Tiffeny Milbrett, American soccer player
1972 – Bryan Pratt, American politician
1972 – Jasmin St. Claire, Virgin Islander porn actress
1972 – Jimmy Wayne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1973 – Christian Dailly, Scottish footballer
1974 – Aravind Adiga, Indian author and journalist
1974 – DJ Spinbad, American DJ, record producer and remixer
1974 – Sander Westerveld, Dutch footballer
1975 – Jessicka, American singer-songwriter (Jack Off Jill and Scarling.)
1975 – Michelle Beadle, American sportscaster
1975 – Odalys García, Cuban actress
1975 – Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
1975 – Keith Van Horn, American basketball player
1976 – Cat Deeley, English model, actress, and television host
1976 – Jon Huertas, American actor
1976 – Ryan Reynolds, Canadian actor
1977 – Brad Haddin, Australian cricketer
1978 – Jimmy Bullard, English footballer
1978 – Steve Harmison, English cricketer
1978 – Wang Nan, Chinese table tennis player
1978 – Archie Thompson, Australian footballer
1979 – Ramón Castro, Venezuelan baseball player
1979 – Simon Davies, Welsh footballer
1979 – Jorge Solís, Mexican boxer
1980 – Mate Bilić, Croatian footballer
1980 – Pedro Liriano, Dominican baseball player
1981 – Jeroen Bleekemolen, Dutch race car driver
1981 – Ben Francisco, American baseball player
1982 – Valentin Badea, Romanian footballer
1982 – Kristjan Kangur, Estonian basketball player
1982 – Aleksandar Luković, Serbian footballer
1983 – Filippos Darlas, Greek footballer
1983 – Goldie Harvey, Nigerian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
1983 – Josh Strickland, American singer and actor
1984 – Izabel Goulart, Brazilian model
1984 – Simone Masini, Italian footballer
1984 – Meghan McCain, American columnist and author
1985 – Mohammed Abdellaoue, Norwegian footballer
1985 – Masiela Lusha, Albanian-American actress and poet
1985 – Chris Neal, English footballer
1985 – Luca Spinetti, Italian footballer
1985 – Panagiotis Vouis, Greek footballer
1986 – Briana Evigan, American actress
1986 – Jake Robinson, English footballer
1986 – Jessica Stroup, American actress
1987 – Faye Hamlin, Swedish singer-songwriter (Play)
1990 – Stevie Brock, American singer
1990 – Axel Ehnström, Finnish singer-songwriter
1990 – Stan Walker, Australian singer and actor
1991 – Princess Mako of Akishino
1992 – Álvaro Morata, Spanish footballer
1993 – Taylor Spreitler, American actress
1997 – Daphne Blunt, American actress and singer
1998 – Amandla Stenberg, American actress

Deaths

42 BC – Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, Roman senator (b. 85 BC)
877 – Patriarch Ignatius of Constantinople (b. 797)
891 – Yazaman al-Khadim, Arab military leader
930 – Emperor Daigo of Japan (b. 885)
1456 – John of Capistrano, Italian priest and saint (b. 1386)
1550 – Tiedemann Giese, Polish bishop (b. 1480)
1581 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1529)
1616 – Leonhard Hutter, German theologian (b. 1563)
1688 – Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist (b. 1610)
1730 – Anne Oldfield, English actress (b. 1683)
1764 – Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)
1774 – Michel Benoist, French missionary and scientist (b. 1715)
1867 – Franz Bopp, German linguist (b. 1791)
1869 – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1799)
1872 – Théophile Gautier, French journalist, author, and poet (b. 1811)
1885 – Charles S. West, American jurist and politician (b. 1829)
1893 – Alexander of Battenberg (b. 1857)
1910 – Chulalongkorn, Thai king (b. 1853)
1915 – W. G. Grace, English cricketer (b. 1848)
1921 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish businessman, founded Dunlop Rubber (b. 1840)
1934 – William Brennaugh, Canadian lacrosse player (b. 1877)
1938 – Jean-Guy Gautier, French rugby player (b. 1875)
1939 – Zane Grey, American author (b. 1872)
1942 – Ralph Rainger, American composer (b. 1901)
1943 – Wakashima Gonshirō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 21st Yokozuna (b. 1876)
1944 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
1944 – Hana Brady, Czech holocaust victim (b. 1931)
1950 – Al Jolson, Russian-American actor and singer (b. 1886)
1953 – Adrien de Noailles, French son of Jules Charles Victurnien de Noailles (b. 1869)
1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer, founded Christian Dior S.A. (b. 1905)
1959 – George Bouzianis, Greek painter (b. 1885)
1959 – Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (b. 1871)
1964 – Frank Luther Mott, American historian and journalist (b. 1886)
1978 – Maybelle Carter, American guitarist (Carter Family) (b. 1909)
1983 – Jessica Savitch, American journalist (b. 1947)
1984 – James Petrillo, American union leader (b. 1892)
1984 – Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (b. 1922)
1986 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
1988 – Asashio Tarō III, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 46th Yokozuna (b. 1929)
1989 – Armida, Mexican-American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1911)
1990 – Louis Althusser, French philosopher (b. 1918)
1990 – Thomas Williams, American novelist (b. 1926)
1994 – Robert Lansing, American actor (b. 1928)
1996 – Bob Grim, American baseball player (b. 1930)
1997 – Bert Haanstra, Dutch director (b. 1916)
1998 – Barnett Slepian, American physician (b. 1946)
2000 – Yokozuna, Samoan-American wrestler (b. 1966)
2001 – Josh Kirby, English illustrator (b. 1928)
2001 – Daniel Wildenstein, French art dealer and historian (b. 1917)
2002 – Adolph Green, American playwright and songwriter (b. 1915)
2003 – Tony Capstick, English actor (b. 1944)
2003 – Soong May-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-shek (b. 1897)
2004 – Robert Merrill, American opera singer (b. 1919)
2004 – Bill Nicholson, English footballer (b. 1919)
2005 – William Hootkins, American actor (b. 1948)
2005 – John Muth, American economist (b. 1930)
2005 – Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian wife of Olusegun Obasanjo, 10th First Lady of Nigeria (b. 1945)
2006 – Lebo Mathosa, South African singer (Boom Shaka) (b. 1977)
2007 – John Ilhan, Turkish-Australian businessman, founded Crazy John’s (b. 1965)
2007 – Lim Goh Tong, Malaysian-Chinese businessman (b. 1918)
2008 – Kevin Finnegan, English boxer (b. 1948)
2010 – Francis Crippen, American swimmer (b. 1984)
2010 – Leo Cullum, American cartoonist (b. 1942)
2010 – Stanley Tanger, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Tanger Factory Outlet Centers (b. 1923)
2011 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
2011 – John McCarthy, American computer scientist, developed the Lisp programming language (b. 1927)
2011 – Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1987)
2012 – William Joel Blass, American judge (b. 1917)
2012 – Wilhelm Brasse, Polish photographer (b. 1917)
2012 – Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet (b. 1934)
2012 – Michael Marra, Scottish singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
2012 – Hughie Hay, Scottish footballer

About these ads

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 51,347 other followers

%d bloggers like this: